Providing a survey of colonial American history both regionally broad and "Atlantic" in coverage, Converging Worlds presents the most recent research in an accessible manner for undergraduate students. The ideal accompaniment to Converging Worlds: Communities and Cultures in Colonial America, this Sourcebook is a collection of primary documents that contextualize and bring to life the exciting narrative of early America. The expert authors of each chapter have hand-picked multiple documents corresponding with the same chapter in the textbook to help students delve deeper into the diverse geographic regions and variety of topics covered in this time period, including: Letters Pamphlets and newspaper articles Excerpts from diaries Patents and charters Court records And much more! While the Sourcebook and text make a perfectly integrated package, the Sourcebook also features general introductions and section introductions framing the documents, so students can easily use it on its own to explore the vast colonial world up close. In addition to the helpful maps, timelines, and further resources available for students on the companion site, instructors will have access to the full text of many of the documents included in the Sourcebook. For additional information and classroom resources please visit the Converging Worlds companion website at www.routledge.com/cw/breen.
Communities and Cultures in Colonial America, A Sourcebook
Author: Louise A. Breen
This volume reviews and compares welfare policy change in the UK and Germany. It focuses on family policy, pensions, and the labour market, and covers both public provision as well as the role of company-based social protection.
British and German Social Policy in the 21st Century
Author: Jochen Clasen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Business & Economics
Although there are studies that examine play and literacy relationships, literacy and family relationships, and childhood play in cross-cultural contexts, there are currently no detailed, grounded studies that weave these together as a way of re-theorizing traditional approaches to the study of play and literacy in early childhood. Framed within the perspectives of emergent literacy, social constructivism, and social positioning theory, this qualitative case study explores the intersections of play, literacy, and culture through an in-depth examination of the home-based play activities of a five-year-old Chinese girl. The unique focus of the book offers an up-to-date viewpoint on the bi-directionality and reciprocity between play and literacy learning by exploring issues of gender, identity, family literacy, and culture. Written in narrative format, this highly accessible book paints a rich portrait of what it means to be a child language learner in and across complex linguistic worlds where dissonant cultures must sometimes be negotiated.
Play, Literacy, and Culture in Early Childhood
Author: Maureen Kendrick
Publisher: Peter Lang
Category: Social Science
Mathias Frisch provides the first sustained philosophical discussion of conceptual problems in classical particle-field theories. Part of the book focuses on the problem of a satisfactory equation of motion for charged particles interacting with electromagnetic fields. As Frisch shows, the standard equation of motion results in a mathematically inconsistent theory, yet there is no fully consistent and conceptually unproblematic alternative theory. Frisch describes in detail how the search for a fundamental equation of motion is partly driven by pragmatic considerations (like simplicity and mathematical tractability) that can override the aim for full consistency. The book also offers a comprehensive review and criticism of both the physical and philosophical literature on the temporal asymmetry exhibited by electromagnetic radiation fields, including Einstein's discussion of the asymmetry and Wheeler and Feynman's influential absorber theory of radiation. Frisch argues that attempts to derive the asymmetry from thermodynamic or cosmological considerations fail and proposes that we should understand the asymmetry as due to a fundamental causal constraint. The book's overarching philosophical thesis is that standard philosophical accounts that strictly identify scientific theories with a mathematical formalism and a mapping function specifying the theory's ontology are inadequate, since they permit neither inconsistent yet genuinely successful theories nor thick causal notions to be part of fundamental physics.
A Philosophical Investigation of Classical Electrodynamics
Author: Mathias Frisch
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Providing a survey of colonial American history both regionally broad and "Atlantic" in coverage, Converging Worlds presents the most recent research in an accessible manner for undergraduate students. With chapters written by top-notch scholars, Converging Worlds is unique in providing not only a comprehensive chronological approach to colonial history with attention to thematic details, but a window into the relevant historiography. Each historian also selected several documents to accompany their chapter, found in the companion primary source reader. Converging Worlds: Communities and Cultures in Colonial America includes: timelines tailored for every chapter chapter summaries discussion questions lists of further reading, introducing students to specialist literature fifty illustrations. Key topics discussed include: French, Spanish, and Native American experiences regional areas such as the Midwest and Southwest religion including missions, witchcraft, and Protestants the experience of women and families. With its synthesis of both broad time periods and specific themes, Converging Worlds is ideal for students of the colonial period, and provides a fascinating glimpse into the diverse foundations of America. For additional information and classroom resources please visit the Converging Worlds companion website at www.routledge.com/textbooks/9780415964999.
Communities and Cultures in Colonial America
Author: Louise A. Breen
"Converging World has its origin in the principle of 'contraction and convergence', which expresses the need for carbon emissions across the world to converge to an equal per capital level with which the planet can cope through its natural processes. This principle is extended in this Briefing by exploring the central concept of Convergence, which will involve reducing the total ecological footprint of some, while increasing that of others - aiming for equality. It means having an ideal for social justice, as well as economic redistribution and environmental protection. As the pressures of population and consumption are stretching the planet's capacity beyond its limits, this convergence is an urgent necessity for a world that will become increasingly tense, fractious, and for some unbearable. This Briefing explores these ideas, and describes how a new charity, The Converging World, is forming to put the idea of Convergence into action." --Book Jacket.
Connecting Communities in Global Change
Author: A. J. Pontin,Ian Roderick
Category: Carbon dioxide mitigation
In 1805 two Scottish missionaries were stranded en route to India - in Copenhagen. Shocked by the Godlessness of the Scandinavians, they decided to stay: to deploy their evangelical energies in northern Europe instead of in Asia. As they explained in a letter home, "We pity the inhabitants of Bengal and Otaheite because they worship idols, but what better are Europeans who worship no God?" This study investigates in which conceptions and experiences of the non-European world came to influence inter-European relationships - in particular, those between Britain and Sweden during the early-nineteenth-century. Although the Anglo-Swedish contacts were marked by conflicts and tensions, they still contributed significantly to the development of a pan-Protestant European view of the non-European, non-Christian world. With its transnational focus this study illuminates previously overlooked aspects of European, as well as of British and Swedish history.
the European expansion and early-nineteenth-century Anglo-Swedish contacts
Author: Hanna Hodacs
a report to the Trilateral Commission
Author: Toyoo Gyohten,Charles Edward Morrison,Trilateral Commission
Category: Business & Economics
There has been a remarkable resurgence in the past decade of intellectual interplay between geography and the humanities in both academic and public circles. Terminology and concepts such as space, place, landscape, mapping and geography are becoming pervasive as conceptual frameworks and core metaphors in recent publications by humanities scholars and well-known writers. Envisioning Landscapes, Making Worlds examines the depth and complexity of human meaning invested in maps, attached to landscapes, and embedded in the spaces and places of modern life. The clashing and blending of cultures caused by globalization and the new technologies that profoundly alter human environmental experience suggest new geographical narratives and representations that are explored here by a multidisciplinary group of authors. With contributions from leadng scholars, this text is essential reading for scholars and students seeking to understand the new synergies and interconnectedness of geography and the humanities.
Geography and the Humanities
Author: Stephen Daniels,Dydia DeLyser,J. Nicholas Entrikin,Doug Richardson
Tracing the emergence of 'Religious Internationals' as a distinctive new phenomenon in world history, this book transforms our understanding of the role of religion in our modern world. Through in-depth studies comparing the experiences of Buddhists, Christians, Hindus, Jews and Muslims, leading experts shed new light on 'global civil society'.
Globalization and Faith Communities since 1750
Author: A. Green,V. Viaene
This book takes on current perspectives on children’s relationships to literacy, media, childhood, markets and transtionalism in converging global worlds. It introduces the idea of multi-sited imaginaries to explain how children’s media and literacy performances shape and are shaped by shared visions of communities that we collectively imagine, including play, media, gender, family, school, or cultural worlds. It draws upon elements of ethnographies of globalization, nexus analysis and performance theories to examine the convergences of such imaginaries across multiple sites: early childhood and elementary classrooms and communities in Puerto Rico and the Midwest United States. In this work we attempt to understand that the local moment of engagement within play, dramatic experiences, and literacies is not a given but is always emerging from and within the multiple localities children navigate and the histories, possibilities and challenges they bring to the creative moment.
Converging Imaginaries in Children's Critical and Cultural Performances
Author: Carmen L. Medina,Karen E. Wohlwend
An interdisciplinary collection exploring the practices and cultures of mapping in the arts, humanities and social sciences. It features contributions from scholars in critical cartography, social anthropology, film and cultural studies, literary studies, art and visual culture, marketing, museum studies, architecture, and popular music studies.
Place, Practice, Performance
Author: L. Roberts
Category: Social Science
"With This is the Way the World Ends Jeff Nesbit has delivered an enlightening - and alarming - explanation of the climate challenge as it exists today. Climate change is no far-off threat. It's impacting communities all over the world at this very moment, and we ignore the scientific reality at our own peril. The good news? As Nesbit underscores, disaster is not preordained. The global community can meet this moment — and we must." —Senator John Kerry A unique view of climate change glimpsed through the world's resources that are disappearing. The world itself won’t end, of course. Only ours will: our livelihoods, our homes, our cultures. And we’re squarely at the tipping point. Longer droughts in the Middle East. Growing desertification in China and Africa. The monsoon season shrinking in India. Amped-up heat waves in Australia. More intense hurricanes reaching America. Water wars in the Horn of Africa. Rebellions, refugees and starving children across the globe. These are not disconnected events. These are the pieces of a larger puzzle that environmental expert Jeff Nesbit puts together Unless we start addressing the causes of climate change and stop simply navigating its effects, we will be facing a series of unstoppable catastrophes by the time our preschoolers graduate from college. Our world is in trouble – right now. This Is the Way the World Ends tells the real stories of the substantial impacts to Earth’s systems unfolding across each continent. The bad news? Within two decades or so, our carbon budget will reach a point of no return. But there’s good news. Like every significant challenge we’ve faced—from creating civilization in the shadow of the last ice age to the Industrial Revolution—we can get out of this box canyon by understanding the realities, changing the worn-out climate conversation to one that’s relevant to every person. Nesbit provides a clear blueprint for real-time, workable solutions we can tackle together.
How Droughts and Die-offs, Heat Waves and Hurricanes Are Converging on America
Author: Jeff Nesbit
Publisher: Thomas Dunne Books
The Arab Spring, with its calls for sweeping political change, marked the most profound popular uprising in the Middle East for generations. But if the nascent democracies born of these protests are to succeed in the absence of a strong democratic tradition, their success will depend in part on an understanding of how Middle Easterners view themselves, their allegiances to family and religion, and their relationship with the wider world in which they are increasingly integrated. Many of these same questions were raised by Alexis de Tocqueville during his 1831 tour of America, itself then a rising democracy. Joshua Mitchell spent years teaching Tocqueville’s classic account, Democracy in America, in America and the Arab Gulf and, with Tocqueville in Arabia, he offers a profound personal take. One of the reasons for the book’s widespread popularity in the region is that its commentary on the challenges of democracy and the seemingly contradictory concepts of equality and individuality continue to speak to current debates. While Mitchell’s American students tended to value the individualism of commercial self-interest, his Middle Eastern students had grave doubts about individualism and a deep suspicion for capitalism, which they saw as risking the destruction of long-held loyalties and obligations. When asked about suffering, American students answered in psychological or sociological terms, while Middle Eastern students understood it in terms of religion. Mitchell describes modern democratic man as becoming what Tocqueville predicted: a “distinct kind of humanity” that would be increasingly isolated and alone. Whatever their differences, students in both worlds were grappling with a sense of disconnectedness that social media does little to remedy. We live in a time rife with mutual misunderstandings between America and the Middle East, and Tocqueville in Arabia offers a guide to the present, troubled times, leavened by the author’s hopes about the future.
Dilemmas in a Democratic Age
Author: Joshua Mitchell
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Category: Political Science
Contracting-out Welfare Services focuses on the design and overhaul of welfare-to-work systems around the world in the light of the radical re-design of the welfare system; internationally based authors utilise a national/program case study, considering employment services policy and activation practices. International contributors bring a global comparative perspective to the subject Contributors are all experts in their field, who also draw on a much longer intellectual legacy Uses employment services as a case study to advance understanding in relation to a host of broader principles and concepts Each paper included within the text uses a national/program case study, and each considers employment services policy in general, and activation practices in particular
Comparing National Policy Designs for Unemployment Assistance
Author: Siobhan O'Sullivan,Mark Considine
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Political Science
Regulating the Risk of Unemployment offers a systematic comparative analysis of the recent adaptation of European unemployment protection systems to increasingly post-industrial labour markets. These systems were mainly designed and institutionalized in predominantly industrial economies, characterized by relatively standardized employment relationships and stable career patterns, as well as plentiful employment opportunities even for those with low skills. Over the past two to three decades they have faced the challenge of an accelerating shift to a primarily service-based economy, accompanied by demands for greater flexibility in wages and terms and conditions in low-skill segments of the labour market as well as pressures to maximise labour force participation given the more limited potential for productivity-led growth. The book develops an original framework for analysing adaptive reform in unemployment protection along three discrete dimensions of institutional change, which are termed benefit homogenization, risk re-categorization, and activation. This framework is then used to structure analysis of twenty years of unemployment protection reform in twelve European countries. In addition to mapping reforms along these dimensions, the country studies analyse the political and institutional factors that have shaped national patterns of adaptation. Complementary comparative analyses explore the effects of benefit reforms on the operation of the labour market, assess evolving patterns of working-age benefit dependency, and examine the changing role of active labour market policies in the regulation of the risk of unemployment.
National Adaptations to Post-Industrial Labour Markets in Europe
Author: Jochen Clasen,Daniel Clegg
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Category: Political Science
This is an ethnography of a Russian village: the everyday social and agricultural routines of the village as well as religous practices, cosmology, beliefs and practices surrounding health and illness, the melding of Orthodox and communist traditions and their post-Soviet evolution.
The Story of Memory in a Russian Village
Author: Margaret Paxson
Publisher: Indiana University Press
The Russian Empire presented itself to its subjects and the world as an Orthodox state, a patron and defender of Eastern Christianity. Yet the tsarist regime also lauded itself for granting religious freedoms to its many heterodox subjects, making 'religious toleration' a core attribute of the state's identity. The Tsar's Foreign Faiths shows that the resulting tensions between the autocracy's commitments to Orthodoxy and its claims to toleration became a defining feature of the empire's religious order. In this panoramic account, Paul W. Werth explores the scope and character of religious freedom for Russia's diverse non-Orthodox religions, from Lutheranism and Catholicism to Islam and Buddhism. Considering both rhetoric and practice, he examines discourses of religious toleration and the role of confessional institutions in the empire's governance. He reveals the paradoxical status of Russia's heterodox faiths as both established and 'foreign', and explains the dynamics that shaped the fate of newer conceptions of religious liberty after the mid-nineteenth century. If intellectual change and the shifting character of religious life in Russia gradually pushed the regime towards the acceptance of freedom of conscience, then statesmen's nationalist sentiments and their fears of 'politicized' religion impeded this development. Russia's religious order thus remained beset by contradiction on the eve of the Great War. Based on archival research in five countries and a vast scholarly literature, The Tsar's Foreign Faiths represents a major contribution to the history of empire and religion in Russia, and to the study of toleration and religious diversity in Europe.
Toleration and the Fate of Religious Freedom in Imperial Russia
Author: Paul W. Werth
Publisher: OUP Oxford
This book examines alleged “superhuman” powers associated with smith/artisans in five African societies. It discusses their ritual and social roles, mythico-histories, and changing relationships between specialists and patrons. Rasmussen uses primary source data from her research in Tuareg communities and compares this to secondary data on four other African societies.
Ritual Powers of Smith/Artisans in Tuareg Society and Beyond
Author: Susan Rasmussen
Publisher: University Press of America