Computer Arithmetic and Verilog HDL Fundamentals

Author: Joseph Cavanagh

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439811276

Category: Computers

Page: 971

View: 9370

Verilog Hardware Description Language (HDL) is the state-of-the-art method for designing digital and computer systems. Ideally suited to describe both combinational and clocked sequential arithmetic circuits, Verilog facilitates a clear relationship between the language syntax and the physical hardware. It provides a very easy-to-learn and practical means to model a digital system at many levels of abstraction. Computer Arithmetic and Verilog HDL Fundamentals details the steps needed to master computer arithmetic for fixed-point, decimal, and floating-point number representations for all primary operations. Silvaco International’s SILOS, the Verilog simulator used in these pages, is simple to understand, yet powerful enough for any application. It encourages users to quickly prototype and de-bug any logic function and enables single-stepping through the Verilog source code. It also presents drag-and-drop abilities. Introducing the three main modeling methods—dataflow, behavioral, and structural—this self-contained tutorial— Covers the number systems of different radices, such as octal, decimal, hexadecimal, and binary-coded variations Reviews logic design fundamentals, including Boolean algebra and minimization techniques for switching functions Presents basic methods for fixed-point addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, including the use of decimals in all four operations Addresses floating-point addition and subtraction with several numerical examples and flowcharts that graphically illustrate steps required for true addition and subtraction for floating-point operands Demonstrates floating-point division, including the generation of a zero-biased exponent Designed for electrical and computer engineers and computer scientists, this book leaves nothing unfinished, carrying design examples through to completion. The goal is practical proficiency. To this end, each chapter includes problems of varying complexity to be designed by the reader.
Posted in Computers

Sequential Logic and Verilog HDL Fundamentals

Author: Joseph Cavanagh

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351830023

Category: Computers

Page: 846

View: 1811

Sequential Logic and Verilog HDL Fundamentals discusses the analysis and synthesis of synchronous and asynchronous sequential machines. These machines are implemented using Verilog Hardware Description Language (HDL), in accordance with the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Standard: 1364-1995. The book concentrates on sequential logic design with a focus on the design of various Verilog HDL projects. Emphasis is placed on structured and rigorous design principles that can be applied to practical applications. Each step of the analysis and synthesis procedures is clearly delineated. Each method that is presented is expounded in sufficient detail with accompanying examples. Many analysis and synthesis examples use mixed-logic symbols incorporating both positive- and negative-input logic gates for NAND (not AND) and NOR (not OR) logic, while other examples utilize only positive-input logic gates. The use of mixed logic parallels the use of these symbols in the industry. The book is intended to be a tutorial, and as such, is comprehensive and self-contained. All designs are carried through to completion—nothing is left unfinished or partially designed. Each chapter contains numerous problems of varying complexity to be designed by the reader using Verilog HDL design techniques. The Verilog HDL designs include the design module, the test bench module that tests the design for correct functionality, the outputs obtained from the test bench, and the waveforms obtained from the test bench. Sequential Logic and Verilog HDL Fundamentals presents Verilog HDL with numerous design examples to help the reader thoroughly understand this popular hardware description language. The book is designed for practicing electrical engineers, computer engineers, and computer scientists; for graduate students in electrical engineering, computer engineering, and computer science; and for senior-level undergraduate students.
Posted in Computers

Digital Design and Verilog HDL Fundamentals

Author: Joseph Cavanagh

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420074164

Category: Computers

Page: 1168

View: 734

Comprehensive and self contained, this tutorial covers the design of a plethora of combinational and sequential logic circuits using conventional logic design and Verilog HDL. Number systems and number representations are presented along with various binary codes. Several advanced topics are covered, including functional decomposition and iterative networks. A variety of examples are provided for combinational and sequential logic, computer arithmetic, and advanced topics such as Hamming code error correction. Constructs supported by Verilog are described in detail. All designs are continued to completion. Each chapter includes numerous design issues of varying complexity to be resolved by the reader.
Posted in Computers

Verilog HDL Design Examples

Author: Joseph Cavanagh

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351596292

Category: Computers

Page: 655

View: 3418

The Verilog language provides a means to model a digital system at many levels of abstraction from a logic gate to a complex digital system to a mainframe computer. The purpose of this book is to present the Verilog language together with a wide variety of examples, so that the reader can gain a firm foundation in the design of the digital system using Verilog HDL. The Verilog projects include the design module, the test bench module, and the outputs obtained from the simulator that illustrate the complete functional operation of the design. Where applicable, a detailed review of the theory of the topic is presented together with the logic design principles—including: state diagrams, Karnaugh maps, equations, and the logic diagram. Numerous examples and homework problems are included throughout. The examples include logical operations, counters of different moduli, half adders, full adders, a carry lookahead adder, array multipliers, different types of Moore and Mealy machines, and arithmetic logic units (ALUs).
Posted in Computers

X86 Assembly Language and C Fundamentals

Author: Joseph Cavanagh

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498759742

Category: Computers

Page: 813

View: 8041

The predominant language used in embedded microprocessors, assembly language lets you write programs that are typically faster and more compact than programs written in a high-level language and provide greater control over the program applications. Focusing on the languages used in X86 microprocessors, X86 Assembly Language and C Fundamentals explains how to write programs in the X86 assembly language, the C programming language, and X86 assembly language modules embedded in a C program. A wealth of program design examples, including the complete code and outputs, help you grasp the concepts more easily. Where needed, the book also details the theory behind the design. Learn the X86 Microprocessor Architecture and Commonly Used Instructions Assembly language programming requires knowledge of number representations, as well as the architecture of the computer on which the language is being used. After covering the binary, octal, decimal, and hexadecimal number systems, the book presents the general architecture of the X86 microprocessor, individual addressing modes, stack operations, procedures, arrays, macros, and input/output operations. It highlights the most commonly used X86 assembly language instructions, including data transfer, branching and looping, logic, shift and rotate, and string instructions, as well as fixed-point, binary-coded decimal (BCD), and floating-point arithmetic instructions. Get a Solid Foundation in a Language Commonly Used in Digital Hardware Written for students in computer science and electrical, computer, and software engineering, the book assumes a basic background in C programming, digital logic design, and computer architecture. Designed as a tutorial, this comprehensive and self-contained text offers a solid foundation in assembly language for anyone working with the design of digital hardware.
Posted in Computers

Computer Principles and Design in Verilog HDL

Author: Yamin Li,Tsinghua University Press

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118841093

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 550

View: 6279

Uses Verilog HDL to illustrate computer architecture and microprocessor design, allowing readers to readily simulate and adjust the operation of each design, and thus build industrially relevant skills • Introduces the computer principles, computer design, and how to use Verilog HDL (Hardware Description Language) to implement the design • Provides the skills for designing processor/arithmetic/cpu chips, including the unique application of Verilog HDL material for CPU (central processing unit) implementation • Despite the many books on Verilog and computer architecture and microprocessor design, few, if any, use Verilog as a key tool in helping a student to understand these design techniques • A companion website includes color figures, Verilog HDL codes, extra test benches not found in the book, and PDFs of the figures and simulation waveforms for instructors
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Digital Computer Arithmetic Datapath Design Using Verilog HDL

Author: James E. Stine

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402077104

Category: Computers

Page: 180

View: 3557

This text presents basic implementation strategies forarithmetic datapath designs and methodologies utilized in the digitalsystem. The author implements various datapath designs for addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. Theory is presented toillustrate and explain why certain designs are chosen. Eachimplementation is discussed in terms of design choices and howparticular theory is invoked in the hardware.Along with the theory that emphasizes the design in question, Verilogmodules are presented for understanding the basic ideas that accompanyeach design. Structural models are implemented to guarantee correctsynthesis and for incorporation into VLSI schematic-capture programs.From the modules, the reader can easily add or modify existing code tostudy current areas of research in the area of computer arithmetic.The emphasis is on the arithmetic algorithm and not the circuit. Forany design, both algorithmic and circuit trade-offs should be adheredto when a design is under consideration. Therefore, the idea is toimplement each design at the RTL level so that it may be possiblyimplemented in many different ways (i.e. standard-cell orcustom-cell). Thus, professionals, researchers, students, and thosegenerally interested in computer arithmetic can understand howarithmetic datapath elements are designed and implemented.Also included is a CD-ROM which contains the files discussed in thebook. The CD-ROM includes additional files utilized in preparing thedesigns in Verilog including scripts to automatically generate Verilogcode for parallel carry-save and tree multipliers. Each Verilogdesign also contains each module including testbenches to facilitatetesting and verification.
Posted in Computers

Logic and Computer Design Fundamentals [book + Electronic Resource].

Author: M. Morris Mano,Charles R. Kime

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780130451903


Page: 650

View: 5152

Table of Contents (NOTE: Most chapters conclude with Chapter Summary, References, and Problems.) 1. Digital Computers and Information. Digital Computers. Number Systems. Arithmetic Operations. Decimal Codes. Alphanumeric Codes. 2. Combinational Logic Circuits. Binary Logic and Gates. Boolean Algebra. Standard Forms. Map Simplification. Map Manipulation. NAND and NOR Gates. Exclusive-OR Gates. Integrated Circuits. 3. Combinational Logic Design. Combinational Circuits. Design Topics. Analysis Procedure. Design Procedure. Decoders. Encoders. Multiplexers. Binary Adders. Binary Subtraction. Binary Adder-Subtractors. Binary Multipliers. Decimal Arithmetic. HDL Representations-VHDL. HDL Representations-Verilog. 4. Sequential Circuits. Sequential Circuit Definitions. Latches. Flip-Flops. Sequential Circuit Analysis. Sequential Circuit Design. Designing with D Flip-Flops. Designing with JK Flip-Flops. HDL Representation for Sequential Circuits-VHDL. HDL Representation for Sequential Circuits-Verilog. 5. Registers and Counters. Definition of Register ad Counter. Registers. Shift Registers. Ripple Counter. Synchronous Binary Counters. Other Counters. HDL Representation for Shift Registers and Counters. HDL Representation for Shift Registers and Counters. 6. Memory and Programmable Logic Devices. Memory and Programmable Logic Device. Random-Access Memory. RAM Integrated Circuits. Array of RAM ICs. Programmable Logic Technologies. Read-Only Memory. Programmable Logic Array. Programmable Array Logic Devices. VLSI Programmable Logic Devices. 7. Register Transfers and Datapaths. Datapaths and Operations. Register Transfer Operations. Microoperations. Multiplexer-Based Transfer. Bus-Based Transfer. Datapaths. The Arithmetic/Logic Unit. The Shifter. Datapath Representation. The Control Word. Pipelined Datapath. 8. Sequencing and Control. The Control Unit. Algorithmic State Machines. Design Example: Binary Multiplier. Hardwired Contro
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Die 7 Geheimnisse der glücklichen Ehe

Author: John M Gottman

Publisher: Ullstein eBooks

ISBN: 3843708223

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 320

View: 2193

'Kann man voraussagen, wie lange eine Partnerschaft hält? Ja, meint John M. Gottman, und tritt dafür sogar den wissenschaftlichen Beweis an. Mit Hilfe seines 'Ehelabors' erforscht er seit Jahrzehnten die Geheimnisse glücklicher Ehen. Er hat dabei sieben Prinzipien herausgearbeitet, die erfolgreiche Paare auf ihrem Weg zu einer harmonischen und langlebigen Beziehung anwenden. Mit vielen praktischen Ratschlägen und griffigen Fallbeispielen.'
Posted in Family & Relationships


Sequentielle, parallele und verteilte Programme

Author: Krzysztof R. Apt,Ernst-Rüdiger Olderog

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642579477

Category: Computers

Page: 258

View: 5258

Posted in Computers

Algorithmen und Datenstrukturen im VLSI-Design

OBDD — Grundlagen und Anwendungen

Author: Christoph Meinel,Thorsten Theobald

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642587739

Category: Computers

Page: 286

View: 5478

Eines der Hauptprobleme beim Chipentwurf besteht darin, daß die Anzahl der zu bewältigenden Kombinationen der einzelnen Chipbausteine ins Unermeßliche steigt. Hier hat sich eine sehr fruchtbare Verbindung zu einem Kerngebiet der Theoretischen Informatik, dem Gebiet des Entwurfs von Datenstrukturen und effizienten Algorithmen, herstellen lassen: das Konzept der geordneten binären Entscheidungsgraphen, das in zahlreichen CAD-Projekten zu einer beträchtlichen Leistungssteigerung geführt hat. Die Autoren stellen die Grundlagen dieses interdisziplinären Forschungsgebiets dar und behandeln wichtige Anwendungen aus dem rechnergestützten Schaltkreisentwurf.
Posted in Computers

Das Dilbert-Prinzip

Author: Scott Adams

Publisher: Redline Wirtschaft

ISBN: 3864140137

Category: Comics & Graphic Novels

Page: 336

View: 1447

Ausgehend vom Prinzip: Die unfähigsten Mitarbeiter werden systematisch in die Position versetzt, in der sie am wenigsten Schaden anrichten können - ins Management, schildert Scott Adams das Innenleben großer Unternehmen und die dort alltäglichen Absurditäten. Mit spitzer Feder und ironischer Distanz analysiert er die verschiedensten Themen des heutigen Büroalltags: Meetings, Downsizing, Teamarbeit, die großen Lügen des Managements, Projektmanagement, Budgetierung, Marketing, ISO 9000. Die satirischen Analysen sind angereichert mit einer Unzahl Cartoons seines Helden Dilbert, der die Konsequenzen des modernen Management auf seinen Büroalltag am eigenen Leib erleben muß. Alle 26 Kapitel rundet Adams mit Briefen leidgeprüfter Angestellter ab, deren tatsächliche Erlebnisse den Abenteuern Dilberts in nichts nachstehen. Eine höchst unterhaltsames Spiegelbild der nackten Wirklichkeit in den Unternehmen.
Posted in Comics & Graphic Novels

Introduction to Logic Circuits & Logic Design with Verilog

Author: Brock J. LaMeres

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319538837

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 459

View: 3658

This textbook for courses in Digital Systems Design introduces students to the fundamental hardware used in modern computers. Coverage includes both the classical approach to digital system design (i.e., pen and paper) in addition to the modern hardware description language (HDL) design approach (computer-based). Using this textbook enables readers to design digital systems using the modern HDL approach, but they have a broad foundation of knowledge of the underlying hardware and theory of their designs. This book is designed to match the way the material is actually taught in the classroom. Topics are presented in a manner which builds foundational knowledge before moving onto advanced topics. The author has designed the presentation with learning Goals and assessment at its core. Each section addresses a specific learning outcome that the student should be able to “do” after its completion. The concept checks and exercise problems provide a rich set of assessment tools to measure student performance on each outcome.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

A Practical Introduction to Computer Architecture

Author: Daniel Page

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1848822553

Category: Computers

Page: 642

View: 8883

It is a great pleasure to write a preface to this book. In my view, the content is unique in that it blends traditional teaching approaches with the use of mathematics and a mainstream Hardware Design Language (HDL) as formalisms to describe key concepts. The book keeps the “machine” separate from the “application” by strictly following a bottom-up approach: it starts with transistors and logic gates and only introduces assembly language programs once their execution by a processor is clearly de ned. Using a HDL, Verilog in this case, rather than static circuit diagrams is a big deviation from traditional books on computer architecture. Static circuit diagrams cannot be explored in a hands-on way like the corresponding Verilog model can. In order to understand why I consider this shift so important, one must consider how computer architecture, a subject that has been studied for more than 50 years, has evolved. In the pioneering days computers were constructed by hand. An entire computer could (just about) be described by drawing a circuit diagram. Initially, such d- grams consisted mostly of analogue components before later moving toward d- ital logic gates. The advent of digital electronics led to more complex cells, such as half-adders, ip- ops, and decoders being recognised as useful building blocks.
Posted in Computers

Hochleistungsrechnen mit HPF

Author: W. Gansterer,C. Überhuber

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642595030

Category: Computers

Page: 344

View: 1626

Moderne Hochleistungsrechner mit akzeptablem Programmieraufwand effizient zu nutzen, erfordert eine höhere Programmiersprache. High Performance Fortran (HPF), ein De-facto-Standard im Bereich des Hochleistungsrechnens, ermöglicht die Programmierung von Parallelrechnern auf einer sehr hohen und damit benutzerfreundlichen Abstraktionsebene bei gleichzeitiger Erzielung hoher Laufzeiteffizienz. Das vorliegende Buch gibt eine Einführung in den Bereich des Hochleistungsrechnens und beschreibt den aktuellen Stand der Entwicklungen bei HPF. Es bietet Programmierern von Hochleistungsrechnern und Anwendern paralleler numerischer Algorithmen eine unentbehrliche Unterstützung bei der Verwendung von HPF.
Posted in Computers

Hardware-Design mit FPGA

eine Einführung in den Schaltungsentwurf mit FPGA

Author: Peter Sauer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783895762093


Page: 274

View: 2425

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Partielle Differentialgleichungen

Eine Einführung

Author: Walter A. Strauss

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 366312486X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 458

View: 5605

Dieses Buch ist eine umfassende Einführung in die klassischen Lösungsmethoden partieller Differentialgleichungen. Es wendet sich an Leser mit Kenntnissen aus einem viersemestrigen Grundstudium der Mathematik (und Physik) und legt seinen Schwerpunkt auf die explizite Darstellung der Lösungen. Es ist deshalb besonders auch für Anwender (Physiker, Ingenieure) sowie für Nichtspezialisten, die die Methoden der mathematischen Physik kennenlernen wollen, interessant. Durch die große Anzahl von Beispielen und Übungsaufgaben eignet es sich gut zum Gebrauch neben Vorlesungen sowie zum Selbststudium.
Posted in Mathematics

Organische Elektronik in Deutschland

Bewertung und Empfehlungen für die Weiterentwicklung

Author: acatech

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642204619

Category: Computers

Page: 50

View: 7641

Die organische Elektronik ist eine junge Technologie, die so unterschiedliche Anwendungen wie Leuchtmittel, Photovoltaik, gedruckte Elektronik und Batterien umfasst. Der Einsatz organischer Materialien in elektronischen Bauteilen verspricht Vorteile in ökonomischer, ökologischer wie in gestalterischer Hinsicht. In dem Band wird das Technologiefeld analysiert und der Forschungsbedarf im Hinblick auf Materialien, Prozesstechnik und theoretisches Verständnis herausgearbeitet. Daraus werden Handlungsempfehlungen für Politik und Wirtschaft abgeleitet.
Posted in Computers