Contemporary Criminology in Practice in South Africa

Author: Mohsen Keiany,Henri Fouche,Anni Hesselink

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199078738

Category: Law

Page: 341

View: 5612

This work discusses the interrelated dynamics of schooling, society and inclusive education, focusing on the knowledge and skills Teacher Education students need to make sense of their professional and social environment and to engage with the realities of schooling in South Africa and Africa.
Posted in Law

Strategic Learning Ideologies in Prison Education Programs

Author: Biao, Idowu

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522529101

Category: Social Science

Page: 307

View: 6270

The discipline of adult education has been vastly discussed and optimized over the years. Despite this, certain niches in this area, such as correctional education, remain under-researched and under-developed. Strategic Learning Ideologies in Prison Education Programs is a pivotal reference source that encompasses a range of research perspectives on the education of inmates in correctional facilities. Highlighting a range of international discussions on topics such as rehabilitation programs, vocational training, and curriculum development, this book is ideally designed for educators, professionals, academics, students, and practitioners interested in emerging developments within prison education programs.
Posted in Social Science

Justice gained?

crime and crime control in South Africa's transition

Author: Bill Dixon,Elrena Van der Spuy

Publisher: Willan Pub

ISBN: 9781843920533

Category: Social Science

Page: 266

View: 4090

Ten years into South Africa's new democracy, crime and what should be done about it are the subject of endless debate. Arguments rage about everything from the accuracy of the country's crime statistics to the state of its prisons. But why is crime such a persistent problem? How have patterns of offending changed over the course of South Africa's transition to democracy? And how have crime control practices altered in response to the challenges of the post-apartheid era? Justice Gained? Sets out to answer theses questions by providing a critical commentary on some key issues in contemporary South African criminology. Written by authors with extensive experience as teachers, researchers, policy advisers and practitioners, the essays challenge some of the received wisdoms re-emerging in a discipline in danger both of forgetting its own history, and of misunderstanding the role of critical social science in a democratic South Africa. Contributions are written in a deliberately accessible style and from a variety of disciplinary perspectives. They make essential reading for policy-makers and practitioners, as well as for students in criminology, law and across the social sciences. Justice Gained? will also be of interest to comparative criminologists and all those concerned with the study of societies in transition.
Posted in Social Science

Environmental Crime in Transnational Context

Global Issues in Green Enforcement and Criminology

Author: Toine Spapens,Rob White,Wim Huisman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317142276

Category: Law

Page: 310

View: 3011

Environmental crime is one of the most profitable and fastest growing areas of international criminal activity. The increasing cross-border scope of environmental crimes and harms is one of the reasons why governments and the enforcement community have trouble in finding the proper responses. Law enforcement cooperation between western industrialized states is often time consuming and problematic, and the problems increase exponentially when environmental criminals take advantage of situations where government and law enforcement are weak. This book provides an overview of the developments and problems in the field of transnational environmental crimes and harms, addressing these issues from perspectives such as enforcement, deterrence, compliance and emission trading schemes. Divided into four parts, the authors consider global issues in green criminology, responses to transnational environmental crimes and harms, alternative methods to combat environmental crime, and specific types of crimes and criminological research. Discussing these topics from the view of green criminology, sociology and governance, this book will be of great interest to all those concerned about the transnational dimensions of crime and the environment.
Posted in Law

Contemporary Issues in Criminology

Author: Lesley Noaks,Mike Maguire,Michael Levi

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 436

View: 1347

Policing, crime, poverty, prison management - these are just some of the key issues facing society today. This book addresses such issues, raising questions that should be of interest not only to academic criminologists but also to all those involved in the criminal justice system.
Posted in Social Science

Applied Criminology

Author: Brian Stout,Joe Yates,Brian Williams

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412947316

Category: Social Science

Page: 210

View: 9428

This is the first book to cover comprehensively and accessibly the area of applied criminology. It draws together leading experts with experience of teaching, research and practice. Each chapter engages with the application of criminology in a particular area of the community and criminal justice system.
Posted in Social Science

21st Century Criminology: A Reference Handbook

Author: J. Mitchell Miller

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412960193

Category: Social Science

Page: 915

View: 4515

21st Century Criminology: A Reference Handbook provides straightforward and definitive overviews of 100 key topics comprising traditional criminology and its modern outgrowths. The individual chapters have been designed to serve as a "first-look" reference source for most criminological inquires. Both connected to the sociological origins of criminology (i.e., theory and research methods) and the justice systems' response to crime and related social problems, as well as coverage of major crime types, this two-volume set offers a comprehensive overview of the current state of criminology. From student term papers and masters theses to researchers commencing literature reviews, 21st Century Criminology is a ready source from which to quickly access authoritative knowledge on a range of key issues and topics central to contemporary criminology.
Posted in Social Science

Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology

Author: Callie Marie Rennison,Timothy C. Hart

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1544317859

Category: Social Science

Page: 568

View: 4588

Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology connects key concepts to real field research and practices using contemporary examples and recurring case studies that demonstrate how concepts relate to your life. Authors Callie M. Rennison and Timothy C. Hart introduce practical research strategies used in criminal justice to show you how a research question can become a policy that changes or influences criminal justice practices. The book’s student-driven approach addresses both the why and the how as it covers the research process and focuses on the practical application of data collection and analysis. By demonstrating the variety of ways research can be used and reinforcing the need to discern quality research, the book prepares you to become a critical consumer and ethical producer of research.
Posted in Social Science

Police Work and Identity

A South African Ethnography

Author: Andrew Faull

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315309831

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 2061

This is a book about the men and women who police contemporary South Africa. Drawing on rich, original ethnographical data, it considers how officers make sense of their jobs and how they find meaning in their duties. It demonstrates that the dynamics that lead to police abuses and scandals in transitional and neo-liberalising regimes such as South Africa can be traced to the day-to-day experiences and ambitions of the average police officer. It is about the stories they tell themselves about themselves and their social worlds, and how these shape the order they produce through their work. By focusing on police officers, this book positions the individual in primacy over the organisation, asking what policing looks like when motivated by the pursuit of ontological security in precarious contexts. It acknowledges but downplays the importance of police culture in determining officers’ attitudes and behaviour, and reminds readers that most officers’ lives are entangled in, and shaped by a range of social, political and cultural forces. It suggests that a job in the South African Police Service (SAPS) is primarily just that: a job. Most officers join the organisation after other dreams have slipped beyond reach, their presence in the Service being almost accidental. But once employed, they re-write their self-narratives and enact carefully choreographed performances to ease managerial and public pressure, and to rationalize their coercive practices. In an era where ‘evidence’ and ‘what works’ reigns supreme, and where ‘cop culture’ is often deemed a primary socializing force, this book emphasises how officers’ personal histories, ambitions, and vulnerabilities remain central to how policing unfolds on the street.
Posted in Social Science

Deviance and Social Control in Sport

Author: Michael Atkinson,Kevin Young

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 9780736060424

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 267

View: 5292

Deviance and Social Control in Sport challenges preconceived understandings regarding the relationship of deviance and sport and offers a conceptual framework for future work in a variety of sociological subfields.
Posted in Sports & Recreation

Towards Justice?

Crime and State Control in South Africa

Author: Desirée Hansson,Dirk Van Zyl Smit

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 278

View: 3126

Topics discussed include : urban street gangs; police abuse of power; death squads; counter-revolutionary state strategy; state lawlessness; vigilantism; corporal punishment; expert testimony.
Posted in Social Science

Trusted Criminals: White Collar Crime In Contemporary Society

Author: David O. Friedrichs

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495600822

Category: Education

Page: 496

View: 9704

This comprehensive text helps students understand the problems involved in studying white collar crime, explanations for crime, the principal focus of the crimes, and the character of the legal and criminal justice response to the crime. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Posted in Education

Police Administration in Africa

Toward Theory and Practice in the English-speaking Countries

Author: James S. E. Opolot

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780761831310

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 8387

In Police Administration in Africa, Ejakait S.E. Opolot lays the foundation for future developments and trends in police administration in the former British colonies in Africa. Opolot emphasizes the dynamism between theory and practice. As such, Police Administration in Africa establishes a model to be replicated in other parts of the Third World.
Posted in Political Science

Healthcare in Private and Public from the Early Modern Period to 2000

Author: Paul Weindling

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317578295

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 2377

A key volume on a central aspect of the history of medicine and its social relations, The History of Healthcare in Public and Private examines how the modernisation of healthcare resulted in a wide variety of changing social arrangements in both public and private spheres. This book considers a comprehensive range of topics ranging from children's health, mental disorders and the influence of pharmaceutical companies to the systems of twentieth century healthcare in Britain, Eastern Europe and South Africa. Covering a broad chronological, thematic and global scope, chapters discuss key themes such as how changing economies have influenced configurations of healthcare, how access has varied according to lifecycle, ethnicity and wealth, and how definitions of public and private have shifted over time. Containing illustrations and a general introduction that outlines the key themes discussed in the volume, The History of Healthcare in Public and Private is essential reading for any student interested in the history of medicine.
Posted in History

Restorative Justice in Transition

Author: Kerry Clamp

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135076448

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 2168

This book explores how restorative justice is used and what its potential benefits are in situations where the state has been either explicitly or implicitly involved in human rights abuses. Restorative justice is increasingly becoming a popular mechanism to respond to crime in democratic settings and while there is a burgeoning literature on these contexts, there is less information that focuses explicitly on its use in nations that have experienced protracted periods of conflict and oppression. This book interrogates both macro and micro utilisations of restorative justice, including truth commissions, criminal justice reform and the development of initiatives by communities and other non-state actors. The central premise is that the primary potential of restorative justice in responding to international crime should be viewed in terms of the lessons that it provides for problem-solving, rather than its traditional role as a mechanism or process to respond to conflict. Four values are put forward that should frame any restorative approach – engagement, empowerment, reintegration and transformation. It is thought that these values provide enough space for local actors to devise their own culturally relevant processes to achieve longstanding peace. This book will be of interest to those conducting research in the fields of restorative justice, transitional justice as well as criminology in general.
Posted in Social Science

Security in the Bubble

Navigating Crime in Urban South Africa

Author: Christine Hentschel

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 1452945306

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 7930

Focusing on the South African city of Durban, Security in the Bubble looks at spatialized security practices, engaging with strategies and dilemmas of urban security governance in cities around the world. While apartheid was spatial governance at its most brutal, postapartheid South African cities have tried to reinvent space, using it as a “positive” technique of governance. Christine Hentschel traces the contours of two emerging urban regimes of governing security in contemporary Durban: handsome space and instant space. Handsome space is about aesthetic and affective communication as means to making places safe. Instant space, on the other hand, addresses the crime-related personal “navigation” systems employed by urban residents whenever they circulate through the city. While handsome space embraces the powers of attraction, instant space operates through the powers of fleeing. In both regimes, security is conceived not as a public good but as a situational experience that can. No longer reducible to the after-pains of racial apartheid, this city’s fragmentation is now better conceptualized, according to Hentschel, as a heterogeneous ensemble of bubbles of imagined safety.
Posted in Social Science

Transformation and Trouble

Crime, Justice and Participation in Democratic South Africa

Author: Diana Gordon

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472023042

Category: Law

Page: 400

View: 8965

Crime is one of the major challenges to any new democracy. Violence often increases after the lifting of authoritarian control, or in the aftermath of regime change. But how can a fledgling democracy fight crime without violating the fragile rights of its citizens? In Transformation and Trouble, accomplished theorist and criminal justice scholar Diana Gordon critically examines South Africa's efforts to strike the perilous balance between democratic participation and social control. South Africa has made great progress in pursuing the Western ideals of participatory justice and due process. Yet Gordon finds that popular concerns about crime have fostered the growth of a punitive criminal justice system that undermines the country's rights-oriented political culture. Transformation and Trouble calls for South Africa to reaffirm its commitment to public empowerment by reforming its criminal justice system-an approach, she argues, that would strengthen the country's new democracy. "An eloquent, critical, but ultimately optimistic, analysis of the democratization of crime and justice in post-apartheid South Africa." --Bill Dixon, School of Criminology, Education, Sociology and Social Work, Keele University "A must read for understanding contemporary South Africa's agonizing dilemmas as it struggles to reconcile crime control with democratic values." --Jerome H. Skolnick, New York University School of Law "Gordon's vast experience with criminal justice illuminates her cautionary tale of the search for a new way in south Africa." --Paul Chevigny, New York University Diana Gordon is Professor Emerita of Political Science and Senior Research Scholar, City University of New York.
Posted in Law

The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA

Author: Michelle Alexander

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956141598

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 9909

Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.
Posted in Political Science

Sociological Abstracts

Author: Leo P. Chall

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sociology

Page: N.A

View: 4773

CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.
Posted in Sociology