Complex Systems and Cognitive Processes

Author: Roberto Serra,Gianni Zanarini

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642466788

Category: Computers

Page: 205

View: 8688

This volume describes our intellectual path from the physics of complex sys tems to the science of artificial cognitive systems. It was exciting to discover that many of the concepts and methods which succeed in describing the self organizing phenomena of the physical world are relevant also for understand ing cognitive processes. Several nonlinear physicists have felt the fascination of such discovery in recent years. In this volume, we will limit our discussion to artificial cognitive systems, without attempting to model either the cognitive behaviour or the nervous structure of humans or animals. On the one hand, such artificial systems are important per se; on the other hand, it can be expected that their study will shed light on some general principles which are relevant also to biological cognitive systems. The main purpose of this volume is to show that nonlinear dynamical systems have several properties which make them particularly attractive for reaching some of the goals of artificial intelligence. The enthusiasm which was mentioned above must however be qualified by a critical consideration of the limitations of the dynamical systems approach. Understanding cognitive processes is a tremendous scientific challenge, and the achievements reached so far allow no single method to claim that it is the only valid one. In particular, the approach based upon nonlinear dynamical systems, which is our main topic, is still in an early stage of development.
Posted in Computers

Self-steering and Cognition in Complex Systems

Toward a New Cybernetics

Author: Francis Heylighen,Erik Rosseel,Frank Demeyere

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9782881247293

Category: Computers

Page: 431

View: 7977

In the on-going philosophical debate between cognitivism and (radical) constructivism the pervading notions of self-reference, self- organization, self-steering, autonomy, etc., are at the forefront of discussion. These multidisciplinary papers, from a symposium on [title] held in May 1987, examine these topics in depth and illustrate their applications. Taken as a whole, they provide insight into the emergence of a new cybernetics. Book club price, $34. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Posted in Computers

Artificial Cognition Systems

Author: Loula, Angelo

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1599041138

Category: Computers

Page: 418

View: 8572

"This book presents recent research efforts in Artificial Intelligence about building artificial systems capable of performing cognitive tasks. A fundamental issue addressed in this book is if these cognitive processes can have any meaningfulness to the artificial system being built"--Provided by publisher.
Posted in Computers

Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science, Cognitive Processes

Author: N.A

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118953851

Category: Psychology

Page: 1120

View: 7792

The essential reference for human development theory, updatedand reconceptualized The Handbook of Child Psychology and DevelopmentalScience, a four-volume reference, is the field-defining work towhich all others are compared. First published in 1946, and now inits Seventh Edition, the Handbook has long been consideredthe definitive guide to the field of developmental science. Volume 2: Cognitive Processes describes cognitivedevelopment as a relational phenomenon that can be studied only aspart of a larger whole of the person and context relational systemthat sustains it. In this volume, specific domains of cognitivedevelopment are contextualized with respect to biological processesand sociocultural contexts. Furthermore, key themes and issues(e.g., the importance of symbolic systems and social understanding)are threaded across multiple chapters, although every each chapteris focused on a different domain within cognitive development.Thus, both within and across chapters, the complexity andinterconnectivity of cognitive development are wellilluminated. Learn about the inextricable intertwining of perceptualdevelopment, motor development, emotional development, and braindevelopment Understand the complexity of cognitive development withoutmisleading simplification, reducing cognitive development to itsbiological substrates, or viewing it as a passive socializationprocess Discover how each portion of the developmental processcontributes to subsequent cognitive development Examine the multiple processes – such as categorizing,reasoning, thinking, decision making and judgment – thatcomprise cognition The scholarship within this volume and, as well, across the fourvolumes of this edition, illustrate that developmental science isin the midst of a very exciting period. There is a paradigm shiftthat involves increasingly greater understanding of how todescribe, explain, and optimize the course of human life fordiverse individuals living within diverse contexts. ThisHandbook is the definitive reference for educators,policy-makers, researchers, students, and practitioners in humandevelopment, psychology, sociology, anthropology, andneuroscience.
Posted in Psychology

Modeling Complex Systems

Author: John William Shuart,William D. Spaulding,Jeffrey Stephen Poland

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0803213883

Category: Self-Help

Page: 359

View: 8625

Describes contemporary approach to the modeling of complex cognitive and behavioral processes. This book provides examples of translational research ranging from clinical neuropsychology to self-actualization, from medical informatics to industrial psychology, from programmed learning to psychiatric rehabilitation.
Posted in Self-Help

Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science, Cognitive Processes

Author: Richard M. Lerner,Lynn S. Liben,Ulrich Mueller

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118136780

Category: Psychology

Page: 1094

View: 509

The essential reference for human development theory, updated and reconceptualized The Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science, a four-volume reference, is the field-defining work to which all others are compared. First published in 1946, and now in its Seventh Edition, the Handbook has long been considered the definitive guide to the field of developmental science. Volume 2: Cognitive Processes describes cognitive development as a relational phenomenon that can be studied only as part of a larger whole of the person and context relational system that sustains it. In this volume, specific domains of cognitive development are contextualized with respect to biological processes and sociocultural contexts. Furthermore, key themes and issues (e.g., the importance of symbolic systems and social understanding) are threaded across multiple chapters, although every each chapter is focused on a different domain within cognitive development. Thus, both within and across chapters, the complexity and interconnectivity of cognitive development are well illuminated. Learn about the inextricable intertwining of perceptual development, motor development, emotional development, and brain development Understand the complexity of cognitive development without misleading simplification, reducing cognitive development to its biological substrates, or viewing it as a passive socialization process Discover how each portion of the developmental process contributes to subsequent cognitive development Examine the multiple processes – such as categorizing, reasoning, thinking, decision making and judgment – that comprise cognition The scholarship within this volume and, as well, across the four volumes of this edition, illustrate that developmental science is in the midst of a very exciting period. There is a paradigm shift that involves increasingly greater understanding of how to describe, explain, and optimize the course of human life for diverse individuals living within diverse contexts. This Handbook is the definitive reference for educators, policy-makers, researchers, students, and practitioners in human development, psychology, sociology, anthropology, and neuroscience.
Posted in Psychology

Complex Artificial Environments

Simulation, Cognition and VR in the Study and Planning of Cities

Author: Juval Portugali,Yuval Porṭugali

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540259176

Category: Architecture

Page: 322

View: 760

This book explores the possibilities of applying the theories of complexity and self-organization developed to account for various phenomena in the natural science to artifacts traditionally the realm of humanities and social sciences. The emphasis of this volume is on the development of cities and the impact of these methods on urban simulation methods.
Posted in Architecture

Exploring Implicit Cognition: Learning, Memory, and Social Cognitive Processes

Learning, Memory, and Social Cognitive Processes

Author: Jin, Zheng

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466666005

Category: Psychology

Page: 337

View: 981

While widely studied, the capacity of the human mind remains largely unexplored. As such, researchers are continually seeking ways to understand the brain, its function, and its impact on human behavior. Exploring Implicit Cognition: Learning, Memory, and Social Cognitive Processes explores research surrounding the ways in which an individual’s unconscious is able to influence and impact that person’s behavior without their awareness. Focusing on topics pertaining to social cognition and the unconscious process, this title is ideal for use by students, researchers, psychologists, and academicians interested in the latest insights into implicit cognition.
Posted in Psychology

Decoherence and Entropy in Complex Systems

Selected Lectures from DICE 2002

Author: Hans-Thomas Elze

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540206392

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 403

View: 3473

The contributions to this volume are based on selected lectures from the first international workshop on decoherence, information, complexity and entropy (DICE). The aim of this volume is to reflect the growing importance ot common concepts behind seemingly different fields such as quantum mechanics, general relativity and statistical physics in a form accessible to nonspecialist researchers. Many presentations include original results which published here for the first time.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Information and Self-Organization

A Macroscopic Approach to Complex Systems

Author: Hermann Haken

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540330232

Category: Science

Page: 258

View: 4038

The widespread interest this book has found among professors, scientists and stu dents working in a variety of fields has made a new edition necessary. I have used this opportunity to add three new chapters on recent developments. One of the most fascinating fields of modern science is cognitive science which has become a meet ing place of many disciplines ranging from mathematics over physics and computer science to psychology. Here, one of the important links between these fields is the concept of information which, however, appears in various disguises, be it as Shan non information or as semantic information (or as something still different). So far, meaning seemed to be exorcised from Shannon information, whereas meaning plays a central role in semantic (or as it is sometimes called "pragmatic") information. In the new chapter 13 it will be shown, however, that there is an important interplay between Shannon and semantic information and that, in particular, the latter plays a decisive role in the fixation of Shannon information and, in cognitive processes, al lows a drastic reduction of that information. A second, equally fascinating and rapidly developing field for mathematicians, computer scientists and physicists is quantum information and quantum computa tion. The inclusion of these topics is a must for any modern treatise dealing with in formation. It becomes more and more evident that the abstract concept of informa tion is inseparably tied up with its realizations in the physical world.
Posted in Science

Knowledge Networks: The Social Software Perspective

The Social Software Perspective

Author: Lytras, Miltiadis D.

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1599049775

Category: Computers

Page: 422

View: 2603

"This book concentrates on strategies that exploit emerging technologies for the knowledge effectiveness in social networks"--Provided by publisher.
Posted in Computers

Interdisciplinary Approaches to Nonlinear Complex Systems

Author: Hermann Haken,A. Mikhailov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642510302

Category: Science

Page: 237

View: 6146

Nonlinear dynamics is now recognized as playing a crucial role in a wide variety of disciplines. But what is only just beginning is the important process of cross fertilization and transfer of knowledge and expertise from one area to another. This book is intended to promote this process which will undoubtedly contribute greatly to furthering our understanding of complex systems. Contributions are provided by leading experts from the areas of sociology, cognitive science, chemistry, physiology, ecology, economics, neural networks and physics.
Posted in Science

MAKING A DIFFERENCE

THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE SEVENTH INTERNATIONAL CONFE

Author: SASHA A. BARAB,KENNETH E. HAY,NANCY BUTLER SONGER

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780805861747

Category: Education

Page: 1168

View: 4392

Posted in Education

Cognition in Geosciences

The feeding loop between geo-disciplines, cognitive sciences and epistemology

Author: Paolo Dell'Aversana

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9073834686

Category: Science

Page: 204

View: 9119

Cognition in Geosciences: The Feeding Loop Between Geo-disciplines, Cognitive Sciences and Epistemology presents the basic idea that the geosciences can contribute to elucidate some unsolved problems of epistemology and cognition. This book introduces the fundamental concept of a semantic system, which comprises information plus human resources and technology. Organized into nine chapters, this book begins with an overview of the fundamental processes of macro-cognition, including spatial perception, creativity, information clustering, information processing, and concept formation. This text then explains how theory and practice in geophysics can elucidate many basic aspects of high level cognition. Other chapters consider the concept of semantic entropy to provide a measure of how much information has been integrated in order to derive coherent significances. This book discusses as well the complexity of linguistic communication in the geosciences. The final chapter deals with the aesthetic experience. This book is a valuable resource for psychologists and neurologists.
Posted in Science

Engineering of Intelligent Systems

14th International Conference on Industrial and Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems, IEA/AIE 2001 Budapest, Hungary, June 4-7, 2001 Proceedings

Author: Laszlo Monostori,Jozsef Vancza

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540422196

Category: Computers

Page: 951

View: 1974

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Industrial and Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Export Systems, IEA/AIE 2001, held in Budapest, Hungary in June 2001. The 104 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 140 submissions. The proceedings offer topical sections on searching, knowledge representation, model-based reasoning, machine learning, data mining, soft computing, evolutionary algorithms, distributed problem solving, export systems, pattern and speech recognition, vision language processing, planning and scheduling, robotics, autonomous agents, design, control, manufacturing systems, finance and business, software engineering, and intelligent tutoring.
Posted in Computers

Qualitative Complexity

Ecology, Cognitive Processes and the Re-Emergence of Structures in Post-Humanist Social Theory

Author: John Smith,Chris Jenks

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134327714

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 8305

Offering a critique of the humanist paradigm in contemporary social theory, Qualitative Complexity is the first comprehensive sociological analysis of complexity theory. Drawing from sources in sociology, philosophy, complexity theory, 'fuzzy logic', systems theory, cognitive science and evolutionary biology, John Smith and Chris Jenks present a new series of interdisciplinary perspectives on the sociology of complex, self-organizing structures.
Posted in Philosophy

Fundamentals and Assessment Tools for Occupational Ergonomics

Author: William S. Marras,Waldemar Karwowski

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420003631

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1024

View: 3033

Completely revised and updated, taking the scientific rigor to a whole new level, the second edition of the Occupational Ergonomics Handbook is now available in two volumes. This new organization demonstrates the enormous amount of advances that have occurred in the field since the publication of the first edition. The second edition not only provides more information but makes it more accessible. Each volume narrows the focus while broadening the coverage, supplying immediate access to important information. One of the most comprehensive sources for ergonomic knowledge available, written by leading experts, providing both sound theory and practical examples, this book is a valuable resource for anyone in the field. Fundamental and Assessment Tools for Occupational Ergonomics merges the frontiers of ergonomics, workplace design, and management issues. The editors have brought together researchers from disciplines such as biomechanics, anthropometry, and cognitive science with pioneering practitioners in industry. They discuss tools of the trade, upper extremity analysis, backs, interventions, management issues, design for ergonomics, principles of product design, band-aid approaches, processing, distribution centers, and service systems. The handbook is a compendium of information authored by top-flight investigators who represent the cutting edge of opinion, research, and interest in the field.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Integrative Systems Approaches to Natural and Social Dynamics

Systems Sciences 2000

Author: Peter Murray Allen,M. Matthies,H. Malchow,J. Kriz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540412922

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 593

View: 8550

With contributions by numerous experts
Posted in Business & Economics

Human Factors Methods

A Practical Guide for Engineering and Design

Author: Dr Chris Baber,Dr Daniel P Jenkins,Dr Guy H Walker,Dr Laura A Rafferty,Professor Paul M Salmon,Professor Neville A Stanton

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472408152

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 650

View: 1783

This second edition of Human Factors Methods: A Practical Guide for Engineering and Design now presents 107 design and evaluation methods including numerous refinements to those that featured in the original. The book acts as an ergonomics methods manual, aiding both students and practitioners. Offering a 'how-to' text on a substantial range of ergonomics methods, the eleven sections represent the different categories of ergonomics methods and techniques that can be used in the evaluation and design process.
Posted in Technology & Engineering