Conscience and Convenience

The Asylum and Its Alternatives in Progressive America

Author: David J. Rothman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351526537

Category: History

Page: 482

View: 8200

Conscience and Convenience was quickly recognized for its masterly depiction and interpretation of a major period of reform history. This history begins in a social context in which treatment and rehabilitation were emerging as predominant after America's prisons and asylums had been broadly acknowledged to be little more than embarrassing failures. The resulting progressive agenda was evident: to develop new, more humane and effective strategies for the criminal, delinquent, and mentally ill. The results, as Rothman documents, did not turn out as reformers had planned.For adult criminal offenders, such individual treatment could be accomplished only through the provision of broad discretionary authority, whereby choices could be made between probation, parole, indeterminate sentencing, and, as a measure of last resort, incarceration in totally redesigned prisons. For delinquents, the juvenile court served as a surrogate parent and accelerated and intensified individual treatment by providing for a series of community-based individual and family services, with the newly designed, school-like reformatories being used for only the most intractable cases. For the mentally ill, psychiatrists chose between outpatient treatments, short-term intensive care, or as last resort, long-term care in mental hospitals with new cottage and family-like arrangements. Rothman shows the consequences of these reforms as unmitigated disasters. Despite benevolent intentions, the actual outcome of reform efforts was to take the earlier failures of prisons and asylums to new, more ominous heights.In this updated edition, Rothman chronicles and examines incarceration of the criminal, the deviant, and the dependent in U.S. society, with a focus on how and why these methods have persisted and expanded for over a century and a half despite longstanding evidence of their failures and abuses.
Posted in History

The Punishment Imperative

The Rise and Failure of Mass Incarceration in America

Author: Todd R. Clear,Natasha A. Frost

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479851698

Category: Social Science

Page: 269

View: 7177

Over the last 40 years, the US penal system has grown at an unprecedented rate—five times larger than in the past and grossly out of scale with the rest of the world. In The Punishment Imperative, eminent criminologists Todd R. Clear and Natasha A. Frost argue that America’s move to mass incarceration from the 1960s to the early 2000s was more than just a response to crime or a collection of policies adopted in isolation; it was a grand social experiment. Tracing a wide array of trends related to the criminal justice system, this book charts the rise of penal severity in America and speculates that a variety of forces—fiscal, political, and evidentiary—have finally come together to bring this great social experiment to an end. The authors stress that while the doubling of the crime rate in the late 1960s represented one of the most pressing social problems at the time, it was instead the way crime posed a political problem—and thereby offered a political opportunity—that became the basis for the great rise in punishment. Clear and Frost contend that the public’s growing realization that the severe policies themselves, not growing crime rates, were the main cause of increased incarceration eventually led to a surge of interest in taking a more rehabilitative, pragmatic, and cooperative approach to dealing with criminal offenders that still continues to this day. Part historical study, part forward-looking policy analysis, The Punishment Imperative is a compelling study of a generation of crime and punishment in America.
Posted in Social Science

The Criminological Foundations of Penal Policy

Essays in Honour of Roger Hood

Author: Roger G. Hood,Lucia Zedner,Andrew Ashworth

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199265091

Category: Law

Page: 553

View: 7291

This book brings together leading international criminologist to examine the link between the fruits of criminological research and the development of criminal justice policy. This volume includes comparative discussions of the United States, Germany, Australia, England and Wales. It is divided into four parts: Part 1 discusses the theoretical issues surrounding the relationship between public policy and the discipline of criminology; Part 2 consists of three essays exploring historical aspects of that relationship. Part 3 then examines three distinct areas of penal policy: sentencing, policing and parole; Part 4 is devoted to international comparisons and considers the factors that distinguish research projects that influence criminal justice policy from those that appear not have any influence.
Posted in Law

Criminology and Justice

Author: N.A

Publisher: McGraw-Hill College

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 692

View: 2862

This introduction to criminology, designed for course in criminology offered at two and four schools, is one of the most comprehensive, and well-researched books on the market. For use in both Sociology and Criminal Justice departments, this text offers detailed coverage of theories and types of crime.
Posted in Social Science

Special Problems in Corrections

Author: Jeffrey Ian Ross

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780131138742

Category: Law

Page: 259

View: 7786

Sets out to identify the most pressing issues affecting the correctional system today. Maintaining a solutions-focus, the book organizes problems into two distinct categories: those impacting the convicts and correctional facilities and those impacting the correctional officers and administrators. It examines long-standing, and emerging issues from a critical perspective, grounding discussion in empirical research and current events. Using the consistent voice of a single author, the book offers a no nonsense approach to explaining the problems of correctional officers, correctional managers, prisoners, and the public.
Posted in Law

Criminal Justice in America

A Critical View

Author: Randall G. Shelden,William Bud Brown

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 413

View: 4971

This text helps students understand controversial issues of racial and economic inequities found in the criminal justice system, offering an alternative interpretation of criminal justice that is rarely presented in traditional textbooks. After overviews of the criminal justice system and the proble
Posted in Law

Juvenile delinquency

Author: Clemens Bartollas

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471893646

Category: Social Science

Page: 633

View: 9769

Posted in Social Science

Justice quarterly

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 552

Posted in Social Science

Creating born criminals

Author: Nicole Hahn Rafter

Publisher: Univ of Illinois Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 284

View: 1696

But Creating Born Criminals is much more than a look at the past. It is an exploration of the role of biological explanation as a form of discourse and of its impact upon society. While The Bell Curve and other recent books have stopped short of making eugenic recommendations, their contentions point toward eugenic conclusions, and people familiar with the history of eugenics can hear in them its echoes. Rafter demonstrates that we need to know how eugenic reasoning worked in the past and that we must recognize the dangers posed by the dominance of a theory that interprets social problems in biological terms and difference as biological inferiority.
Posted in Medical

The uncertain landscape of election law

symposium held at New York University School of Law, February 23, 2007

Author: New York University. School of Law

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Election law

Page: 806

View: 3276

Posted in Election law

Annual Review of Sociology

1986

Author: Ralph H. Turner

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780824322120

Category: Social Science

Page: 498

View: 1571

Posted in Social Science

Criminal justice

Author: Joel Samaha

Publisher: West Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780314025418

Category: Law

Page: 675

View: 9597

Posted in Law

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 917

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Posted in History

Überwachen und Strafen

die Geburt des Gefängnisses

Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518387719

Category: Bürgerliche Gesellschaft - Disziplinierung - Geschichte

Page: 396

View: 8461

Posted in Bürgerliche Gesellschaft - Disziplinierung - Geschichte

Orientalismus

Author: Edward W. Said

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783100710086

Category: Europa - Orientbild - Kultur - Geschichte 1800-2000

Page: 459

View: 3240

Posted in Europa - Orientbild - Kultur - Geschichte 1800-2000