Cosmic Society

Towards a Sociology of the Universe

Author: Peter Dickens,James S. Ormrod

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0203941500

Category: Social Science

Page: 221

View: 6174

Space weaponry, satellite surveillance and communications, and private space travel are all means in which outer space is being humanized: incorporated into society’s projects. But what are the political implications of society not only being globalized, but becoming ‘cosmic’? Our ideas about society have long affected, and been affected by, our understanding of the universe: large sections of our economy and society are now organized around humanity’s use of outer space. Our view of the universe, our increasingly ‘cosmic’ society, and even human consciousness are being transformed by new relations with the cosmos. As the first sociological book to tackle humanity’s relationship with the universe, this fascinating volume links social theory to classical and contemporary science, and proposes a new ‘cosmic’ social theory. Written in a punchy, student-friendly style, this timely book engages with a range of topical issues, including cyberspace, terrorism, tourism, surveillance and globalization.
Posted in Social Science

Humans in Outer Space - Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Author: Ulrike Landfester,Nina-Louisa Remuss,Kai-Uwe Schrogl,Jean-Claude Worms

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3709102804

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 333

View: 5512

Following the first comprehensive transdisciplinary dialogue on humans in outer space which resulted in "Humans in Outer Space - Interdisciplinary Odysseys", the European Science Foundation (ESF), the European Space Agency (ESA), and the European Space Policy Institute (ESPI) have continued and deepened this transdisciplinary dialogue, which can now be found in Humans in Outer Space - Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Going further than regarding humans as better-than-robot tools for exploration, it investigates the human quest for odysseys beyond Earth's atmosphere and reflects on arising issues related to Europe's role among the States conducting human exploration. It provides perspectives related to governance, management of space exploration, space settlements, the role of astronauts in the future as well as related to the encounter of extraterrestrial life.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

The Network Society

Author: Darin Barney

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745626688

Category: Computers

Page: 198

View: 9745

In The Network Society, Darin Barney provides a compelling examination of the social, political and economic implications of network technologies and their application across a wide range of practices and institutions. Are we in the midst of a digital revolution? Have new information and communication technologies given birth to a new form of society, or do they reinforce and extend existing patterns and relationships? This book provides a clear and engaging discussion of these and other questions. Using a sophisticated model of the relationship between technology and society, Barney investigates both what has changed, and what has remained the same, in the age of the Internet. Among the issues discussed are debates concerning the emergence of a ′knowledge economy′; digital restructuring of employment and work; globalization and the status of the nation–state; the prospects of digital democracy; the digital divide; new social movements; and culture, community and identity in the age of new media. This book provides an accessible resource for a thoughtful engagement with life in the network society. It will be essential reading for students in sociology and media and communication studies. This will be a valuable textbook for undergraduate students of sociology and media and communication studies.
Posted in Computers

Universe on a T-Shirt

The Quest for the Theory of Everything

Author: Dan Falk

Publisher: Arcade Publishing

ISBN: 9781559707336

Category: Science

Page: 246

View: 5244

Provides a critical survey of human attempts to understand the universe, tracing the quest from its origins in ancient Greece to the present day.
Posted in Science

Nature, Society and Environmental Crisis

Author: Bob Carter

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781405193337

Category: Nature

Page: 256

View: 8129

"Many of the chapters in the present volume were first presented at the 2008 BSA Annual Conference 'Social Worlds, Natural Worlds' held at the University of Warwick."--Acknowledgments.
Posted in Nature

Masters of the Universe

Science, Politics and the New Space Race

Author: Melissa Mean,James Wilsdon

Publisher: Demos

ISBN: 1841801194

Category: Astronautics

Page: 93

View: 5714

"Explores how space technology can help governments and citizens meet the challenges of economic modernisation and sustainable development." - cover.
Posted in Astronautics

Astronomy and the Imagination

A New Approach to Man's Experience of the Stars

Author: Norman Davidson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780710211798

Category: Astronomy

Page: 237

View: 9826

Posted in Astronomy

Nature, social relations and human needs

essays in honour of Ted Benton

Author: Sandra Moog,Rob Stones,Ted Benton

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9780230201156

Category: Social Science

Page: 278

View: 4318

Bringing together some of the most eminent thinkers in the field, this book celebrates the seminal contribution of Ted Benton to such pressing themes as: realism, naturalism and the philosophy of the social sciences, the continuing relevance of Marxism, philosophical anthropology and human needs, and ecology, society and natural limits.
Posted in Social Science

The spaceflight revolution

a sociological study

Author: William Sims Bainbridge

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 294

View: 5920

Posted in Technology & Engineering

The Routledge International Handbook of Globalization Studies

Author: Bryan S Turner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135198748

Category: Political Science

Page: 728

View: 9162

The Routledge International Handbook of Globalization Studies offers students clear and informed chapters on the history of globalization and key theories that have considered the causes and consequences of the globalization process. There are substantive sections looking at demographic, economic, technological, social and cultural changes in globalization. The handbook examines many negative aspects – new wars, slavery, illegal migration, pollution and inequality – but concludes with an examination of responses to these problems through human rights organizations, international labour law and the growth of cosmopolitanism. There is a strong emphasis on interdisciplinary approaches with essays covering sociology, demography, economics, politics, anthropology and history. The Handbook written in a clear and direct style will appeal to a wide audience. The extensive references and sources will direct students to areas of further study.
Posted in Political Science

Cosmos and Consciousness

Quantum Computers, Superstrings, Programming, Egypt, Quarks, Mind Body Problem, and Turing Machines

Author: Stephen Blaha

Publisher: Pingree-Hill Publishing

ISBN: 0972079548

Category: Computers

Page: 272

View: 8765

This book represents a simple idea with profound implications for science and philosophy. It develops a new foundation at both a popular and technological level of current fundamental theories.
Posted in Computers

Practical Matter

Author: Margaret C. Jacob,Larry Stewart

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674014978

Category: History

Page: 201

View: 8541

Margaret Jacob and Larry Stewart examine the profound transformation that began in 1687. From the year when Newton published his Principia to the Crystal Palace Exhibition of 1851, science gradually became central to Western thought and economic development. The book aims at a general audience and examines how, despite powerful opposition on the Continent, a Newtonian understanding gained acceptance and practical application. By the mid-eighteenth century the new science had achieved ascendancy, and the race was on to apply Newtonian mechanics to industry and manufacturing. They end the story with the temple to scientific and technological progress that was the Crystal Palace exhibition. Choosing their examples carefully, Jacob and Stewart show that there was nothing preordained or inevitable about the centrality awarded to science. "It is easy to forget that science might have been stillborn, or remained the esoteric knowledge of court elites. Instead, for better and for worse, science became a centerpiece of Western culture."
Posted in History

Space Travel and Culture

From Apollo to Space Tourism

Author: David Bell,Martin Parker

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781405193320

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 1118

Explores the significance of the first Apollo moon landing and how the countless books, films, and products associated with factual space fiction had an affect on popular culture and artistic practice, but not social sciences and humanities Investigates how a topic is hugely important in popular culture, but almost invisible in the academy, and how it makes us want to ask questions about visibility, or perhaps self-censorship Evaluates how little impact the space age actually had on the social sciences and humanities - partly because its combination of military-industrial cold war politics, combined with patriarchy and big science, sits uneasily with contemporary thought in these areas Provides an interdisciplinary collection of essays on various aspects of NASA, the moon landing, and the commercialization of space generally The book travels from hard engineering to space romance, echoing the variety of attempts to blur science and culture
Posted in Social Science

Sky Static

The Space Debris Crisis

Author: Antony Milne

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275977498

Category: History

Page: 187

View: 6047

Space junk crashing into Earth is a real and escalating danger. Milne provides the first synthesis of the interdisciplinary work of the scientific community, which has been investigating how the satellite industry can be protected from manmade and natural space hazards. The result is an invaluable book for those concerned with space missions and space disasters, those worried about cosmic radiation and its effects on humans, members of the Spaceguard defense movement, and anyone concerned with defense and international cooperation efforts in general. Tens of millions of objects may exist in space, ranging in size from grains of sand to entire rocket boosters. Many fireballs seen in the skies, often thought to be UFOs, are in fact manmade debris. Plutonium and other highly toxic fuels from failed Russian craft have already contaminated inhabited areas of Central Asia. Natural hazards such as comet particles can travel at 100 times the speed of a bullet and can severely damage satellites. There is also the danger of spaceweather effects, such as cosmic rays, that could interfere with a spacecraft's electronics and interrupt the global transmission of telephones and television.
Posted in History

Climate Change Law

Mitigation and Adaptation

Author: David R. Hodas,Nicholas A. Robinson

Publisher: West Academic

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 831

View: 2369

This casebook examines climate change law using primary source materials, commentary and problem exercises. Climate science and policy are integrated into each section of the book. Reducing global and U.S. greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to the impacts of climate change receive approximately equal treatment. Mitigation is covered in chapters on the probable post-Kyoto regime, energy law and policy, national and state law, theory and practice of economic instruments (such as cap and trade and carbon taxes), and carbon sequestration. Adaptation is addressed in ecosystem, sectoral, regional, and human settlement chapters.
Posted in Law

Rocket Dreams

How the Space Age Shaped Our Vision of a World Beyond

Author: Marina Benjamin

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9780743254175

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 4177

In 1958, mankind's centuries-long flirtation with space flight became a torrid love affair. For a decade, tens of millions of people were enraptured -- first, by the U.S.-Soviet race to the moon, and finally, as America outstripped its rival, by Project Apollo alone. It is now more than three decades since the last man walked on the moon...more time than between the first moonwalk and the beginning of World War II. Apollo did not, as had been promised by a generation of visionaries, herald the beginning of the Space Age, but its end. Or did it? Project Apollo, like a cannonball, reached its apogee and returned to earth, but the trajectory of that return was complex. America's atmosphere -- its economic, scientific, and cultural atmosphere -- made for a very complicated reentry that produced many solutions to the trajectory problem. Rocket Dreams is about those solutions...about the places where the space program landed. In Rocket Dreams, an extraordinarily talented young writer named Marina Benjamin will take you on a journey to those landing sites. A visit with retired astronauts at a celebrity autograph show is a starting point down the divergent paths taken by the pioneers, including Edgar Mitchell, founder of the "church" of Noëtic Sciences. Roswell, New Mexico is a landing site of a different order, the "magnetic north" of UFO belief in the United States -- a belief that began its most dramatic growth precisely at the time that the path of the space program began its descent. In the vernacular, the third law of motion states that what goes up, must come down. Thus the tremendous motive force that energized the space program didn't just vanish; it was conserved and transformed, making bestsellers out of fantasy literature, spawning Gaia, and giving symbolism to the environmental movement. Everything from the pop cultural boom in ufology to the worldwide Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence (SETI) feeds on the energy given off by America's leap toward space. Rocket Dreams is an eloquent tour of this Apollo-scarred landscape. It is also an introduction to some of the most fascinating characters imaginable: Some long dead, like the crackpot visionary Alfred Lawson, who saw in space flight a new stage of human evolution ("Alti-Man"), or Robert Goddard, the father of rocketry, whose workshop in Roswell stands only half a mile from shops selling posters of alien visitors. Others are very much alive -- like Stewart Brand, creator of the Whole Earth Catalog and partner with Gerard O'Neill in the drive to build free-floating space colonies, and SETI astronomer Seth Shostak, who has spent decades listening to the skies, hoping for the first contact with another intelligent species. Perceptive, original, and wonderfully written, informed by history, science, and an acute knowledge of popular culture, Rocket Dreams is a brilliant book by a remarkable talent.
Posted in Social Science

Warfare State

Britain, 1920–1970

Author: David Edgerton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139448741

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 7829

A challenge to the central theme of the existing histories of twentieth-century Britain, that the British state was a welfare state, this book argues that it was also a warfare state, which supported a powerful armaments industry. This insight implies major revisions to our understanding of twentieth-century British history, from appeasement, to wartime industrial and economic policy, and the place of science and technology in government. David Edgerton also shows how British intellectuals came to think of the state in terms of welfare and decline, and includes a devastating analysis of C. P. Snow's two cultures. This groundbreaking book offers a new, post-welfarist and post-declinist, account of Britain, and an original analysis of the relations of science, technology, industry and the military. It will be essential reading for those working on the history and historiography of twentieth-century Britain, the historical sociology of war and the history of science and technology.
Posted in History

Fantasy and Social Movements

Author: James S. Ormrod

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9781137348166

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 5967

It is sometimes assumed that fantasizing stands in contrast to activism. This book, however, argues that fantasy plays a central role in social movements. Drawing on the psychoanalytic theories of Freud, Klein and Lacan, and psychosocial theories inspired by them, Fantasy and Social Movements examines the relationships between fantasy, reality, action, the unconscious and the collective. It makes a case for distinguishing between various 'modes of fantasy', which configure these relationships in different ways. Illustrated by a case study of activists who support the exploration, development and settlement of outer space, the book's theoretical arguments provide a platform for a critical psychosocial reworking of contemporary social movement theory. The result is a new typology of social movements that places fantasy at its core.
Posted in History

Blind Spot

The Secret History of American Counterterrorism

Author: Tim Naftali

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 9780786736331

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 4108

In this revelatory new account, national security expert Timothy Naftali relates the full story of America's decades-long attempt to fight terrorism. On September 11, 2001, a long history of failures and missteps came to a head, with tragic results. But, explains Naftali, it didn't have to be so. Blind Spot traces the long history of American efforts to thwart terrorism, from World War II to the Munich Games hostage-taking to the first attack on the World Trade Center in 1993. In riveting detail, based on original research and interviews with the key participants, Naftali describes why our early successes in counterterrorism did not translate into success against Osama bin Laden later in the 1990s, and why, until 9/11, the domestic threat of terrorism was the largest blind spot in United States national security.
Posted in History

Space

The Free-market Frontier

Author: Edward Lee Hudgins,Cato Institute

Publisher: Cato Institute

ISBN: 9781930865181

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 259

View: 5996

Space deals with the issues involved in opening space to private travel and more commercial ventures.
Posted in Business & Economics