Ecology of North American Freshwater Fishes

Author: Stephen T. Ross Ph. D.

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520955196

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 4385

The North American freshwater fish fauna is the most diverse and thoroughly researched temperate fish fauna in the world. Ecology of North American Freshwater Fishes is the only textbook to provide advanced undergraduate and graduate students and researchers with an up-to-date and integrated view of the ecological and evolutionary concepts, principles, and processes involved in the formation and maintenance of this fauna. Ecology of North American Freshwater Fishes provides readers with a broad understanding of why specific species and assemblages occur in particular places. Additionally, the text explores how individuals and species interact with each other and with their environments, how such interactions have been altered by anthropogenic impacts, and the relative success of efforts to restore damaged ecosystems. This book is designed for use in courses related to aquatic and fish ecology, fish biology, ichthyology, and related advanced ecology and conservation courses, and is divided into five sections for ease of use. Chapter summaries, supplemental reading lists, online sources, extensive figures, and color photography are included to guide readers through the material and facilitate student learning. Part 1: Faunal origins, evolution, and diversity Presents a broad picture—both spatially and temporally—of the derivation of the fauna, including global and regional geological and climatological processes and their effects on North American fishes. Part 2: Formation, maintenance, and persistence of local populations and assemblages Focuses on how local fish populations and assemblages are formed and how they persist, or not, through time. Part 3: Form and function Deals with the relationship of body form and life history patterns as they are related to ecological functions. Part 4: Interactions among individuals and species Discusses the numerous interactions among individuals and species through communication, competition, predation, mutualism, and facilitation. Part 5: Issues in conservation Focuses on several primary conservation issues such as flow alterations and the increasing biotic homogenization of faunas.
Posted in Science

Ecology of North American Freshwater Fishes

Author: Stephen T. Ross

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520249453

Category: Science

Page: 460

View: 8468

The North American freshwater fish fauna is the most diverse and thoroughly researched temperate fish fauna in the world. Ecology of North American Freshwater Fishes is the only textbook to provide advanced undergraduate and graduate students and researchers with an up-to-date and integrated view of the ecological and evolutionary concepts, principles, and processes involved in the formation and maintenance of this fauna. Ecology of North American Freshwater Fishes provides readers with a broad understanding of why specific species and assemblages occur in particular places. Additionally, the text explores how individuals and species interact with each other and with their environments, how such interactions have been altered by anthropogenic impacts, and the relative success of efforts to restore damaged ecosystems. This book is designed for use in courses related to aquatic and fish ecology, fish biology, ichthyology, and related advanced ecology and conservation courses, and is divided into five sections for ease of use. Chapter summaries, supplemental reading lists, online sources, extensive figures, and color photography are included to guide readers through the material and facilitate student learning. Part 1: Faunal origins, evolution, and diversity Presents a broad picture—both spatially and temporally—of the derivation of the fauna, including global and regional geological and climatological processes and their effects on North American fishes. Part 2: Formation, maintenance, and persistence of local populations and assemblages Focuses on how local fish populations and assemblages are formed and how they persist, or not, through time. Part 3: Form and function Deals with the relationship of body form and life history patterns as they are related to ecological functions. Part 4: Interactions among individuals and species Discusses the numerous interactions among individuals and species through communication, competition, predation, mutualism, and facilitation. Part 5: Issues in conservation Focuses on several primary conservation issues such as flow alterations and the increasing biotic homogenization of faunas.
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Freshwater Fishes of North America

Volume 1: Petromyzontidae to Catostomidae

Author: Melvin L. Warren, Jr.,Brooks M. Burr

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421412012

Category: Nature

Page: 664

View: 8827

Certain to stand among the reference books of choice for anyone interested in the continent’s aquatic ecosystems, Freshwater Fishes of North America covers the ecology, morphology, reproduction, distribution, behavior, taxonomy, conservation, and fossil record of each North American fish family. Volume 1 (of three) covers the following North American families of fishes: Petromyzontidae (Lampreys)Dasyatidae (Whiptail Stingrays)Acipenseridae (Sturgeons)Polyodontidae (Paddlefishes)Lepisosteidae (Gars)Amiidae (Bowfins)Hiodontidae (Mooneyes)Anguillidae (Freshwater Eels)Engraulidae (Anchovies)Cyprinidae (Carps and Minnows)Catostomidae (Suckers) The encyclopedic review of each fish family is accompanied by color photographs, maps, and original artwork created by noted fish illustrator Joseph R. Tomelleri. The result is a rich textual and visual experience. Widely anticipated, this monumental reference is the result of decades of analysis and synthesis by leading fish experts from a variety of universities, research laboratories, museums, and aquariums. The chapter authors of Volume 1 are: William E. BemisMicah G. BennettMichael D. BurnsBrooks M. BurrAnthony L. EchelleNicholas J. GidmarkCarter R. GilbertHoward S. GillLance GrandeAlex HaroPhillip M. HarrisEric J. HiltonLisa J. HopmanGregory HubbardBernard R. KuhajdaWilliam J. MatthewsDeborah A. McLennanIan C. PotterClaude B. RenaudStephen T. RossMichael SandelAndrew M. SimonsMelvin L. Warren, Jr.
Posted in Nature

The Zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes

Author: Charles H. Hocutt,E. O. Wiley

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 866

View: 3756

A timely, authoritative monograph that charts the distribution of North American freshwater fish throughout the continent, attempts to explain these observed distribution tendencies, and develops a theory for the dispersal and evolution of these fishes through historical drainage patterns, plate tectonics, and Pleistocene glaciation. Chapters cover ichthyofaunal `provinces', fossil fishes, population ecology, and the effect of man's introduction of exotic species into the ecosystem.
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Patterns in Freshwater Fish Ecology

Author: William J. Matthews

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461540666

Category: Science

Page: 756

View: 4919

Nearly a decade ago I began planning this book with the goal of summarizing the existing body of knowledge on ecology of freshwater fishes in a way similar to that of H. B. N. Hynes' comprehensive treatise Ecology of Running Waters for streams. The time seemed appropriate, as there had been several recent volumes that synthesized much information on a range of topics important in fish ecology, from biogeographic to local scales. For example, the "Fish Atlas" (Lee et aI. , 1980) had provided range maps and basic entry to the original literature for all freshwater fishes in North America, and in 1986 Hocutt and Wiley's Zoogeography of North American Fishes provided a detailed synthesis of virtually everything known about distributional ecology of fishes on that continent. Tim Berra (1981) had summarized in convenient map form the worldwide distribution of all freshwater fish families, and Joe Nelson's 1976 and 1984 editions of Fishes of the World had appeared. To complement these "big picture" views of fish distributions, the volume on Community and Evolutionary Ecology of North American Freshwater Fishes, edited by David Heins and myself (Matthews and Heins, 1987), had provided an opportunity for more than 30 individuals or groups to summarize their work on stream fishes (albeit mostly for warmwater systems).
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Systematics, Historical Ecology, and North American Freshwater Fishes

Author: Richard L. Mayden

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804721622

Category: Science

Page: 969

View: 1064

"This book addresses the current need for a holistic approach in comparative and evolutionary biology and offers numerous applications of the modern methods of phylogenetic systematics and historical ecology, using the North American fish fauna as its case study. This major synthesis, the first published work of its kind, provides a theoretical and methodological foundation for future studies in ichthyology, evolutionary biology, and other fields of comparative biology." "Several introductory pieces present major statements of general principles, detailed examinations of the diversity and distributions of North American freshwater fishes, and what is known of their systematic relationships. The rest of the volume's 30 papers then contribute new phylogenetic hypotheses for a significant number of taxa. Along the way, the reader is introduced to the principles, first, of phylogenetic systematics - the reconstruction of evolutionary or ancestor-descendant relationships of groups of organisms on the basis of heritable traits - and, second, of historical ecology - a comprehensive research program that links systematics with many areas of comparative biology. Together, the two allow for the formulation of direct and testable hypotheses regarding the evolution of species and their attributes, interspecies interactions, and the formation and persistence of biotic communities. Without these methods that incorporate "historical controls," our estimates of history for all areas of biology are inefficient, indirect, and worst of all, untestable." "This book focuses on North American freshwater fishes not only because the 42 contributors know them so well but also because this highly diverse fauna is well known in so many important aspects (diversity, species distributions, life histories) relevant to evaluating general applications of the new paradigms of systematics and historical ecology. Many other faunas present interesting biotas appropriate for the preparation of a similar piece of work, but no other fauna can claim as complete a knowledge base." "The theme articulated throughout the book underscores the Darwinian proposition of descent with modification. The biological information particular to the North American freshwater fish fauna establishes an invaluable foundation for understanding diversification and advancing education and research. Moreover, the methods, theories, and empirical data presented serve as essential resources for comparative and evolutionary research programs applicable to any biota or taxonomic grouping." "The book includes some 200 illustrations, 60 tables, 10 appendixes, and comprehensive taxonomic and subject indexes."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
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Parasites of North American Freshwater Fishes

Author: Glenn L. Hoffman

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520005655

Category: Fishes

Page: 486

View: 2378

Public health aspects of fish parasites. Methods. Some norht american fish parasites listed by location in the fish. Brief descriptions of the groups of fish parasites. Algae and fungi. Protozoa. Monogenetic trematodes. Adult digenetic trematodes. Metacercarial trematodes. Cestodes. Nematodes. Acanthocephala. Leeches. Parasitic copepods. Miscellaneous parasites. Fish parasites found on or in other animals. Predators. Fish and parasite check-list.
Posted in Fishes

Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates

Author: James H. Thorp

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123748550

Category: Science

Page: 1021

View: 2576

The third edition of Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates continues the tradition of in-depth coverage of the biology, ecology, phylogeny, and identification of freshwater invertebrates from the USA and Canada. This text serves as an authoritative single source for a broad coverage of the anatomy, physiology, ecology, and phylogeny of all major groups of invertebrates in inland waters of North America, north of Mexico.
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North American Freshwater Mussels

Natural History, Ecology, and Conservation

Author: Wendell R. Haag

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521199387

Category: Nature

Page: 505

View: 8586

Synthesizes the ecology and natural history of North American freshwater mussels for scientists, natural resource professionals, students and natural history enthusiasts.
Posted in Nature

Fishes of Indiana

A Field Guide

Author: Thomas P. Simon,Joseph R. Tomelleri

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253223083

Category: Nature

Page: 345

View: 1469

Indiana has more fish species than any other state north of the Ohio River. This rich variety of fish fauna is on display in this informative and beautifully illustrated guide. From the large freshwater species like the Paddlefish, Lake Sturgeon, and Mooneye, to Great Lakes species like the whitefish, Lake and Brook trout, and Longnose sucker, this book has them all—plus lesser-known species and a few thought to have disappeared from the state. Each species is represented by a descriptive entry containing diagnostic information, conservation status, habitat preferences, diet, reproductive biology, and other facts to assist in identification; a map showing the geographical distribution of the species across Indiana; and a taxonomically accurate and precise illustration.
Posted in Nature

Freshwater Mussel Ecology

A Multifactor Approach to Distribution and Abundance

Author: David L. Strayer

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520942523

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 9697

Pearly mussels (Unionoidea) live in lakes, rivers, and streams around the world. These bivalves play important roles in freshwater ecosystems and were once both culturally and economically valuable as sources of food, pearls, and mother-of-pearl. Today, however, hundreds of species of these mussels are extinct or endangered. David L. Strayer provides a critical synthesis of the factors that control the distribution and abundance of pearly mussels. Using empirical analyses and models, he assesses the effects of dispersal, habitat quality, availability of fish hosts, adequate food, predators, and parasites. He also addresses conservation issues that apply to other inhabitants of fresh waters around the globe and other pressing issues in contemporary ecology.
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Fishes of Arkansas (p)

Author: N.A

Publisher: University of Arkansas Press

ISBN: 9781610751575

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 3545

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Historical Biogeography of Neotropical Freshwater Fishes

Author: James S. Albert,Roberto Reis

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520948505

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 7572

The fish faunas of continental South and Central America constitute one of the greatest concentrations of aquatic diversity on Earth, consisting of about 10 percent of all living vertebrate species. Historical Biogeography of Neotropical Freshwater Fishes explores the evolutionary origins of this unique ecosystem. The chapters address central themes in the study of tropical biodiversity: why is the Amazon basin home to so many distinct evolutionary lineages? What roles do ecological specialization, speciation, and extinction play in the formation of regional assemblages? How do dispersal barriers contribute to isolation and diversification? Focusing on whole faunas rather than individual taxonomic groups, this volume shows that the area’s high regional diversity is not the result of recent diversification in lowland tropical rainforests. Rather, it is the product of species accumulating over tens of millions of years and across a continental arena.
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Freshwater Fishes of the Northeastern United States

A Field Guide

Author: Robert G. Werner

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 9780815630203

Category: Nature

Page: 335

View: 1117

"As a standard resource, this guide will attract a wide audience. This book will be useful to biologists, ecologists, and zoologists and will have an indispensable appeal among anglers, environmentalists, and fisheries professionals."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Posted in Nature

The American Darters

Author: Robert A. Kuehne,Roger W. Barbour

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813165253

Category: Nature

Page: 208

View: 5396

The darters are a fascinating group of colorful and diminutive freshwater fish whose beauty rivals that of the tropical reef fishes. Native only to North America, the darters occur widely, especially in the United States, but are little known to the general public, largely because of their small size -- few exceed six inches and some measure a mere one inch at maturity. This book is the first comprehensive guide to the darters, covering all named and several undescribed forms -- 140 species in all. Each species account includes a synoptic description to aid in separation of similar species and subspecies, a range map, and discussion of the species' distribution, natural heritage, abundance, and scientific name. An illustrated key and glossary will further assist scientists, students, fishermen, and aquarium specialists in identifying darter species. Central to this volume is the series of 144 handsome color photographs illustrating nearly all known darter species and several subspecies. Most of the specimens shown were caught by the authors at sites throughout the United States, Canada, and Mexico, and photographed by them on site using a recently developed technique that captures the full brilliance of the living fish. Because of their importance as indicators of environmental quality, the darters are receiving increasing attention today from scientists and naturalists. Public interest was focused recently on the plight of the snail darter, but many other darter species are either threatened or endangered, and others face an uncertain future as human activities continue to degrade our waterways. All those with an interest in preserving the natural heritage of our rivers and streams will find this comprehensive guide to the darters an invaluable tool.
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Freshwater Fisheries Ecology

Author: John F. Craig

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118394410

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 920

View: 5760

Inland fisheries are vital for the livelihoods and food resources of humans worldwide but their importance is underestimated, probably because large numbers of small, local operators are involved. Freshwater Fisheries Ecology defines what we have globally, what we are going to lose and mitigate for, and what, given the right tools, we can save. To estimate potential production, the dynamics of freshwater ecosystems (rivers, lakes and estuaries) need to be understood. These dynamics are diverse, as are the earth?s freshwater fisheries resources (from boreal to tropical regions), and these influence how fisheries are both utilized and abused. Three main types of fisheries are illustrated within the book: artisanal, commercial and recreational, and the tools which have evolved for fisheries governance and management, including assessment methods, are described. The book also covers in detail fisheries development, providing information on improving fisheries through environmental and habitat evaluation, enhancement and rehabilitation, aquaculture, genetically modified fishes and sustainability. The book thoroughly reviews the negative impacts on fisheries including excessive harvesting, climate change, toxicology, impoundments, barriers and abstractions, non-native species and eutrophication. Finally, key areas of future research are outlined. Freshwater Fisheries Ecology is truly a landmark publication, containing contributions from over 100 leading experts and supported by the Fisheries Society of the British Isles. The global approach makes this book essential reading for fish biologists, fisheries scientists and ecologists and upper level students in these disciplines. Libraries in all universities and research establishments where biological and fisheries sciences are studied and taught should have multiple copies of this hugely valuable resource. About the Editor John Craig is Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Fish Biology and has an enormous range of expertise and a wealth of knowledge of freshwater fishes and their ecology, having studied them around the globe, including in Asia, North America, Africa, the Middle East and Europe. His particular interests have been in population dynamics and life history strategies. He is a Fellow of the Linnean Society of London and the Royal Society of Biology.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Handbook of Darters

Author: Lawrence M. Page

Publisher: Tfh Publications Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 271

View: 6650

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A Guide to Common Freshwater Invertebrates of North America

Author: J. Reese Voshell

Publisher: McDonald & Woodward Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780939923878

Category: Nature

Page: 442

View: 4348

Provides identification and other information about creatures that are commonly found in the shallows of freshwater areas and are large enough to be seen with the naked eye.
Posted in Nature