Ecology of North American Freshwater Fishes

Author: Stephen T. Ross

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520249453

Category: Science

Page: 460

View: 6959

The North American freshwater fish fauna is the most diverse and thoroughly researched temperate fish fauna in the world. Ecology of North American Freshwater Fishes is the only textbook to provide advanced undergraduate and graduate students and researchers with an up-to-date and integrated view of the ecological and evolutionary concepts, principles, and processes involved in the formation and maintenance of this fauna. Ecology of North American Freshwater Fishes provides readers with a broad understanding of why specific species and assemblages occur in particular places. Additionally, the text explores how individuals and species interact with each other and with their environments, how such interactions have been altered by anthropogenic impacts, and the relative success of efforts to restore damaged ecosystems. This book is designed for use in courses related to aquatic and fish ecology, fish biology, ichthyology, and related advanced ecology and conservation courses, and is divided into five sections for ease of use. Chapter summaries, supplemental reading lists, online sources, extensive figures, and color photography are included to guide readers through the material and facilitate student learning. Part 1: Faunal origins, evolution, and diversity Presents a broad picture—both spatially and temporally—of the derivation of the fauna, including global and regional geological and climatological processes and their effects on North American fishes. Part 2: Formation, maintenance, and persistence of local populations and assemblages Focuses on how local fish populations and assemblages are formed and how they persist, or not, through time. Part 3: Form and function Deals with the relationship of body form and life history patterns as they are related to ecological functions. Part 4: Interactions among individuals and species Discusses the numerous interactions among individuals and species through communication, competition, predation, mutualism, and facilitation. Part 5: Issues in conservation Focuses on several primary conservation issues such as flow alterations and the increasing biotic homogenization of faunas.
Posted in Science

Freshwater Fishes of North America

Volume 1: Petromyzontidae to Catostomidae

Author: Melvin L. Warren, Jr.,Brooks M. Burr

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421412012

Category: Nature

Page: 664

View: 6220

Certain to stand among the reference books of choice for anyone interested in the continent’s aquatic ecosystems, Freshwater Fishes of North America covers the ecology, morphology, reproduction, distribution, behavior, taxonomy, conservation, and fossil record of each North American fish family. Volume 1 (of three) covers the following North American families of fishes: Petromyzontidae (Lampreys)Dasyatidae (Whiptail Stingrays)Acipenseridae (Sturgeons)Polyodontidae (Paddlefishes)Lepisosteidae (Gars)Amiidae (Bowfins)Hiodontidae (Mooneyes)Anguillidae (Freshwater Eels)Engraulidae (Anchovies)Cyprinidae (Carps and Minnows)Catostomidae (Suckers) The encyclopedic review of each fish family is accompanied by color photographs, maps, and original artwork created by noted fish illustrator Joseph R. Tomelleri. The result is a rich textual and visual experience. Widely anticipated, this monumental reference is the result of decades of analysis and synthesis by leading fish experts from a variety of universities, research laboratories, museums, and aquariums. The chapter authors of Volume 1 are: William E. BemisMicah G. BennettMichael D. BurnsBrooks M. BurrAnthony L. EchelleNicholas J. GidmarkCarter R. GilbertHoward S. GillLance GrandeAlex HaroPhillip M. HarrisEric J. HiltonLisa J. HopmanGregory HubbardBernard R. KuhajdaWilliam J. MatthewsDeborah A. McLennanIan C. PotterClaude B. RenaudStephen T. RossMichael SandelAndrew M. SimonsMelvin L. Warren, Jr.
Posted in Nature

Patterns in Freshwater Fish Ecology

Author: William J. Matthews

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461540666

Category: Science

Page: 756

View: 1115

Nearly a decade ago I began planning this book with the goal of summarizing the existing body of knowledge on ecology of freshwater fishes in a way similar to that of H. B. N. Hynes' comprehensive treatise Ecology of Running Waters for streams. The time seemed appropriate, as there had been several recent volumes that synthesized much information on a range of topics important in fish ecology, from biogeographic to local scales. For example, the "Fish Atlas" (Lee et aI. , 1980) had provided range maps and basic entry to the original literature for all freshwater fishes in North America, and in 1986 Hocutt and Wiley's Zoogeography of North American Fishes provided a detailed synthesis of virtually everything known about distributional ecology of fishes on that continent. Tim Berra (1981) had summarized in convenient map form the worldwide distribution of all freshwater fish families, and Joe Nelson's 1976 and 1984 editions of Fishes of the World had appeared. To complement these "big picture" views of fish distributions, the volume on Community and Evolutionary Ecology of North American Freshwater Fishes, edited by David Heins and myself (Matthews and Heins, 1987), had provided an opportunity for more than 30 individuals or groups to summarize their work on stream fishes (albeit mostly for warmwater systems).
Posted in Science

The Zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes

Author: Charles H. Hocutt,E. O. Wiley

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 866

View: 6157

A timely, authoritative monograph that charts the distribution of North American freshwater fish throughout the continent, attempts to explain these observed distribution tendencies, and develops a theory for the dispersal and evolution of these fishes through historical drainage patterns, plate tectonics, and Pleistocene glaciation. Chapters cover ichthyofaunal `provinces', fossil fishes, population ecology, and the effect of man's introduction of exotic species into the ecosystem.
Posted in Nature

Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates

Author: James H. Thorp

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123748550

Category: Science

Page: 1021

View: 3161

The third edition of Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates continues the tradition of in-depth coverage of the biology, ecology, phylogeny, and identification of freshwater invertebrates from the USA and Canada. This text serves as an authoritative single source for a broad coverage of the anatomy, physiology, ecology, and phylogeny of all major groups of invertebrates in inland waters of North America, north of Mexico.
Posted in Science

Fishes of Indiana

A Field Guide

Author: Thomas P. Simon,Joseph R. Tomelleri

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253223083

Category: Nature

Page: 345

View: 8987

Indiana has more fish species than any other state north of the Ohio River. This rich variety of fish fauna is on display in this informative and beautifully illustrated guide. From the large freshwater species like the Paddlefish, Lake Sturgeon, and Mooneye, to Great Lakes species like the whitefish, Lake and Brook trout, and Longnose sucker, this book has them all—plus lesser-known species and a few thought to have disappeared from the state. Each species is represented by a descriptive entry containing diagnostic information, conservation status, habitat preferences, diet, reproductive biology, and other facts to assist in identification; a map showing the geographical distribution of the species across Indiana; and a taxonomically accurate and precise illustration.
Posted in Nature

Systematics, Historical Ecology, and North American Freshwater Fishes

Author: Richard L. Mayden

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804721622

Category: Science

Page: 969

View: 9150

"This book addresses the current need for a holistic approach in comparative and evolutionary biology and offers numerous applications of the modern methods of phylogenetic systematics and historical ecology, using the North American fish fauna as its case study. This major synthesis, the first published work of its kind, provides a theoretical and methodological foundation for future studies in ichthyology, evolutionary biology, and other fields of comparative biology." "Several introductory pieces present major statements of general principles, detailed examinations of the diversity and distributions of North American freshwater fishes, and what is known of their systematic relationships. The rest of the volume's 30 papers then contribute new phylogenetic hypotheses for a significant number of taxa. Along the way, the reader is introduced to the principles, first, of phylogenetic systematics - the reconstruction of evolutionary or ancestor-descendant relationships of groups of organisms on the basis of heritable traits - and, second, of historical ecology - a comprehensive research program that links systematics with many areas of comparative biology. Together, the two allow for the formulation of direct and testable hypotheses regarding the evolution of species and their attributes, interspecies interactions, and the formation and persistence of biotic communities. Without these methods that incorporate "historical controls," our estimates of history for all areas of biology are inefficient, indirect, and worst of all, untestable." "This book focuses on North American freshwater fishes not only because the 42 contributors know them so well but also because this highly diverse fauna is well known in so many important aspects (diversity, species distributions, life histories) relevant to evaluating general applications of the new paradigms of systematics and historical ecology. Many other faunas present interesting biotas appropriate for the preparation of a similar piece of work, but no other fauna can claim as complete a knowledge base." "The theme articulated throughout the book underscores the Darwinian proposition of descent with modification. The biological information particular to the North American freshwater fish fauna establishes an invaluable foundation for understanding diversification and advancing education and research. Moreover, the methods, theories, and empirical data presented serve as essential resources for comparative and evolutionary research programs applicable to any biota or taxonomic grouping." "The book includes some 200 illustrations, 60 tables, 10 appendixes, and comprehensive taxonomic and subject indexes."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Posted in Science

Invertebrates in Freshwater Wetlands of North America

Ecology and Management

Author: Darold P. Batzer,Russell B. Rader,Scott A. Wissinger

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471292586

Category: Science

Page: 1100

View: 5076

Wetlands are crucial ecosystems that help filter a great number of toxicants out of the earth's waters. They must be managed and occasionally even built from scratch, including all of the flora and fauna that grows there. Invertebrates play a key role in the wetland food chain. This comprehensive resource is the first dedicated solely to the ecology and management of invertebrates.
Posted in Science

Ecology of Australian Freshwater Fishes

Author: Paul Humphries,Keith Walker

Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING

ISBN: 0643097449

Category: Nature

Page: 440

View: 3012

Reviews our past and present understanding of Australian freshwater fishes.
Posted in Nature

Freshwater Algae of North America

Ecology and Classification

Author: John D. Wehr

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080521886

Category: Science

Page: 917

View: 5090

Freshwater algae are among the most diverse and ubiquitous organisms on earth. They occupy an enormous range of ecological conditions from lakes and rivers to acidic peat swamps, inland saline lakes, snow and ice, damp soils, wetlands, desert soils, wastewater treatment plants, and are symbionts in and on many plants, fungi, and animals. In North America, the variety of freshwater habitats colonized by algae is very rich, and offers an enormous and fascinating range of environments for their study. They form the base of most aquatic food webs and are critical to studies of ecosystem health. Algal ecologists and taxonomists play an important role in the understanding of aquatic ecosystems: their biodiversity, productivity, interactions with other organisms, and water quality. This book provides in one volume a practical and comprehensive guide to the genera of freshwater algae known from North America. The format combines the necessary ecological, taxonomic and methodological information for all scientists working in aquatic environments, whether their specialty is in environmental monitoring and water quality assessment, biological composition, ecology, evolution, or molecular biology. Key Features * The first complete accounting of North America's freshwater algal genera in more than 50 years * Includes a guide to the current literature on species identification in each group of algae * High-quality photographs and drawings of more than 770 genera * A clear, easy-to-use introductory key to the diagnostic chapters * Synthetic chapters on freshwater habitats, use of algae in environmental assessment, and control of nuisance algae * Contributions from 27 experts in all areas of freshwater algae * Extensive literature citations * Companion volume of Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates 2nd edition, edited by Throp and Covich
Posted in Science

Field Guide to Freshwater Invertebrates of North America

Author: James H. Thorp,D. Christopher Rogers

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123814272

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 6535

The Field Guide to Freshwater Invertebrates of North America focuses on freshwater invertebrates that can be identified using at most an inexpensive magnifying glass. This Guide will be useful for experienced nature enthusiasts, students doing aquatic field projects, and anglers looking for the best fish bait, lure, or fly. Color photographs and art, as well as the broad geographic coverage, set this guide apart. 362 color photographs and detailed descriptions aid in the identification of species Introductory chapters instruct the reader on how to use the book, different inland water habitats and basic ecological relationships of freshwater invertebrates Broad taxonomic coverage is more comprehensive than any guide currently available
Posted in Science

Assessing the Sustainability and Biological Integrity of Water Resources Using Fish Communities

Author: Thomas P. Simon

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849340079

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 8418

This book examines the application of fish community characteristics to evaluate the sustainability and biological integrity of freshwaters. Topics include perspectives on use of fish communities as environmental indicators in program development, collaboration, and partnership forming; influence of specific taxa on assessment of the IBI; regional applications for areas where the IBI had not previously been developed; and specific applications of the IBI developed for coldwater streams, inland lakes, Great Lakes, reservoirs, and tailwaters.
Posted in Science

Streams

Their Ecology and Life

Author: Colbert E. Cushing,J. David Allan

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 9780120503407

Category: Nature

Page: 366

View: 3999

The ecology of rivers and streams; Types of rivers; The biota of rivers; Management, conservation, and restoration of rivers.
Posted in Nature

Species Concepts and Phylogenetic Theory

A Debate

Author: Quentin D. Wheeler,Rudolf Meier

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231506627

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 1571

No question in theoretical biology has been more perennially controversial or perplexing than "What is a species?" Recent advances in phylogenetic theory have called into question traditional views of species and spawned many concepts that are currently competing for general acceptance. Once the subject of esoteric intellectual exercises, the "species problem" has emerged as a critically important aspect of global environmental concerns. Completion of an inventory of biodiversity, success in conservation, predictive knowledge about life on earth, management of material resources, formulation of scientifically credible public policy and law, and more depend upon our adoption of the "right" species concept. Quentin D. Wheeler and Rudolf Meier present a debate among top systematic biology theorists to consider the strengths and weaknesses of five competing concepts. Debaters include (1) Ernst Mayr (Biological Species Concept), (2) Rudolf Meier and Rainer Willmann (Hennigian species concept), (3) Brent Mishler and Edward Theriot (one version of the Phylogenetic Species Concept), (4) Quentin Wheeler and Norman Platnick (a competing version of the Phylogenetic Species Concept), and (5) E. O. Wiley and Richard Mayden (the Evolutionary Species Concept). Each author or pair of authors contributes three essays to the debate: first, a position paper with an opening argument for their respective concept of species; second, a counterpoint view of the weakness of competing concepts; and, finally, a rebuttal of the attacks made by other authors. This unique and lively debate format makes the comparative advantages and disadvantages of competing species concepts clear and accessible in a single book for the first time, bringing to light numerous controversies in phylogenetic theory, taxonomy, and philosophy of science that are important to a wide audience. Species Concepts and Phylogenetic Theory will meet a need among scientists, conservationists, policy-makers, and students of biology for an explicit, critical evaluation of a large and complex literature on species. An important reference for professionals, the book will prove especially useful in classrooms and discussion groups where students may find a concise, lucid entrée to one of the most complex questions facing science and society.
Posted in Science

Ecology and Conservation of Fishes

Author: Harold M. Tyus

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439858543

Category: Nature

Page: 573

View: 6291

Written as a stand-alone textbook for students and a useful reference for professionals in government and private agencies, academic institutions, and consultants, Ecology and Conservation of Fishes provides broad, comprehensive, and systematic coverage of all aquatic systems from the mountains to the oceans. The book begins with overview discussions on the ecology, evolution, and diversity of fishes. It moves on to address freshwater, estuarine, and marine ecosystems and identifies factors that affect the distribution and abundance of fishes. It then examines the adaptations of fishes as a response to constraints posed in ecosystems. The book concludes with four chapters on applied ecology to discuss the critical issues of management, conservation, biodiversity crises, and climate change. Major marine fisheries have collapsed, and there are worldwide declines in freshwater fish populations. Fishery scientists and managers must become more effective at understanding and dealing with resource issues. If not, fish species, communities, and entire ecosystems will continue to decline as habitats change and species are lost. Ecology and Conservation of Fishes has taken a historical and functional approach to explain how we got where we are, providing old and new with a better foundation as ecologists and conservationists, and most importantly, it awakens senses of purpose and need. Past management practices are reviewed, present programs considered, and the need for incorporating principles of applied ecology in future practices is emphasized.
Posted in Nature

Stream Ecology

Structure and function of running waters

Author: J. David Allan,María M. Castillo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402055838

Category: Science

Page: 436

View: 3095

A hugely important text for advanced undergraduates as well as graduates with an interest in stream and river ecology, this second, updated edition is designed to serve as a textbook as well as a working reference for specialists in stream ecology and related fields. The book presents vital new findings on human impacts, and new work in pollution control, flow management, restoration and conservation planning that point to practical solutions. All told, the book is expanded in length by some twenty-five percent, and includes hundreds of figures, most of them new.
Posted in Science

Freshwater Fishes of North-Eastern Australia

Author: Brad Pusey,Mark Kennard,Angela Arthington

Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING

ISBN: 064309895X

Category: Science

Page: 700

View: 6211

Freshwater Fishes of North-Eastern Australia provides details of the ecology, systematics, biogeography and management of 79 species of native fish present in the region. It includes detailed information on their identification, evolutionary history, breeding biology, feeding ecology, movement patterns, macro-, meso- and micro-habitat use, water quality tolerances, conservation status and current threats, as well as environmental flow and management needs. Based on the results of extensive field surveys and a comprehensive review of existing literature, it is designed to assist environmental practitioners and managers to make informed decisions about future management strategies. It will also encourage a greater research effort into the region’s aquatic fauna by providing a comprehensive resource that enables other researchers to adopt a more quantitative and strategic framework for their research. Joint winner of the 2005 Whitley Medal.
Posted in Science