Culture's Consequences

Comparing Values, Behaviors, Institutions and Organizations Across Nations

Author: Geert H. Hofstede,Geert Hofstede

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803973244

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 596

View: 8078

Geert Hofstede has completely rewritten, revised and updated Culture's Consequences for the twenty-first century, he has broadened the book's cross-disciplinary appeal, expanded the coverage of countries examined from 40 to more than 50, reformulated his arguments and a large amount of new literature has been included. The book is structured around five major dimensions: power distance; uncertainty avoidance; individualism versus collectivism; masculinity versus femininity; and long term versus short-term orientation.
Posted in Business & Economics

Interkulturelle Zusammenarbeit

Kulturen — Organisationen — Management

Author: Geert Hofstede

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322900371

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 8337

Ende der 60er Jahre beschäftigte ich mich eher zufällig mit kulturellen Unterschiede- und stieß dabei auf umfangreiches Material für eine Studie. Als Ergebnis dieser Studie wurde im Jahr 1980 ein Buch zu diesem Thema mit dem Titel Culture's Consequences veröffentlicht. Es war bewußt für ein Fachpublikum geschrieben, denn es weckte Zweifel an der Allgemeingültigkeit traditioneller Lehren der Psychologie, Organisationssoziolo gie und Manag!!menttheorie: ich mußte daher sowohl die theoretische Argumentation darlegen, als auch Basisdaten und die statistischen Verfahren angeben, an hand derer ich meine Thesen aufstellte. Die 1984 erschienene Taschenbuchausgabe verzichtete auf Basisdaten und Statistik, war ansonsten aber mit der gebundenen Ausgabe von 1980 identisch. Culture's Consequences erschien in einer Zeit, als das Interesse an kulturellen Unterschie den sowohl zwischen Ländern als auch zwischen Organisationen rapide anstieg; es gab damals kaum empirisch gestützte Informationen zu diesem Thema. Die Unterschiede zwischen Ländern waren zwar auch in dem vorherigen Buch enthalten, aber vielleicht waren es zu viele auf einmal. Offensichtlich haben sich viele Leser nur mit einem Teil des Inhalts befaßt. Viele Leute, die sich auf das Buch berufen, behaupten beispielsweise, ich hätte die Wertvorstellungen von IBM-(oder "Hermes-") Führungskräften untersucht. Die von mir verwendeten Daten bezogen sich auf IBM-Mitarbeiter, und wie das Buch selbst zeigte, ist dies ein erheblicher Unterschied.
Posted in Social Science

Literature review: Hofstede, Geert H. Culture's Consequences. Comparing Values, Behaviors, Institutions, and Organizations across nations.

Author: Saskia Guckenburg

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3656167613

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 3

View: 9492

Literature Review from the year 2011 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 1,0, University of Mannheim, language: English, abstract: Geert Hofstede is professor emeritus of Organizational Anthropology and International Management at Maastricht University. His book “Culture's Consequences. Comparing Values, Behaviors, Institutions, and Organizations across nations” is a revision of his earlier book titled “Culture's Consequences, International Differences in Work-Related Values”, which was released by Sage in 1980.
Posted in Literary Criticism

Lokales Denken, globales Handeln

Interkulturelle Zusammenarbeit und globales Management

Author: Geert Hofstede,Gert Jan Hofstede,Michael Minkov

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406711049

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 557

View: 631

Inhalt Wie unsere Herkunft das Denken, Fühlen und Handeln beeinflusst: Brandaktuell in Zeiten großer Migrationsbewegungen erhält der Leser auf gut verständliche und anregende Weise Einsichten darüber, wie der Ort, an dem wir aufgewachsen sind, unsere Art zu denken, zu fühlen und zu handeln formt. Basierend auf Hofstedes Forschungsarbeiten in mittlerweile mehr als siebzig Ländern, über einen Zeitraum von vierzig Jahren hinweg, untersucht "Lokales Denken, globales Handeln", was Leute trennt, obgleich doch Kooperation so klar in jedermanns Interesse wäre. Diese komplett überarbeitete Neuauflage enthält wesentliche Beiträge aus Michael Minkovs Datenanalyse des World Value Surveys und zur Evolution von Kulturen von Gert Jan Hofstede. Zielgruppe Führungskräfte mit Auslandskontakten, Führungskräfte im Marketing und Personalmanagement, Dozenten und Studierende in betriebswirtschaftlichen Studiengängen.
Posted in Business & Economics

Methoden kulturvergleichender Sozialforschung

Eine Einführung

Author: Susanne Rippl,Christian Seipel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531149653

Category: Social Science

Page: 189

View: 8737

Dieses Lehrbuch bietet eine leicht verständliche und gut lesbare Einführung in inhaltliche, methodische und technische Fragen der kulturvergleichenden Forschung.
Posted in Social Science

International and Cross-Cultural Business Research

Author: Jean-Claude Usunier,Hester van Herk,Julie Anne Lee

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1526414392

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 200

View: 5450

Lecturers/Instructors - Request a free digital inspection copy here Successfully combining cross-cultural management and business research methods, this team of international authors provide much-needed coverage of the implications that should be considered when undertaking research across different cultures. Through the implementation of methodological pluralism, the book investigates the various cultural influences that affect business theories and practices across the world, particularly the specific management styles, behavioural standards and consumer attitudes that exist in developing nations. Examples and theoretical understanding as well as vignettes, diagrams and figures are used to illustrate these key considerations, including: Language and the role of the dominant culture Design and implementation Methodological issues Strategies for improving its relevance within international business. Ideal for students, researchers and practitioners looking to do business research in an international or cross-cultural context.
Posted in Business & Economics

Das Global-Local Paradox in der Kommunikationsbranche

Anwendungen und Treiber von globalen, multinationalen und transnationalen Ansätzen im Kommunikationsnetwerk Publicis Groupe S.A.

Author: Pia Johanna Dewenter

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 365615502X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 36

View: 870

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2012 im Fachbereich VWL - Makroökonomie, allgemein, Note: 1,3, Hochschule für Wirtschaft und Recht Berlin, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Die Kommunikationsbranche mit ihren global agierenden Akteuren weist eine große Veränderung im Verlauf des 20. Jahrhunderts auf. Viele kleine Agenturen expandierten über den Globus und wuchsen so anhaltend zu Kommunikations-netzwerken, die in unterschiedlichen Ländern und in verschiedenen Kommunika-tionsaktivitäten (Werbung, Public Relations (PR), Markenstrategieberatung, Media Buying, etc.) vertreten sind. Mit dieser globalen Expansion und dem damit einhergehenden Ausbau von Reichweite und Aktivitätstiefe sahen sich die gerade formierenden Kommunikationsnetzwerke strategischen und strukturellen Schwie-rigkeiten und Fragestellungen gegenüber, die es best- und schnellstmöglich zu klären galt. Die Herausforderungen hierbei sind die globale Reichweite bei gleichzeitiger Anpassung an lokale Märkte und Produkte, wie sie besonders bei der Kommunikationsbranche gefordert wird sowie die Konkurrenzfähigkeit zu anderen Netzwerken aufgrund von Skalen- und Verbundeffekten. Um diesen scheinbar paradoxen Anforderungen gerecht werden zu können, sind strategische und strukturelle Neuausrichtungen notwendig, deren Ausprägungen und Treiber in der nachfolgenden Studie untersucht werden. Anhand von Fallbeispielen wird die Strategie (einschließlich des Wandels) der Publicis Groupe untersucht und im Hinblick auf die Implikationen des Global-Local Paradox analysiert. Dabei spielt die globale Expansion der Unternehmen und die damit einhergehenden Agentur- und Netzwerkübernahmen bzw. -allianzen in den 1970er bis 1990er Jahren eine wichtige Rolle. Sie begründen den Wandel der Agenturen von Werbespezialisten zu Kommunikations- und Marken-generalisten, die als Netzwerk organisiert sind, um dem global agierenden Kunden bestmöglich betreuen zu können.1 Dabei sind sowohl multinationale als auch globale Faktoren berücksichtigt. Auch die sich durch den Wandel herausgebildete neue Hybridstrategie und der daraus wiederum resultierende Wandel der Organi-sationsstrukturen von Agenturen und Netzwerken werden beleuchtet. Zur Erklä-rung der Ansätze wird eine Querverbindung zur Theorie des Global-Local Paradoxes hergestellt. Die Studie leistet einen Überblick der strategischen und strukturellen Entscheidungen, die Publicis Groupe infolge von Veränderungen der Umwelt (Kundenausrichtungen und -anforderungen) und Herausforderungen, die an das Kommunikationsnetzwerk herangetragen wurden, getroffen hat. Die bedeuteten Entscheidungsfelder werden in einen theoretischen Hintergrund eingearbeitet.
Posted in Business & Economics

Organisationales Lernen als erfolgsrelevantes Konstrukt im Rahmen der Internationalisierung von Unternehmen

Author: Hannah Noriko Richta

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3834942162

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 558

View: 1276

​Bei der Suche nach Zusammenhängen zwischen der Internationalisierung von Unternehmen und ihrem Erfolg wird zunehmend der Einfluss des Organisationalen Lernens deutlich. In bisherigen Untersuchungen bleibt aber offen, wie der Lernbegriff definiert wird und wer was auf welche Weise lernt. Die verschiedenen Studien kommen deshalb unter Berufung auf die gleichen theoretischen Fundamente zu unterschiedlichen Ergebnissen. Hannah Noriko Richta entwickelt auf der Basis einer Diskussion des Forschungsstandes ein geschlossenes Modell der Erfolgswirkung des Organisationalen Lernens im Rahmen der Internationalisierung und unterzieht es einem empirischen Test.
Posted in Business & Economics

Analysis and Comparison of German and Indian Culture with a Special Focus on Decision Making Strategies

Author: Johann Kristoph Kaup

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3668741360

Category: Social Science

Page: 17

View: 7202

Seminar paper from the year 2015 in the subject Cultural Studies - Miscellaneous, grade: 1,7, University of Applied Sciences Essen, language: English, abstract: Whereas the process of globalisation brought wealth to many countries over the past century, others could not participate in the accelerating environment. Moreover the proceeded industrialisation dilated the gap between rich and poor countries. On the one hand industrial countries benefit as the world inexorably grows together, while on the other hand there are many countries that cannot keep up. Thus there is a shift in cultural, social, political and economic interdependencies between countries worldwide.
Posted in Social Science

Cultural Differences in Daily Business Life Between Germany and Sweden

Author: Yvonne Tornow

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 366811675X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 17

View: 7952

Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, , language: English, abstract: This seminar paper deals with Sweden and Germany as negotiation partners from a German perspective. Although one would assume quite various similarities between these countries due to geographical proximity and same origin of language, they are indeed quite different – an issue also investigated by Eoro Vaara. The aim of this paper is to show that even slight or subtle differences in cultural patterns should be considered. Therefore only who can communicate without cultural misunderstandings can experience successful cross-cultural negotiations. Sweden has been chosen since there is a lot of research about cultural differences between American, Asian and Arab countries, but hardly any regarding inter-European. Another reason is also because of personal experiences in Sweden and with Swedish friends. It was challenging to investigate in a country, which does not seem to be culturally much apart from Germany. After a short introduction, the second chapter gives the reader a definition for culture and an overview of Hofstede’s model of dimensions. This chapter also presents the different kind of cultures from a German and Swedish perspective. Therefore the third chapter deals with negotiations between Germans and Swedes while doing business. This paper ends with the chapter “conclusion”.
Posted in Business & Economics

Cross-Cultural Analysis

The Science and Art of Comparing the World's Modern Societies and Their Cultures

Author: Michael Minkov

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452278857

Category: Social Science

Page: 504

View: 8413

Cross-Cultural Analysis is the sequel to Culture's Consequences, the classic work published by Geert Hofstede, one of the most influential management thinkers in today's times. Hofstede's original work introduced a new research paradigm in cross-cultural analysis: studying cultural differences through nation-level dimensions (complex variables defined by intercorrelated items). This paradigm has been subsequently used by hundreds of prominent scholars all over the world and has produced solid results. This new text takes the next step: It critically examines in one comprehensive volume the current, prevalent approaches to cross-cultural analysis at the level of nations that have been developed since Hofstede's work, offering students and researchers the theoretical and practical advantages and potential pitfalls of each method. The book is structured into four distinct parts. Parts I and II focus on the main theoretical and statistical issues in cross-cultural analysis using Hofstede's approach and the different research methods now associated with it. Part II consists of presentations of all well-known (and some lesser known) large-scale cross-cultural studies since Hofstede's work that have explained cross-cultural variation in terms of dimensional models. Part III summarizes the main conclusions to be drawn from the presentations in Part II and l explains how the proposed models have contributed to our practical understanding of cross-cultural diversity.
Posted in Social Science

The Culture of Military Innovation

The Impact of Cultural Factors on the Revolution in Military Affairs in Russia, the US, and Israel.

Author: Dima Adamsky

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804773807

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 5382

This book studies the impact of cultural factors on the course of military innovations. One would expect that countries accustomed to similar technologies would undergo analogous changes in their perception of and approach to warfare. However, the intellectual history of the Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA) in Russia, the US, and Israel indicates the opposite. The US developed technology and weaponry for about a decade without reconceptualizing the existing paradigm about the nature of warfare. Soviet 'new theory of victory' represented a conceptualization which chronologically preceded technological procurement. Israel was the first to utilize the weaponry on the battlefield, but was the last to develop a conceptual framework that acknowledged its revolutionary implications. Utilizing primary sources that had previously been completely inaccessible, and borrowing methods of analysis from political science, history, anthropology, and cognitive psychology, this book suggests a cultural explanation for this puzzling transformation in warfare. The Culture of Military Innovation offers a systematic, thorough, and unique analytical approach that may well be applicable in other perplexing strategic situations. Though framed in the context of specific historical experience, the insights of this book reveal important implications related to conventional, subconventional, and nonconventional security issues. It is therefore an ideal reference work for practitioners, scholars, teachers, and students of security studies.
Posted in Political Science

Communication Across Cultures

Author: Elizabeth Christopher

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137010975

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 424

View: 2798

A new textbook exploring communication in international management. Provides a comprehensive overview of the field, summarising the key theoretical perspectives and introducing students to the multi-cultural 'big picture' in which global business operates. Experts provide a wealth of cases and other learning and teaching resources.
Posted in Business & Economics

Religion and Trade

Cross-Cultural Exchanges in World History, 1000-1900

Author: Francesca Trivellato,Leor Halevi,Catia Antunes

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199379211

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 8652

Although trade connects distant people and regions, bringing cultures closer together through the exchange of material goods and ideas, it has not always led to unity and harmony. From the era of the Crusades to the dawn of colonialism, exploitation and violence characterized many trading ventures, which required vessels and convoys to overcome tremendous technological obstacles and merchants to grapple with strange customs and manners in a foreign environment. Yet despite all odds, experienced traders and licensed brokers, as well as ordinary people, travelers, pilgrims, missionaries, and interlopers across the globe, concocted ways of bartering, securing credit, and establishing relationships with people who did not speak their language, wore different garb, and worshipped other gods. Religion and Trade: Cross-Cultural Exchanges in World History, 1000-1900 focuses on trade across religious boundaries around the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic and Indian Oceans during the second millennium. Written by an international team of scholars, the essays in this volume examine a wide range of commercial exchanges, from first encounters between strangers from different continents to everyday transactions between merchants who lived in the same city yet belonged to diverse groups. In order to broach the intriguing yet surprisingly neglected subject of how the relationship between trade and religion developed historically, the authors consider a number of interrelated questions: When and where was religion invoked explicitly as part of commercial policies? How did religious norms affect the everyday conduct of trade? Why did economic imperatives, political goals, and legal institutions help sustain commercial exchanges across religious barriers in different times and places? When did trade between religious groups give way to more tolerant views of "the other" and when, by contrast, did it coexist with hostile images of those decried as "infidels"? Exploring captivating examples from across the world and spanning the course of the second millennium, this groundbreaking volume sheds light on the political, economic, and juridical underpinnings of cross-cultural trade as it emerged or developed at various times and places, and reflects on the cultural and religious significance of the passage of strange persons and exotic objects across the many frontiers that separated humankind in medieval and early modern times.
Posted in History

Handbook of Human Resource Development

Author: Neal F. Chalofsky

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118839897

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 816

View: 5589

Human Resource Development Relies Upon a Strong Educational Foundation In the Handbook of Human Resource Development, Neal Chalofsky, Tonette Rocco, and Michael Lane Morris have compiled a collection of chapters sponsored by the Academy of Human Resource Development to address the fundamental concepts and issues that HR professionals face daily. The chapters are written and supported by professionals who offer a wide range of experience and who represent the industry from varying international and demographic perspectives. Topics addressed form a comprehensive view of the HRD field and answer a number of key questions. Nationally and internationally, how does HRD stand with regard to academic study and research? What is its place in the professional world? What are the philosophies, values, and critical perspectives driving HRD forward? What theories, research initiatives, and other ideas are required to understand HRD and function successfully within this field? As the industry grows, what are the challenges and important issues that professionals expect to face? What hot topics are occupying these professionals now? The Handbook’s insight and guidelines allows students and HR professionals to build a fundamental understanding of HRD as an industry, as a field of research, and for future professional success.
Posted in Business & Economics

Handbook of Culture and Consumer Behavior

Author: Sharon Ng,Angela Y. Lee

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199388547

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 3689

Research on the influence of culture on consumer decision-making and consumption behavior has witnessed tremendous growth in the last decade. With increasing globalization, managers are becoming increasingly aware that operating in multiple markets is crucial for firms' survival and growth. As the world's growth engine shifts from Europe and North America to Asia and Latin America, it has become apparent that an inward-looking and domestic focus strategy will not be sustainable in the long run. And success in foreign markets requires marketers to understand not just what consumers in these markets need but also how they think, behave, consume, and purchase. Numerous studies have documented cultural differences in values and beliefs, motivational orientations, emotions, self-regulation, and information-processing styles, and the effects of these cultural variations on consumer behavior such as brand evaluation, materialism, and impulsive consumption. In this volume, experts from a variety of disciplines and perspectives trace the historical development of culture research in consumer psychology and examine the theoretical underpinnings that account for these findings and the current state of the field. Collectively, the chapters provide a forum for researchers to engage in thoughtful debates and stimulating conversations and offer directions for future research.
Posted in Psychology

The Handbook of Intercultural Discourse and Communication

Author: Christina Bratt Paulston,Scott F. Kiesling,Elizabeth S. Rangel

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444354329

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 768

View: 3469

The Handbook of Intercultural Discourse and Communication brings together internationally-renowned scholars from a range of fields to survey the theoretical perspectives and applied work, including example analyses, in this burgeoning area of linguistics. Features contributions from established researchers in sociolinguistics and intercultural discourse Explores the theoretical perspectives underlying work in the field Examines the history of the field, work in cross-cultural communication, and features of discourse Establishes the scope of this interdisciplinary field of study Includes coverage on individual linguistic features, such as indirectness and politeness, as well as sample analyses of IDC exchanges
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

The Oxford Handbook of Asian Business Systems

Author: Michael A. Witt,Gordon Redding

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191626554

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 752

View: 3434

Much of the existing literature within the "varieties of capitalism" (VOC) and "comparative business systems" fields of research is heavily focused on Europe, Japan, and the Anglo-Saxon nations. As a result, the field has yet to produce a detailed empirical picture of the institutional structures of most Asian nations and to explore to what extent existing theory applies to the Asian context. The Oxford Handbook of Asian Business Systems aims to address this imbalance by exploring the shape and consequences of institutional variations across the political economies of different societies within Asia. Drawing on the deep knowledge of 31 leading experts, this book presents an empirical, comparative institutional analysis of 13 major Asian business systems between India and Japan. To aid comparison, each country chapter follows the same consistent outline. Complementing the country chapters are eleven contributions examining major themes across the region in comparative perspective and linking the empirical picture to existing theory on these themes. A further three chapters provide perspectives on the influence of history and institutional change. The concluding chapters spell out the implications of all these chapters for scholars in the field and for business practitioners in Asia. The Handbook is a major reference work for scholars researching the causes of success and failure in international business in Asia.
Posted in Business & Economics