Defective. Handicapped. Ugly. Dependent. These words are Douglas Baynton s chapter titles, labels that were used to describe disabled immigrants during the period of American history when a series of laws were put in place to restrict immigration from less desirable nations (from Southern and Eastern Europe, 1882 to 1920s). Baynton s history details the ways in which a great variety of disabled immigrants were turned back during these years, among them the deaf, blind, epileptic, and mobility-impaired, also people with curved spines, hernias, flat or club feet, missing limbs, and short limbs, also those who had intellectual or psychiatric disability, even men diagnosed with poor physique or feminism (underdeveloped sex organs). The labels and defects are named in immigration policies and procedures; Baynton insists, quite reasonably, that immigration law offers the clearest revelation of the era s cultural assumptions about disability. One of his findings is that disability, even more than race (which is usually highlighted in immigration histories), was the main concern of immigration restrictionists. Over time, the idea that disabled people were dependent, and thus a burden, got amplified and became a social issue, not confined to family or local community. Meanwhile, the stigma of visible defects grew in intensity, along with the fear of traits that could not be seen (germ theory, defective germ plasm, infectious diseases). Polluted heredity flowing into the future was an ever-present fear. Until now, with Defectives in the Land, the issue of discrimination against people with disabilities in immigration law has gone unrecognized and unexamined."
Disability and Immigration in the Age of Eugenics
Author: Douglas C. Baynton
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Das Thema Einwanderung wirft gewichtige gesellschaftspolitische, moralische und ethische Fragen auf, die seit einiger Zeit im Zentrum intensiver Debatten stehen. Der renommierte britische Philosoph David Miller verteidigt in seinem Buch eine Position zwischen einem starken Kosmopolitismus, der für uneingeschränkte Bewegungsfreiheit und offene Grenzen plädiert, und einem blinden Nationalismus, der oft in pauschale Ausländerfeindlichkeit und dumpfen Rassismus umschlägt. In ständiger Auseinandersetzung mit Gegenargumenten entwickelt er seinen Standpunkt, der die Rechte sowohl der Immigranten als auch der Staatsbürger berücksichtigen soll – und einen schwachen Kosmopolitismus ebenso einschließt wie das Recht von Nationalstaaten, ihre Grenzen zu kontrollieren. Ziel von Millers Ausführungen ist eine Immigrationspolitik liberaler Demokratien, die so gerecht ist wie möglich und so realistisch wie nötig. Ein beeindruckend präzise und nüchtern argumentierendes Buch, das zum Nachdenken anregt und zum Widerspruch reizt.
Politische Philosophie der Einwanderung
Author: David Miller
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
Die frisch geschiedene Markie Bryant zieht mit ihrem Sohn Jesse in einen heruntergekommenen Vorort. Hier will sie sich vor der Welt verkriechen, aber sie hat die Rechnung ohne ihre neue Nachbarin gemacht: Die resolute Mrs Saint erklärt es zu ihrer Mission, Markie aus ihrem Schneckenhaus zu holen. Diese wehrt sich mit Händen und Füßen gegen Mrs Saints Einmischungen. Doch schließlich muss sie zugeben, dass die Maßnahmen ihrer Nachbarin tatsächlich helfen. Und dann kommt der Tag, an dem Mrs Saint auf einmal Markies Hilfe braucht ...
Author: Julie Lawson Timmer
Publisher: BASTEI LÜBBE
"This edition...adds an important international perspective on illness and disability. The personal narratives help bring the real world of people who are suffering to the forefront of the scientific discourse."--Doody's Medical Reviews Now in its sixth edition, this best-selling textbook continues to be the most comprehensive and diverse text available on the psychosocial aspects of disability. It examines current thought and treatment approaches to working with individuals with disabilities through the contributions of expert thinkers and practitioners in the disability field. Abundant and insightful narratives by disabled individuals offer a bridge between theory and practice for students in rehabilitation psychology and counseling courses. In addition to completely updated and reorganized material, this edition contains insightful new section introductions, empirically based research articles, and the contributions of international researchers presenting a more global and richer perspective on the psychosocial aspects of disability and illness. It also contains an increased focus on the negative impact of societal attitudes and treatment of disabled individuals on their psychological adjustment to disability. The addition of objectives at the beginning of each chapter and review questions and personal perspectives at the end of each chapter further facilitate in-depth learning. Key Features: Presents the most comprehensive and diverse coverage of psychosocial aspects of disability topics of any textbook available Examines contemporary thinking and treatment approaches in working with individuals with disabilities Provides a bridge between theory and practice through the narratives of individuals with disabilities Establishes a historical understanding of societal attitudes toward disability and treatment past and present of persons with disabilities Analyzes barriers to enabling persons with disabilities and improving social consciousness and quality of life for this population Facilitates course planning through inclusion of objectives and review questions/personal perspectives in each chapter
Author: Mark A. Stebnicki, PhD, LCP, DCMHS, CRC, CCM,Irmo Marini, PhD, DSc, CRC, CLCP
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
Talking at Trena's is an ethnography conducted in a bar in an African American, middle-class neighborhood on Chicago's southside. May's work focuses on how the mostly black, working- and middle-class patrons of Trena's talk about race, work, class, women, relationships, the media, and life in general. May recognizes tavern talk as a form of social play and symbolic performace within the tavern, as well as an indication of the social problems African Americans confront on a daily basis. Following a long tradition of research on informal gathering places, May's work reveals, though close description and analysis of ethnographic data, how African Americans come to understand the racial dynamics of American society which impact their jobs, entertainment--particularly television programs--and their social interactions with peers, employers, and others. Talking at Trena's provides a window into the laughs, complaints, experiences, and strategies which Trena's regulars share for managing daily life outside the safety and comfort of the tavern.
Asian Americans and Racial Anomaly in the Segregated South
Author: Leslie Bow
Publisher: NYU Press
This volume of Wagadu: A Journal of Transnational Womens and Gender Studies launches its second printed edition. Wagaduthe Soninke name of the Ghana Empirecontrolled the present-day Mali, Mauritania and Senegal and was famous for its prosperity and power from approximately 300-1076 CE. It constituted the bridge between North Africa, the Mediterranean and Middle Eastern worlds and Sub-Saharan Africa. Ghana gave birth to the two most powerful West African Empires: Mali and Songhay. The modern country of Ghana (former British Gold Coast) derives its name from the Ghana Empire. Why Wagadu? Wagadu has come to be the symbol of the sacrifice women continue to make for a better world. Wagadu has become the metaphor for the role of women in the family, community, country, and planet. Duna taka siro no yagare npale The world does not go without women. This volume investigates the intersecting perspectives, grounded in or emanating from theoretical, discursive as well as experiential frameworks and positions specific to gender, disability and postcoloniality.
Intersecting Gender and Disability Perspectives in Rethinking Postcolonial Identities
Author: Pushpa Parekh
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
Category: Social Science
For over a century, deportation and exclusion have defined eligibility for citizenship in the United States and, in turn, have shaped what it means to be American. In this broad analysis of policy from 1882 to present, Deirdre Moloney places current debates about immigration issues in historical context. Focusing on several ethnic groups, Moloney closely examines how gender and race led to differences in the implementation of U.S. immigration policy as well as how poverty, sexuality, health, and ideologies were regulated at the borders. Emphasizing the perspectives of immigrants and their advocates, Moloney weaves in details from case files that illustrate the impact policy decisions had on individual lives. She explores the role of immigration policy in diplomatic relations between the U.S. and other nations, and shows how federal, state, and local agencies had often conflicting priorities and approaches to immigration control. Throughout, Moloney traces the ways that these policy debates contributed to a modern understanding of citizenship and human rights in the twentieth century and even today.
Immigrants and U.S. Deportation Policy since 1882
Author: Deirdre M. Moloney
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
Hat Behinderung eine Geschichte? Die internationale Disability History füllt die Leerstelle zwischen Historiografie und Disability Studies; sie geht davon aus, dass Phänomene verkörperter Differenz kontingent sind. Dieses Buch führt in den deutschsprachigen Diskurs der neuen geschichtswissenschaftlichen Teildisziplin ein. Erörtert werden konzeptionelle Grundlagen und methodische Fragen der Disability History. Exemplarische Fallstudien umreißen das Forschungsfeld und befassen sich mit wissenschaftlichen Konstruktionen und subjektiven Erfahrungen, Institutionen und Politiken, Körper, Kunst und Kultur. Eine grundlegende Einführung für Bachelor- und Master-Studiengänge sowie die am Thema interessierte Öffentlichkeit.
Konstruktionen von Behinderung in der Geschichte. Eine Einführung
Author: Elsbeth Bösl,Anne Klein,Anne Waldschmidt
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Category: Social Science
From the nineteenth-century British Poor Laws, to an early twentieth-century Aboriginal reserve in Queensland Australia, to AIDS activists on the streets of Toronto in the 1990s, Bodily Subjects explores the historical entanglement between gender and health to expose how ideas of health - a concept whose meanings we too often assume to understand - are embedded in assumptions about femininity and masculinity. These essays expand the conversation on health and gender by examining their intersection in different geo-political contexts and times. Constantly measured through ideals and judged by those in authority, healthy development has been construed differently for teenage girls, adult men and women, postpartum mothers, and those seeking cosmetic surgery. Over time, meanings of health have expanded from an able body signifying health in the nineteenth century to concepts of "well-being," a psychological and moral interpretation, which has dominated health discourse in Western countries since the late twentieth century. Through examinations of particular times and places, across two centuries and three continents, Bodily Subjects highlights the ways in which the body is both subjectively experienced and becomes a subject of inquiry. Contributors include Barbara Brookes (University of Otago), Brigitte Fuchs (University of Vienna), Catherine Gidney (St Thomas University), Mona Gleason (University of British Columbia), Natalie Gravelle (York University), Rebecca Godderis (Wilfrid Laurier University), Antje Kampf (Humboldt University of Berlin), Marjorie Levine-Clark (University of Denver), Wendy Mitchinson (University of Waterloo), Meg Parsons (University of Auckland), Tracy Penny Light (University of Waterloo), Patricia A. Reeve (Suffolk University), Anika Stafford (Simon Fraser University), and Thomas Wendelboe (University of Waterloo).
Essays on Gender and Health, 1800-2000
Author: Tracy Penny Light,Barbara Brookes,Wendy Mitchinson
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
Category: Social Science
In 1863, San Francisco’s Board of Supervisors passed a law that criminalized appearing in public in “a dress not belonging to his or her sex.” Adopted as part of a broader anti-indecency campaign, the cross-dressing law became a flexible tool for policing multiple gender transgressions, facilitating over one hundred arrests before the century’s end. Over forty U.S. cities passed similar laws during this time, yet little is known about their emergence, operations, or effects. Grounded in a wealth of archival material, Arresting Dress traces the career of anti-cross-dressing laws from municipal courtrooms and codebooks to newspaper scandals, vaudevillian theater, freak-show performances, and commercial “slumming tours.” It shows that the law did not simply police normative gender but actively produced it by creating new definitions of gender normality and abnormality. It also tells the story of the tenacity of those who defied the law, spoke out when sentenced, and articulated different gender possibilities.
Cross-Dressing, Law, and Fascination in Nineteenth-Century San Francisco
Author: Clare Sears
Publisher: Duke University Press
Category: Social Science
Admissions, Discharges, and Patient Population for State Institutions for Mental Defectives and Epileptics
While there are many introductions to disability and disability studies, most presume an advanced academic knowledge of a range of subjects. In Beginning with Disability, Lennard Davis has put together the first introductory reader for disability studies aimed at first- and second-year students in two- and four-year colleges. This volume of essays across disciplines�including education, sociology, communications, psychology, social sciences, and humanities�features accessible, readable, and relatively short articles that do not require specialized knowledge. Lennard Davis, along with a team of consulting editors, has put together feature a number of blogs, vlogs, and other videos to make the materials more direct and vivid to students.� The text includes a section called "Subject to Debate" that features short pro and con pieces on controversial subjects that can be debated in class or act as prompts for assignments.
Author: Lennard Davis,Alexander Luft
Category: SOCIAL SCIENCE
»Ein wunderbares Buch über den besten Freund des Menschen unter den Insekten...« Edward O. Wilson Die Bienenkönigin ist keine absolute Herrscherin. Im Gegenteil: Bienen entscheiden alle gemeinsam als Schwarm, sie erforschen kollektiv einen Sachverhalt und debattieren lebhaft, um letztlich einen Konsens zu finden. Der bekannte Verhaltensforscher Thomas D. Seeley untersucht seit Jahrzehnten in akribischer Kleinarbeit das Leben der Bienen. In seinem spannend geschriebenen Buch zeigt er anschaulich, was wir von diesen wunderbaren Insekten lernen können und dass die Entscheidung mehrerer klüger als die Einzelner sein kann. Ein reich bebildertes, ebenso faszinierendes wie anregendes Buch. »Seeleys Enthusiasmus und Bewunderung für Bienen sind ansteckend, seine Forschungen meisterhaft.« New York Times »Brillant.« Nature »Fesselnd und bezaubernd.« Science »Das hinreißendste Wissenschaftsbuch des Jahres.« Financial Times
Wie Bienen kollektiv entscheiden und was wir davon lernen können
Author: Thomas D. Seeley
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
Wer ist gefährlicher? Ein Feind? Ein Freund? Oder ein Liebhaber? Bonnie Graham steht in der Wohnung einer Freundin. Vor ihr liegt die Leiche eines Mannes: Hayden. Hayden Booth – begabter Musiker, attraktiver Lebemann, gefährlicher Verführer. Sechs Wochen lang hat er mit einer Gruppe von Musikern unter Bonnies Leitung geprobt. Sechs Wochen hat es gedauert, bis sich Liebe in Lüge verkehrte, Freundschaft in Verbrechen und Leidenschaft in Mord ...
Author: Nicci French
Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag
Darstellung der weltweiten äSlow-Bewegungä. Durch Entschleunigung in allen Lebensbereichen soll mehr Lebensqualität erreicht werden.
neue Kreativität und Lebensqualität durch die Verwirklichung von Eigenzeit
Author: Jean-Carl Honoré
This text encapsulates not only the origins of nursing in the learning disability field but also contemporary perspectives and areas for specialist nursing practice. The book is divided into four sections: origins, perspectives, practice, and further perspectives. Section one (origins) describes Great Barr Colony and explores the conceptions of practice of actual attendants and nurses who worked there. It gives readers an in-depth focus on aspects of work and practice not accounted for in the literature to date. Section two (perspectives) explores social policy perspectives from the past eras of the workhouse, the colony and the hospital, through to the present age of citizenship. Research in learning disability nursing practice is identifi ed through scoping exercises to identify its current status. The section questions the research and practice developments that have come of age and that constitute a challenge within an evidence-based health and social care world. Section three (practice) identifi es a wide range of specialist areas of nursing practice, including community learning disability nursing, epilepsy, forensics, health facilitation, autism, mental health, challenging behaviour, children s services and working with people with profound and multiple learning disabilities. Section four (further perspectives) addresses areas of contemporary and future concern, namely, educational curricula for nurses and the importance of inter-professional education and practice development.
Author: Mark Jukes
Publisher: Andrews UK Limited
Author: Liberty Hyde Bailey
Publisher: Library of Alexandria
Category: Agricultural laborers