Complexity in World Politics

Concepts and Methods of a New Paradigm

Author: Neil E. Harrison

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791481492

Category: Political Science

Page: 220

View: 9721

Demonstrates that world politics is more complex than conventional models can account for.
Posted in Political Science

Intelligent Computing Systems

Emerging Application Areas

Author: George A. Tsihrintzis,Maria Virvou,Lakhmi C. Jain

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662491796

Category: Computers

Page: 368

View: 1581

This book at hand explores emerging scientific and technological areas in which Intelligent Computing Systems provide efficient solutions and, thus, may play a role in the years to come. It demonstrates how Intelligent Computing Systems make use of computational methodologies that mimic nature-inspired processes to address real world problems of high complexity for which exact mathematical solutions, based on physical and statistical modelling, are intractable. Common intelligent computational methodologies are presented including artificial neural networks, evolutionary computation, genetic algorithms, artificial immune systems, fuzzy logic, swarm intelligence, artificial life, virtual worlds and hybrid methodologies based on combinations of the previous. The book will be useful to researchers, practitioners and graduate students dealing with mathematically-intractable problems. It is intended for both the expert/researcher in the field of Intelligent Computing Systems, as well as for the general reader in the fields of Artificial and Computational Intelligence who wishes to learn more about the field of Intelligent Computing Systems and its applications. An extensive list of bibliographic references at the end of each chapter guides the reader to probe further into application area of interest to him/her.
Posted in Computers

Who Gets What?

Domestic Influences on International Negotiations Allocating Shared Resources

Author: Aslaug Asgeirsdottir

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791475409

Category: Law

Page: 192

View: 9382

Examines the domestic constraints negotiators operate under when nations seek to cooperate.
Posted in Law

Sustainable Capitalism and the Pursuit of Well-Being

Author: Neil E. Harrison

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135097461

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 204

View: 4773

Sustainable development is the central challenge of the 21st Century. How can human civilization continue to develop without destroying the natural systems on which it depends?Environmentalists tell us that capitalism is the problem because it feeds our self-interest. They tell us that we have to restrain ourselves and only consume what the Earth can sustain. Or governments must tell us what we can and cannot buy. This book uses the science of complex systems to explain why governments cannot deliver sustainability or happiness and how self-interest can be used to make society sustainable. Capitalism won the Cold War; until the Great Recession of 2008, it seemed to be the perfect system. But more of us are unhappy even as it has ravaged the planet. The central problem is the paradigm on which our social systems are founded that more (consumption, production, possessions) is always better. Based on research from political economy, philosophy, and psychology, this book shows that the problem is not self-interest. We are unhappy because we have been taught that our interests are material and that buying 'stuff' will make us happy. Yet, social pressure to consume only prevents us from satisfying our basic psychological needs and fully enjoying life. For that we need to pursue our personal well-being. Because this also reduces our material consumption, environmental sustainability comes from each of us knowing what's truly good for our selves. Even without the constant economic growth that harms the planet and damages our lives, capitalism also is sustainable. This book will be of interest to scholars and students of sustainability;civil societyactivists and social entrepreneurs; thought leaders and policymakers. .
Posted in Business & Economics

Complexity Science and World Affairs

Author: Walter C. Clemens Jr.

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438449011

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 388

Applies complexity science to the study of international politics. Why did some countries transition peacefully from communist rule to political freedom and market economies, while others did not? Why did the United States enjoy a brief moment as the sole remaining superpower, and then lose power and influence across the board? What are the prospects for China, the main challenger to American hegemony? In Complexity Science and World Affairs, Walter C. Clemens Jr. demonstrates how the basic concepts of complexity science can broaden and deepen the insights gained by other approaches to the study of world affairs. He argues that societal fitness—the ability of a social system to cope with complex challenges and opportunities—hinges heavily on the values and way of life of each society, and serves to explain why some societies gain and others lose. Applying theory to several rich case studies, including political developments across post–Soviet Eurasia and the United States, Clemens shows that complexity science offers a powerful set of tools for advancing the study of international relations, comparative government, and, more broadly, the social sciences. “Clemens has written an outstanding book—the culmination of a half‑century’s experience in and analysis of world affairs … [It is] bound to interest not only political and other social scientists but all thoughtful persons concerned with understanding and perhaps improving the human condition.” — from the Foreword by Stuart A. Kauffman “This breakthrough book provides a new, promising general paradigm exploring and explaining the complexity of world politics. For scholars and analysts pushing the boundaries of our field, this is a must-read volume.” — Jacek Kugler, Claremont Graduate University “Complexity can be overwhelming and complexity science can be daunting, and, yet, in Walter Clemens’s skilled hands both become accessible, understandable, and useful tools for both scholars and practitioners. Once again, Clemens has shown that sophisticated academic theorizing only benefits from clarity, elegance, and wit. The book is ideal for graduate and undergraduate students as a supplementary text in international relations or comparative politics.” — Alexander Motyl, Rutgers University–Newark “Clemens offers a fresh, even startling, paradigm and process for analyzing the seemingly unpredictable relations within and among human societies. With impressive clarity he proposes that ‘the capacity to cope with complexity’ has become a key determinant of success in our intricately interrelated world. Careful study of this capacity in specific contexts can lead to revealing analyses in comparative politics and international relations. A provocative and stimulating treatise!” — S. Frederick Starr, Johns Hopkins University “Walt Clemens’s provocative new book can be appreciated at several levels: as an analytical framework in international relations—complexity science—that offers a compelling alternative to realism and neoliberalism; as an incisive critique of the ‘fitness’ of the supposedly most developed societies to deal with our complex world; and as a humanistic value-set that provides better standards for assessing governments than do GDP, trade levels, or military spending. Clemens skillfully integrates theory and practice to explore US ‘hyperpower,’ the two Koreas, China, and other states from new angles, and with consistent objectivity. IR specialists should find this book exciting, while IR and international studies students will be challenged by the new paradigm it presents.” — Mel Gurtov, Portland State University “Clemens proposes a powerful new way of looking at international relations and politics, and offers a productive method for assessing the fitness of societies in the early twenty-first century.” — Guntis Šmidchens, University of Washington, Seattle “You don’t have to be a political scientist to wonder why some states succeed and others do not, why some societies flourish while others suffer stagnation and conflict. Employing the relatively new tool of complexity science, Walter Clemens evaluates the ‘fitness’ of states and societies, i.e. their ability to cope with complex challenges and opportunities. He does so in a way that is erudite—how many studies quote Walt Whitman and Karl Marx in the same chapter?—yet clear and accessible. Clemens challenges both existing political science paradigms and policy perspectives. This is a stimulating, rich volume that can be read and re-read with profit and appreciation for its breadth and depth and most of all for its insistence that we see the world, and the states in it, in all their complexity.” — Ronald H. Linden, University of Pittsburgh
Posted in History

The British National Bibliography

Author: Arthur James Wells

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: English literature

Page: N.A

View: 8343

Posted in English literature

Beyond Boundaries?

Disciplines, Paradigms, and Theoretical Integration in International Studies

Author: Rudra Sil,Eileen M. Doherty

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791445976

Category: Political Science

Page: 278

View: 6421

Presents a constructively critical reappraisal of the boundaries that define the social scientific analysis of international life.
Posted in Political Science

Resources in Education

Annual Cumulation: 1997: Abstracts

Author: N.A

Publisher: Oryx Press

ISBN: 9781573560764

Category: Education

Page: N.A

View: 3917

Posted in Education

Eine Welt der Propensitäten

Author: Karl R. Popper

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161462085

Category: Philosophy

Page: 93

View: 4589

Posted in Philosophy

Die Freude des Evangeliums

Author: Franziskus (Papst),

Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH

ISBN: 3451801507

Category: Religion

Page: 320

View: 8730

"Ich weiß sehr wohl, dass heute die Dokumente nicht dasselbe Interesse wecken wie zu anderen Zeiten und schnell vergessen werden. Trotzdem betone ich, dass das, was ich hier zu sagen beabsichtige, eine programmatische Bedeutung hat und wichtige Konsequenzen beinhaltet ... Ich wünsche mir eine arme Kirche für die Armen." Papst Franziskus Das vollständige Dokument plus Einführung und Themenschlüssel
Posted in Religion

American Book Publishing Record

BPR cumulative

Author: Bowker Staff

Publisher: R. R. Bowker

ISBN: 9780835240857

Category: Reference

Page: 17426

View: 6509

Posted in Reference

Forthcoming Books

Author: Rose Arny

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 8757

Posted in American literature

Personnel Management Abstracts

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Personnel management

Page: N.A

View: 5001

Posted in Personnel management

Choice

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Best books

Page: N.A

View: 611

Posted in Best books

Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Author: Union of International Associations

Publisher: De Gruyter Saur

ISBN: N.A

Category: Civilization, Modern

Page: 929

View: 2037

The destruction of wildlife habitats ... organized crime ... AIDS ... illiteracy ... acid rain -- these are among the 130,000 topics documented and discussed in the new edition of the Encyclopedia. But its truly unique goal is to present this complex set of issues in ways that facilitate an organized response. To this end, the book also focuses on the complex relationship between problems and society's own ideological relationship with these problems. How do human priorities and perceptions aggravate or enable problems? What are the established and alternative responses? The Encyclopedia contains over 158,000 cross-references between entries, an extensive 91,000 practical key term index, bibliographies, and full cross-referencing to the Yearbook of International Organizations. For anyone concerned with the world community, here are the means to explore and participate in today's most crucial endeavors. Volume 2, Human Potential: Transformation and Values, contains 7,700 entries reflecting a spectrum of problem-solving approaches based on such human development issues as self-learning, creativity, and modes of awareness. The volume also focuses on specific religious beliefs, value systems, and thought patterns.
Posted in Civilization, Modern

Die Vernetzung der Welt

Ein Blick in unsere Zukunft

Author: Eric Schmidt,Jared Cohen

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644030618

Category: Political Science

Page: 448

View: 8015

Welche Konsequenzen wird es haben, wenn in Zukunft die überwiegende Mehrheit der Weltbevölkerung online ist? Wenn Informationstechnologien so allgegenwärtig sind wie Elektrizität? Was bedeutet das für die Politik, die Wirtschaft – und für uns selbst? Diese Fragen beantwortet ein außergewöhnliches Autorenduo: Eric Schmidt, der Mann, der Google zu einem Weltunternehmen gemacht hat, und Jared Cohen, ehemaliger Berater von Hillary Clinton und Condoleezza Rice und jetzt Chef von Googles Denkfabrik. In diesem aufregenden Buch führen sie uns die Chancen und Gefahren jener eng vernetzten Welt vor Augen, die die meisten von uns noch erleben werden. Es ist die sehr konkrete Vision einer Zukunft, die bereits begonnen hat. Und ein engagiertes Plädoyer dafür, sie jetzt zu gestalten – weil Technologie der leitenden Hand des Menschen bedarf, um Positives zu bewirken.
Posted in Political Science

Politik und Umwelt

Author: Klaus Jacob

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531148892

Category: Political Science

Page: 564

View: 7580

Das Thema „Politik und Umwelt“ weist über die Umweltpolitik als abgegrenztes Politikfeld hinaus. Die Bearbeitung der Herausforderungen, die aus der Konfrontation gegenwärtiger Gesellschaften mit der Begrenztheit natürlicher Ressourcen und der Zerstörung ökologischer Systeme erwachsen, hat die Inhalte, Strukturen und Prozesse der Politik umfassend verändert. In dem Band wird Umweltpolitik sowohl als ein Beispiel der allgemeinen Entwicklung politischer Systeme wie auch als Motor für deren Modernisierung beschrieben. Die einzelnen Beiträge berühren dabei grundlegende Problemstellungen der Politikwissenschaft. Sie diskutieren am Beispiel nationaler, internationaler und transnationaler Umweltpolitik Fragen nach dem Regieren jenseits des Nationalstaates oder in Mehrebenensystemen, den Entwicklungen und Veränderungen grenzüberschreitender Zusammenarbeit im internationalen System, dem Einfluss nicht-staatlicher Akteure, der Interdependenz und Integration verschiedener Politikdomänen, der staatlichen Handlungsautonomie und Steuerungsfähigkeit unter den Bedingungen von Globalisierung und internationalem Wettbewerb, sowie Probleme der Gerechtigkeit, Partizipation und Demokratie. Insgesamt spiegeln die Beiträge dabei die Vielfalt der methodischen Ansätze und theoretischen Orientierungen in der Politikwissenschaft wider. Sie zeigen, dass deren Anwendung in der Untersuchung der Umweltpolitik und ihrer besonderen Herausforderungen sowohl für die Gewinnung von praxisrelevantem Wissen als auch für die Weiterentwicklung der Disziplin fruchtbar ist.
Posted in Political Science