Author: Klaus Gallinat
Publisher: Peter Lang Publishing
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Category: American literature
This book emphasizes the important role of broadcasting during the Cold War as a central actor in the creation of a transnational and European communication space. Its methodological design links the study of the circulation and appropriation of cultural performances with awareness for the crucial role of broadcast technologies as mediators and catalysts of cultural transfers. The book describes and analyzes different transmission and reception technologies and questions their specific contribution to the medial construction of a transnational communication space in constantly changing political and cultural environments. It enlarges an understanding of the role of civil and institutional actors in the creation of transnational communities and European networks. It also addresses media historians, as well as historians of international relations, especially regarding the Cold War and European integration. (Series: Institute for European Regional Research / Institut fur Europische Regionalforschungen - Vol. 15)
Broadcasting and the Cold War
Author: Alexander Badenoch,Andreas Fickers,Christian Henrich-Franke
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh & Company
With a foreword written by G *'t Hooft In the 1960s, Leipzig was the center of resistance in East Germany. Harald Fritzsch, then a physics student, contemplated escape. But before he left, he wanted to demonstrate to the government that they had gone too far when they destroyed St. Paul's Church in May 1968. He accomplished that by unrolling a protest transparency in spectacular fashion. Despite the great efforts of the secret police, the STASI, the government was unable to find out who was responsible for this act. Soon after, together with a friend, Fritzsch began his journey to Bulgaria in order to escape into Turkey by traversing the Black Sea in a folding canoe. This was a daredevil endeavor, never done before. In this book, Harald Fritzsch ? now a world-renowned physicist ? portrays in captivating detail an authentic picture of the East German regime and the events of the late 1960s. Today, 40 years later, he critically takes stock of the events since German reunification.Contents: Autumn 1967RheinsbergIn the Bay of Danzig ? Summer of 1967As a Scout in Bulgaria ? November 1967Spring in PragueDestruction of the Church ? May 1968Preparations and a Visit by the Secret PoliceThe TransparencyThe Following DaysFarewell to LeipzigAt the Golden BeachThe EscapeGoing Ashore at IgneadaIstanbulThe Years ThereafterBack in East GermanyAfter the Fall of the WallReflections in 2004 ? Leipzig Pauliner Society Readership: General.
Author: Professor Harald Fritzsch
Publisher: World Scientific
In this study, the work of the philosopher, publicist, poet, mystic and activist Vladimir Solov'ev (1853-1900) is addressed from a new, interdisciplinary perspective. The author explores the connections between Solov'ev's views on history and his attempts to change the course of affairs in Russia. Firstly, the theological and philosophical aspects of Solov'ev's conception of history are unravelled. Most importantly, the central role of Sophia (Divine Wisdom) in his self-perception as the guiding prophet of Russian society is highlighted. Then, the author examines how Solov'ev's views on history prompted him to intervene in the following affairs: the crisis following the murder of tsar Alexander II in 1881, the famine of 1891-1892, and the condition of three religious minorities in Russia, namely the Old Believers, the Jews and the Catholic Poles. This two-fold analysis shows that Solov'ev departed from the ambition to cast Christian tradition in a modern mould by various means, speculative as well as practical. Characteristic for his attitude toward history is a tension between his professing an eternal truth and responding to a crisis in Russia. He emerges as a prodigiously erudite thinker, capable of synthesising various intellectual traditions ranging from Jewish mysticism to German idealism, and as a committed and independent intellectual in late tsarist Russia."
A Reassessment of Vladimir Solov'ëv's Views on History and His Social Commitment
Author: Manon de Courten
Publisher: Peter Lang
This study of the integration of East and West German education following the collapse of the German Democratic Republic in 1989 focuses on policy formation and implementation during this period of great social and political turbulence. It is the result of a research project undertaken shortly after the unification. The authors lived in East Germany for a full year, looking carefully at individual schools, vocational training centers, teacher colleges, and universities. They asked macro analytic questions: What are the conditions in which educational policy is successfully formulated? How is this educational policy implemented? What are the consequences of this policy? From the start, West Germany demanded a complete dismantling of the educational system in the former German Democratic Republic. West German political leaders insisted as a condition of unification that all important agreements concerning education made by the GDR states be accepted by the new states. The authors' research shows that even before the unification East Germans had already opted for a system consistent with West German education law. However, the West Germans disregarded these changes and imposed their own version of reform on East Germany. The study reveals that in this period of confusion the East Germans did not fully analyze the implications of the imposed conditions, which now have unforeseen negative consequences. The German situation is of great interest to all educators, particularly students of educational policy making, as well as researchers in political science, economics, and sociology.
Author: Val Dean Rust,Diane Rust
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
This book analyses women's transnational encounters in the Northern Ireland case. It connects both the different national contexts of women's movements and different strands of feminism against the setting of a raging local conflict and new international frameworks. During the 1970s the international women's movement, composed of a spectrum ranging from radical feminist to conservative, focussed on problems arising from the 'Troubles'. Using a wide range of European and American sources this book highlights the nationality of the women involved and what it meant for their activism. It argues that activists reflected their own national backgrounds as they worked through a new international framework - driven by media, European integration, the UN's decade for women and international social movements. This work contributes to both women's and gender history and to the study of international social movements and transnationalism. It brings them together to show activists' complicated agendas and how they intersected at national, local and international levels.
Brokered and Broken Transnational Interactions During the Northern Ireland Conflict, 1968-1981
Author: Janou Glencross
Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
In this historical introduction to philosophical hermeneutics, Jean Grondin discusses the major figures from Philo to Habermas, analyzes conflicts between various interpretive schools, and provides a critique of Gadamer's Truth and Method which, serves as a model for Grondin's approach. --From publisher's description.
Author: Jean Grondin
Publisher: Yale University Press
Konokämpfe und ihre Geschichten
Author: Birgit Dahlke,Martina Langermann,Thomas Taterka
Category: German literature
The Body of the People is the first comprehensive study of dance and choreography in East Germany. More than twenty years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, Jens Richard Giersdorf investigates a national dance history in the German Democratic Republic, from its founding as a Communist state that supplanted the Soviet zone of occupation in 1949 through the aftermath of its collapse forty years later, examining complex themes of nationhood, ideology, resistance, and diaspora through an innovative mix of archival research, critical theory, personal narrative, and performance analysis. Giersdorf looks closely at uniquely East German dance forms—including mass exercise events, national folk dances, Marxist-Leninist visions staged by the dance ensemble of the armed forces, the vast amateur dance culture, East Germany’s version of Tanztheater, and socialist alternatives to rock ‘n’ roll—to demonstrate how dance was used both as a form of corporeal utopia and of embodied socialist propaganda and indoctrination. The Body of the People also explores the artists working in the shadow of official culture who used dance and movement to critique and resist state power, notably Charlotte von Mahlsdorf, Arila Siegert, and Fine Kwiatkowski. Giersdorf considers a myriad of embodied responses to the Communist state even after reunification, analyzing the embodiment of the fall of the Berlin Wall in the works of Jo Fabian and Sasha Waltz, and the diasporic traces of East German culture abroad, exemplified by the Chilean choreographer Patricio Bunster.
East German Dance Since 1945
Author: Jens Richard Giersdorf
Publisher: University of Wisconsin Pres
Even as developments in photorealistic computer graphics continue to affect our work and leisure activities, practitioners and researchers are devoting more and more attention to non-photorealistic (NPR) techniques for generating images that appear to have been created by hand. These efforts benefit every field in which illustrations—thanks to their ability to clarify, emphasize, and convey very precise meanings—offer advantages over photographs. These fields include medicine, architecture, entertainment, education, geography, publishing, and visualization. Non-Photorealistic Computer Graphics is the first and only resource to examine non-photorealistic efforts in depth, providing detailed accounts of the major algorithms, as well as the background information and implementation advice readers need to make headway with these increasingly important techniques. Already, an estimated 10% of computer graphics users require some form of non-photorealism. Strothotte and Schlechtweg's important new book is designed and destined to be the standard NPR reference for this large, diverse, and growing group of professionals. Hard-to-find information needed by a wide range and growing number of computer graphics programmers and applications users. Traces NPR principles and techniques back to their origins in human vision and perception. Focuses on areas that stand to benefit most from advances in NPR, including medical and architectural illustration, cartography, and data visualization. Presents algorithms for two and three-dimensional effects, using pseudo-code where needed to clarify complex steps. Helps readers attain pen-and-ink, pencil-sketch, and painterly effects, in addition to other styles. Explores specific challenges for NPR—including "wrong" marks, deformation, natural media, artistic technique, lighting, and dimensionality. Includes a series of programming projects in which readers can apply the book's concepts and algorithms.
Modeling, Rendering, and Animation
Author: Thomas Strothotte,Stefan Schlechtweg
Italy's change of camp during World War II marked a turning point in the lives of all Italians, causing the -death of the fatherland- and the collapse of a two-decade long, dictatorial regime. Also, this switch triggered a bloody civil war, which increasingly divided an already fragmented country into two separate territories: the Salo Republic (RSI), occupied and controlled by the Germans, and the Southern Kingdom, occupied and administered by the Anglo-Americans.<BR> This book is about the British and American relations with, perceptions of, and judgments on the RSI. The period examined runs from September 1943 through April 1945 with some incursions into the immediate post-war period, when the Allied Control Commission and, after the fall of 1944, the Allied Commission and the Advisory Council for Italy, were still functioning. During this time frame Anglo-American troops were still occupying Italian soil, and some republican fascists remained in hiding, waiting to appear again on the political scene as turncoats, diehard fascists or -gladiators-. While the first part of the monograph deals specifically with the relations between the latter and the Allies, the second deals with American and British journalists and/or intellectuals who wrote about or worked for the RSI. The last section is dedicated to the different categories of post-9/8 Prisoners of War."
Anglo-American Relations With, Perceptions Of, and Judgments on the RSI During the Italian Civil War
Author: Oreste Foppiani
Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
The essays assembled in this volume reflect my long-standing interest in moral philosophy and my conviction that the idea of a medical ethics as something distinct and separate from ethics is an absurdity. Every person who acts is a moral agent. A person who possesses special knowledge and skills and is expected to act in the face of life-threatening circumstances--such as a physician--is someone whose status as moral agent is accordingly greatly enhanced. From the preface by the author.
The Political-philosophical Foundations of Medical Ethics
Author: Thomas Stephen Szasz
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
East Germany and its bildungsbürgerlich Marxist intellectuals
Author: Axel Fair-Schulz
<I>Scraps of thought analyses notes in medieval books from the archive of the First Romanian School from <I>Şcheii Brașovului, the Romanian settlement outside Brașov city walls. Merchants, craftsmen and wealthy people financially supported St. Nicholas Church and the school on its premises. Families of scholars, formed in the school of <I>Şcheii, preserved the light of books and Romanian Orthodoxism in the region. The notes in the books reveal an educated society, passing on fragments of their way of thinking. We learn about unusual weather conditions, covenants for preserving the moral norms, information regarding the meeting of the priests in the area and especially the curses that were meant to protect the books. The study shows the medieval book as a written medium which included glimpses of life, fragments of human emotions and events.
Author: Mariana Borcoman
Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
The Berlin Airlift, 1948/49 : the Technical Conditions and Their Successful Transformation
Author: Wolfgang J. Huschke
Publisher: BWV Verlag
Category: Berlin (Germany)
What happens when manhood suffrage, a radically egalitarian institution, gets introduced into a deeply hierarchical society? In her sweeping history of Imperial Germany's electoral culture, Anderson shows how the sudden opportunity to "practice" democracy in 1867 opened up a free space in the land of Kaisers, generals, and Junkers. Originally designed to make voters susceptible to manipulation by the authorities, the suffrage's unintended consequence was to enmesh its participants in ever more democratic procedures and practices. The result was the growth of an increasingly democratic culture in the decades before 1914. Explicit comparisons with Britain, France, and America give us a vivid picture of the coercive pressures--from employers, clergy, and communities--that German voters faced, but also of the legalistic culture that shielded them from the fraud, bribery, and violence so characteristic of other early "franchise regimes." We emerge with a new sense that Germans were in no way less modern in the practice of democratic politics. Anderson, in fact, argues convincingly against the widely accepted notion that it was pre-war Germany's lack of democratic values and experience that ultimately led to Weimar's failure and the Third Reich. Practicing Democracy is a surprising reinterpretation of nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Germany and will engage historians concerned with the question of Germany's "special path" to modernity; sociologists interested in obedience, popular mobilization, and civil society; political scientists debating the relative role of institutions versus culture in the transition to democracy. By showing how political activity shaped and was shaped by the experiences of ordinary men and women, it conveys the excitement of democratic politics.
Elections and Political Culture in Imperial Germany
Author: Margaret Lavinia Anderson
Publisher: Princeton University Press
This book deals with<I> metissage in New France and Canada in the period 1508 to 1886. <I>Metissage is understood as a syncretistic process of cultural, social and political encounter and mixture of ethnic groups that resulted from mixed marriages and relationships. Those led to the rise of the <I>Metis people in North America, which were distinguished as French-speaking <I>Metis and English-speaking <I>Halfbreeds. The process of mixture began in 1508, when first Indians were shipped to France with the intention to use them as multipliers of French culture on their return to the colony. In 1886, the <I>Act of Savages legally distinguished between -Indians- and -Metis-, thus marking the beginning of a mixed-blood identity in Canada that was differentiated from neighbouring Whites, Indians and Inuit. The theoretical approach of the history of concepts is employed in the <I>longue duree to show the variance throughout four centuries."
Author: Devrim Karahasan
Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
A scholarly investigation of the culture underpinning missile development at Germany's secret missile base at Peenemünde.
Peenemünde, National Socialism, and the V-2 Missile
Author: Michael B. Petersen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press