Population, Gender and Politics

Demographic Change in Rural North India

Author: Roger Jeffery,Patricia Jeffery

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521466530

Category: History

Page: 278

View: 2404

Roger and Patricia Jeffery are well known for their work on religion and gender in South Asia. In their latest book, a study of the demographic processes of two castes in rural north India, they ask why fertility levels are higher among the Muslim Sheikhs than the Hindu Jats. They conclude that explanations can only partially be attributed to gender relationships and religion, and it is the economic and political interests of both groups which are the defining factors. Their marginal economic position provides little incentive for the Sheikhs to raise small families, while the Jats, who are locally dominant, are encouraged to use birth control and educate their children. The authors go on to demonstrate the significance of this analysis for a wider understanding of the problems of population and politics in India generally. The book will be invaluable for students of South Asia and for anyone interested in the demography of developing countries.
Posted in History

Girls' schooling, women's autonomy, and fertility change in South Asia

Author: Roger Jeffery,Alaka Malwade Basu

Publisher: Sage Publications Pvt. Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 339

View: 6299

Challenging the prevalent orthodox in policy circles in South Asia, Girls Schooling, Women's Autonomy, and Fertility Change in South Asia argues that sending girls to school is not the equivalent of birth control. This collection of both theoretical and empirical papers by some of the leading South Asian experts in demography and education provides valuable material. It demonstrates that simply educating girls is not sufficient to reduce birth rates, although that belief is still widely held. This volume maintains that an education is indeed valuable and essential for girls and that it should be justified and supported as such, but not because of some presumed impact on fertility decline, and that the focus on girls' schooling should not detract from the need to provide contraceptive, maternal, and child health services aimed at enabling couples to successfully plan the family sizes they want. Areas of interest for this engaging book include, demography and population studies, womens' studies, education, development studies, sociology and social anthropology.
Posted in Medical

International Yearbook of Education

Author: Brian Holmes

Publisher: United Nations Educational

ISBN: 9789231030383

Category: Education

Page: 236

View: 6909

Content of yearbooks originates in the sessions of the International Conference on Education (ICE)
Posted in Education

Exploring Individual Modernity

Author: Alex Inkeles

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231515344

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 6951

With contributions by David H. Smith, Karen A. Miller, Amar K. Singh, Vern L. Bengston, and James J. Dowd.
Posted in Social Science

Status enhancement and fertility

reproductive responses to social mobility and educational opportunity

Author: John D. Kasarda,John O. G. Billy,Kirsten West

Publisher: Academic Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 266

View: 9213

Posted in Social Science

Education and Society in Bhutan

Tradition and modernisation

Author: Chelsea M. Robles

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317297695

Category: Social Science

Page: 148

View: 2289

Bhutan's education sector has attracted international attention for recent reforms driven by the national development philosophy of Gross National Happiness, which aspires to balance change with the continuity of tradition. This book traces the history of education in Bhutan and reveals that, as the country has modernised and become globally connected and further influenced by international and Western mores, tensions have emerged across the education sector. The author examines how these tensions between the curriculum and local knowledges can impact teaching and learning, and offers approaches to addressing them. Based on extensive empirical data, including in-depth interviews and classroom observations, Robles analyzes the discourses of high-level officials who were involved in the early development of the modern system of education, a range of education leaders, and teachers. Filling a gap in the literature, this book is an invaluable resource for students and researchers interested in the formation of education policy, social and political reform in Bhutan, and South Asia Studies.
Posted in Social Science

Monographic Series

Author: Library of Congress

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Monographic series

Page: N.A

View: 4784

Posted in Monographic series

Power, Culture and Modernity in Nigeria

Beyond The Colony

Author: Oluwatoyin Oduntan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351591622

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 3398

In this book, Oluwatoyin Oduntan offers a critical intervention in the scholarly fields of Nigerian, and West African history, as well as towards understanding the intellectual ideas by which modern African society was formed, and how it functions. The book traces the shifting dynamics between various segments of the African elite by critically analyzing existing historical accounts, traditions and archival documents. First, it explores the lost world of native intellectual thoughts as the perspective through which Africans experienced the colonial encounter. It thereby makes Africans central to contemporary debates about the meanings and legitimacy of colonial empires, and about the African cultural experience. It shows that the resettlement of liberated and Westernized Africans in Abeokuta and after them, European missionaries, merchants and colonial agents from the 1840s, did not dismantle preexisting power structures and social relations. Rather, educated Africans and Europeans entered into and added their voices to ongoing processes of defining culture and power. By rendering a continuing narrative of change and adaptation which connects the pre-colonial to the post-colonial, Power, Culture and Modernity in Nigeria leads Africanist scholarship in new directions to rethink colonial impact and uncover the total creative sites of changes by which African societies were formed.
Posted in History

Africana Journal

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Africa

Page: N.A

View: 8138

Posted in Africa

Social Changes in a Global World

Author: Ulrike Schuerkens

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1526414058

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 5789

From renowned author Ulrike Schuerkens comes an in-depth exploration of social transformations and developments. Combining an international approach with up-to-date research, this book provides a comprehensive introduction perfect for a range of Sociology courses taught at first and second year.
Posted in Social Science

Religion, Education and Governance in the Middle East

Between Tradition and Modernity

Author: Sai Felicia Krishna-Hensel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317067355

Category: Political Science

Page: 228

View: 7281

The Middle East is a key geopolitical strategic region in the international system but its distinctive cultural and political divisions present a mosaic of states that do not lend themselves to simplistic interpretations. A thoughtful analysis of the Middle East requires an understanding of the synergism between tradition and modernity in the region as it adapts to a globalizing world. Religious education and activism continue to remain a significant factor in the modernization process and the development of modern governance in the states of the Middle East. This interdisciplinary book explores the historical and contemporary role of religious tradition and education on political elites and governing agencies in several major states as well as generally in the region. The relationship between democracy and authority is examined to provide a better understanding of the complexity underlying the emergence of new power configurations. As the region continues to respond to the forces of change in the international system it remains an important and intriguing area for analysts.
Posted in Political Science

National Character

A Psycho-Social Perspective

Author: Alex Inkeles

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351503731

Category: Social Science

Page: 405

View: 2836

Seen in modern perspective, the concept of national character poses fundamental problems for social science theory and research: To what extent do conditions of life in a particular society give rise to certain patterns in the personalities of its members? What are the consequences? Alex Inkeles surveys various definitions of national character, tracing developments through the twentieth century. His approach is to examine the regularity of specific personality patterns among individuals in a society. He argues that modal personality may be extremely important in determining which new cultural elements are accepted and which institutional forms persist in a society. Reviewing previous studies, Inkeles canvasses the attitudes and psychological states of different nations in an effort to discover a set of values in the United States. He concludes that, despite recent advances in the field, there is much to be done before we can have a clear picture of the degree of differentiation in the personality structure of modern nations. Until now, there were few formal definitions and discussions on national character and the limits of this field of study. This book will be of great interest to psychologists, sociologists, philosophers, and political theorists.
Posted in Social Science

Paradoxes of Individualization

Social Control and Social Conflict in Contemporary Modernity

Author: Mr Willem de Koster,Professor Dick Houtman,Professor Stef Aupers

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409494802

Category: Social Science

Page: 196

View: 7170

Paradoxes of Individualization addresses one of the most hotly debated issues in contemporary sociology: whether a process of individualization is liberating selves from society so as to make them the authors of their personal biographies. The book adopts a cultural-sociological approach that firmly rejects such a notion of individualization as naïve. The process is instead conceptualized as an increasing social significance of moral notions of individual liberty, personal authenticity and cultural tolerance, which informs two paradoxes. Firstly, chapters about consumer behavior, computer gaming, new age spirituality and right-wing extremism demonstrate that this individualism entails a new, yet often unacknowledged, form of social control. The second paradox, addressed in chapters about religious, cultural and political conflict, is concerned with the fact that it is precisely individualism's increased social significance that has made it morally and politically contested. Paradoxes of Individualization, will therefore be of interest to scholars and students of cultural sociology, cultural anthropology, political science, and cultural, religious and media studies, and particularly to those with interests in social theory, culture, politics and religion.
Posted in Social Science

Marx and Weber on Oriental Societies

In the Shadow of Western Modernity

Author: Lutfi Sunar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317100115

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 5802

The Orient was central to the work of Marx and Weber, both figures building their theories around the question of why modernity appeared to emerge only in the West. While Marx’s account focused on the accumulation of capital in the West, Weber’s explanation for this phenomenon centred on Western rationalization. Extending recent work comparing the social theories of Marx and Weber, this book examines their approaches to Oriental societies, showing how, in spite of the differences in their respective theorizations of the historical and political development of the West, their work on the form of modern society in the Orient converges, each complementing the other. Fully conversant with recent scholarly work on Marx and Weber, this comprehensive re-examination of the points of convergence and departure in their work requires us to re-evaluate both their positions in the history of sociology and their relevance to contemporary social questions. As such, it will appeal to scholars of social and political theory and classical sociology.
Posted in Social Science

Sociology and Music Education

Author: Ruth Wright

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754668015

Category: Music

Page: 299

View: 9649

Sociology and Music Education addresses a pressing need to provide a sociological foundation for understanding music education. The music education community, academic and professional, has become increasingly aware of the need to locate the issues facing music educators within a broader sociological context. This is required both as a means to deeper understanding of the issues themselves and as a means to raising professional consciousness of the macro issues of power and politics by which education is often constrained. The book outlines some introductory concepts in sociology and music education and then draws together seminal theoretical insights with examples from practice with innovative applications of sociological theory to the field of music education. The book concludes with an Afterword by Christopher Small.
Posted in Music