*Basic Theory and Practical Methods*

Author: Richard M. Martin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139643657

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Search Results for: electronic-structure

## Electronic Structure

The study of the electronic structure of materials is at a momentous stage, with the emergence of computational methods and theoretical approaches. Many properties of materials can now be determined directly from the fundamental equations for the electrons, providing insights into critical problems in physics, chemistry, and materials science. This book provides a unified exposition of the basic theory and methods of electronic structure, together with instructive examples of practical computational methods and real-world applications. Appropriate for both graduate students and practising scientists, this book describes the approach most widely used today, density functional theory, with emphasis upon understanding the ideas, practical methods and limitations. Many references are provided to original papers, pertinent reviews, and widely available books. Included in each chapter is a short list of the most relevant references and a set of exercises that reveal salient points and challenge the reader.
## Electronic Structure and the Properties of Solids

This text offers basic understanding of the electronic structure of covalent and ionic solids, simple metals, transition metals and their compounds; also explains how to calculate dielectric, conducting, bonding properties.
## Electronic Structure

Important graduate textbook in condensed matter physics by highly regarded physicist.
## The electronic structure of atoms

Written for theoretical and chemical physicists that emphasizes theory and not mathematical calculations. It presents the quantum theory of the electronic structure of atoms and explains what that structure is like by presenting the main results of the theory. It is novel in its approach in that it presents a systematic, critical evaluation of some numerical results that have been obtained by Hartree-Fock models and also treats relativistic atomic theory on a par with the non-relativistic.
## Electronic Structure of Materials

This book describes the modern real-space approach to electronic structures and properties of crystalline and non-crystalline materials in a form readily accessible to undergraduates in materials science, physics, and chemistry. - ;This book describes the modern real-space approach to electronic structures and properties of crystalline and non-crystalline materials in a form readily accessible to undergraduates in materials science, physics, and chemistry. -
## Molecular Electronic-Structure Theory

Ab initio quantum chemistry has emerged as an important tool in chemical research and is appliced to a wide variety of problems in chemistry and molecular physics. Recent developments of computational methods have enabled previously intractable chemical problems to be solved using rigorous quantum-mechanical methods. This is the first comprehensive, up-to-date and technical work to cover all the important aspects of modern molecular electronic-structure theory. Topics covered in the book include: * Second quantization with spin adaptation * Gaussian basis sets and molecular-integral evaluation * Hartree-Fock theory * Configuration-interaction and multi-configurational self-consistent theory * Coupled-cluster theory for ground and excited states * Perturbation theory for single- and multi-configurational states * Linear-scaling techniques and the fast multipole method * Explicity correlated wave functions * Basis-set convergence and extrapolation * Calibration and benchmarking of computational methods, with applications to moelcular equilibrium structure, atomization energies and reaction enthalpies. Molecular Electronic-Structure Theory makes extensive use of numerical examples, designed to illustrate the strengths and weaknesses of each method treated. In addition, statements about the usefulness and deficiencies of the various methods are supported by actual examples, not just model calculations. Problems and exercises are provided at the end of each chapter, complete with hints and solutions. This book is a must for researchers in the field of quantum chemistry as well as for nonspecialists who wish to acquire a thorough understanding of ab initio molecular electronic-structure theory and its applications to problems in chemistry and physics. It is also highly recommended for the teaching of graduates and advanced undergraduates.
## Relativistic Electronic Structure Theory - Fundamentals

The first volume of this two part series is concerned with the fundamental aspects of relativistic quantum theory, outlining the enormous progress made in the last twenty years in this field. The aim was to create a book such that researchers who become interested in this exciting new field find it useful as a textbook, and do not have to rely on a rather large number of specialized papers published in this area. · No title is currently available that deals with new developments in relativistic quantum electronic structure theory · Interesting and relevant to graduate students in chemistry and physics as well as to all researchers in the field of quantum chemistry · As treatment of heavy elements becomes more important, there will be a constant demand for this title
## Atomic and Electronic Structure of Solids

Graduate-level textbook for physicists, chemists and materials scientists.
## Electronic Structure and Properties of Transition Metal Compounds

With more than 40% new and revised materials, this second edition offers researchers and students in the field a comprehensive understanding of fundamental molecular properties amidst cutting-edge applications. Including ~70 Example-Boxes and summary notes, questions, exercises, problem sets, and illustrations in each chapter, this publication is also suitable for use as a textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate students. Novel material is introduced in description of multi-orbital chemical bonding, spectroscopic and magnetic properties, methods of electronic structure calculation, and quantum-classical modeling for organometallic and metallobiochemical systems. This is an excellent reference for chemists, researchers and teachers, and advanced undergraduate and graduate students in inorganic, coordination, and organometallic chemistry.
## Electronic Structure of Strongly Correlated Materials

Electronic structure and physical properties of strongly correlated materials containing elements with partially filled 3d, 4d, 4f and 5f electronic shells is analyzed by Dynamical Mean-Field Theory (DMFT). DMFT is the most universal and effective tool used for the theoretical investigation of electronic states with strong correlation effects. In the present book the basics of the method are given and its application to various material classes is shown. The book is aimed at a broad readership: theoretical physicists and experimentalists studying strongly correlated systems. It also serves as a handbook for students and all those who want to be acquainted with fast developing filed of condensed matter physics.
## Relativistic Electronic Structure Theory

The field of relativistic electronic structure theory is generally not part of theoretical chemistry education, and is therefore not covered in most quantum chemistry textbooks. This is due to the fact that only in the last two decades have we learned about the importance of relativistic effects in the chemistry of heavy and superheavy elements. Developments in computer hardware together with sophisticated computer algorithms make it now possible to perform four-component relativistic calculations for larger molecules. Two-component and scalar all-electron relativistic schemes are also becoming part of standard ab-initio and density functional program packages for molecules and the solid state. The second volume of this two-part book series is therefore devoted to applications in this area of quantum chemistry and physics of atoms, molecules and the solid state. Part 1 was devoted to fundamental aspects of relativistic electronic structure theory whereas Part 2 covers more of the applications side. This volume opens with a section on the Chemistry of the Superheavy Elements and contains chapters dealing with Accurate Relativistic Fock-Space Calculations for Many-Electron Atoms, Accurate Relativistic Calculations Including QED, Parity-Violation Effects in Molecules, Accurate Determination of Electric Field Gradients for Heavy Atoms and Molecules, Two-Component Relativistic Effective Core Potential Calculations for Molecules, Relativistic Ab-Initio Model Potential Calculations for Molecules and Embedded Clusters, Relativistic Pseudopotential Calculations for Electronic Excited States, Relativistic Effects on NMR Chemical Shifts, Relativistic Density Functional Calculations on Small Molecules, Quantum Chemistry with the Douglas-Kroll-Hess Approach to Relativistic Density Functional Theory, and Relativistic Solid State Calculations. - Comprehensive publication which focuses on new developments in relativistic quantum electronic structure theory - Many leaders from the field of theoretical chemistry have contributed to the TCC series - Will no doubt become a standard text for scientists in this field.
## Strong Coulomb Correlations in Electronic Structure Calculations

Materials where electrons show nearly localized rather than itinerant behaviour, such as the high-temperature superconducting copper oxides, or manganate oxides, are attracting interest due to their physical properties and potential applications. For these materials, the interaction between electrons, or electron correlation, plays an important role in describing their electronic strucuture, and the standard methods for the calculation of their electronic spectra based on the local density approximation (LDA) breakdown. This is the first attempt to describe recent approaches that go beyond the concept of the LDA, to successfully describe the electronic structure of narrow-band materials.
## Modern Quantum Chemistry

This graduate-level text explains the modern in-depth approaches to the calculation of electronic structure and the properties of molecules. Largely self-contained, it features more than 150 exercises. 1989 edition.
## Electronic Structure of Refractory Carbides and Nitrides

Focuses on electronic structure and properties of superhard and strong refractory materials.
## Electronic Structure of Molecules

Electronic Structure of Molecules: Diatomic Molecules, Small Molecules, Saturated Hydrocarbons, Conjugated Molecules, Molecules of Biochemical Interest focuses on the study of the electronic structure of molecules and associated molecular properties. The publication first offers information on hydrogen ion-molecule and various kinds of molecular orbitals and helium atom and hydrogen molecule. Discussions focus on the method of linear combinations of atomic orbitals, method of the united atoms, and remarks on helium atom and hydrogen molecule. The text then elaborates on diatomic molecules and general problems in the structure of molecules. The book touches on molecules containing only cores and simple bonds and small molecules formed by simple bonds and unshared electrons. Topics include alicyclic paraffins and the idea of a simple bond, methane, molecules of ammonia and water in their equilibrium configurations, and relationship between electronic structure and the position of nuclei. The publication is a valuable source material for readers interested in the electronic structure of molecules.
## Concepts and Methods in Modern Theoretical Chemistry

Concepts and Methods in Modern Theoretical Chemistry: Electronic Structure and Reactivity, the first book in a two-volume set, focuses on the structure and reactivity of systems and phenomena. A new addition to the series Atoms, Molecules, and Clusters, this book offers chapters written by experts in their fields. It enables readers to learn how concepts from ab initio quantum chemistry and density functional theory (DFT) can be used to describe, understand, and predict electronic structure and chemical reactivity. This book covers a wide range of subjects, including discussions on the following topics: DFT, particularly the functional and conceptual aspects Excited states, molecular electrostatic potentials, and intermolecular interactions General theoretical aspects and application to molecules Clusters and solids, electronic stress, and electron affinity difference The information theory and the virial theorem New periodic tables The role of the ionization potential Although most of the chapters are written at a level that is accessible to a senior graduate student, experienced researchers will also find interesting new insights in these experts’ perspectives. This comprehensive book provides an invaluable resource toward understanding the whole gamut of atoms, molecules, and clusters.
## Elementary Electronic Structure

This is a revised edition of the 1999 text on the electronic structure and properties of solids, similar in spirit to the well-known 1980 text Electronic Structure and the Properties of Solids. The revisions include an added chapter on glasses, and rewritten sections on spin-orbit coupling, magnetic alloys, and actinides. The text covers covalent semiconductors, ionic insulators, simple metals, and transition-metal and f-shell-metal systems. It focuses on the most important aspects of each system, making what approximations are necessary in order to proceed analytically and obtain formulae for the properties. Such back-of-the-envelope formulae, which display the dependence of any property on the parameters of the system, are characteristic of Harrison's approach to electronic structure, as is his simple presentation and his provision of all the needed parameters.In spite of the diversity of systems and materials, the approach is systematic and coherent, combining the tight-binding (or atomic) picture with the pseudopotential (or free-electron) picture. This provides parameters ? the empty-core radii as well as the covalent energies ? and conceptual bases for estimating the various properties of all these systems. Extensive tables of parameters and properties are included.The book has been written as a text, with problems at the end of each chapter, and others can readily be generated by asking for estimates of different properties, or different materials, than those treated in the text. In fact, the ease of generating interesting problems reflects the extraordinary utility and simplicity of the methods introduced. Developments since the 1980 publication have made the theory simpler and much more accurate, besides allowing much wider application.
## Electronic Structure of Atoms

The book presents the quantum theory of the electronic structure of atoms and focuses on the electronic structures and reactivity of atoms and molecules. It shows how to draw molecules such as the oxygen and water to far more complex molecules, using molecular orbital theory, and hybridization of orbitals. It gives quite clear picture of molecular polarity, together with symmetrical and unsymmetrical distribution of an atom or molecule when developing a temporary (instantaneous) dipole. The book provides a clear and comprehensive summary of oxidative and reductive processes. Electronegativity on oxidation and reduction is also introduced. Examples are provided. It enables the reader to master the principles and applications of organic functional groups. Readers will find information quickly and easily about alkanes, alkenes, alkynes and arenes. Bonding with and is also introduced. It explains the fundamental principles of nomenclature methods, using IUPAC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry) and enables the reader to apply it accurately and with confidence. The book is replete with examples for guidance and there are extensive and complicated figures to direct the reader to nomenclature quickly. It gives hands-on chemistry activities with real-life functions. It provides clear and thorough understanding of carbohydrates, polysaccharides, starch and glycogen, cellulose and chitin, nucleotide, nitrogenous hydroxyl and phosphate, lipids, protein, ester, lipoprotein, glycolipid, steroid, mucin, etc. it is a useful reference for health professionals, practicing physicists, chemists, and materials scientists.
## Electronic Structure of Clusters

Advances in Quantum Chemistry publishes surveys of current developments in the rapidly developing field of quantum chemistry--a field that falls between the historically established areas of mathematics, physics, chemistry, and biology. With invited reviews written by leading international researchers, each presenting new results, this quality serial provides a single vehicle for following progress in this interdisciplinary area.
## Introduction to Graphene-Based Nanomaterials

A detailed primer describing the most effective theoretical and computational methods and tools for simulating graphene-based systems.

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Category: Science

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