Electron Flow in Organic Chemistry

A Decision-Based Guide to Organic Mechanisms

Author: Paul H. Scudder

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118355024

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 4473

Sets forth the analytical tools needed to solve key problemsin organic chemistry With its acclaimed decision-based approach, Electron Flow inOrganic Chemistry enables readers to develop the essentialcritical thinking skills needed to analyze and solve problems inorganic chemistry, from the simple to complex. The author breaksdown common mechanistic organic processes into their basic units toexplain the core electron flow pathways that underlie theseprocesses. Moreover, the text stresses the use of analytical toolssuch as flow charts, correlation matrices, and energy surfaces toenable readers new to organic chemistry to grasp the fundamentalsat a much deeper level. This Second Edition of Electron Flow in OrganicChemistry has been thoroughly revised, reorganized, andstreamlined in response to feedback from both students andinstructors. Readers will find more flowcharts, correlationmatrices, and algorithms that illustrate key decision-makingprocesses step by step. There are new examples from the field ofbiochemistry, making the text more relevant to a broader range ofreaders in chemistry, biology, and medicine. This edition alsooffers three new chapters: Proton transfer and the principles of stability Important reaction archetypes Qualitative molecular orbital theory and pericyclicreactions The text's appendix features a variety of helpful tools,including a general bibliography, quick-reference charts andtables, pathway summaries, and a major decisions guide. With its emphasis on logical processes rather than memorizationto solve mechanistic problems, this text gives readers a solidfoundation to approach and solve any problem in organicchemistry.
Posted in Science

Electron Flow in Organic Chemistry, A Decision-Based Guide to Organic Mechanisms

Chemistry, Organic chemistry

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1490289186

Category: Education

Page: 167

View: 6270

Facts101 is your complete guide to Electron Flow in Organic Chemistry, A Decision-Based Guide to Organic Mechanisms. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
Posted in Education

Reactive Intermediates in Organic Chemistry

Structure, Mechanism, and Reactions

Author: Maya Shankar Singh

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527678271

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 2751

Most reactions in organic chemistry do not proceed in a single step but rather take several steps to yield the desired product. In the course of these multi-step reaction sequences, short-lived intermediates can be generated that quickly convert into other intermediates, reactants, products or side products. As these intermediates are highly reactive, they cannot usually be isolated, but their existence and structure can be proved by theoretical and experimental methods. Using the information obtained, researchers can better understand the underlying reaction mechanism of a certain organic transformation and thus develop novel strategies for efficient organic synthesis. The chapters are clearly structured and are arranged according to the type of intermediate, providing information on the formation, characterization, stereochemistry, stability, and reactivity of the intermediates. Additionally, representative examples and a problem section with different levels of difficulty are included for self-testing the newly acquired knowledge. By providing a deeper understanding of the underlying concepts, this is a musthave reference for PhD and Master Students in organic chemistry, as well as a valuable source of information for chemists in academia and industry working in the field. It is also ideal as primary or supplementary reading for courses on organic chemistry, physical organic chemistry or analytical chemistry.
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The Art of Writing Reasonable Organic Reaction Mechanisms

Author: Robert B. Grossman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387954686

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 9624

Intended for students of intermediate organic chemistry, this text shows how to write a reasonable mechanism for an organic chemical transformation. The discussion is organized by types of mechanisms and the conditions under which the reaction is executed, rather than by the overall reaction as is the case in most textbooks. Each chapter discusses common mechanistic pathways and suggests practical tips for drawing them. Worked problems are included in the discussion of each mechanism, and "common error alerts" are scattered throughout the text to warn readers about pitfalls and misconceptions that bedevil students. Each chapter is capped by a large problem set.
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Arrow-Pushing in Organic Chemistry

An Easy Approach to Understanding Reaction Mechanisms

Author: Daniel E. Levy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111821045X

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 7060

Find an easier way to learn organic chemistry with Arrow-Pushing in Organic Chemistry: An Easy Approach to Understanding Reaction Mechanisms, a book that uses the arrow-pushing strategy to reduce this notoriously challenging topic to the study of interactions between organic acids and bases. Understand the fundamental reaction mechanisms relevant to organic chemistry, beginning with Sn2 reactions and progressing to Sn1 reactions and other reaction types. The problem sets in this book, an excellent supplemental text, emphasize the important aspects of each chapter and will reinforce the key ideas without requiring memorization.
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Comparative Inorganic Chemistry

Author: Bernard Moody

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 148328008X

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 9959

Comparative Inorganic Chemistry, Third Edition focuses on the developments in comparative inorganic chemistry, including properties of elements and the structure of their atoms, electronic configuration of atoms of elements, and the electronic theory of valency. The manuscript first offers information on the development of fundamental ideas in 19th century chemistry, as well as purification and identification of substances in the laboratory; classical arguments for the existence of atoms and molecules; and electrolytes, ions, and electrons. The book also takes a look at the properties of elements and the structure of their atoms. The classification of elements in the 19th century, atomic nucleus, divisible atoms, nuclear reactions and fusions, and artificial radioactivity and nuclear transmutations are discussed. The book examines the electronic theory of valency and periodic classification, including basic assumptions of the electronic theory, hydration of ions, ionic bond and the formation of ions, and the development of the concept of valency. The manuscript also ponders on bonding and the structures displayed by elements and their compounds; oxidation, reduction, and electrochemical processes; and the principles on the extraction of elements. The publication is a dependable source of information for chemists and readers interested in inorganic chemistry.
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Shriver and Atkins' Inorganic Chemistry

Author: Peter Atkins

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199236178

Category: Science

Page: 824

View: 1455

Inorganic Chemistry fifth edition represents an integral part of a student's chemistry education. Basic chemical principles are set out clearly in 'Foundations' and are fully developed throughout the text, culminating in the cutting-edge research topics of the 'Frontiers', which illustrate the dynamic nature of inorganic chemistry.
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Principles of Inorganic Chemistry

Author: Brian W. Pfennig

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118859103

Category: Science

Page: 500

View: 6773

This text is designed for upper-level undergraduates (who have already taken physical chemistry) and introductory-level graduate students taking an inorganic or advanced inorganic chemistry course. It would appeal to those instructors who are looking for a more physical inorganic chemistry course. It will cover: The Composition of Matter; Quantum Chemistry: A Primer; Nuclear Structure; Atomic Structure; Periodic Properties of the Elements; An Introduction to Chemical Bonding; Molecular Geometries; Molecular Symmetry; Vibrational Spectroscopy; Models of Chemical Bonding; Crystalline Lattices; The Solid State; Acid-Base Chemistry; Main Group Chemistry; Coordination Chemistry; Ligand Field Theory; Reactions of coordination compounds; Structure and Bonding in Organometallic Compounds; and Reactions of Organometallic Compounds
Posted in Science

Biological Inorganic Chemistry

Structure and Reactivity

Author: Ivano Bertini

Publisher: University Science Books

ISBN: 9781891389436

Category: Science

Page: 739

View: 6076

The long awaited text for 21st century courses in biological inorganic chemistry is now available. Organized and edited by Ivano Bertini, Harry Gray, Ed Stiefel, and Joan Valentine, with contributions from many other world leaders in the field, this all-new book is equally appropriate for graduate or senior undergraduate courses in bioinorganic chemistry. The book has been extensively class-tested at Princeton and UCLA, and it includes tutorials in biology and biochemistry and in inorganic chemistry to aid students of varying backgrounds. The main text is divided into two parts. Part A, 'Overviews of Biological Inorganic Chemistry', sets forth the unifying principles of the field. A full course in bioinorganic chemistry could be based entirely on this overview section, which is a really a book within a book! Part B, 'Metal-Ion Containing Biological Systems', describes specific classes of systems in detail. A special feature is the strong connection to the genomic revolution that has dramatically enhanced our ability to define the function of gene products in living organisms. Throughout the book, protein data bank codes are given for structures discussed in the text, and students are encouraged to learn to use the PDB in their courses and research.
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Organic Chemistry: With Biological Applications

Author: John E. McMurry

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495391441

Category: Science

Page: 1152

View: 8606

Renowned for its student-friendly writing style and fresh perspective, this fully updated Second Edition of John McMurry's ORGANIC CHEMISTRY WITH BIOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS provides full coverage of the foundations of organic chemistry enhanced by biological examples throughout. Based on user feedback, McMurry continues to discuss the organic chemistry of biological pathways and now adds two dozen additional organic chemistry topics, as well as new problems, new illustrations, and new essays. Media integration with OWL for Organic Chemistry, a customizable online learning system and assessment tool, reduces faculty workload, facilitates instruction, and helps students master concepts through tutorials, simulations, and algorithmically generated homework questions. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Encyclopedia of inorganic chemistry

Author: R. Bruce King

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471936206

Category: Chemistry, Inorganic

Page: 4819

View: 7932

Posted in Chemistry, Inorganic

Essentials of Inorganic Chemistry

For Students of Pharmacy, Pharmaceutical Sciences and Medicinal Chemistry

Author: Katja A. Strohfeldt

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118695356

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 6236

A comprehensive introduction to inorganic chemistry and, specifically, the science of metal-based drugs, Essentials of Inorganic Chemistry describes the basics of inorganic chemistry, including organometallic chemistry and radiochemistry, from a pharmaceutical perspective. Written for students of pharmacy and pharmacology, pharmaceutical sciences, medicinal chemistry and other health-care related subjects, this accessible text introduces chemical principles with relevant pharmaceutical examples rather than as stand-alone concepts, allowing students to see the relevance of this subject for their future professions. It includes exercises and case studies.
Posted in Science

Advances in Organic Synthesis

Modern Organofluorine Chemistry-Synthetic Aspects

Author: Atta-ur- Rahman

Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers

ISBN: 1608051986

Category: Science

Page: 592

View: 7082

The volume focuses on recent advances in organofluorine chemistry directed towards selective fluorine introduction into various target molecules, employing both traditional and contemporary, electrophilic and nucleophilic, fluorinating agents. It brings together sixteen chapters written by leading experts and active researchers in the field. It is an excellent source of information for synthetic chemists interested in selective fluorination methods and fluorinated building blocks. "Advances in Organic Synthesis" is a book series devoted to publishing the latest and the most important advances in organic synthesis. Contributions are written by eminent scientists and each volume is devoted to major advances in organic synthesis. Each volume, being which is topic specific, is edited by an authority in the field. Chapters are written by eminent subject specialists so that the readers may obtain a broad overview of the current developments. "Advances in Organic Synthesis" is essential for all organic chemists in the academia and industry who wish to keep abreast of the rapid and important developments in the field.
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Computational Subsurface Hydrology

Reactions, Transport, and Fate

Author: Gour-Tsyh Yeh,George Yeh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792372332

Category: Computers

Page: 318

View: 9632

Any numerical subsurface model is comprised of three components: a theoretical basis to translate our understanding phenomena into partial differential equations and boundary conditions, a numerical method to approximate these governing equations and implement the boundary conditions, and a computer implementation to generate a generic code for research as well as for practical applications. Computational Subsurface Hydrology: Reactions, Transport, and Fate is organized around these themes. The fundamental processes occurring in subsurface media are rigorously integrated into governing equations using the Reynolds transport theorem and interactions of these processes with the surrounding media are sophisticatedly cast into various types of boundary conditions using physical reasoning. A variety of numerical methods to deal with reactive chemical transport are covered in Computational Subsurface Hydrology: Reactions, Transport, and Fate with a particular emphasis on the adaptive local grid refinement and peak capture using the Lagrangian-Eulerian approach. The topics on coupled fluid flows and reactive chemical transport are unique contributions of this book. They serve as a reference for research as well as for practical applications with a computer code that can be purchased from the author. Four computer codes to simulate vertically integrated horizontal solute transport (LEMA), contaminant transport in moving phreatic aquifers in three dimensions (3DLEMA), solute transport in variably saturated flows in two dimensions (LEWASTE), and solute transport under variably saturated flows in three dimensions (3DLEWASTE) are covered. These four computer codes are designed for generic applications to both research and practical problems. They could be used to simulate most of the practical, real-world field problems. Reactive chemical transport and its coupling with fluid flows are unique features in this book. Theories, numerical implementations, and example problems of coupled reactive transport and flows in variably saturated media are presented. A generic computer code, HYDROGEOCHEM 3.0, is developed. A total of eight example problems are used to illustrate the application of the computational model. These problems are intended to serve as examples for setting up a variety of simulations that one may encounter in research and field-site applications. Computational Subsurface Hydrology: Reactions, Transport, and Fate offers practicing engineers and scientists a theoretical background, numerical methods, and computer codes for modeling contaminant transport in subsurface media. It also serves as a textbook for senior and graduate course on reactive chemical transport in subsurface media in disciplines such as civil and environmental engineering, agricultural engineering, geosciences, soil sciences, and chemical engineering. Computational Subsurface Hydrology: Reactions, Transport, and Fate presents a systematic derivation of governing equations and boundary conditions of subsurface contaminant transport as well as reaction-based geochemical and biochemical processes. It discusses a variety of numerical methods for moving sharp-front problems, expounds detail procedures of constructing Lagrangian-Eulerian finite element methods, and describes precise implementation of computer codes as they are applied to subsurface contaminant transport and biogeochemical reactions.
Posted in Computers

Pyrolytic Methods in Organic Chemistry

Application of Flow and Flash Vacuum Pyrolytic Techniques

Author: Roger Brown

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323154174

Category: Science

Page: 362

View: 4129

Pyrolytic Methods in Organic Chemistry: Application of Flow and Flash Vacuum Pyrolytic Techniques is concerned with the use of flow pyrolysis and flash vacuum pyrolysis in preparative organic chemistry. Topics covered include pyrolytic generation and reactions of free radicals, arynes, and cyclobutadienes; elimination reactions; rearrangements of carbenes and nitrenes in the gas phase; and fragmentation of cyclic and acyclic structures. Examples of the types of reaction for which flow and flash pyrolytic methods are well suited are provided. This book is comprised of nine chapters and begins by discussing the place of flow and flash vacuum pyrolytic methods in organic chemistry. The next chapter gives an account of apparatus and experimental methods, while the remaining chapters focus on pyrolytic reactions that are grouped together according to the nature of the overall process, the formal structure of the starting material, and mechanistic type. Reactions that are formally related because they involve elimination of a small fragment molecule X-X or X-Y from a larger molecular framework are examined, along with cleavage of carbocyclic systems. The final chapter presents examples of high-temperature rearrangements, focusing on electrocyclic reactions and cycloadditions involving mainly four or six electrons; reactions that proceed through diradical intermediates; and isomerizations of heterocyclic rings. This monograph is intended mainly for practicing academic and industrial organic chemists and for advanced and graduate students.
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The Bridge To Organic Chemistry

Concepts and Nomenclature

Author: Claude H. Yoder,Phyllis A. Leber,Marcus W. Thomsen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118017081

Category: Science

Page: 112

View: 6586

Make the leap from introductory to organic chemistry The transition from first-year chemistry to an organic chemistry course can be a challenge for many students. Not only must they recall their first-year studies of bonding, structure, and reactivity, but they must also master a whole new set of nomenclature, along with the critical skill of "electron-pushing." Reviewing the fundamentals and carefully introducing the important new concepts, The Bridge to Organic Chemistry: Concepts and Nomenclature helps students smoothly bridge the gap to organic chemistry. Concise and carefully structured, The Bridge to Organic Chemistry helps students strengthen their mastery of fundamental concepts from an introductory chemistry course and then introduces them to the new concepts of organic chemistry. Step by step, the reader will: Review important concepts such as structural isomerism, Lewis formulas, hybridization, and resonance and understand their roles in modern organic chemistry Learn organic nomenclature along with the critical skill of "electron-pushing" Explore mechanisms that utilize many of the concepts: Lewis acid-base chemistry, rate laws, enthalpy changes, bond energies and electronegativities, substituent effects, structure, stereochemistry, and the visualization of electron flow through the electron-pushing model With a clear progressive style and substantial review at each step, The Bridge to Organic Chemistry puts organic chemistry and its nomenclature within the grasp of every student.
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Essentials of Organic Chemistry

For Students of Pharmacy, Medicinal Chemistry and Biological Chemistry

Author: Paul M. Dewick

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118681967

Category: Science

Page: 704

View: 1301

Essentials of Organic Chemistry is an accessible introduction tothe subject for students of Pharmacy, Medicinal Chemistry andBiological Chemistry. Designed to provide a thorough grounding infundamental chemical principles, the book focuses on key elementsof organic chemistry and carefully chosen material is illustratedwith the extensive use of pharmaceutical and biochemicalexamples. In order to establish links and similarities the book placesprominence on principles and deductive reasoning withcross-referencing. This informal text also places the main emphasison understanding and predicting reactivity rather than syntheticmethodology as well as utilising a mechanism based layout andfeaturing annotated schemes to reduce the need for textualexplanations. * tailored specifically to the needs of students of PharmacyMedical Chemistry and Biological Chemistry * numerous pharmaceutical and biochemical examples * mechanism based layout * focus on principles and deductive reasoning This will be an invaluable reference for students of PharmacyMedicinal and Biological Chemistry.
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S.Chands Success Guide (Q&A) Inorganic Chemistry

Author: Gaurav Madan

Publisher: S. Chand Publishing

ISBN: 9788121918572

Category: Science

Page: 704

View: 3805

For B.Sc. Part I,II & III Classes of all Indian Universities and also covering U.G.C. model curriculum. Authenticate, simple, to the point and modern account of each and every topic. Relevant, Clear, well labelled diagrams. Easy to understand treatment of most difficult and intricate topic. Questions from university papers of various Indian Universities
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Intermediate Organic Chemistry

Author: Michael Leonard

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 1304217566

Category: Science

Page: 428

View: 3702

The mission of Intermediate Organic Chemistry is to bridge the gap between introductory Organic Chemistry coursework and advanced/graduate-level coursework but to do so in a way that extends the student-centered approach of most modern introductory Organic Chemistry textbooks. This text makes extensive use of detailed explanations and color coding to facilitate the learning process. This text's style is one that is shared by many instructors of Organic Chemistry: mechanistically driven and detailed. Extensive use of color coding helps students to learn mechanism and cogently predict reaction products. The electrons that are mechanistically involved in each transformation are color coded. The mechanistic arrows originating from those electrons are colored identically, as are the bonds and/or lone pairs that result from the electron flow. This approach, along with detailed verbal explanations, conveys the narrative of the mechanism.
Posted in Science