Department & Discipline

Chicago Sociology at One Hundred

Author: Andrew Abbott

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226000992

Category: Social Science

Page: 249

View: 9096

In this detailed history of the Chicago School of Sociology, Andrew Abbott investigates central topics in the emergence of modern scholarship, paying special attention to "schools of science" and how such schools reproduce themselves over time. What are the preconditions from which schools arise? Do they exist as rigid rules or as flexible structures? How do they emerge from the day-to-day activities of academic life such as editing journals and writing papers? Abbott analyzes the shifts in social scientific inquiry and discloses the intellectual rivalry and faculty politics that characterized different stages of the Chicago School. Along the way, he traces the rich history of the discipline's main journal, the American Journal of Sociology. Embedded in this analysis of the school and its practices is a broader theoretical argument, which Abbott uses to redefine social objects as a sequence of interconnected events rather than as fixed entities. Abbott's theories grow directly out of the Chicago School's insistence that social life be located in time and place, a tradition that has been at the heart of the school since its founding one hundred years ago.
Posted in Social Science

Instrumente in Kunst und Wissenschaft

zur Architektonik kultureller Grenzen im 17. Jahrhundert

Author: Helmar Schramm,Ludger Schwarte,Jan Lazardzig

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110183382

Category: History

Page: 626

View: 6109

Annotation Dieser Band versammelt originare Beitrage am Schnittpunkt von Philosophie, Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Kultur- und Theaterwissenschaft. Auf der Grundlage von Falluntersuchungen zum 17. Jahrhundert tragt er zum Verstandnis der Rolle bei, die Instrumente im Schnittfeld von Wissenschaft und Kunst spielen. Die Beitrage verfolgen dabei die Hypothese, dass die Entwicklung und Gestaltung von Instrumenten wesentlich zur Eroffnung neuer Felder des Wissens, zur Entstehung neuer kultureller Praktiken, aber auch zur Abgrenzung bestimmter Genres, Methoden und Disziplinen beitragt.
Posted in History

Handbuch Geschichte der deutschsprachigen Soziologie

Band 2: Forschungsdesign, Theorien und Methoden

Author: Stephan Moebius,Andrea Ploder

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658076089

Category: Social Science

Page: 412

View: 5807

Wer sich einen Überblick über die Geschichte der deutschsprachigen Soziologie und über soziologiehistorische Konzepte und Methoden verschaffen möchte, wird in diesem zweibändigen Handbuch umfassend fündig. Band 2 widmet sich soziologiegeschichtlichen Forschungsdesigns, analytischen Konzepten sowie unterschiedlichen Methodologien und Methoden für die soziologiehistorische Forschung. Er bietet auch einen praxisorientierten Teil zur Arbeit in und mit Archiven. Insgesamt dient Band 2 als ein Werkzeugkasten für systematische soziologiehistorische Forschung.
Posted in Social Science

Das Soziale ordnen

Sozialwissenschaften und gesellschaftliche Ungleichheit im 20. Jahrhundert

Author: Christiane Reinecke

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593397870

Category: Psychology

Page: 374

View: 8675

Die Sozialwissenschaften denken und beschreiben Gesellschaft und produzieren damit Wissen über soziale Ordnungen. Dieses Wissen spielt eine wichtige Rolle für die vielfältigen Ordnungen und Um-Ordnungen des Sozialen. In diesem Band werden Praktiken, Bilder und Semantiken untersucht, anhand derer sich Wissenschaftler, Politiker und andere Akteure in den USA, Großbritannien und Deutschland über den Aufbau von Gesellschaft verständigten. Die Beiträge geben auf diese Weise Aufschluss über den Umgang mit sozialer Differenz im 20. Jahrhundert.
Posted in Psychology

Kontinuitäten und Diskontinuitäten in der Wissenschaftsgeschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts

Author: Rüdiger Vom Bruch,Uta Gerhardt,Aleksandra Pawliczek

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag

ISBN: 9783515089654

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 6036

Der erste Band der Publikationsreihe zur Wissenschaft, Politik und Gesellschaft in Deutschland im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert enthalt die Ergebnisse einer Tagung, die sich mit Kontinuitatslinien und Bruechen im Verhaltnis zwischen Wissenschaften und politischen Systemen beschaftigte. Einerseits bewegen sich die Beitrage entlang von Fragen nach Genese, Struktur und Funktion von Wissenschaft in der Gesellschaft. Sie verfolgen andererseits die Wechselwirkungen zwischen Wissenschaft, Politik und Gesellschaft unter dem Aspekt der Kontinuitat der Verhaltnisse ueber politische und personelle Veranderungen hinaus, bzw. Diskontinuitat trotz unveranderter Rahmenbedingungen. Die Studien zeigen, daa trotz aller Interdependenz die Entwicklungen in den Wissenschaften denen in der Politik nicht zwangsweise - bzw. nur teilweise -afolgten. Inhalt Ruediger vom Bruch / Aleksandra Pawliczek: Einleitung: Zum Verhaltnis von politischem und Wissenschaftswandel I. Theoretische Grundlegungen: Mitchell G. Ash: Wissenschaftswandlungen und politische Umbrueche im 20. Jahrhundert - was hatten sie miteinander zu tun? Uta Gerhardt: Zasuren und Zeitperspektiven. Uberlegungen zu aWertfreiheito und aObjektivitato als Problemen der Wissenschaftsgeschichte II. Kontinuitat in der Diskontinuitat der Epochen und Regimes des 20. Jahrhunderts: Aleksandra Pawliczek: Kontinuitat des informellen Konsens'. Die Berufungspolitik der Universitat Berlin und ihre juedischen Dozenten im Kaiserreich und in der Weimarer Republik Andreas Malycha: Der Umgang mit politisch belasteten Hochschulprofessoren an der Medizinischen Fakultat der Universitat Berlin in den Jahren von 1945 bis 1949 Ulrike Thoms: Einbruch, Aufbruch, Durchbruch? Ernahrungsforschung in Deutschland vor und nach 1945 Arne Schirrmacher: Wiederaufbau ohne Wiederkehr. Die Physik in Deutschland in den Jahren nach 1945 und die historiographische Problematik des Remigrationskonzepts Albert Presas i Puig: Deutsche Wissenschaftler und Spezialisten in Spanien im 20. Jahrhundert: Kontinuitaten und Umbrueche III. Diskontinuitat der Programme und Orientierungen angesichts der Kontinuitat der Gesellschaftsgeschichte: Jens Thiel: Akademische aZinnsoldateno? Karrieren deutscher Geisteswissenschaftler zwischen Beruf und Berufung (1933/1945) Uta Gerhardt / Alexia Arnold: Von Chicago nach Darmstadt. Das Verhaltnis zwischen der Chicago-Soziologie und der Darmstadt-Studie. Zur Kontinuitat und Diskontinuitat der Gesellschaftskonzeption(en) im Blickfeld der Stadt-Land-Thematik Udo Schagen: Sozialhygiene als Leitkonzept fuer Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft. Der Bruch mit dem Biologismus in der Medizin der SBZ Christoph Kopke: Themen der deutschen Ernahrungswissenschaft in den vierziger und fuenfziger Jahren im Spiegel zentraler Zeitschriften. Ein Blick auf Die Ernahrung, die Ernahrung und Verpflegung, die Ernahrungs-Umschau, die Ernahrungsforschung und Die Nahrung IV. Ambivalenz von Kontinuitat und Diskontinuitat in den Zasuren des 20. Jahrhunderts: Sabine Schleiermacher: Reform oder Restauration? Vorschlage fuer das Medizinstudium in der amerikanischen und der sowjetischen Besatzungszone Felix Brahm / Jochen Meissner: Von den Auslandswissenschaften zu den area studies. Standortspezifische und biographische Perspektiven auf die Frage nach dem Zasurcharakter des Jahres 1945 Frank Uekotter: Ist der Gigant zasurfahig? Zur Problematik von Wendepunkten in den Agrarwissenschaften Johannes Vossen: Die Medizinische Fakultat der Berliner Universitat und der Systemwechsel von 1933. Kontinuitaten und Diskontinuitaten im Bereich der Personalpolitik Sybilla Nikolow: Otto Neurath und die Bildstatistik 1918/1933/1945. Biographische Ab- und wissenschaftliche Aufbrueche Workshops im Rahmen des DFG-Schwerpunktprogramms aWissenschaft, Politik und Gesellschaft. Deutschland im internationalen Zusammenhang im spaten 19. und im 20. Jahrhunderto Personenregister Autorenverzeichnis.
Posted in History

Sociology Noir

Studies at the University of Chicago in Loneliness, Marginality and Deviance, 1915-1935

Author: Roger A. Salerno

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 0786429909

Category: Social Science

Page: 196

View: 9125

Between 1915 and 1935 the University of Chicago was the center for the production of innovative sociological research that unearthed the marginalized existence of unconventional Americans. Referred to as the Chicago school monographs by social historians, these works brought acclaim to the country's premiere graduate program in sociology. Working at the shadowy margins of the city, these Chicago school scholars dramatically examined the lives of delinquents, prostitutes, gangsters, and homeless men. Their work harmonized with narratives of proletarian and pulp fiction and the serialized newspaper accounts of urban vice and deviance. This book offers a survey of some of these key monographs such as The Unadjusted Girl, The Hobo, The Jack-Roller and The Taxi Dance Hall.
Posted in Social Science

The Chicago School Diaspora

Epistemology and Substance

Author: Jacqueline Low,Gary Bowden

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 0773589708

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 7626

When the University of Chicago was founded in 1892 it established the first sociology department in the United States. The department grew rapidly in reputation and influence and by the 1920s graduates of its program were heading newly formed sociology programs across the country and determining the direction of the discipline and its future research. Their way of thinking about social relations revolutionized the social sciences by emphasizing an empirical approach to research, instead of the more philosophical "armchair" perspective that previously prevailed in American sociology. The Chicago School Diaspora presents work by Canadian and international scholars who identify with what they understand as the "Chicago School tradition." Broadly speaking, many of the scholars affiliated with sociology at Chicago understood human behaviour to be determined by social structures and environmental factors, rather than personal and biological characteristics. Contributors highlight key thinkers and epistemological issues associated with the Chicago School, as well as contemporary empirical research. Offering innovative theoretical explanations for the diversity and breadth of its scholarly traditions, The Chicago School Diaspora offers a fresh approach to ideas, topics, and approaches associated with the origins of North American sociology. Contributors include Michael Adorjan (University of Hong Kong, China), Gary Bowden (University of New Brunswick), Jeffrey Brown (University of New Brunswick), Tony Christensen (Wilfrid Laurier University), Luis Cisneros (postdoctoral scholar, University of Arizona), Gary A. Cook (Beloit College), Mary Jo Deegan (University of Nebraska-Lincoln), Scott Grills (Brandon University), Mervyn Horgan (Acadia University), Mark Hutter (Rowan University), Benjamin Kelly (Nipissing University), Rolf Lindner (Humboldt University & HafenCity University, Germany), Jacqueline Low (University of New Brunswick), Mourad Mjahed (Peace Corps, Rabat, Morocco), DeMond S. Miller (Rowan University), Edward Nell (New School for Social Research), David A. Nock (Lakehead University), Defne Över (PhD candidate, Cornell University), George Park (Memorial University), Thomas K. Park (University of Arizona), Dorothy Pawluch (McMaster University), Robert Prus (University of Waterloo), Antony J. Puddephatt (Lakehead University), Isher-Paul Sahni (Concordia University), Roger A. Salerno (Pace University), William Shaffir (McMaster University), Greg Smith (University of Salford, UK), Robert A. Stebbins (University of Calgary), Izabela Wagner (Warsaw University, Poland and CEMS EHESS - School for Advanced Studies in Social Sciences, France), and Yves Winkin (ENS Lyon, France).
Posted in Social Science

Urban Theory and the Urban Experience

Encountering the City

Author: Simon Parker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136332413

Category: Architecture

Page: 314

View: 1664

Urban Theory and the Urban Experience brings together classic and contemporary approaches to urban research in order to reveal the intellectual origins of urban studies and the often unacknowledged debt that empirical and theoretical perspectives on the city owe one another. From the foundations of modern urban theory in the work of Weber, Simmel, Benjamin and Lefebbvre to the writings of contemporary urban theorists such as David Harvey and Manuel Castells and the Los Angeles school of urbanism, Urban Theory and the Urban Experience traces the key developments in the idea of the city over more than a century. Individual chapters explore investigative studies of the great metropolis from Charles Booth to the contemporary urban research of William J. Wilson, along with alternative approaches to the industrial city, ranging from the Garden City Movement to ‘the new urbanism’. The volume also considers the impact of new information and communication technologies, and the growing trend towards disaggregated urban networks, all of which raise important questions about viability and physical and social identity of the conventional townscape. Urban Theory and the Urban Experience concludes with a rallying cry for a more holistic and integrated approach to the urban question in theory and in practice if the rich potent. For the benefit of students and tutors, frequent question points encourage exploration of key themes, and annotated further readings provide follow-up sources for the issues raised in each chapter. The book will be of interest to students, scholars, practitioners and all those who wish to learn more about why the urban has become the dominant social, economic and cultural form of the twenty-first century
Posted in Architecture

Urban Nightlife

Entertaining Race, Class, and Culture in Public Space

Author: Reuben A. Buford May

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813575680

Category: Social Science

Page: 242

View: 2906

Sociologists have long been curious about the ways in which city dwellers negotiate urban public space. How do they manage myriad interactions in the shared spaces of the city? In Urban Nightlife, sociologist Reuben May undertakes a nuanced examination of urban nightlife, drawing on ethnographic data gathered in a Deep South college town to explore the question of how nighttime revelers negotiate urban public spaces as they go about meeting, socializing, and entertaining themselves. May’s work reveals how diverse partiers define these spaces, in particular the ongoing social conflict on the streets, in bars and nightclubs, and in the various public spaces of downtown. To explore this conflict, May develops the concept of “integrated segregation”—the idea that diverse groups are physically close to one another yet rarely have meaningful interactions—rather, they are socially bound to those of similar race, class, and cultural backgrounds. May’s in-depth research leads him to conclude that social tension is stubbornly persistent in part because many participants fail to make the connection between contemporary relations among different groups and the historical and institutional forces that perpetuate those very tensions; structural racism remains obscured by a superficial appearance of racial harmony. Through May’s observations, Urban Nightlife clarifies the complexities of race, class, and culture in contemporary America, illustrating the direct influence of local government and nightclub management decision-making on interpersonal interaction among groups. Watch a video with Reuben A. Buford May: Watch video now. (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VCs1xExStPw).
Posted in Social Science

Feminist Sociology

Author: Sara Delamont

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761972556

Category: Social Science

Page: 195

View: 9881

Exploring the achievements of British feminist sociology in theory, methods and empirical research, Sara Delamont outlines the barriers to the development of feminism and explores contemporary challenges. She provides an unrivalled guide to the origins of feminism in the discipline of sociology, analyzes the uneasy relationships between feminists and the founding fathers, and elucidates the opportunities and challenges presented by postmodernism.
Posted in Social Science

Youth Gangs and Community Intervention

Research, Practice, and Evidence

Author: Robert Chaskin

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231519311

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 1994

Although a range of program and policy responses to youth gangs exist, most are largely based on suppression, implemented by the police or other criminal justice agencies. Less attention and fewer resources have been directed to prevention and intervention strategies that draw on the participation of community organizations, schools, and social service agencies in the neighborhoods in which gangs operate. Also underemphasized is the importance of integrating such approaches at the local level. In this volume, leading researchers discuss effective intervention among youth gangs, focusing on the ideas behind, approaches to, and evidence about the effectiveness of community-based, youth gang interventions. Treating community as a crucial unit of analysis and action, these essays reorient our understanding of gangs and the measures undertaken to defeat them. They emphasize the importance of community, both as a context that shapes opportunity and as a resource that promotes positive youth engagement. Covering key themes and debates, this book explores the role of social capital and collective efficacy in informing youth gang intervention and evaluation, the importance of focusing on youth development within the context of community opportunities and pressures, and the possibilities of better linking research, policy, and practice when responding to youth gangs, among other critical issues.
Posted in Social Science

Social Disorganization: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Author: Andres F. Rengifo

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199805806

Category:

Page: 16

View: 8080

This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of criminology find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In criminology, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Criminology, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study and practice of criminology. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.
Posted in

Neo-Bohemia

Art and Commerce in the Postindustrial City

Author: Richard Lloyd

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136992146

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 7062

Neo-Bohemia brings the study of bohemian culture down to the street level, while maintaining a commitment to understanding broader historical and economic urban contexts. Simultaneously readable and academic, this book anticipates key urban trends at the dawn of the twenty-first century, shedding light on both the nature of contemporary bohemias and the cities that house them. The relevance of understanding the trends it depicts has only increased, especially in light of the current urban crisis puncturing a long period of gentrification and new economy development, putting us on the precipice, perhaps, of the next new bohemia.
Posted in Social Science

Archäologie der Zukunft

Author: Gerd Folkers,Matthias Michel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Forecasting

Page: 418

View: 4762

Posted in Forecasting

American Sociological Review

Author: Frank Hamilton Hankins

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sociology

Page: N.A

View: 6057

Includes sections "Book reviews" and "Periodical literature."
Posted in Sociology

Transatlantische Bereicherungen

zur Erfindung der empirischen Sozialforschung

Author: Christian Fleck

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518294239

Category: Sciences sociales

Page: 578

View: 3928

Der Aufstieg der empirischen Sozialforschung in der ersten Hälfte des vergangenen Jahrhunderts verdankt sich in erheblichem Maße der Rockefeller Foundation, die in den 20er Jahren ein weltweites System privater Wissenschaftsförderung etablierte. Viele vor allem deutschsprachige Forscher, deren Arbeit bereits in Europa dadurch beflügelt wurde, wurden jedoch wenig später von den Nazis vertrieben und fanden eine neue Heimat in den USA im unmittelbaren Umfeld der Foundation. Anhand von Originalquellen und bisher unbekannten Dokumenten zeichnet Christian Fleck die transatlantischen Anfänge dieser Wissenskultur und die für die Sozialwissenschaften insgesamt entscheidenden weiteren Entwicklungen nach und präsentiert erstmals eine vergleichende Analyse derjenigen Soziologen deutscher Sprache, die in Europa geblieben sind, und jener, die emigrieren mußten. Christian Fleck ist Professor für Soziologe an der Universität Graz.
Posted in Sciences sociales

Bourdieu-Handbuch

Leben, Werk, Wirkung

Author: Gerhard Fröhlich,Boike Rehbein

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Educational sociology

Page: 436

View: 8370

Posted in Educational sociology

Gendering the Sociology Profession

Sweden, Britain and the US

Author: Sanja Magdalenić

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 1605

"This Ph.D. dissertation is framed as a historical comparative analysis of the sociology profession. The focus will be put on the emergence and the development of the profession and its organizational arenas. The analysis will present data from three sociology fields - Sweden, Britain and the US - as these fields relate to the three models of professionalization that have been outlines by the sociology of the professions. Performing a comparative analysis of an individual profession will help reveal similarities and differences between the cases being considered. The aim of the dissertation is twofold. First, it seeks to add to theorizing about the relationship between gender and professions by exploring the ways in which the emergence, organization and knowledge production of an academic profession has interrelated with gender in the historical development of sociology as a profession. Contents include: Introduction, Sociology of the professions through gender lens, the Professional project, Gendering professional associations, Patterns of closure in academic departments, Gender and the sociological canon, Homo sociologicus: subjective reminiscences, Conclusions."
Posted in Social Science

Encountering the everyday

an introduction to the sociologies of the unnoticed

Author: Michael Hviid Jacobsen

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9780230201231

Category: Psychology

Page: 431

View: 7800

Everyday life is the most important dimension of society. Introducing classical and contemporary theory alongside key empirical work, this is a comprehensive exploration of everyday life sociologies. Written by leading experts in the field, each chapter makes concepts from Existentialism to Semiotics accessible for students and scholars alike.
Posted in Psychology