Digital Health

Critical and Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives

Author: Deborah Lupton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317302192

Category: Psychology

Page: 170

View: 313

The rise of digital health technologies is, for some, a panacea to many of the medical and public health challenges we face today. This is the first book to articulate a critical response to the techno-utopian and entrepreneurial vision of the digital health phenomenon. Deborah Lupton, internationally renowned for her scholarship on the sociocultural and political aspects of medicine and health as well as digital technologies, addresses a range of compelling issues about the interests digital health represents, and its unintended effects on patients, doctors and how we conceive of public health and healthcare delivery. Bringing together social and cultural theory with empirical research, the book challenges apolitical approaches to examine the impact new technologies have on social justice, and the implication for social and economic inequalities. Lupton considers how self-tracking devices change the patient-doctor relationship, and how the digitisation and gamification of healthcare through apps and other software affects the way we perceive and respond to our bodies. She asks which commercial interests enable different groups to communicate more widely, and how the personal data generated from digital encounters are exploited. Considering the lived experience of digital health technologies, including their emotional and sensory dimensions, the book also assesses their broader impact on medical and public health knowledges, power relations and work practices. Relevant to students and researchers interested in medicine and public health across sociology, psychology, anthropology, new media and cultural studies, as well as policy makers and professionals in the field, this is a timely contribution on an important issue.?
Posted in Psychology

Digital Health

Scaling Healthcare to the World

Author: Homero Rivas,Katarzyna Wac

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319614460

Category: Medical

Page: 370

View: 5873

This book presents a comprehensive state-of the-art approach to digital health technologies and practices within the broad confines of healthcare practices. It provides a canvas to discuss emerging digital health solutions, propelled by the ubiquitous availability of miniaturized, personalized devices and affordable, easy to use wearable sensors, and innovative technologies like 3D printing, virtual and augmented reality and driverless robots and vehicles including drones. One of the most significant promises the digital health solutions hold is to keep us healthier for longer, even with limited resources, while truly scaling the delivery of healthcare. Digital Health: Scaling Healthcare to the World addresses the emerging trends and enabling technologies contributing to technological advances in healthcare practice in the 21st Century. These areas include generic topics such as mobile health and telemedicine, as well as specific concepts such as social media for health, wearables and quantified-self trends. Also covered are the psychological models leveraged in design of solutions to persuade us to follow some recommended actions, then the design and educational facets of the proposed innovations, as well as ethics, privacy, security, and liability aspects influencing its acceptance. Furthermore, sections on economic aspects of the proposed innovations are included, analyzing the potential business models and entrepreneurship opportunities in the domain.
Posted in Medical

Requirements Engineering for Digital Health

Author: Samuel A. Fricker,Christoph Thümmler,Anastasius Gavras

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319097989

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 204

View: 2963

Healthcare and well-being have captured the attention of established software companies, start-ups, and investors. Software is starting to play a central role for addressing the problems of the aging society and the escalating cost of healthcare services. Enablers of such digital health are a growing number of sensors for sensing the human body and communication infrastructure for remote meetings, data sharing, and messaging. The challenge that lies in front of us is how to effectively make use of these capabilities, for example to empower patients and to free the scarce resources of medical personnel. Requirements engineering is the process by which the capabilities of a software product are aligned with stakeholder needs and a shared understanding between the stakeholders and development team established. This book provides guide for what to look for and do when inquiring and specifying software that targets healthcare and well-being, helping readers avoid the pitfalls of the highly regulated and sensible healthcare domain are and how they can be overcome. This book brings together the knowledge of 22 researchers, engineers, lawyers, and CEOs that have experience in the development of digital health solutions. It represents a unique line-up of best practices and recommendations of how to engineer requirements for digital health. In particular the book presents: · The area of digital health, e-health, and m-health · Best practice for requirements engineering based on evidence from a large number of projects · Practical step-by-step guidelines, examples, and lessons-learned for working with laws, regulations, ethical issues, interoperability, user experience, security, and privacy · How to put these many concerns together for engineering the requirements of a digital health solution and for scaling a digital health product For anybody who intends to develop software for digital health, this book is an introduction and reference with a wealth of actionable insights. For students interested in understanding how to apply software to healthcare, the text introduces key topics and guides further studies with references to important literature.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Assessing the Value of Digital Health

Leveraging the HIMSS Value STEPSTM Framework

Author: Kendall Cortelyou-Ward,Margaret Schulte,Lorren Pettit

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351237594

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 110

View: 922

HIMSS set out to develop a dynamic framework by which to easily catalogue the varied beneficial evidences of digital health. From this effort, HIMSS introduced to the market the HIMSS Value STEPSTM framework. This book will leverage the HIMSS Value STEPSTM model to identify and define the expressions of value the use of health IT systems can yield per the following domains: Satisfaction, Treatment/Clinical, Electronic Secure Data, Patient Engagement and Population Health, and Savings. Using this framework, HIMSS has developed a collection of over 2,000 cases reflecting the value that hospitals, health systems and other providers have experienced following implementation of their electronic health record and/or other IT-related applications. The more than 17,000 value statements that have been extracted from the 2,000+ case articles have been classified within 85 Standard Value Standard (SVS) within the five STEPS domains. The book will describe the STEPS model to demonstrate the impact of health IT in healthcare organizations, and the quality of care and overall financial and operational performance improvements that have been achieved.
Posted in Business & Economics

Evolving Ourselves

Redesigning the Future of Humanity - One Gene at a Time

Author: Juan Enriquez,Steve Gullans

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0143108344

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 3038

"Futurist Juan Enriquez and scientist Steve Gullans conduct a sweeping tour of how humans are changing the course of evolution for all species--sometimes intentionally, sometimes not. For example: What if life forms are limited only by the bounds of our imagination? Are designer babies and pets, de-extinction, even entirely newspecies fair game?; As humans, animals, and plants become ever more resistant to disease and aging, what will become the leading causes of death?; Man-machine interfaces may allow humans to live much longer. What will happen when we transfer parts of our 'selves' into clones, into stored cells and machines? Though these harbingers of change are deeply unsettling, the authors argue we are also in an epoch of tremendous opportunity. Future humans, perhaps a more diverse, resilient, gentler, and intelligent species, may become better caretakers of the planet--but only if we make the right choices now."--Provided by publisher.
Posted in Science

Healthcare and Big Data

Digital Specters and Phantom Objects

Author: Mary F.E. Ebeling

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137502215

Category: Social Science

Page: 170

View: 1590

This highly original book is an ethnographic noir of how Big Data profits from patient private health information. The book follows personal health data as it is collected from inside healthcare and beyond to create patient consumer profiles that are sold to marketers. Primarily told through a first-person noir narrative, Ebeling as a sociologist-hard-boiled-detective, investigates Big Data and the trade in private health information by examining the information networks that patient data traverses. The noir narrative reveals the processes that the data broker industry uses to create data commodities—data phantoms--or the marketing profiles of patients that are bought by advertisers to directly market to consumers. Healthcare and Big Data considers the implications these “data phantoms” have for patient privacy as well as the very real harm that they can cause.
Posted in Social Science

Privacy and Healthcare Data

'Choice of Control' to 'Choice' and 'Control'

Author: Christina Munns,Subhajit Basu

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317075730

Category: Medical

Page: 240

View: 1340

In order for the information society to realise its full potential, personal data has to be disclosed, used and often shared. This book explores the disclosure and sharing of data within the area of healthcare. Including an overview of how health information is currently managed, the authors argue that with changes in modern society, the idea of personal relationships with a local GP who solely holds and controls your health records is becoming rapidly outdated. The authors aim to encourage and empower patients to make informed choices about sharing their health data. They do this by developing a three-stage theoretical model for change to the roles of the NHS and the individual. The study generates debate to stimulate and inspire new models and policy, and to provoke new visions for the sharing of healthcare data. Such discussion is framed through an exploration of the changing concept of 'privacy' and 'patient control' in healthcare information management. The volume draws on best practices from Europe and the USA and combines these to form a suggested vision for the UK as an early adopter of change. The volume will be essential reading for academics in the field of privacy and data protection, as well as healthcare and informatics professionals across different jurisdictions.
Posted in Medical

The Big Unlock

Harnessing Data and Growing Digital Health Businesses in a Value-Based Care Era

Author: Paddy Padmanabhan

Publisher: Archway Publishing

ISBN: 148085459X

Category: Medical

Page: 250

View: 1751

Along with a shift towards value-based care, a digital transformation is under way in health care. However, health care enterprises are having a hard time keeping up with advances in information technology. Organizations that could once spend months or years developing a strategy to deliver solutions now must implement changes on a near real-time basis. Complicating matters is the emergence of new data sources, new technology architectures and models, and new methods to analyze an avalanche of data. This book provides a framework for understanding the competitive landscape for digital health and advanced analytics solutions that are harnessing data to unlock insights. It reveals a set of key principles, or universal themes, for success in the digital health marketplace. Whether youre a health care information technology specialist, a digital health startup or technology firm with a strategic focus on health care, a venture capitalist, or just interested in the industry structure and the emerging technology landscape in health care, youll learn how to grow revenue and profits while creating a sustainable competitive advantage. Take a key step in navigating the exciting transformation of health care, and harness the power of data and analytics with The Big Unlock.
Posted in Medical

The Creative Destruction of Medicine

How the Digital Revolution Will Create Better Health Care

Author: Eric J. Topol

Publisher: Basic Books (AZ)

ISBN: 0465025501

Category: Medical

Page: 303

View: 5769

A professor of medicine reveals how technology like wireless internet, individual data, and personal genomics can be used to save lives.
Posted in Medical

Digital Infrastructure for the Learning Health System:

The Foundation for Continuous Improvement in Health and Health Care: Workshop Series Summary

Author: Roundtable on Value & Science-Driven Health Care,The Learning Health System Series,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309154162

Category: Medical

Page: 320

View: 4316

Like many other industries, health care is increasingly turning to digital information and the use of electronic resources. The Institute of Medicine's Roundtable on Value & Science-Driven Health Care hosted three workshops to explore current efforts and opportunities to accelerate progress in improving health and health care with information technology systems.
Posted in Medical

The Patient Will See You Now

The Future of Medicine Is in Your Hands

Author: Eric Topol

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465094473

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 4475

"[Topol is] one of medicine's most innovative thinkers about the digital future.... [A] valuable contribution to a fascinating subject."--New York Times Book Review A trip to the doctor is almost a guarantee of misery. You'll make an appointment months in advance. You'll probably wait for several hours until you hear "the doctor will see you now"-but only for fifteen minutes! Then you'll wait even longer for lab tests, the results of which you'll likely never see, unless they indicate further (and more invasive) tests, most of which will probably prove unnecessary (much like physicals themselves). And your bill will be astronomical. In The Patient Will See You Now, Eric Topol, one of the nation's top physicians, shows why medicine does not have to be that way. Instead, you could use your smartphone to get rapid test results from one drop of blood, monitor your vital signs both day and night, and use an artificially intelligent algorithm to receive a diagnosis without having to see a doctor, all at a small fraction of the cost imposed by our modern healthcare system. The change is powered by what Topol calls medicine's "Gutenberg moment." Much as the printing press took learning out of the hands of a priestly class, the mobile internet is doing the same for medicine, giving us unprecedented control over our healthcare. With smartphones in hand, we are no longer beholden to an impersonal and paternalistic system in which "doctor knows best." Medicine has been digitized, Topol argues; now it will be democratized. Computers will replace physicians for many diagnostic tasks, citizen science will give rise to citizen medicine, and enormous data sets will give us new means to attack conditions that have long been incurable. Massive, open, online medicine, where diagnostics are done by Facebook-like comparisons of medical profiles, will enable real-time, real-world research on massive populations. There's no doubt the path forward will be complicated: the medical establishment will resist these changes, and digitized medicine inevitably raises serious issues surrounding privacy. Nevertheless, the result-better, cheaper, and more human health care-will be worth it. Provocative and engrossing, The Patient Will See You Now is essential reading for anyone who thinks they deserve better health care. That is, for all of us.
Posted in Medical

Digital Health and the Gamification of Life

How Apps Can Promote a Positive Medicalization

Author: Antonio Maturo,Veronica Moretti

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1787543668

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 2037

This book analyzes the role of health apps to promote medicalization. It considers whether their use is an individual matter, rather than a political and social one, with some apps based on a medical framework positively promoting physical activity and meditation, or whether data-sharing can foster social discrimination.
Posted in Social Science

Healthcare Reform in China

From Violence To Digital Healthcare

Author: Carine Milcent

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319697366

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 250

View: 5606

How efficient is the Chinese healthcare system? Milcent examines the medication market in China against the global picture of healthcare organization, and how public healthcare insurance plans have been implemented in recent years, as well as reforms to tackle hospital inefficiency. Healthcare reforms, demographic changes and an increase in wealth inequity have altered healthcare preferences, which need to be addressed. Significantly, the patient–medical staff relationship is analysed, with new proposals for different lines of communication. Milcent puts forward digital healthcare in China as a tool to solve inefficiency and rising tensions, and generate profit. Where China is leading in the digitalization of healthcare, other countries can learn important lessons. Chinese social models are also put into context with respect to current reforms and experimentation.
Posted in Business & Economics

Engage! Transforming Healthcare Through Digital Patient Engagement

Author: Edited by Jan Oldenburg, Dave Chase, Kate T. Christensen, MD, and Brad Tritle, CIPP

Publisher: Himss Books

ISBN: 1938904397

Category: Digital communications

Page: N.A

View: 3939

This book explores the benefits of digital patient engagement from the perspectives of physicians, providers, and others in the healthcare system, and discusses what is working well in this new, digitally-empowered collaborative environment. Chapters present the changing landscape of patient engagement, starting with the impact of new payment models and Meaningful Use requirements, and the effects of patient engagement on patient safety, quality and outcomes, effective communications, and self-service transactions. The book explores social media and mobile as tools, and presents guidance on privacy and security challenges, counsel on designing for engagement, and helpful advice on how providers can get started. Vignettes and 23 case studies showcase the impact of patient engagement from a wide variety of settings, from large providers to small practices, and traditional medical clinics to eTherapy practices.
Posted in Digital communications

Disruptive Cooperation in Digital Health

Author: Jody Ranck

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319409808

Category: Medical

Page: 197

View: 998

This clear-sighted volume introduces the concept of “disruptive cooperation”— transformative partnerships between the health and technology sectors to eliminate widespread healthcare problems such as inequities, waste, and inappropriate care. Emphasizing the most pressing issues of a world growing older with long-term chronic illness, it unveils a new framework for personalized, integrative service based in mobile technologies. Coverage analyzes social aspects of illness and health, clinically robust uses of health data, and wireless and wearable applications in intervention, prevention, and health promotion. And case studies from digital health innovators illustrate opportunities for coordinating the service delivery, business, research/science, and policy sectors to promote healthier aging worldwide. Included among the topics: Cooperation in aging services technologies The quantified self, wearables, and the tracking revolution Smart healthy cities: public-private partnerships Beyond silos to data analytics for population health Cooperation for building secure standards for health data Peer-to-peer platforms for physicians in underserved areas: a human rights approach to social media in medicine Disruptive Cooperation in Digital Health will energize digital health and healthcare professionals in both non-profit and for-profit settings. Policymakers and public health professionals with an interest in innovation policy should find it an inspiring ideabook.
Posted in Medical

Health Professionals' Education in the Age of Clinical Information Systems, Mobile Computing and Social Networks

Author: Aviv Shachak,Elizabeth Borycki,Shmuel P. Reis

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128093218

Category: Medical

Page: 530

View: 4355

Health Professionals' Education in the Age of Clinical Information Systems, Mobile Computing and Social Networks addresses the challenges posed by information and communication technology to health professionals’ education, and the lessons learned from field experiences and research. This book is divided in three parts: "the changing landscape of information and communication technology in health care", in which it discusses how information and communication technology is transforming health care and the implications of these changes for health professions education; "experiences from the field", with real-life examples of health professionals’ education in and for the digital era; and "evaluation of students and programs", addressing the use of technology to assess learners as well as the complexity of evaluating programs to enhance competence in an information technology-rich health care world Written by leading researchers from different parts of the world, the book is a valuable source for educators and professionals who are active or wish to be part of the health informatics field. Brings an in-depth understanding and background on the challenges for education of the health professions brought by information and communication technology Provides real-life examples on how technology is used in healthcare and how it can be used in education Presents valuable information in a visually appealing format with tables and figures
Posted in Medical

Inclusive Smart Cities and Digital Health

14th International Conference on Smart Homes and Health Telematics, ICOST 2016, Wuhan, China, May 25-27, 2016. Proceedings

Author: Carl K. Chang,Lorenzo Chiari,Yu Cao,Hai Jin,Mounir Mokhtari,Hamdi Aloulou

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319396013

Category: Computers

Page: 517

View: 1568

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Smart Homes and Health Telematics, ICOST 2016, held in Wuhan, China, in May 2016. The 39 regular papers, 5 short papers and 1 poster paper included in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 83 submissions. They were organized in topical sections named: smart homes, smart urban spaces and new assistive living space concepts in the smart city; e-health for future smart cities; context awareness and autonomous computing; home networks and residential gateways; middleware support for smart homes and health telematic services; e-health and chronic disease management; e-health technology assessment and impact analysis; tele-assistance and tele-rehabilitation; modeling of physical and conceptual information in intelligent environments; medical big data collection, processing and analysis; human machine interfaces; wearable sensors and continuous health monitoring; social, privacy and security issues; mobile health services; and smart rehabilitation technologies.
Posted in Computers

Digital Storytelling in Health and Social Policy

Listening to Marginalised Voices

Author: Nicole Matthews,Naomi Sunderland

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317688244

Category: Medical

Page: 206

View: 3003

As digital life stories continue to assume more and more significance across a range of institutions, so too does their potential to bring into focus once marginalised and neglected voices. Breaking new ground by reframing multimedia life stories as a resource for education, public health, and policy, this book challenges policymakers, professionals, and researchers to reimagine how they find out about and respond to people’s daily lives and experiences of health, disability, and well-being. The book develops theoretical, methodological, and practical resources for listening to digital stories through a series of carefully selected international case studies, from dementia care education to campaigns in the UN to ban cluster munitions. The case studies explore and illuminate different ways that digital stories have – and have not – been listened to in the past. The authors expose the great potential as well as the complexity of using powerful personal stories in practice. Together, the case studies highlight that processes of listening to, learning from, and making use of digital stories involve unavoidable processes of reinterpretation, recontextualisation, and translation which have significant ethical and political implications for storytellers, listeners, and society. In mapping and theorising the movement of stories into new contexts of policy and practice, the book offers a critical lens on the widely celebrated democratising potential of digital storytelling and its capacity to amplify marginalised voices. Digital Storytelling in Health and Social Policy develops an authoritative and original re-conceptualisation of digital life stories and their use for social justice ends, and will be important reading for researchers and practitioners from a range of backgrounds, including social policy, digital media, communication, education, disability, and public health.
Posted in Medical