Controlling the Quantum World of Atoms, Molecules, and Photons

An Interim Report

Author: Board on Physics and Astronomy,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030965565X

Category: Science

Page: 12

View: 3574

Atomic, molecular, and optical (AMO) science illustrates powerfully the ties of fundamental physics to society. Its very name comes from three of the twentieth century's greatest advances: the establishment of the atom as the building block of matter; the development of quantum mechanics, which made it possible to understand the inner workings of atoms and molecules; and the invention of the laser. Advances made possible by the scientists in this field touch almost every sphere of societal importance in the past century. Navigation by the stars gave way to navigation by clocks, which in turn has given way to today's navigation by atomic clocks. Laser surgery has replaced the knife for the most delicate operations. Homeland security relies on a multitude of screening technologies based on AMO research to detect toxins in the air and hidden weapons in luggage or on persons, to name a few. New drugs are now designed with the aid of x-ray scattering to determine their structure at the molecular level using AMO-based precision measurement techniques. And the global economy depends critically on high-speed telecommunication by laser light sent over thin optical fibers encircling the globe. AMO scientists are proud of their central role in science and society in the twentieth century, and they have been rewarded with numerous Nobel prizes over the past decade, including the 2005 prize in physics. But in this report we look to the future. The National Research Council of the National Academies has undertaken a study of opportunities in atomic, molecular, and optical (AMO) science and technology over roughly the next decade. The committee carrying out the AMO 2010 study, has been asked to assess the state of AMO science, emphasizing recent accomplishments and identifying new and compelling scientific questions. The six grand challenges, summarized below, will each form a chapter of the committee's final report: What is the nature of physical law? What happens at the lowest temperatures in the universe? What happens when we turn up the power? Can we control the inner workings of a molecule? How will we control and exploit the nanoworld? What lies beyond Moore's law? Controlling the Quantum World of Atoms, Molecules, and Photons: An Interim Report provides a preview of the final document. It summarizes the committee's opinion on the key opportunities in forefront AMO science and in closely related critical technologies and discusses some of the broad-scale conclusions of the final report. It also identifies how AMO science supports national R&D priorities.
Posted in Science

Controlling the Quantum World

The Science of Atoms, Molecules, and Photons

Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Physics and Astronomy,Committee on AMO 2010

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309102707

Category: Science

Page: 244

View: 2752

As part of the Physics 2010 decadal survey project, the Department of Energy and the National Science Foundation requested that the National Research Council assess the opportunities, over roughly the next decade, in atomic, molecular, and optical (AMO) science and technology. In particular, the National Research Council was asked to cover the state of AMO science, emphasizing recent accomplishments and identifying new and compelling scientific questions. Controlling the Quantum World, discusses both the roles and challenges for AMO science in instrumentation; scientific research near absolute zero; development of extremely intense x-ray and laser sources; exploration and control of molecular processes; photonics at the nanoscale level; and development of quantum information technology. This book also offers an assessment of and recommendations about critical issues concerning maintaining U.S. leadership in AMO science and technology.
Posted in Science

The Quantum World of Ultra-Cold Atoms and Light Book I: Foundations of Quantum Optics

Author: Crispin Gardiner ,Peter Zoller

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 1783264608

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 6624

This century has seen the development of technologies for manipulating and controlling matter and light at the level of individual photons and atoms, a realm in which physics is fully quantum mechanical. The dominant experimental technology is the laser, and the theoretical paradigm is quantum optics. The Quantum World of Ultra-Cold Atoms and Light is a trilogy, which presents the quantum optics way of thinking and its applications to quantum devices. This book — Foundations of Quantum Optics — provides an introductory text on the theoretical techniques of quantum optics, containing the elements of what one needs to teach, learn, and “think” about quantum optics. There is a particular emphasis on the classical and quantum stochastic methods which have come to dominate the field. Book II will cover applications to quantum devices, such as quantum computers and simulators, and will include the more advanced techniques necessary to describe non-classical light fields. Book III will cover the field of ultra-cold atoms, for which the quantum-optical paradigm has proved to be highly applicable for quantitative work. For more information, please visit: http://europe.worldscientific.com/quantum-world-of-ultra-cold-atoms-and-light.html
Posted in Science

The Theory of the Quantum World

Proceedings of the 25th Solvay Conference on Physics, Brussels, Belgium 19-22 October 2011

Author: David Gross,Marc Henneaux,Alexander Sevrin

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814440620

Category: Science

Page: 387

View: 1909

Ever since 1911, the Solvay Conferences have shaped modern physics. The 25th edition held in October 2011 in Brussels and chaired by David Gross continued this tradition and celebrated the first centennial of this illustrious series of conferences. The development and applications of quantum mechanics have always been the main threads in the history of the Solvay Conferences, hence the 25th Solvay conference gathered many of the leading figures working on a wide variety of profound problems in physics where quantum mechanical effects play a central role. The conference addressed some of the most pressing open questions in the field of physics.The proceedings contain the OC rapporteur talksOCO which give a broad overview with unique insights by distinguished and renowned scientists. These lectures cover the seven sessions: OC History and ReflectionsOCO, OC Foundations of Quantum Mechanics and Quantum ComputationOCO, OC Control of Quantum SystemsOCO, OC Quantum Condensed MatterOCO, OC Particles and FieldsOCO, OC Quantum Gravity and String TheoryOCO and it ended with a general discussion attempting to arrive at a synthesis.In the Solvay tradition, the proceedings also include the prepared comments to the rapporteur talks. The discussions among the participants OCo some of which quite lively and involving dramatically divergent points of view OCo have been carefully edited and are reproduced in full.
Posted in Science

The Quantum World of Ultra-Cold Atoms and Light Book II: The Physics of Quantum-Optical Devices

Author: Crispin Gardiner,Peter Zoller

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 1783266155

Category: Science

Page: 524

View: 7846

This century has seen the development of technologies for manipulating and controlling matter and light at the level of individual photons and atoms, a realm in which physics is fully quantum-mechanical. The dominant experimental technology is the laser, and the theoretical paradigm is quantum optics. The Quantum World of Ultra-Cold Atoms and Light is a trilogy, which presents the quantum optics way of thinking and its applications to quantum devices. This book — The Physics of Quantum-Optical Devices — provides a comprehensive treatment of theoretical quantum optics. It covers applications to the optical manipulation of the quantum states of atoms, laser cooling, continuous measurement, quantum computers and quantum processors, superconducting systems and quantum networks. The subject is consistently formulated in terms of quantum stochastic techniques, and a systematic and thorough development of these techniques is a central part of the book. There is also a compact overview of the ideas of quantum information theory. The main aim of the book is to present the theoretical techniques necessary for the understanding of quantum optical devices, with special attention to those devices used in quantum information processing and quantum simulation. Although these techniques were developed originally for the optical regime, they are also applicable to electromagnetic radiation from the microwave realm to the ultra-violet, and for atomic systems, Josephson junction systems, quantum dots and nano-mechanical systems. For more information, please visit: http://europe.worldscientific.com/quantum-world-of-ultra-cold-atoms-and-light.html
Posted in Science

Quantum Control

Mathematical and Numerical Challenges : CRM Workshop, October 6-11, 2002, Montréal, Canada

Author: André D. Bandrauk,Michel C. Delfour,Claude Le Bris

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821833308

Category: Science

Page: 211

View: 4044

It brought together mathematicians, theoretical chemists, and physicists working in the area of control and optimization of systems to address the outstanding numerical and mathematical problems."
Posted in Science

Rewiring the Corporate Brain

Using the New Science to Rethink how We Structure and Lead Organizations

Author: Danah Zohar

Publisher: Berrett-Koehler Publishers

ISBN: 9781576750223

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 172

View: 6760

Describes the brain as a three-part system consisting of a mental, spiritual, and emotional section and shows how "rewiring" the thinking behind thinking can allow one's brain to function and operate more fully. 25,000 first printing. $50,000 ad/promo. Tour. IP.
Posted in Business & Economics

Centers of Power

The Convergence of Psychoanalysis and Kabbalah

Author: Stanley R. Schneider

Publisher: Jason Aronson, Incorporated

ISBN: 0765708493

Category: Psychology

Page: 276

View: 9550

Kabbalah and psychoanalysis are conceptions about the nature of reality. The former is over two thousand years old. The latter has been formalized less than a hundred years ago. Nonetheless they are parallel journeys of discovery that have forever altered not only what we see, but the very nature of seeing itself. The purpose of this study is to explore how Kabbalah and psychoanalysis converge and diverge, complement and conflict with each other, in order to amplify their impact and enable mankind to gain a greater understanding of reality.
Posted in Psychology

Control of Quantum Systems

Theory and Methods

Author: Shuang Cong

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118608151

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 448

View: 6909

Advanced research reference examining the closed and open quantum systems Control of Quantum Systems: Theory and Methods provides an insight into the modern approaches to control of quantum systems evolution, with a focus on both closed and open (dissipative) quantum systems. The topic is timely covering the newest research in the field, and presents and summarizes practical methods and addresses the more theoretical aspects of control, which are of high current interest, but which are not covered at this level in other text books. The quantum control theory and methods written in the book are the results of combination of macro-control theory and microscopic quantum system features. As the development of the nanotechnology progresses, the quantum control theory and methods proposed today are expected to be useful in real quantum systems within five years. The progress of the quantum control theory and methods will promote the progress and development of quantum information, quantum computing, and quantum communication. Equips readers with the potential theories and advanced methods to solve existing problems in quantum optics/information/computing, mesoscopic systems, spin systems, superconducting devices, nano-mechanical devices, precision metrology. Ideal for researchers, academics and engineers in quantum engineering, quantum computing, quantum information, quantum communication, quantum physics, and quantum chemistry, whose research interests are quantum systems control.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Die Ordnung der Zeit

Author: Carlo Rovelli

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644000751

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 1183

Leben wir in der Zeit oder lebt die Zeit vielleicht nur in uns? Alle theoretischen Physiker von Weltrang, die den großen und kleinen Kräften des Universums nachspüren, beschäftigen sich immer wieder mit der entscheidenden Frage, was Zeit ist. Wenn ihre großen Modelle die Zeit zur Erklärung des Elementaren nicht mehr brauchen, wie kommt es dann, dass sie für unser Leben so wichtig ist? Geht es wirklich ohne sie? Carlo Rovelli gibt in diesem Buch überraschende Antworten. Er nimmt uns mit auf eine Reise durch unsere Vorstellungen der von der Zeit und spürt ihren Regeln und Rätseln nach. Ein großes, packend geschriebenes Lese-Abenteuer, ein würdiger Nachfolger des Welt-Bestsellers "Sieben kurze Lektionen über Physik".
Posted in Science

Laser Focus World

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Electrooptics

Page: N.A

View: 4573

Global electro-optic technology and markets.
Posted in Electrooptics

The Quantum World of Nuclear Physics

Author: Yuri A. Berezhnoy

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812563873

Category: Science

Page: 191

View: 2050

This book presents a comprehensive explanation of the main ideas and principles of atomic and nuclear physics and quantum mechanics. The author invites readers to plunge into the physics of micro-objects and to take a fascinating tour of the world of atoms and nuclei. The main questions under consideration are the structure of atoms, atomic nuclei, the substance and systematics of elementary particles, the processes of the creation of atomic nuclei and the evolution of stars as well as different applied aspects of the physics of micro-objects.
Posted in Science

Spirituality and the Awakening Self

The Sacred Journey of Transformation

Author: David G. Benner

Publisher: Baker Books

ISBN: 158743296X

Category: Religion

Page: 240

View: 1576

Presents psychological commentary on the spiritual development of the self, claiming that the maturation of the self is founded in Christian spirituality.
Posted in Religion

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Quantum Theory and Symmetries

Krakow, Poland, July 18-21, 2001

Author: Edward Kapuścik,Andrzej Horzela

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812777850

Category: Science

Page: 648

View: 6828

This book presents the up-to-date status of quantum theory and the outlook for its development in the 21st century. The covered topics include basic problems of quantum physics, with emphasis on the foundations of quantum theory, quantum computing and control, quantum optics, coherent states and Wigner functions, as well as on methods of quantum physics based on Lie groups and algebras, quantum groups and noncommutative geometry.
Posted in Science

Quantum Control and Measurement

Author: H. Ezawa,Y. Murayama

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444599150

Category: Science

Page: 342

View: 6222

This book presents the latest results in the most fundamental field of quantum state preparation and control. At this unique conference researchers, both from the academic and industrial world, presented their work. A variety of crucial experiments under controlled, novel conditions, and theoretical checks from novel points of view are reported. Highlighted are new schemes for quantum interference, single particle behaviour, gravitational waves, electron holography and semiconductor microlasers. Containing all the recent results available in the field, this volume points the direction for further experimental and theoretical work in the foundations of physics.
Posted in Science

Introduction to Quantum Control and Dynamics

Author: Domenico D'Alessandro

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584888833

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 494

The introduction of control theory in quantum mechanics has created a rich, new interdisciplinary scientific field, which is producing novel insight into important theoretical questions at the heart of quantum physics. Exploring this emerging subject, Introduction to Quantum Control and Dynamics presents the mathematical concepts and fundamental physics behind the analysis and control of quantum dynamics, emphasizing the application of Lie algebra and Lie group theory. After introducing the basics of quantum mechanics, the book derives a class of models for quantum control systems from fundamental physics. It examines the controllability and observability of quantum systems and the related problem of quantum state determination and measurement. The author also uses Lie group decompositions as tools to analyze dynamics and to design control algorithms. In addition, he describes various other control methods and discusses topics in quantum information theory that include entanglement and entanglement dynamics. The final chapter covers the implementation of quantum control and dynamics in several fields. Armed with the basics of quantum control and dynamics, readers will invariably use this interdisciplinary knowledge in their mathematical, physics, and engineering work.
Posted in Science

Quantum Measurement and Control

Author: Howard M. Wiseman,Gerard J. Milburn

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521804426

Category: Science

Page: 460

View: 7306

Modern quantum measurement for graduate students and researchers in quantum information, quantum metrology, quantum control and related fields.
Posted in Science

Performance and Accountability Report

Author: National Science Foundation (U.S.)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Research

Page: N.A

View: 2388

Posted in Research

Quantum Control of Molecular Processes

Author: Moshe Shapiro,Paul Brumer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527409041

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 1216

Written by two of the world's leading researchers in the field, this is a systematic introduction to the fundamental principles of coherent control, and to the underlying physics and chemistry. This fully updated second edition covers the latest techniques and applications, including nanostructures, attosecond processes, optical control of chirality, and weak and strong field quantum control. Developments and challenges in decoherence-sensitive condensed phase control as well as in bimolecular control are clearly described. Indispensable for atomic, molecular and chemical physicists, physical chemists, materials scientists and nanotechnologists. The authors are among the cofounders of the field of coherent control. They have published extensively on this and related subjects in chemical physics, and have received numerous awards and worldwide recognition for their research contributions.
Posted in Science