Disaster Robotics

Author: Robin Murphy

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262027356

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 4353

A comprehensive, authoritative, and accessible reference for disaster robotics that covers theory, specific deployments, and ground, air, and marine modalities.
Posted in Social Science

Introduction to AI Robotics

Author: Robin Murphy

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262133838

Category: Computers

Page: 466

View: 3437

This text covers all the material needed to understand the principles behind the AI approach to robotics and to program an artificially intelligent robot for applications involving sensing, navigation, planning, and uncertainty. Robin Murphy is extremely effective at combining theoretical and practical rigor with a light narrative touch. In the overview, for example, she touches upon anthropomorphic robots from classic films and science fiction stories before delving into the nuts and bolts of organizing intelligence in robots.Following the overview, Murphy contrasts AI and engineering approaches and discusses what she calls the three paradigms of AI robotics: hierarchical, reactive, and hybrid deliberative/reactive. Later chapters explore multiagent scenarios, navigation and path-planning for mobile robots, and the basics of computer vision and range sensing. Each chapter includes objectives, review questions, and exercises. Many chapters contain one or more case studies showing how the concepts were implemented on real robots. Murphy, who is well known for her classroom teaching, conveys the intellectual adventure of mastering complex theoretical and technical material. An Instructor's Manual including slides, solutions, sample tests, and programming assignments is available to qualified professors who are considering using the book or who are using the book for class use.
Posted in Computers

Probabilistic Robotics

Author: Sebastian Thrun,Wolfram Burgard,Dieter Fox

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262201623

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 647

View: 9390

Probablistic robotics is a growing area in the subject, concerned with perception and control in the face of uncertainty and giving robots a level of robustness in real-world situations. This book introduces techniques and algorithms in the field.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

RoboCup 2014: Robot World Cup XVIII

Author: Reinaldo A. C. Bianchi,H. Levent Akin,Subramanian Ramamoorthy,Komei Sugiura

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319186159

Category: Computers

Page: 719

View: 8336

This book includes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 18th Annual RoboCup International Symposium, held in Joao Pessoa, Brazil, in July 2014.The 36 revised papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 66 submissions and include 11 champion-team papers, three special-track papers on open-source hardware and software, nine papers on the advancement of the RoboCup leagues track, and three best papers. The contributions present current research and educational activities in the field of robotics and artificial intelligence with a special focus on the interaction between robots and humans.
Posted in Computers

Robot Ethics 2. 0

New Challenges in Philosophy, Law, and Society

Author: Keith Abney

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190652950

Category: Philosophy

Page: 440

View: 319

The robot population is rising on Earth and other planets. (Mars is inhabited entirely by robots.) As robots slip into more domains of human life--from the operating room to the bedroom--they take on our morally important tasks and decisions, as well as create new risks from psychological to physical. This makes it all the more urgent to study their ethical, legal, and policy impacts. To help the robotics industry and broader society, we need to not only press ahead on a wide range of issues, but also identify new ones emerging as quickly as the field is evolving. For instance, where military robots had received much attention in the past (and are still controversial today), this volume looks toward autonomous cars here as an important case study that cuts across diverse issues, from liability to psychology to trust and more. And because robotics feeds into and is fed by AI, the Internet of Things, and other cognate fields, robot ethics must also reach into those domains, too. Expanding these discussions also means listening to new voices; robot ethics is no longer the concern of a handful of scholars. Experts from different academic disciplines and geographical areas are now playing vital roles in shaping ethical, legal, and policy discussions worldwide. So, for a more complete study, the editors of this volume look beyond the usual suspects for the latest thinking. Many of the views as represented in this cutting-edge volume are provocative--but also what we need to push forward in unfamiliar territory.
Posted in Philosophy

Autonomous Flying Robots

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Micro Aerial Vehicles

Author: Kenzo Nonami,Farid Kendoul,Satoshi Suzuki,Wei Wang,Daisuke Nakazawa

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9784431538561

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 329

View: 2417

The advance in robotics has boosted the application of autonomous vehicles to perform tedious and risky tasks or to be cost-effective substitutes for their - man counterparts. Based on their working environment, a rough classi cation of the autonomous vehicles would include unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), - manned ground vehicles (UGVs), autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs), and autonomous surface vehicles (ASVs). UAVs, UGVs, AUVs, and ASVs are called UVs (unmanned vehicles) nowadays. In recent decades, the development of - manned autonomous vehicles have been of great interest, and different kinds of autonomous vehicles have been studied and developed all over the world. In part- ular, UAVs have many applications in emergency situations; humans often cannot come close to a dangerous natural disaster such as an earthquake, a ood, an active volcano, or a nuclear disaster. Since the development of the rst UAVs, research efforts have been focused on military applications. Recently, however, demand has arisen for UAVs such as aero-robotsand ying robotsthat can be used in emergency situations and in industrial applications. Among the wide variety of UAVs that have been developed, small-scale HUAVs (helicopter-based UAVs) have the ability to take off and land vertically as well as the ability to cruise in ight, but their most importantcapability is hovering. Hoveringat a point enables us to make more eff- tive observations of a target. Furthermore, small-scale HUAVs offer the advantages of low cost and easy operation.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Robot Ethics

The Ethical and Social Implications of Robotics

Author: Patrick Lin,Keith Abney,George A. Bekey

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262297752

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 400

View: 2891

Robots today serve in many roles, from entertainer to educator to executioner. As robotics technology advances, ethical concerns become more pressing: Should robots be programmed to follow a code of ethics, if this is even possible? Are there risks in forming emotional bonds with robots? How might society -- and ethics -- change with robotics? This volume is the first book to bring together prominent scholars and experts from both science and the humanities to explore these and other questions in this emerging field.Starting with an overview of the issues and relevant ethical theories, the topics flow naturally from the possibility of programming robot ethics to the ethical use of military robots in war to legal and policy questions, including liability and privacy concerns. The contributors then turn to human-robot emotional relationships, examining the ethical implications of robots as sexual partners, caregivers, and servants. Finally, they explore the possibility that robots, whether biological-computational hybrids or pure machines, should be given rights or moral consideration.Ethics is often slow to catch up with technological developments. This authoritative and accessible volume fills a gap in both scholarly literature and policy discussion, offering an impressive collection of expert analyses of the most crucial topics in this increasingly important field.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Drones in Society

Exploring the strange new world of unmanned aircraft

Author: Ron Bartsch,James Coyne,Katherine Gray

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315409631

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 170

View: 1933

The integration of drones into society has attracted unprecedented attention throughout the world. The change, for aviation, has been described as being equally as big as the arrival of the jet engine. This book examines the issues that surround this change, for our society and the legal frameworks that preserve our way of life. Drones in Society takes the uninitiated on a journey to understand the history of drones, the present day and the potential future in order to demystify the media hype. Written in an accessible style, Drones in Society will appeal to a broad range of interested readerships, among them students, safety regulators, government employees, airspace regulators, insurance brokers and underwriters, risk managers, lawyers, privacy groups and the Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS) industry generally. In a world first, this book is a light and interesting read; being both relatable and memorable while discussing complex matters of privacy, international law and the challenges ahead for us all.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Advances in Intelligent Robotics and Collaborative Automation

Author: Yuriy P. Kondratenko,Richard J. Duro

Publisher: River Publishers

ISBN: 8793237030

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 362

View: 7472

This book provides an overview of a series of advanced research lines in robotics as well as of design and development methodologies for intelligent robots and their intelligent components. It represents a selection of extended versions of the best papers presented at the Seventh IEEE International Workshop on Intelligent Data Acquisition and Advanced Computing Systems: Technology and Applications IDAACS 2013 that were related to these topics. Its contents integrate state of the art computational intelligence based techniques for automatic robot control to novel distributed sensing and data integration methodologies that can be applied to intelligent robotics and automation systems. The objective of the text was to provide an overview of some of the problems in the field of robotic systems and intelligent automation and the approaches and techniques that relevant research groups within this area are employing to try to solve them. The contributions of the different authors have been grouped into four main sections: RobotsControl and IntelligenceSensingCollaborative automation The chapters have been structured to provide an easy to follow introduction to the topics that are addressed, including the most relevant references, so that anyone interested in this field can get started in the area.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Human-Robot Interaction

A Survey

Author: Michael A. Goodrich,Alan C. Schultz

Publisher: Now Publishers Inc

ISBN: 1601980922

Category: Computers

Page: 79

View: 1788

Human-Robot Interaction: A Survey presents a unified treatment of HRI-related issues, identifies key themes, and discusses challenge problems that are likely to shape the field in the near future. The survey includes research results from a cross section of the universities, government efforts, industry labs, and countries that contribute to HRI, and a cross section of the disciplines that contribute to the field, such as human factors, robotics, cognitive psychology and design
Posted in Computers

Robot Programming

A Guide to Controlling Autonomous Robots

Author: Cameron Hughes,Tracey Hughes

Publisher: Que Publishing

ISBN: 0134176693

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 400

View: 4457

Start programming robots NOW! Learn hands-on, through easy examples, visuals, and code This is a unique introduction to programming robots to execute tasks autonomously. Drawing on years of experience in artificial intelligence and robot programming, Cameron and Tracey Hughes introduce the reader to basic concepts of programming robots to execute tasks without the use of remote controls. Robot Programming: A Guide to Controlling Autonomous Robots takes the reader on an adventure through the eyes of Midamba, a lad who has been stranded on a desert island and must find a way to program robots to help him escape. In this guide, you are presented with practical approaches and techniques to program robot sensors, motors, and translate your ideas into tasks a robot can execute autonomously. These techniques can be used on today’s leading robot microcontrollers (ARM9 and ARM7) and robot platforms (including the wildly popular low-cost Arduino platforms, LEGO® Mindstorms EV3, NXT, and Wowee RS Media Robot) for your hardware/Maker/DIY projects. Along the way the reader will learn how to: Program robot sensors and motors Program a robot arm to perform a task Describe the robot’s tasks and environments in a way that a robot can process using robot S.T.O.R.I.E.S. Develop a R.S.V.P. (Robot Scenario Visual Planning) used for designing the robot’s tasks in an environment Program a robot to deal with the “unexpected” using robot S.P.A.C.E.S. Program robots safely using S.A.R.A.A. (Safe Autonomous Robot Application Architecture) Approach Program robots using Arduino C/C++ and Java languages Use robot programming techniques with LEGO® Mindstorms EV3, Arduino, and other ARM7 and ARM9-based robots.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Adaptive Mobile Robotics

Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Climbing and Walking Robots and the Support Technologies for Mobile Machines, Baltimore, USA, 23-26 July, 2012

Author: Abul K. M. Azad,N. J. Cowan

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814415944

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 881

View: 5806

This book provides state-of-the-art scientific and engineering research findings and developments in the area of mobile robotics and associated support technologies. The book contains peer reviewed articles presented at the CLAWAR 2012 conference. Robots are no longer confined to industrial and manufacturing environments. A great deal of interest is invested in the use of robots outside the factory environment. The CLAWAR conference series, established as a high profile international event, acts as a platform for dissemination of research and development findings and supports such a trend to address the current interest in mobile robotics to meet the needs of mankind in various sectors of the society. These include personal care, public health, services in the domestic, public and industrial environments. The editors of the book have extensive research experience and publications in the area of robotics in general and in mobile robotics specifically, and their experience is reflected in editing the contents of the book.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Mobile Microrobotics

Author: Metin Sitti

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262341018

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 304

View: 6564

Progress in micro- and nano-scale science and technology has created a demand for new microsystems for high-impact applications in healthcare, biotechnology, manufacturing, and mobile sensor networks. The new robotics field of microrobotics has emerged to extend our interactions and explorations to sub-millimeter scales. This is the first textbook on micron-scale mobile robotics, introducing the fundamentals of design, analysis, fabrication, and control, and drawing on case studies of existing approaches.The book covers the scaling laws that can be used to determine the dominant forces and effects at the micron scale; models forces acting on microrobots, including surface forces, friction, and viscous drag; and describes such possible microfabrication techniques as photo-lithography, bulk micromachining, and deep reactive ion etching. It presents on-board and remote sensing methods, noting that remote sensors are currently more feasible; studies possible on-board microactuators; discusses self-propulsion methods that use self-generated local gradients and fields or biological cells in liquid environments; and describes remote microrobot actuation methods for use in limited spaces such as inside the human body. It covers possible on-board powering methods, indispensable in future medical and other applications; locomotion methods for robots on surfaces, in liquids, in air, and on fluid-air interfaces; and the challenges of microrobot localization and control, in particular multi-robot control methods for magnetic microrobots. Finally, the book addresses current and future applications, including noninvasive medical diagnosis and treatment, environmental remediation, and scientific tools.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Principles of Robot Motion

Theory, Algorithms, and Implementation

Author: Howie M. Choset

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262033275

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 603

View: 4256

A text that makes the mathematical underpinnings of robot motion accessible and relates low-level details of implementation to high-level algorithmic concepts.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Advanced Agent Technology

AAMAS Workshops 2011, AMPLE, AOSE, ARMS, DOCM3AS, ITMAS, Taipei, Taiwan, May 2-6, 2011. Revised Selected Papers

Author: Francien Dechesne,Hiromitsu Hattori,Adriaan Mors,Jose Miguel Such,Danny Weyns,Frank Dignum

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642272169

Category: Computers

Page: 506

View: 3700

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-workshop proceedings of 5 workshops, held at the 10th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems, AAMAS 2011, in Taipei, Taiwan, May 2-6, 2011. The 37 revised full papers presented together with 1 invited paper were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The papers are organized in sections on the workshops Agent-Based Modeling for Policy Engineering (AMPLE), Agent-Oriented Software Engineering (AOSE), Autonomous Robots and Multirobot Systems (ARMS), Data Oriented Constructive Mining and Multi-Agent Simulation, Massively Multi-Agent Systems: Models, Methods and Tools (DOCM3AS), and Infrastructures and Tools for Multiagent Systems (ITMAS).
Posted in Computers

Handbook of Research on Design, Control, and Modeling of Swarm Robotics

Author: Tan, Ying

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466695730

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 854

View: 9505

Studies on robotics applications have grown substantially in recent years, with swarm robotics being a relatively new area of research. Inspired by studies in swarm intelligence and robotics, swarm robotics facilitates interactions between robots as well as their interactions with the environment. The Handbook of Research on Design, Control, and Modeling of Swarm Robotics is a collection of the most important research achievements in swarm robotics thus far, covering the growing areas of design, control, and modeling of swarm robotics. This handbook serves as an essential resource for researchers, engineers, graduates, and senior undergraduates with interests in swarm robotics and its applications.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Telerobotics, Automation, and Human Supervisory Control

Author: Thomas B. Sheridan

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262193160

Category: Computers

Page: 393

View: 1564

For the past three decades, the author and his colleagues in the MIT Man-Machine Systems Laboratory have been carrying out experimental research in the area of teleoperation, telerobotics, and supervisory control - a new form of technology that allows humans to work through machines in hazardous environments and control complex systems such as aircraft and nuclear power plants. This timely reference brings together a variety of theories and technologies that have emerged in a number of fields of application, describing common themes, presenting experiments and hardware embodiments as examples, and discussing the advantages and the drawbacks of this new form of human-machine interaction. There are many places - such as outer space, the oceans, and nuclear, biologically, and chemically toxic environments - that are inaccessible or hazardous to humans but in which work needs to be done. Telerobotics - remote supervision by human operators of robotic or semiautomatic devices - is a way to enter these difficult environments. Yet it raises a host of problems, such as the retrieval of sensory information for the human operator, and how to control the remote devices with sufficient dexterity. In its complete coverage of the theoretical and technological aspects of telerobotics and human-computer cooperation in the control of complex systems, this book moves beyond the simplistic notion of humans versus automation to provide the necessary background for exploring a new and informed cooperative relationship between humans and machines. Thomas B. Sheridan is Professor of Engineering and Applied Psychology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Contents: Introduction. Theory and Models of Supervisory Control: Frameworks and Fragments. Supervisory Control of Anthropomorphic Teleoperators for Space, Undersea, and Other Applications. Supervisory Control in Transportation, Process, and Other Automated Systems. Social Implications of Telerobotics, Automation, and Supervisory Control.
Posted in Computers

Design and Control of Intelligent Robotic Systems

Author: Dikai Liu,Lingfeng Wang,Kay Chen Tan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540899324

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 478

View: 3482

With the increasing applications of intelligent robotic systems in various ?elds, the - sign and control of these systems have increasingly attracted interest from researchers. This edited book entitled “Design and Control of Intelligent Robotic Systems” in the book series of “Studies in Computational Intelligence” is a collection of some advanced research on design and control of intelligent robots. The works presented range in scope from design methodologies to robot development. Various design approaches and al- rithms, such as evolutionary computation, neural networks, fuzzy logic, learning, etc. are included. We also would like to mention that most studies reported in this book have been implemented in physical systems. An overview on the applications of computational intelligence in bio-inspired robotics is given in Chapter 1 by M. Begum and F. Karray, with highlights of the recent progress in bio-inspired robotics research and a focus on the usage of computational intelligence tools to design human-like cognitive abilities in the robotic systems. In Chapter 2, Lisa L. Grant and Ganesh K. Venayagamoorthy present greedy search, particle swarm optimization and fuzzy logic based strategies for navigating a swarm of robots for target search in a hazardous environment, with potential applications in high-risk tasks such as disaster recovery and hazardous material detection.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Robotics Through Science Fiction

Artificial Intelligence Explained Through Six Classic Robot Short Stories

Author: Robin R. Murphy

Publisher: Mit Press

ISBN: 9780262536264

Category: Fiction

Page: 200

View: 3850

Six classic science fiction stories and commentary that illustrate and explain key algorithms or principles of artificial intelligence.
Posted in Fiction

Rise of the Robots

Technology and the Threat of a Jobless Future

Author: Martin Ford

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465040675

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 8456

Winner of the 2015 FT & McKinsey Business Book of the Year Award A New York Times Bestseller Top Business Book of 2015 at Forbes One of NBCNews.com 12 Notable Science and Technology Books of 2015 What are the jobs of the future? How many will there be? And who will have them? As technology continues to accelerate and machines begin taking care of themselves, fewer people will be necessary. Artificial intelligence is already well on its way to making "good jobs" obsolete: many paralegals, journalists, office workers, and even computer programmers are poised to be replaced by robots and smart software. As progress continues, blue and white collar jobs alike will evaporate, squeezing working- and middle-class families ever further. At the same time, households are under assault from exploding costs, especially from the two major industries-education and health care-that, so far, have not been transformed by information technology. The result could well be massive unemployment and inequality as well as the implosion of the consumer economy itself. The past solutions to technological disruption, especially more training and education, aren't going to work. We must decide, now, whether the future will see broad-based prosperity or catastrophic levels of inequality and economic insecurity. Rise of the Robots is essential reading to understand what accelerating technology means for our economic prospects-not to mention those of our children-as well as for society as a whole.
Posted in Business & Economics