Dietary Reference Values for Food Energy and Nutrients for the United Kingdom

Report of the Panel on Dietary Reference Values of the Committee on Medical Aspects of Food Policy

Author: Great Britain. Panel on Dietary Reference Values

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Diet

Page: 210

View: 9668

A summary of this report is also available (ISBN 0113213964)
Posted in Diet

Folic Acid and the Prevention of Disease

Report of the Committee on Medical Aspects of Food and Nutrition Policy

Author: Great Britain. Committee on Medical Aspects of Food and Nutrition Policy

Publisher: Bernan Assoc

ISBN: 9780113223046

Category: Political Science

Page: 101

View: 6209

Folic Acid and the Prevention of Disease
Posted in Political Science

Dietary reference values for energy

Author: Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 9780108511370

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 225

View: 7527

Dietary reference values (DRVs) for energy are based on estimating the total energy expenditure (TEE) for groups of people. TEE provides a measure of the energy requirement at energy balance i.e. when energy intake matches energy expenditure. The methodology to measure TEE - the doubly labelled water (DLW) method - has advanced and as a result, the evidence base on TEE in a wide variety of population groups has expanded considerably. With the high levels of overweight and obesity currently seen in the UK and the wealth of new data now available, it was considered timely for the Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (SACN) to review recommendations for the UK population. This report details the evidence and approaches SACN have considered in order to update the DRVs for energy. SACN chose a prescriptive approach to estimating energy reference values; suitable reference body weight ranges consistent with long-term good health were used to calculate energy reference values. Thus, basal metabolic rate (BMR) values were predicted using healthy reference body weights. Using this approach, if overweight groups consume the amount of energy recommended for healthy weight groups, they are likely to lose weight, whereas underweight sections of the population should gain weight towards the healthy body weight range. SACN has derived new energy reference values. For most population groups, except for infants and young children, the values have increased. DRVs should be used to assess the energy requirements for large groups of people and populations, but should not be applied to individuals due to the large variation in physical activity and energy expenditure observed between people.
Posted in Business & Economics

Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein, and Amino Acids (Macronutrients)

Author: Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes,Subcommittees on Upper Reference Levels of Nutrients and Interpretation and Uses of Dietary Reference Intakes,A Report of the Panel on Macronutrients,Food and Nutrition Board,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030908525X

Category: Medical

Page: 1357

View: 3137

Responding to the expansion of scientific knowledge about the roles of nutrients in human health, the Institute of Medicine has developed a new approach to establish Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) and other nutrient reference values. The new title for these values Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs), is the inclusive name being given to this new approach. These are quantitative estimates of nutrient intakes applicable to healthy individuals in the United States and Canada. This new book is part of a series of books presenting dietary reference values for the intakes of nutrients. It establishes recommendations for energy, carbohydrate, fiber, fat, fatty acids, cholesterol, protein, and amino acids. This book presents new approaches and findings which include the following: The establishment of Estimated Energy Requirements at four levels of energy expenditure Recommendations for levels of physical activity to decrease risk of chronic disease The establishment of RDAs for dietary carbohydrate and protein The development of the definitions of Dietary Fiber, Functional Fiber, and Total Fiber The establishment of Adequate Intakes (AI) for Total Fiber The establishment of AIs for linolenic and a-linolenic acids Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges as a percent of energy intake for fat, carbohydrate, linolenic and a-linolenic acids, and protein Research recommendations for information needed to advance understanding of macronutrient requirements and the adverse effects associated with intake of higher amounts Also detailed are recommendations for both physical activity and energy expenditure to maintain health and decrease the risk of disease.
Posted in Medical

Essentials of Human Nutrition

Author: Stewart Truswell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198752989

Category:

Page: 744

View: 6957

Food is one of the basic necessities of life, yet nutrition has only relatively recently been recognised as one of the most important determinants of individual and public health. A full understanding of this multi-faceted subject area requires an integrated approach, from molecular to societal level. Essentials of Human Nutrition provides a complete and student-friendly introduction to the field making it an ideal companion forstudents throughout their study of nutrition. Careful editing of contributions from an international team of experts draws together a broad spectrum of disciplines and promotes the practical application ofnutritional science at the human level, covering everything a student needs to know in order to understand the importance of nutrition to health and disease.
Posted in

Dietary Reference Intakes for Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate

Author: Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes,Panel on Dietary Reference Intakes for Electrolytes and Water,Food and Nutrition Board,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309091586

Category: Medical

Page: 640

View: 4517

Dietary Reference Intakes for Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate The Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) are quantitative estimates of nutrient intakes to be used for planning and assessing diets for healthy people. This new report, the sixth in a series of reports presenting dietary reference values for the intakes of nutrients by Americans and Canadians, establishes nutrient recommendations on water, potassium, and salt for health maintenance and the reduction of chronic disease risk. Dietary Reference Intakes for Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate discusses in detail the role of water, potassium, salt, chloride, and sulfate in human physiology and health. The major findings in this book include the establishment of Adequate Intakes for total water (drinking water, beverages, and food), potassium, sodium, and chloride and the establishment of Tolerable Upper Intake levels for sodium and chloride. The book makes research recommendations for information needed to advance the understanding of human requirements for water and electrolytes, as well as adverse effects associated with the intake of excessive amounts of water, sodium, chloride, potassium, and sulfate. This book will be an invaluable reference for nutritionists, nutrition researchers, and food manufacturers.
Posted in Medical

Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids

Author: Panel on Dietary Antioxidants and Related Compounds,Subcommittee on Upper Reference Levels of Nutrients,Subcommittee on Interpretation and Uses of DRIs,Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes,Food and Nutrition Board,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309597196

Category: Medical

Page: 487

View: 5873

This volume is the newest release in the authoritative series of quantitative estimates of nutrient intakes to be used for planning and assessing diets for healthy people. Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) is the newest framework for an expanded approach developed by U.S. and Canadian scientists. This book discusses in detail the role of vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium, and the carotenoids in human physiology and health. For each nutrient the committee presents what is known about how it functions in the human body, which factors may affect how it works, and how the nutrient may be related to chronic disease. Dietary Reference Intakes provides reference intakes, such as Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs), for use in planning nutritionally adequate diets for different groups based on age and gender, along with a new reference intake, the Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL), designed to assist an individual in knowing how much is "too much" of a nutrient.
Posted in Medical

Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline

Author: A Report of the Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes and its Panel on Folate, Other B Vitamins, and Choline and Subcommittee on Upper Reference Levels of Nutrients,Food and Nutrition Board,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309064112

Category: Medical

Page: 592

View: 3687

Since 1941, Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) has been recognized as the most authoritative source of information on nutrient levels for healthy people. Since publication of the 10th edition in 1989, there has been rising awareness of the impact of nutrition on chronic disease. In light of new research findings and a growing public focus on nutrition and health, the expert panel responsible for formulation RDAs reviewed and expanded its approach--the result: Dietary Reference Intakes. This new series of references greatly extends the scope and application of previous nutrient guidelines. For each nutrient the book presents what is known about how the nutrient functions in the human body, what the best method is to determine its requirements, which factors (caffeine or exercise, for example) may affect how it works, and how the nutrient may be related to chronic disease. This volume of the series presents information about thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin B12, pantothenic acid, biotin, and choline. Based on analysis of nutrient metabolism in humans and data on intakes in the U.S. population, the committee recommends intakes for each age group--from the first days of life through childhood, sexual maturity, midlife, and the later years. Recommendations for pregnancy and lactation also are made, and the book identifies when intake of a nutrient may be too much. Representing a new paradigm for the nutrition community, Dietary Reference Intakes encompasses: Estimated Average Requirements (EARs). These are used to set Recommended Dietary Allowances. Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs). Intakes that meet the RDA are likely to meet the nutrient requirement of nearly all individuals in a life-stage and gender group. Adequate Intakes (AIs). These are used instead of RDAs when an EAR cannot be calculated. Both the RDA and the AI may be used as goals for individual intake. Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (ULs). Intakes below the UL are unlikely to pose risks of adverse health effects in healthy people. This new framework encompasses both essential nutrients and other food components thought to pay a role in health, such as dietary fiber. It incorporates functional endpoints and examines the relationship between dose and response in determining adequacy and the hazards of excess intake for each nutrient.
Posted in Medical

Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein, and Amino Acids (Macronutrients)

Author: Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes,Subcommittees on Upper Reference Levels of Nutrients and Interpretation and Uses of Dietary Reference Intakes,A Report of the Panel on Macronutrients,Food and Nutrition Board,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030908525X

Category: Medical

Page: 1357

View: 825

Responding to the expansion of scientific knowledge about the roles of nutrients in human health, the Institute of Medicine has developed a new approach to establish Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) and other nutrient reference values. The new title for these values Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs), is the inclusive name being given to this new approach. These are quantitative estimates of nutrient intakes applicable to healthy individuals in the United States and Canada. This new book is part of a series of books presenting dietary reference values for the intakes of nutrients. It establishes recommendations for energy, carbohydrate, fiber, fat, fatty acids, cholesterol, protein, and amino acids. This book presents new approaches and findings which include the following: The establishment of Estimated Energy Requirements at four levels of energy expenditure Recommendations for levels of physical activity to decrease risk of chronic disease The establishment of RDAs for dietary carbohydrate and protein The development of the definitions of Dietary Fiber, Functional Fiber, and Total Fiber The establishment of Adequate Intakes (AI) for Total Fiber The establishment of AIs for linolenic and a-linolenic acids Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges as a percent of energy intake for fat, carbohydrate, linolenic and a-linolenic acids, and protein Research recommendations for information needed to advance understanding of macronutrient requirements and the adverse effects associated with intake of higher amounts Also detailed are recommendations for both physical activity and energy expenditure to maintain health and decrease the risk of disease.
Posted in Medical

Dietary Reference Intakes Research Synthesis:

Workshop Summary

Author: Planning Committee on Dietary Reference Intakes Research Synthesis,Food and Nutrition Board,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309103223

Category: Medical

Page: 310

View: 4822

What information is available to inform the planning of a nutrition research agenda for the United States and Canada? This question provided the backdrop for the Dietary Reference Intakes Research Synthesis project undertaken by the Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academies. The Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) are quantitative reference values for recommended intakes and tolerable upper intake levels for a range of nutrients. They are used widely by dietitians in individual counseling, by federal nutrition officials in program and policy development, and by the nutrition research and education communities in government, academia, and industry. Between 1997 and 2005, the IOM published a series of six DRI reports covering a total of 45 nutrients, energy, and other food components. The IOM also issued two reports describing ways to apply the DRIs in assessment and planning. Together, these eight reports contain more than 450 research recommendations and thus a wealth of information pertinent to a nutrition research agenda. To make the recommendations more accessible, the Food and Nutrition Board undertook a project with two major elements: (1) the development of a searchable database of all the DRI research recommendations, and (2) the Dietary Reference Intakes Research Synthesis Workshop, held June 7-8, 2006, which was designed to provide a venue for hearing and discussing experts' perspectives on the research recommendations identified in the DRI reports. Two members of the workshop planning group—Drs. John W. Suttie and Susan J. Whiting—moderated the DRI Research Synthesis Workshop. After an overview and demonstration of the DRI Research Synthesis Database, panels of experts addressed DRI research recommendations related to each of the six DRI nutrient reports, the two DRI applications reports, and three cross-cutting topics: (1) setting DRIs for children, (2) Tolerable Upper Intake Levels, and (3) relevant new and underutilized research techniques. This report is a summary of the workshop presentations and discussions.
Posted in Medical

Global Harmonization of Methodological Approaches to Nutrient Intake Recommendations

Proceedings of a Workshop

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Food and Nutrition Board

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309472008

Category: Medical

Page: 194

View: 4809

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a public workshop in September 2017 to explore the evidence for achieving global harmonization of methodological approaches to establishing nutrient intake recommendations. Participants reviewed current nutrient intake recommendations, discussed the feasibility of harmonizing approaches to setting such recommendations globally, examined the development of principles by which they may be applied in diverse contexts that relate to individuals or populations, or regulatory purposes, and examined perceptions and acceptance of nutrient intake recommendations by different stakeholders. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.
Posted in Medical

Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2015-2020

Author: HHS, Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (U.S.),USDA , Center for Nutrition Policy Promotion (U.S.)

Publisher: Government Printing Office

ISBN: 0160934656

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 152

View: 1258

Get your copy of this new and updated edition today! Provides authoritative advice about how good dietary habits can promote health and reduce risk for major chronic diseases. Gives action steps to reach achievable goals in weight control, stronger muscle and bones, and balanced nutrition to help prevent chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes and some cancers.
Posted in Health & Fitness

Manual of Dietetic Practice

Author: Joan Gandy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118760573

Category: Medical

Page: 1016

View: 5620

Since publication of its first edition, Manual of Dietetic Practice has remained an essential guide to the key principles of dietetics and a core text for healthcare professionals looking to develop their expertise and specialist skills. Published on behalf of the British Dietetic Association, the UK professional body for dietitians, it covers the entire dietetics curriculum and is also an ideal reference text for qualified practitioners. The book has been extensively restructured for its fifth edition and is now divided into two parts to make it easier to locate key topics. The first part covers professional practice, nutrition in specific groups, nutritional status and non-clinical areas of dietetic practices, while the second focuses on clinical dietetic practice, including nutrition support, and dietetic practice in individual areas of disease, from respiratory and renal disorders to mental health and palliative care. This edition also offers a companion website, www.manualofdieteticpractice.com, which includes case studies, discussion vignettes to place topics in a clinical context, downloadable copies of the appendices, key tables and figures, and references and useful links.
Posted in Medical

McCance and Widdowson's The Composition of Foods

Author: Robert Alexander McCance,Elsie May Widdowson,Great Britain. Food Standards Agency

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9780854044283

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 537

View: 3820

McCance and Widdowsons's The Composition of Foods, Seventh Summary Edition provides a timely, authoritative and comprehensive update of the nutrient data for the most commonly consumed foods in the UK. Foods that are less commonly consumed but are important in the diets of sub-groups of the population are also included. This Seventh Summary Edition contains data which has been reviewed and updated since the last edition was published in 2002 and incorporates data from previously published supplements plus new analytical data and additional data from manufacturers. New data includes updates on key foods in the UK diet including flours and grains, bread, pasta, breakfast cereals, biscuits, cakes, eggs, fat spreads, fruits, vegetables, fish and fish products. Values for a wide range of nutrients (e.g. proximates, inorganics, vitamins, fibre and fatty acids) are provided and additional tables provide data for carotenoid fractions, vitamin E fractions and vitamin K for selected foods. Values for specific nutrients, including sodium, sugars, saturated and trans fatty acids in processed foods have been updated to reflect changes resulting from health policy and recent industry initiatives on reformulations. AOAC fibre values have been included for a wide range of foods to enable energy calculations, including fibre for food labelling purposes. Aimed at students and professionals in all food and health disciplines, this essential handbook should be on the bookshelf of everyone who needs to know the nutritional value of foods consumed in the UK.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Nutrigenomics and the Future of Nutrition

Proceedings of a Workshop

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Food and Nutrition Board,Food Forum

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309477646

Category: MEDICAL

Page: 154

View: 5521

On December 5, 2017, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine hosted a public workshop titled Nutrigenomics and the Future of Nutrition in Washington, DC, to review current knowledge in the field of nutrigenomics as it relates to nutrition. Workshop participants explored the influence of genetic and epigenetic expression on nutritional status and the potential impact of personalized nutrition on health maintenance and chronic disease prevention. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.
Posted in MEDICAL

Dietary Reference Intakes

Proposed Definition of Dietary Fiber

Author: Institute of Medicine,Food and Nutrition Board,Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes,Panel on the Definition of Dietary Fiber

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030917063X

Category: Medical

Page: 74

View: 7886

The current situation regarding labeling and defining dietary fiber in the United States and many other countries is arbitrary due to its reliance on analytical methods as opposed to an accurate definition that includes its role in health. Without an accurate definition, compounds can be designed or isolated and concentrated using the currently available methods, without necessarily providing beneficial health effects. Other compounds can be developed that are nondigestible and provide beneficial health effects, yet do not meet the current U.S. definition based on analytical methods. For the above reasons, the Food and Nutrition Board, under the oversight of the Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes, assembled a Panel on the Definition of Dietary Fiber to develop a proposed definition(s) of dietary fiber. This Panel held three meetings and a workshop.
Posted in Medical

Phytonutrients

Author: Andrew Salter,Helen Wiseman,Gregory Tucker

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118240928

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 312

View: 1145

In many Western diets, the role of plants has been reduced in favour of more animal-based products and this is now being cited more widely as being the cause of increases in the incidence of diseases such as cancer and cardiovascular disease. This important book covers the biochemistry and nutritional importance of a wide range of phytonutrients, including all the major macronutrients as well as the micronutrients and 'non-essential' nutrients. Phytonutrients is divided into three parts. The first deals with the role of plants in the human diet. Part II, representing the major part of the book covers in turn each of the major phytonutrient groups. Chapters include: non-lipid micronutrients, lipids and steroids, carotenoids, phenolics, vitamins C, E, folate/vitamin B12, phytoestrogens, other phytonutrients and minerals, and anti-nutritional factors. The final part of the book covers the methods used to manipulate levels of phytonutrients in the diet, such as fortification, supplementation and the use of genetically modified plants. Phytonutrients is an essential purchase for nutritionists, food scientists and plant biochemists, particularly those dealing with nutrients from plants, and their use in the human diet.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

HMSO Monthly Catalogue

Author: Great Britain. Her Majesty's Stationery Office

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Government publications

Page: N.A

View: 2906

Posted in Government publications

Oxford Handbook of Nutrition and Dietetics

Author: Joan Webster-Gandy,Angela Madden,Michelle Holdsworth

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199585822

Category: Medical

Page: 818

View: 604

Fully updated, the Oxford Handbook of Nutrition and Dietetics is a practical quick-reference to the vital and valued subject of nutrition in the prevention and treatment of disease and the maintenance of good health. This handbook will be an invaluable companion for all dieticians, nutritionists, and nurses, as well as doctors and students in a variety of specialities. Concise and bulleted, this handbook takes an integrated approach which facilitates the linksbetween all aspects of nutrition and dietetics. Including nutritional science and based on clinical evidence. Sections on obesity and a new chapter on international nutrition are timely and topical. Alsoincludes information on nutrition assessment, popular diets, nutrition in systems-based diseases, rarer conditions, as well as helpful lists of foods rich in or free from certain nutrients and normal range guides and handy reference values.
Posted in Medical