Computer Arithmetic Algorithms, Second Edition

Author: Israel Koren

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439863717

Category: Computers

Page: 296

View: 6576

This text explains the fundamental principles of algorithms available for performing arithmetic operations on digital computers. These include basic arithmetic operations like addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division in fixed-point and floating-point number systems as well as more complex operations such as square root extraction and evaluation of exponential, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions. The algorithms described are independent of the particular technology employed for their implementation.
Posted in Computers

Computer Arithmetic

Algorithms and Hardware Designs

Author: Behrooz Parhami

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195328486

Category: Computers

Page: 641

View: 6155

Ideal for graduate and senior undergraduate courses in computer arithmetic and advanced digital design, Computer Arithmetic: Algorithms and Hardware Designs, Second Edition, provides a balanced, comprehensive treatment of computer arithmetic. It covers topics in arithmetic unit design and circuit implementation that complement the architectural and algorithmic speedup techniques used in high-performance computer architecture and parallel processing. Using a unified and consistent framework, the text begins with number representation and proceeds through basic arithmetic operations, floating-point arithmetic, and function evaluation methods. Later chapters cover broad design and implementation topics-including techniques for high-throughput, low-power, fault-tolerant, and reconfigurable arithmetic. An appendix provides a historical view of the field and speculates on its future. An indispensable resource for instruction, professional development, and research, Computer Arithmetic: Algorithms and Hardware Designs, Second Edition, combines broad coverage of the underlying theories of computer arithmetic with numerous examples of practical designs, worked-out examples, and a large collection of meaningful problems. This second edition includes a new chapter on reconfigurable arithmetic, in order to address the fact that arithmetic functions are increasingly being implemented on field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) and FPGA-like configurable devices. Updated and thoroughly revised, the book offers new and expanded coverage of saturating adders and multipliers, truncated multipliers, fused multiply-add units, overlapped quotient digit selection, bipartite and multipartite tables, reversible logic, dot notation, modular arithmetic, Montgomery modular reduction, division by constants, IEEE floating-point standard formats, and interval arithmetic. Features: * Divided into 28 lecture-size chapters * Emphasizes both the underlying theories of computer arithmetic and actual hardware designs * Carefully links computer arithmetic to other subfields of computer engineering * Includes 717 end-of-chapter problems ranging in complexity from simple exercises to mini-projects * Incorporates many examples of practical designs * Uses consistent standardized notation throughout * Instructor's manual includes solutions to text problems * An author-maintained website http://www.ece.ucsb.edu/~parhami/text_comp_arit.htm contains instructor resources, including complete lecture slides
Posted in Computers

Algorithms and Design Methods for Digital Computer Arithmetic

Author: Behrooz Parhami

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780199766932

Category: Computer algorithms

Page: 623

View: 4316

Ideal for graduate and senior undergraduate courses in computer arithmetic and advanced digital design, Computer Arithmetic: Algorithms and Hardware Designs, Second Edition, provides a balanced, comprehensive treatment of computer arithmetic. It covers topics in arithmetic unit design and circuit implementation that complement the architectural and algorithmic speedup techniques used in high-performance computer architecture and parallel processing. Using a unified and consistent framework, the text begins with number representation and proceeds through basic arithmetic operations, floating-point arithmetic, and function evaluation methods. Later chapters cover broad design and implementation topics-including techniques for high-throughput, low-power, fault-tolerant, and reconfigurable arithmetic. An appendix provides a historical view of the field and speculates on its future.An indispensable resource for instruction, professional development, and research, Computer Arithmetic: Algorithms and Hardware Designs, Second Edition, combines broad coverage of the underlying theories of computer arithmetic with numerous examples of practical designs, worked-out examples, and a large collection of meaningful problems. This second edition includes a new chapter on reconfigurable arithmetic, in order to address the fact that arithmetic functions are increasingly being implemented on field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) and FPGA-like configurable devices. Updated and thoroughly revised, the book offers new and expanded coverage of saturating adders and multipliers, truncated multipliers, fused multiply-add units, overlapped quotient digit selection, bipartite and multipartite tables, reversible logic, dot notation, modular arithmetic, Montgomery modular reduction, division by constants, IEEE floating-point standard formats, and interval arithmetic.Readership: Graduate and senior undergraduate courses in computer arithmetic and advanced digital design.
Posted in Computer algorithms

Computer Arithmetic

Volume II

Author: Earl E Swartzlander

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814641480

Category: Mathematics

Page: 484

View: 1298

This is the new edition of the classic book Computer Arithmetic in three volumes published originally in 1990 by IEEE Computer Society Press. As in the original, the book contains many classic papers treating advanced concepts in computer arithmetic, which is very suitable as stand-alone textbooks or complementary materials to textbooks on computer arithmetic for graduate students and research professionals interested in the field. Told in the words of the initial developers, this book conveys the excitement of the creators, and the implementations provide insight into the details necessary to realize real chips. This second volume presents topics on error tolerant arithmetic, digit on-line arithmetic, number systems, and now in this new edition, a topic on implementations of arithmetic operations, all wrapped with an updated overview and a new introduction for each chapter. This volume is part of a 3 volume set: Computer Arithmetic Volume I Computer Arithmetic Volume II Computer Arithmetic Volume III The full set is available for sale in a print-only version. Contents:Error Tolerant ArithmeticOn-Line ArithmeticVLSI Adder ImplementationsVLSI Multiplier ImplementationsFloating-Point VLSI ChipsNumber RepresentationImplementations Readership: Graduate students and research professionals interested in computer arithmetic. Key Features:It reprints the classic papersIt covers advanced arithmetic operationsIt does this in the words of the original creatorsKeywords:Computer Arithmetic;Fault Tolerant;Arithmetic;On-Line Arithmetic;Adder Implementations;Multiplier Implementations;Floating Point Chips;Number Representation;Implementations
Posted in Mathematics

Algorithmen - Eine Einführung

Author: Thomas H. Cormen,Charles E. Leiserson,Ronald Rivest,Clifford Stein

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110522012

Category: Computers

Page: 1339

View: 3655

Der "Cormen" bietet eine umfassende und vielseitige Einführung in das moderne Studium von Algorithmen. Es stellt viele Algorithmen Schritt für Schritt vor, behandelt sie detailliert und macht deren Entwurf und deren Analyse allen Leserschichten zugänglich. Sorgfältige Erklärungen zur notwendigen Mathematik helfen, die Analyse der Algorithmen zu verstehen. Den Autoren ist es dabei geglückt, Erklärungen elementar zu halten, ohne auf Tiefe oder mathematische Exaktheit zu verzichten. Jedes der weitgehend eigenständig gestalteten Kapitel stellt einen Algorithmus, eine Entwurfstechnik, ein Anwendungsgebiet oder ein verwandtes Thema vor. Algorithmen werden beschrieben und in Pseudocode entworfen, der für jeden lesbar sein sollte, der schon selbst ein wenig programmiert hat. Zahlreiche Abbildungen verdeutlichen, wie die Algorithmen arbeiten. Ebenfalls angesprochen werden Belange der Implementierung und andere technische Fragen, wobei, da Effizienz als Entwurfskriterium betont wird, die Ausführungen eine sorgfältige Analyse der Laufzeiten der Programme mit ein schließen. Über 1000 Übungen und Problemstellungen und ein umfangreiches Quellen- und Literaturverzeichnis komplettieren das Lehrbuch, dass durch das ganze Studium, aber auch noch danach als mathematisches Nachschlagewerk oder als technisches Handbuch nützlich ist. Für die dritte Auflage wurde das gesamte Buch aktualisiert. Die Änderungen sind vielfältig und umfassen insbesondere neue Kapitel, überarbeiteten Pseudocode, didaktische Verbesserungen und einen lebhafteren Schreibstil. So wurden etwa - neue Kapitel zu van-Emde-Boas-Bäume und mehrfädigen (engl.: multithreaded) Algorithmen aufgenommen, - das Kapitel zu Rekursionsgleichungen überarbeitet, sodass es nunmehr die Teile-und-Beherrsche-Methode besser abdeckt, - die Betrachtungen zu dynamischer Programmierung und Greedy-Algorithmen überarbeitet; Memoisation und der Begriff des Teilproblem-Graphen als eine Möglichkeit, die Laufzeit eines auf dynamischer Programmierung beruhender Algorithmus zu verstehen, werden eingeführt. - 100 neue Übungsaufgaben und 28 neue Problemstellungen ergänzt. Umfangreiches Dozentenmaterial (auf englisch) ist über die Website des US-Verlags verfügbar.
Posted in Computers

Statistical Computing in C++ and R

Author: Randall L. Eubank,Ana Kupresanin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420066501

Category: Mathematics

Page: 556

View: 5675

With the advancement of statistical methodology inextricably linked to the use of computers, new methodological ideas must be translated into usable code and then numerically evaluated relative to competing procedures. In response to this, Statistical Computing in C++ and R concentrates on the writing of code rather than the development and study of numerical algorithms per se. The book discusses code development in C++ and R and the use of these symbiotic languages in unison. It emphasizes that each offers distinct features that, when used in tandem, can take code writing beyond what can be obtained from either language alone. The text begins with some basics of object-oriented languages, followed by a "boot-camp" on the use of C++ and R. The authors then discuss code development for the solution of specific computational problems that are relevant to statistics including optimization, numerical linear algebra, and random number generation. Later chapters introduce abstract data structures (ADTs) and parallel computing concepts. The appendices cover R and UNIX Shell programming. Features Includes numerous student exercises ranging from elementary to challenging Integrates both C++ and R for the solution of statistical computing problems Uses C++ code in R and R functions in C++ programs Provides downloadable programs, available from the authors’ website The translation of a mathematical problem into its computational analog (or analogs) is a skill that must be learned, like any other, by actively solving relevant problems. The text reveals the basic principles of algorithmic thinking essential to the modern statistician as well as the fundamental skill of communicating with a computer through the use of the computer languages C++ and R. The book lays the foundation for original code development in a research environment.
Posted in Mathematics

Computer Organization and Design MIPS Edition

The Hardware/Software Interface

Author: David A. Patterson,John L. Hennessy

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0124078869

Category: Computers

Page: 800

View: 3782

Computer Organization and Design, Fifth Edition, is the latest update to the classic introduction to computer organization. The text now contains new examples and material highlighting the emergence of mobile computing and the cloud. It explores this generational change with updated content featuring tablet computers, cloud infrastructure, and the ARM (mobile computing devices) and x86 (cloud computing) architectures. The book uses a MIPS processor core to present the fundamentals of hardware technologies, assembly language, computer arithmetic, pipelining, memory hierarchies and I/O.Because an understanding of modern hardware is essential to achieving good performance and energy efficiency, this edition adds a new concrete example, Going Faster, used throughout the text to demonstrate extremely effective optimization techniques. There is also a new discussion of the Eight Great Ideas of computer architecture. Parallelism is examined in depth with examples and content highlighting parallel hardware and software topics. The book features the Intel Core i7, ARM Cortex-A8 and NVIDIA Fermi GPU as real-world examples, along with a full set of updated and improved exercises. This new edition is an ideal resource for professional digital system designers, programmers, application developers, and system software developers. It will also be of interest to undergraduate students in Computer Science, Computer Engineering and Electrical Engineering courses in Computer Organization, Computer Design, ranging from Sophomore required courses to Senior Electives. Winner of a 2014 Texty Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association Includes new examples, exercises, and material highlighting the emergence of mobile computing and the cloud Covers parallelism in depth with examples and content highlighting parallel hardware and software topics Features the Intel Core i7, ARM Cortex-A8 and NVIDIA Fermi GPU as real-world examples throughout the book Adds a new concrete example, "Going Faster," to demonstrate how understanding hardware can inspire software optimizations that improve performance by 200 times Discusses and highlights the "Eight Great Ideas" of computer architecture: Performance via Parallelism; Performance via Pipelining; Performance via Prediction; Design for Moore's Law; Hierarchy of Memories; Abstraction to Simplify Design; Make the Common Case Fast; and Dependability via Redundancy Includes a full set of updated and improved exercises
Posted in Computers

Handbook of Signal Processing Systems

Author: Shuvra S. Bhattacharyya,Ed F. Deprettere,Rainer Leupers,Jarmo Takala

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461468590

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1399

View: 5869

Handbook of Signal Processing Systems is organized in three parts. The first part motivates representative applications that drive and apply state-of-the art methods for design and implementation of signal processing systems; the second part discusses architectures for implementing these applications; the third part focuses on compilers and simulation tools, describes models of computation and their associated design tools and methodologies. This handbook is an essential tool for professionals in many fields and researchers of all levels.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Struktur Und Interpretation Von Computerprogrammen/ Structure and Interpretation of Computer Programs

Eine Informatik-einfhrung/ a Computer Science Introduction

Author: Harold Abelson,Julie Sussman,Gerald Jay Sussman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540423423

Category: Computers

Page: 682

View: 3511

Die Übersetzung der bewährten Einführung in die Informatik, entstanden am Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), wird seit Jahren erfolgreich in der Lehre eingesetzt. Schritt für Schritt werden Konstruktion und Abstraktion von Daten und Prozeduren dargestellt. Von der Modularisierung bis zum Problemlösen mit Registermaschinen werden verschiedene Programmierparadigmen entwickelt und die effektive Handhabung von Komplexität gezeigt. Als Programmiersprache wird SCHEME verwendet, ein Dialekt von LISP. Alle Programme laufen in jeder dem IEEE-Standard entsprechenden SCHEME-Implementierung.
Posted in Computers

Programmieren lernen mit Python

Author: Allen B. Downey

Publisher: O'Reilly Germany

ISBN: 3868999477

Category: Computers

Page: 312

View: 2714

Python ist eine moderne, interpretierte, interaktive und objektorientierte Skriptsprache, vielseitig einsetzbar und sehr beliebt. Mit mathematischen Vorkenntnissen ist Python leicht erlernbar und daher die ideale Sprache für den Einstieg in die Welt des Programmierens. Das Buch führt Sie Schritt für Schritt durch die Sprache, beginnend mit grundlegenden Programmierkonzepten, über Funktionen, Syntax und Semantik, Rekursion und Datenstrukturen bis hin zum objektorientierten Design. Jenseits reiner Theorie: Jedes Kapitel enthält passende Übungen und Fallstudien, kurze Verständnistests und kleinere Projekte, an denen Sie die neu erlernten Programmierkonzepte gleich ausprobieren und festigen können. Auf diese Weise können Sie das Gelernte direkt anwenden und die jeweiligen Programmierkonzepte nachvollziehen. Lernen Sie Debugging-Techniken kennen: Am Ende jedes Kapitels finden Sie einen Abschnitt zum Thema Debugging, der Techniken zum Aufspüren und Vermeiden von Bugs sowie Warnungen vor entsprechenden Stolpersteinen in Python enthält. Starten Sie durch: Beginnen Sie mit den Grundlagen der Programmierung und den verschiedenen Programmierkonzepten, und lernen Sie, wie ein Informatiker zu programmieren.
Posted in Computers

Fault-Tolerant Systems

Author: Israel Koren,C. Mani Krishna

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080492681

Category: Computers

Page: 400

View: 2768

Fault-Tolerant Systems is the first book on fault tolerance design with a systems approach to both hardware and software. No other text on the market takes this approach, nor offers the comprehensive and up-to-date treatment that Koren and Krishna provide. This book incorporates case studies that highlight six different computer systems with fault-tolerance techniques implemented in their design. A complete ancillary package is available to lecturers, including online solutions manual for instructors and PowerPoint slides. Students, designers, and architects of high performance processors will value this comprehensive overview of the field. The first book on fault tolerance design with a systems approach Comprehensive coverage of both hardware and software fault tolerance, as well as information and time redundancy Incorporated case studies highlight six different computer systems with fault-tolerance techniques implemented in their design Available to lecturers is a complete ancillary package including online solutions manual for instructors and PowerPoint slides
Posted in Computers

Compiler

Prinzipien, Techniken und Werkzeuge

Author: Alfred V. Aho

Publisher: Pearson Deutschland GmbH

ISBN: 9783827370976

Category: Compiler

Page: 1253

View: 2447

Posted in Compiler

Accuracy and Stability of Numerical Algorithms

Second Edition

Author: Nicholas J. Higham

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 9780898718027

Category: Computer algorithms

Page: 680

View: 7981

Accuracy and Stability of Numerical Algorithms gives a thorough, up-to-date treatment of the behavior of numerical algorithms in finite precision arithmetic. It combines algorithmic derivations, perturbation theory, and rounding error analysis, all enlivened by historical perspective and informative quotations. This second edition expands and updates the coverage of the first edition (1996) and includes numerous improvements to the original material. Two new chapters treat symmetric indefinite systems and skew-symmetric systems, and nonlinear systems and Newton's method. Twelve new sections include coverage of additional error bounds for Gaussian elimination, rank revealing LU factorizations, weighted and constrained least squares problems, and the fused multiply-add operation found on some modern computer architectures.
Posted in Computer algorithms

VLSI Circuits and Systems

Author: José Francisco López,SPIE Europe,AnaFocus (Firm),Francisco V. Fernández,Centro Nacional de Microlectrbonica,José María López-Villegas,Anafocus (Spain),SPIE Digital Library

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Integrated circuits

Page: N.A

View: 2040

Posted in Integrated circuits

Data mining

praktische Werkzeuge und Techniken für das maschinelle Lernen

Author: Ian H. Witten,Eibe Frank

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783446215337

Category:

Page: 386

View: 9217

Posted in

Computer Arithmetic

Algorithms and Hardware Implementations

Author: Mircea Vlăduţiu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364218314X

Category: Computers

Page: 270

View: 5582

The subject of this book is the analysis and design of digital devices that implement computer arithmetic. The book's presentation of high-level detail, descriptions, formalisms and design principles means that it can support many research activities in this field, with an emphasis on bridging the gap between algorithm optimization and hardware implementation. The author provides a unified view linking the domains of digital design and arithmetic algorithms, based on original formalisms and hardware description languages. A feature of the book is the large number of examples and the implementation details provided. While the author does not avoid high-level details, providing for example gate-level designs for all matrix/combinational arithmetic structures. The book is suitable for researchers and students engaged with hardware design in computer science and engineering. A feature of the book is the large number of examples and the implementation details provided. While the author does not avoid high-level details, providing for example gate-level designs for all matrix/combinational arithmetic structures. The book is suitable for researchers and students engaged with hardware design in computer science and engineering.
Posted in Computers

Hacking

Die Kunst des Exploits

Author: Jon Erickson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783898645362

Category: Computer networks

Page: 505

View: 8256

Posted in Computer networks

Methodisches Testen von Programmen

Author: Glenford J. Myers

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783486256345

Category: Computer programs

Page: 179

View: 7533

Der Klassiker zum Thema Softeware-Test, bereits in der 7. Auflage! Dieses Buch hilft Ihnen, Kosten zu senken: durch eine praxisbezogene Anleitung zum Testen von Programmen. Es ist ein Handbuch zur Optimierung des methodischen Testens in der Praxis. Darüber hinaus werden auch ökonomische und psychologische Aspekte von Programmtests betrachtet, ebenso Marketinginformationen, Testwerkzeuge, High-Order-Testing, Fehlerbehebung und Codeinspektionen.
Posted in Computer programs

Der Pragmatische Programmierer

Author: Andrew Hunt,David Thomas

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783446223097

Category:

Page: 307

View: 8643

Posted in