Dynamics of Contention

Author: Professor of Sociology Doug McAdam,Doug McAdam,Sidney Tarrow,Charles Tilly,Joseph L Buttenwieser Professor of Social Science Charles Tilly, PhD

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521011877

Category: Political Science

Page: 387

View: 4983

Dissatisfied with the compartmentalization of studies concerning strikes, wars, revolutions, social movements, and other forms of political struggle, McAdam, Tarrow, and Tilly identify causal mechanisms and processes that recur across a wide range of contentious politics. Critical of the static, single-actor models (including their own) that have prevailed in the field, they shift the focus of analysis to dynamic interaction. Doubtful that large, complex series of events such as revolutions and social movements conform to general laws, they break events into smaller episodes, then identify recurrent mechanisms and proceses within them. Dynamics of Contention examines and compares eighteen contentious episodes drawn from many different parts of the world since the French Revolution, probing them for consequential and widely applicable mechanisms, for example, brokerage, category formation, and elite defection. The episodes range from nineteenth-century nationalist movements to contemporary Muslim-Hindu conflict to the Tiananmen crisis of 1989 to disintegration of the Soviet Union. The authors spell out the implications of their approach for explanation of revolutions, nationalism, and democratization, then lay out a more general program for study of contentious episodes wherever and whenever they occur.
Posted in Political Science

Dynamics of Contention

Author: Professor of Sociology Doug McAdam,Doug McAdam,Sidney Tarrow,Charles Tilly,Joseph L Buttenwieser Professor of Social Science Charles Tilly, PhD

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521011877

Category: Political Science

Page: 387

View: 1712

Dissatisfied with the compartmentalization of studies concerning strikes, wars, revolutions, social movements, and other forms of political struggle, McAdam, Tarrow, and Tilly identify causal mechanisms and processes that recur across a wide range of contentious politics. Critical of the static, single-actor models (including their own) that have prevailed in the field, they shift the focus of analysis to dynamic interaction. Doubtful that large, complex series of events such as revolutions and social movements conform to general laws, they break events into smaller episodes, then identify recurrent mechanisms and proceses within them. Dynamics of Contention examines and compares eighteen contentious episodes drawn from many different parts of the world since the French Revolution, probing them for consequential and widely applicable mechanisms, for example, brokerage, category formation, and elite defection. The episodes range from nineteenth-century nationalist movements to contemporary Muslim-Hindu conflict to the Tiananmen crisis of 1989 to disintegration of the Soviet Union. The authors spell out the implications of their approach for explanation of revolutions, nationalism, and democratization, then lay out a more general program for study of contentious episodes wherever and whenever they occur.
Posted in Political Science

The Dynamics of Iranian Borders

Issues of Contention

Author: Mansoureh Ebrahimi,Masoumeh Rad Goudarzi,Kamaruzaman Yusoff

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319898361

Category: Political Science

Page: 131

View: 4353

This book is on Iran’s geopolitical importance representing a continuum of international competition for political gains and economic benefit, due to the country's unique geographical location that has always been a cause of contention. Iran’s massive boarders and evolving political weakness, along with influences from the kings of Qajar that maintained and strengthened Great Britain’s hegemony in the region, were major factors affecting ongoing regional conflicts. Additional roles played by other world powers such as France, Russia and the United States are also noted. Conflicts, unrest and regional wars were all consequences arising from power struggles that led to treaties and international agreements between Iran, Britain and Russia that caused the eventual loss of traditional Iranian territories. Hence, extrinsic impositions on Iran are the subject of this study as authors examine the turbulent climate that altered Iranian borders during the Qajar Dynasty.
Posted in Political Science

Contention and the Dynamics of Inequality in Mexico, 1910–2010

Author: Viviane Brachet-Márquez

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139917285

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 7870

This book details how contentious politics - everyday as well as exceptional, local as well as national - that took place in three communal villages of Mexico alternately reproduced and reshaped inequality. Narrated and analyzed as instances of the general process of contention, these events took place during three key periods of Mexico's history: the 1910–20 revolution, the Cold War period from the 1950s to the 1970s, and from the 1980s to the present. Together, these episodes of contention build and test a theory of the making and unmaking of inequality in theoretically ideal conditions, illustrating the dynamics of this all-pervasive facet of social organization.
Posted in Political Science

The Dynamics of Radicalization

A Relational and Comparative Perspective

Author: Eitan Y. Alimi,Lorenzo Bosi,Chares Demetriou

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199937729

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 9027

"The book comparatively investigates the processes of radicalization, focusing on questions of how and when such processes unfold, rather than on why they happen in the first place. Alimi, Bosi, and Demetriou argue that processes of radicalization develop primarily through the interplay of three specific mechanisms: "competition for power" among movement actors; "threat/opportunity spirals" between the movement and its political environment; and "outbidding" between movement actors and state security forces. Each arena or mechanism affects and is affected by the other two, creating a multilayered pathway of radicalization. Using the "most different case" logic, the authors argue their theory through three case studies: the Red Brigades in Italy (1968-1980), the Greek Cypriot Enosis-EOKA (1945-1960), and the Al Qaeda/Sunni-led Salafi Transnational Jihad Movement (1984-2001). Without losing sight of the significant differences between the cases, or of the way in which they influence the particular sequence of the process, the book provides an empirically proven and widely applicable analytic framework for understanding how political processes and different contexts drive radicalization"--
Posted in Political Science

Silence and Voice in the Study of Contentious Politics

Author: Ronald Aminzade

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521001557

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 9659

This book gives 'voice' to some of the notable 'silences' in the study of contentious politics.
Posted in Political Science

Contention and Democracy in Europe, 1650-2000

Author: Charles Tilly

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521537131

Category: History

Page: 305

View: 3709

Contention and Democracy in Europe, 1650–2000, first published in 2004, is an analysis of the relationship between democratization and contentious politics that builds upon the model set forth in the pathbreaking book, Dynamics of Contention. Using a sustained comparison of French and British histories since 1650 or so as a springboard for more general comparison within Europe Contention and Democracy goes on to demonstrate that democratization occurred as result of struggles during which (as in 19th century Britain and France) few, if any, of the participants were self-consciously trying to create democratic institutions. Consequently, circumstances for democratization vary from era to era, region to region as functions of previous history, international environments, available models of political organization, and predominant patterns of social relations.
Posted in History

The Future of Social Movement Research

Dynamics, Mechanisms, and Processes

Author: Jacquelien van Stekelenburg,Conny Roggeband,Bert Klandermans

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 0816686602

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 1365

Are the dynamics of contention changing? This is the question confronted by the contributors of this volume, among the most influential scholars in the field of social movements. The answers, arriving at a time of extraordinary worldwide turmoil, not only provide a wide-ranging and varied understanding of how social movements arise and persist, but also engender unanswered questions, pointing to new theoretical strands and fields of research. The Future of Social Movement Research asks: How are the dynamics of contention shaped by globalization? By societies that are becoming increasingly more individualized and diverse? By the spread of new communication technologies such as social media, cell phones, and the Internet? Why do some movements survive while others dissipate? Do local and global networks differ in nature? The authors’ essays explore such questions with reference to changes in three domains of contention: the demand of protest (changes in grievances and identities), the supply of protest (changes in organizations and networks), and how these changes affect the dynamics of mobilization. In doing so, they theorize and make empirically insightful how globalization, individualization, and virtualization create new grievances, new venues for action, new action forms, and new structures of contention. The resulting work—brought together through engaging discussions and debates between the contributors—is interdisciplinary and unusually broad in scope, constituting the most comprehensive overview of the dynamics of social movements available today. Contributors: Marije Boekkooi, VU-U, Amsterdam; Pang Ching Bobby Chen, U of California, Merced; Donatella della Porta, European U Institute; Mario Diani, U of Trento, Italy; Jan Willem Duyvendak, U of Amsterdam; Myra Marx Ferree, U of Wisconsin–Madison; Beth Gharrity Gardner; Ashley Gromis; Swen Hutter, U of Munich; Ruud Koopmans, WZB, Berlin; Hanspeter Kriesi, U of Zurich; Nonna Mayer, National Centre for European Studies; Doug McAdam, Stanford U; John D. McCarthy, Pennsylvania State U; Debra Minkoff, Barnard College, Columbia U; Alice Motes; Pamela E. Oliver, U of Wisconsin–Madison; Francesca Polletta, U of California, Irvine; Jacomijne Prins, VU-U, Amsterdam; Patrick Rafail, Tulane U; Christopher Rootes, U of Kent, Canterbury; Dieter Rucht, Free U of Berlin; David A. Snow, U of California, Irvine; Sarah A. Soule, Stanford U; Suzanne Staggenborg, U of Pittsburgh; Sidney Tarrow, Cornell U; Verta Taylor, U of California, Santa Barbara; Marjoka van Doorn; Martijn van Zomeren, U of Groningen; Stefaan Walgrave, U of Antwerp; Saskia Welschen.
Posted in Social Science

The Dynamics of International Strategy

Author: Susan Segal-Horn,David Faulkner

Publisher: Cengage Learning EMEA

ISBN: 9781861520159

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 286

View: 3212

International strategy affects everyone: from the planning departments of large multinational organizations and the governments trying to attract their investment to the managers of small or medium-sized firms, the owners of neighbourhood stores and the employees of all companies. It is an increasingly important part of undergraduate business and management and MBA courses but is marginalised by mainstream strategy texts. Written by academics who also work as industrial consultants this comprehensive and accessible text provides an introduction to the key issues in strategic management within an international context. Using well-known strategy frameworks, as well as introducing new concepts, students will be able to make sense of the dynamics of international competition and international strategy.
Posted in Business & Economics

Power in Movement

Social Movements and Contentious Politics

Author: Sidney G. Tarrow

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139496220

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 960

Social movements have an elusive power but one that is altogether real. From the French and American revolutions to the post-Soviet, ethnic and terrorist movements of today, contentious politics exercises a fleeting but powerful influence on politics, society and international relations. This study surveys the modern history of the modern social movements in the West and their diffusion to the global South through war, colonialism and diffusion, and it puts forward a theory to explain its cyclical surges and declines. It offers an interpretation of the power of movements that emphasizes effects on the lives of militants, policy reforms, political institutions and cultural change. The book focuses on the rise and fall of social movements as part of contentious politics in general and as the outcome of changes in political opportunities and constraints, state strategy, the new media of communication and transnational diffusion.
Posted in Political Science

Mobilisierung, Protest und Strategien in Aktion

Boliviens Protestwelle 2000-2005: Ausbruch, Verlauf und politische Folgen

Author: Bettina Schorr

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531187201

Category: Political Science

Page: 326

View: 3190

Der südamerikanische Binnenstaat Bolivien erlebte in den Jahren 2000-2005 eine massive Protestwelle, in deren Verlauf es zu einem drastischen Anstieg der Protesthandlungen verschiedenster sozialer Gruppen kam. Bettina Schorr geht zum einen den Faktoren nach, die den Ausbruch, den Verlauf und den Niedergang dieser Protestwelle bedingt haben. Zum anderen untersucht sie ihre politischen Folgen. Abschließend werden die Ergebnisse der Studie nach ihren theoretischen Implikationen für die Protestwellenforschung befragt.
Posted in Political Science

Computational Mind: A Complex Dynamics Perspective

Author: Vladimir G. Ivancevic,Tijana T. Ivancevic

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540714650

Category: Medical

Page: 692

View: 1734

This is a graduate–level monographic textbook in the field of Computational Intelligence. It presents a modern dynamical theory of the computational mind, combining cognitive psychology, artificial and computational intelligence, and chaos theory with quantum consciousness and computation. The book introduces to human and computational mind, comparing and contrasting main themes of cognitive psychology, artificial and computational intelligence.
Posted in Medical

Environmental Networks and Social Movement Theory

Author: Clare Saunders

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1849660522

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 8331

Are environmentalists in Britain part of a transnational movement or are they tactically and ideologically distinct? How can we understand the environmental movement within the context of social movement theory? Based on detailed empirical research, this is a penetrating analysis of the state of the environmental movement.
Posted in Political Science

Theorizing the Dynamics of Social Processes

Author: Harry F. Dahms,Lawrence Hazelrigg

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 0857242237

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 2859

Intends to assemble a set of essays that invent, develop, and/or demonstrate strategies for theorizing one or several dynamic processes, so as to identify, illustrate by example, and analyze specific problems as well as connect theorizations of process across different disciplines of inquiry.
Posted in Social Science

The New Transnational Activism

Author: Sidney Tarrow

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521851305

Category: Political Science

Page: 258

View: 1351

The New Transnational Activism shows how even the most prosaic activities -- like immigrants bringing remittances back to their families -- can assume broader political meanings when they provide ordinary people with the experience of crossing transnational space. This means that we cannot be satisfied with defining transnational activists through the ways they think. The defining feature of transnationalism in this book is relational, and not cognitive. This emphasis on activism's relational structure means that even as they make transnational claims, transnational activists draw on the resources, the networks, and the opportunities in which they are embedded, and only then -- if at all -- on more distant transnational links.
Posted in Political Science

The Diffusion of Social Movements

Actors, Mechanisms, and Political Effects

Author: Rebecca Kolins Givan,Kenneth M. Roberts,Sarah A. Soule

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139490192

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 9453

It is widely recognized that social movements may spread - or 'diffuse' - from one site to another. Such diffusion, however, is a complex and multidimensional process that involves different actors, networks, and mechanisms. This complexity has spawned a large body of literature on different aspects of the diffusion process, yet a comprehensive framework remains an elusive target. This book is a response to that need, and its framework focuses on three basic analytical questions. First, what is being diffused? Second, how does diffusion occur? Finally, what is the impact of diffusion on organizational development and shifts in the scale of contentious politics? This volume suggests that diffusion is not a simple matter of political contagion or imitation; rather, it is a creative and strategic process marked by political learning, adaptation, and innovation.
Posted in Political Science

Anatomie des Sozialen - Prinzipien der analytischen Soziologie

Author: Peter Hedström

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531153971

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 7871

Einer der weltweit führenden Soziologen, Peter Hedström, zeichnet die Grundlagen einer analytischen Soziologie nach. Er argumentiert für eine erklärende Soziologie, die Theorie und Empirie miteinander verbindet.
Posted in Social Science

Catastrophe and Contention in Rural China

Mao's Great Leap Forward Famine and the Origins of Righteous Resistance in Da Fo Village

Author: Ralph Thaxton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521722306

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 383

View: 9300

Thaxton argues that the memory of the great famine under Mao shaped villagers' resistance to the socialist state.
Posted in Business & Economics