Education in Comparative Perspective

New Lessons from Around the World

Author: York W. Bradshaw

Publisher: Brill Academic Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Comparative education.

Page: 193

View: 2712

The 9 articles in this volume look at a variety of educational issues around the world and examine what they say about current theories. Papers discuss critical substantive issues, such as the role of the state in the educational process, the importance of female education in the development process, the influence of a distinctive Asian model of education on the Asian "economic miracle" and vocational training systems. All papers relate substantive processes to theory in some way and are explicitly comparative, either by relating at least two countries or by making broader points in the fields of education and sociology. Together they cover topics and cases throughout different regions of the world, including Africa, Asia, Latin America and Europe, as well as the United States.
Posted in Comparative education.

A Decade of Democracy in Africa

Author: Stephen N. Ndegwa

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004122444

Category: Social Science

Page: 158

View: 4894

The democratic experiment in Africa has had a checkered history over the past ten years. Analysts of this proces tend to focus on the political and legal space instead of including broader issues such as norms, generational change and class. Past experience from Botswana, South-Africa, Ghana, Kenya, Uganda and Madagascar will give the readers an understanding of democracy in Africa.
Posted in Social Science

Whitaker's Books in Print

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Bibliography, National

Page: N.A

View: 4578

Posted in Bibliography, National

Die großen Revolutionen und die Kulturen der Moderne

Author: Shmuel N. Eisenstadt

Publisher: International Reading Assoc.

ISBN: 9783531149936

Category: Political Science

Page: 252

View: 8846

Der Autor untersucht in seiner neuesten Schrift, in welchem kulturellen und historischen Kontext sich die modernen Revolutionen -- zu denen für gewöhnlich in erster Linie der Bürgerkrieg in England, die Amerikanische, Französische, Russische und Chinesische Revolution gerechnet werden -- entwickelten und in welcher Beziehung sie zur Moderne bzw. zur Kultur der Moderne stehen. Grosse Revolutionen werden vom Autor als Kombination aus dem Wechsel eines politischen Regimes und der Propagierung einer spezifischen kosmologischen Vision (d.h. als Samen spezifischer Kulturen) betrachtet. Des weiteren untersucht er die Geschichte des revolutionären Symbolismus und der revolutionären Dynamiken postrevolutionärer moderner politischer Regime sowie die sich ständig wandelnde Kultur der Moderne. Inhalt: Teil eins: Die grossen Revolutionen sowie die Ursprünge und die Kristallisierung der Moderne: Vergleichende Beobachtungen: - Der historische und kulturelle Rahmen der grossen Revolutionen - Die spezifischen Merkmale revolutionärer Prozesse und Ideologien. Teil zwei: Die "Ursachen" und der historisch-kulturelle Rahmen der Revolutionen: - Strukturelle und gesellschaftspsychologische Ursachen - Historischer Hintergrund - Die Widersprüche der "Frühen Moderne"--Der kulturelle Rahmen der grossen Revolutionen -- Die Achsenzeit-Kulturen. Teil drei: Die Varianten der Achsenzeit-Kulturen und der politischen Dynamiken -- Die Besonderheiten des revolutionären Prozesses: "Ausserweltliche" Kulturen -- die Hindu-Kultur - Die politischen Dynamiken in "innerweltlichen" Kulturen -- die konfuzianische Politikordnung in China - Monotheistische Kulturen -- Der Islam - Die christlichen Kulturen -- der europäische Kulturraum - Ein vergleichender Exkurs: Japan -- die nicht-achsenzeitliche revolutionäre Restauration. Teil vier: Kosmologische Visionen, Regulierungsformen und revolutionäres Potential: Politische Dynamiken in Achsenzeit-Kulturen.
Posted in Political Science

The Synchronization of National Policies

Ethnography of the Global Tribe of Moderns

Author: Pertti Alasuutari

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135072930

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 9983

The Synchronization of National Policies shows how it is possible that there is remarkable uniformity in the policies that the nation-states adopt, although there is no world government. Mainstream research attributes such global governance to the influence of leading countries, to functional requirements created by capitalism and technological development, or to international organizations. This book argues that to understand how national policies are synchronized we need to realize that the global population forms a single global tribe of moderns, divided into some 200 clans called nations. While previous research on the world culture of moderns has focused on the diffusion of ideas, this book concentrates on the active role of local actors, who introduce global models and domesticate them to nation-states. In national policymaking, actors justify new policies by international comparisons, by the successes and failures of models adopted in other countries, and by building and appealing to the authority of international organizations. Consequently, national policies are synchronized with each other. Yet, because of the way such domestication of global trends takes place, citizens retain and reproduce the understanding that they follow a sovereign national trajectory. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of sociology, world culture theory, globalization, international relations, and political science.
Posted in Social Science

The Handbook of International Migration

The American Experience

Author: Charles Hirschman,Philip Kasinitz,Josh Dewind

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 161044289X

Category: Social Science

Page: 520

View: 336

The historic rise in international migration over the past thirty years has brought a tide of new immigrants to the United States from Asia, South America, and other parts of the globe. Their arrival has reverberated throughout American society, prompting an outpouring of scholarship on the causes and consequences of the new migrations. The Handbook of International Migration gathers the best of this scholarship in one volume to present a comprehensive overview of the state of immigration research in this country, bringing coherence and fresh insight to this fast growing field. The contributors to The Handbook of International Migration—a virtual who's who of immigration scholars—draw upon the best social science theory and demographic research to examine the effects and implications of immigration in the United States. The dramatic shift in the national background of today's immigrants away from primarily European roots has led many researchers to rethink traditional theories of assimilation,and has called into question the usefulness of making historical comparisons between today's immigrants and those of previous generations. Part I of the Handbook examines current theories of international migration, including the forces that motivate people to migrate, often at great financial and personal cost. Part II focuses on how immigrants are changed after their arrival, addressing such issues as adaptation, assimilation, pluralism, and socioeconomic mobility. Finally, Part III looks at the social, economic, and political effects of the surge of new immigrants on American society. Here the Handbook explores how the complex politics of immigration have become intertwined with economic perceptions and realities, racial and ethnic divisions,and international relations. A landmark compendium of richly nuanced investigations, The Handbook of International Migration will be the major reference work on recent immigration to this country and will enhance the development of a truly interdisciplinary field of international migration studies.
Posted in Social Science

Emergent Issues in Education

Comparative Perspectives

Author: Robert F. Arnove,Philip G. Altbach,Gail Paradise Kelly

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791410318

Category: Education

Page: 363

View: 754

In Emergent Issues in Education, leading scholars in comparative education and in the politics, sociology, anthropology, and economics of education illuminate worldwide trends in critical issues that confront policymakers and practitioners in different national settings. Among the topics raised and analyzed are the organization, governance, and financing of education; the content of curriculum, texts, and tests; and the quality and nature of teacher training. Among the issues examined is the tension that has emerged between the imperative to achieve equality of educational opportunity and the concern of educational decision makers to maintain and upgrade the quality of academic offerings. Aspects of this tension are manifested in the reform movements of the 1980s, especially the excellence movement that has resurfaced in the United States. Reform movements are evident in countries that have experienced increased enrollment at all levels of schooling in the post-World War II period. In the United States, as elsewhere, there has been a reassessment of the relevance of education to the economy and polity, and of the role of government and industry in education."
Posted in Education

Language Policies and (Dis)Citizenship

Rights, Access, Pedagogies

Author: Prof. Vaidehi Ramanathan

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 1783090219

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 272

View: 5880

This volume explores the concept of 'citizenship', and argues that it should be understood both as a process of becoming and the ability to participate fully, rather than as a status that can be inherited, acquired, or achieved. From a courtroom in Bulawayo to a nursery in Birmingham, the authors use local contexts to foreground how the vulnerable, particularly those from minority language backgrounds, continue to be excluded, whilst offering a powerful demonstration of the potential for change offered by individual agency, resistance and struggle. In addressing questions such as 'under what local conditions does "dis-citizenship" happen?'; 'what role do language policies and pedagogic practices play?' and 'what kinds of margins and borders keep humans from fully participating'? The chapters in this volume shift the debate away from visas and passports to more uncertain and contested spaces of interpretation.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

The Diversity Paradox

Seeking Community in an Intercultural Church

Author: J. Jacob Jenkins

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739183524

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 216

View: 5426

In response to America’s declining sense of community, Central Community Church has prioritized the organizational metaphor of “community.” Building upon forty-eight months of ethnographic fieldwork, this book explores particular ways in which the community metaphor was co-constructed by Central Community’s racially/ethnically diverse leaders and members as well as limitations and tensions that emerged from those efforts.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Anthropologies of Education

A Global Guide to Ethnographic Studies of Learning and Schooling

Author: Kathryn M. Anderson-Levitt

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 0857452746

Category: Social Science

Page: 362

View: 1299

Despite international congresses and international journals, anthropologies of education differ significantly around the world. Linguistic barriers constrain the flow of ideas, which results in a vast amount of research on educational anthropology that is not published in English or is difficult for international readers to find. This volume responds to the call to attend to educational research outside the United States and to break out of "metropolitan provincialism." A guide to the anthropologies and ethnographies of learning and schooling published in German, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Slavic languages, Japanese, and English as a second language, show how scholars in Latin America, Japan, and elsewhere adapt European, American, and other approaches to create new traditions. As the contributors show, educators draw on different foundational research and different theoretical discussions. Thus, this global survey raises new questions and casts a new light on what has become a too-familiar discipline in the United States.
Posted in Social Science

Performance Psychology E-Book

A Practitioner's Guide

Author: David John Collins,Angela Abbott,Hugh Richards

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702048755

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 4406

Performance Psychology: A Practitioner's Guide is a comprehensive, evidence-based text covering the key aspects of performance culture: performer development, preparation, training and execution. Written by a team of international contributors, including national coaches, training specialists, applied sports psychologists, clinicians and researchers, and building on strong links between theory and practice, the book shows how applied psychological methods and principles can be used to enhance performance Contributing authors offer clear implications for applied practice and each section is summarized by contributions from a 'Performers Panel' of experts who provide real-life practical examples. Performance psychology is applied to a wide variety of physical performance domains which enables practitioners to see how they can combine ideas and tailor interventions, to people and contexts, to produce effective applications of psychology. Dave Collins is Professor of Performance and Coaching/Director for the Institute of Coaching and Performance at the University of Central Lancashire. As a practitioner, he has worked with over 50 World and Olympic medalists, and in professional performance domains spanning sport, business, motor sport, music, dance and adventure. He was formerly Performance Director of UK Athletics, a rugby player, martial artist and OE instructor. Dave currently works with the Chelsea FC Football Academy, amongst other consultancies. Angela Button is a researcher at the University of Otago and is widely acknowledged as a world expert on talent. Angela has led funded research projects in talent development in the UK and New Zealand. Her sporting interests include squash, running and triathlon. Hugh Richards lectures and is Director of post-graduate programmes in Performance Psychology at the University of Edinburgh. He has published in the areas of coping, talent, individual differences and professional development related to sport, the military and music. Hugh has applied psychology to professional performers from international level sport to business. He currently works with the UK Motor Sport Association, international performer development schemes and has been advisor to the BBC on learning and performance. Strong links between theory and practice - a panel of top performers conclude each section with an overview, providing real-life practical examples in addition to the case studies included in each chapter. Holistic approach allows students to see how they can combine different approaches to address a problem. Written by a team of international contributors including national team coaches, sports psychologists and academics.
Posted in Medical

Modern Societies

A Comparative Perspective

Author: Stephen K. Sanderson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317256026

Category: Political Science

Page: 222

View: 6150

Sanderson explores the nature of the contemporary world’s 200 societies by comparing and contrasting their basic institutions and patterns of social organization. Major topics include the rich democracies and how they became rich and democratic; the expansion of government and the welfare state; the collapse of Communism and the transition to postsocialist societies; the conditions of less-developed countries, with attention to those that are developing rapidly as well as those that continue to lag far behind; racial and ethnic divisions and conflicts worldwide; the gender revolution of the past fifty years and changing contemporary patterns of gender inequality throughout the world; major shifts in family patterns and the transition to below-replacement fertility; the global spread and expansion of mass education and educational credentialism; worldwide patterns of religious belief and practice; a detailed evaluation of the secularization thesis; economic, political, and cultural globalization; the nature of social and economic progress over the past two centuries; and nine predictions concerning the short-term and long-term future of the world. The book provides detailed and fully up-to-date statistical data on societies in forty-three tables.
Posted in Political Science

Biographical Methods and Professional Practice

An International Perspective

Author: Chamberlayne, Prue,Bornat, Joanna,Ursula Apitzsch

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1861344937

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 340

View: 6951

Biographical methods combine a focus on lifetime individual experience as a component of understanding human agency with an examination of interactions with social structures & institutions. This text provides examples of how such approaches have been applied in practice settings & in policy initiatives.
Posted in Family & Relationships

The Oxford Handbook of Culture and Psychology

Author: Jaan Valsiner

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199366225

Category: Psychology

Page: 1136

View: 2313

The goal of cultural psychology is to explain the ways in which human cultural constructions -- for example, rituals, stereotypes, and meanings -- organize and direct human acting, feeling, and thinking in different social contexts. A rapidly growing, international field of scholarship, cultural psychology is ready for an interdisciplinary, primary resource. Linking psychology, anthropology, sociology, archaeology, and history, The Oxford Handbook of Culture and Psychology is the quintessential volume that unites the variable perspectives from these disciplines. Comprised of over fifty contributed chapters, this book provides a necessary, comprehensive overview of contemporary cultural psychology. Bridging psychological, sociological, and anthropological perspectives, one will find in this handbook: - A concise history of psychology that includes valuable resources for innovation in psychology in general and cultural psychology in particular - Interdisciplinary chapters including insights into cultural anthropology, cross-cultural psychology, culture and conceptions of the self, and semiotics and cultural connections - Close, conceptual links with contemporary biological sciences, especially developmental biology, and with other social sciences - A section detailing potential methodological innovations for cultural psychology By comparing cultures and the (often differing) human psychological functions occuring within them, The Oxford Handbook of Culture and Psychology is the ideal resource for making sense of complex and varied human phenomena.
Posted in Psychology

Resources in Education

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: N.A

View: 6072

Posted in Education

Anthropologies Of Education

A Global Guide to Ethnographic Studies of Learning and Schooling

Author: Kathryn M.

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1782380582

Category: Social Science

Page: 362

View: 4354

Despite international congresses and international journals, anthropologies of education differ significantly around the world. Linguistic barriers constrain the flow of ideas, which results in a vast amount of research on educational anthropology that is not published in English or is difficult for international readers to find. This volume responds to the call to attend to educational research outside the United States and to break out of “metropolitan provincialism.” A guide to the anthropologies and ethnographies of learning and schooling published in German, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Slavic languages, Japanese, and English as a second language, show how scholars in Latin America, Japan, and elsewhere adapt European, American, and other approaches to create new traditions. As the contributors show, educators draw on different foundational research and different theoretical discussions. Thus, this global survey raises new questions and casts a new light on what has become a too-familiar discipline in the United States.
Posted in Social Science

Reimagining Japanese Education

borders, transfers, circulations, and the comparative

Author: David Blake Willis,Jeremy Rappleye

Publisher: Symposium Books Ltd

ISBN: 1873927517

Category: Education

Page: 288

View: 3430

Sparked by the confluence of accelerating domestic transformation and increasingly explicit impacts from ‘globalization’, the Japanese education system has undergone tremendous changes during the turbulence of the past decade. This volume, which brings together some of the foremost scholars in the field of Japanese education, analyzes these recent changes in ways that help us ‘reimagine’ Japan and Japanese educational change at this critical juncture. Rather than simply updating well-worn Western images of Japan and its educational system, the aim of the book is a much deeper critical rethinking of the outmoded paradigms and perspectives that have rendered the massive shifts that have taken place in Japan largely invisible to or forgotten by the outside world. This ‘reimagining’ thus restores Japan to its place as a key comparative link in the global conversation on education and lays out new pathways for comparative research and reflection. Ranging widely across domains of policy and practice, and with a balance of Japanese and foreign scholars, the volume is also indicative of new directions in educational scholarship worldwide: approaches that center global interactions on domestic education and contribute to a far greater recognition of the polycentric, polycontextual World unfolding today. This book will be of keen interest to scholars of education worldwide, as well as those working in and across anthropology, sociology, policy studies, political science, and area studies given that contemporary transformations in Japan at once reflect and approximate political, social, and educational shifts occurring throughout the World in the early decades of the 21st century.
Posted in Education