Complex Adaptive Systems

An Introduction to Computational Models of Social Life

Author: John H. Miller,Scott E. Page

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400835522

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 8939

This book provides the first clear, comprehensive, and accessible account of complex adaptive social systems, by two of the field's leading authorities. Such systems--whether political parties, stock markets, or ant colonies--present some of the most intriguing theoretical and practical challenges confronting the social sciences. Engagingly written, and balancing technical detail with intuitive explanations, Complex Adaptive Systems focuses on the key tools and ideas that have emerged in the field since the mid-1990s, as well as the techniques needed to investigate such systems. It provides a detailed introduction to concepts such as emergence, self-organized criticality, automata, networks, diversity, adaptation, and feedback. It also demonstrates how complex adaptive systems can be explored using methods ranging from mathematics to computational models of adaptive agents. John Miller and Scott Page show how to combine ideas from economics, political science, biology, physics, and computer science to illuminate topics in organization, adaptation, decentralization, and robustness. They also demonstrate how the usual extremes used in modeling can be fruitfully transcended.
Posted in Social Science

Perspektiven des Supply Management

Konzepte und Anwendungen

Author: Michael Eßig

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540270183

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 555

View: 4501

Perspektiven des Supply Management gibt einen Einblick in innovative Ansätze zum Beschaffungs-, Einkaufs- und Logistikmanagement. Das Buch kombiniert Best Practice-Unternehmensbeispiele (BASF AG, Deutsche Lufthansa AG, Morgan Stanley Bank AG, MTU AeroEngines GmbH, Siemens AG, Thiel Logistik AG, etc.) mit internationalen Wissenschaftskonzepten und liefert somit Anregungen für Forschung, Lehre und Praxis gleichermaßen. Unter der Klammer eines integrierten Supply Management-Ansatzes ("House of Sourcing and Supply Management") vereinigen sich zahlreiche namhafte Fachautoren mit ihren Überlegungen für eine zukunftsgerichtete Versorgungsfunktion. Die Bandbreite der Themen reicht von Fragen der Beschaffungsstrategie und des Lieferantenmanagement bis zur Optimierung von Supply Chain-Strukturen, Finanzierungs- und Kapitalbeschaffungskonzepten sowie Beschaffungs- und Supply Chain-Controlling.
Posted in Business & Economics

Die Entstehung des Wohlstands

wie Evolution die Wirtschaft antreibt

Author: Eric D. Beinhocker

Publisher: MI Wirtschaftsbuch

ISBN: 9783636030863

Category:

Page: 592

View: 7861

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Anatomie des Sozialen - Prinzipien der analytischen Soziologie

Author: Peter Hedström

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531153971

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 3058

Einer der weltweit führenden Soziologen, Peter Hedström, zeichnet die Grundlagen einer analytischen Soziologie nach. Er argumentiert für eine erklärende Soziologie, die Theorie und Empirie miteinander verbindet.
Posted in Social Science

Finanzmarktsimulation mit Multiagentensystemen

Entwicklung eines methodischen Frameworks

Author: Michael Heun

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3835055135

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 551

View: 4658

Michael Heun entwickelt ein Framework als Grundlage für die Finanzmarktsimulation mit Multiagentensystemen. Der Fokus liegt dabei auf der Offenheit des Frameworks, sodass unterschiedlichste Marktformen und Marktteilnehmertypen einbezogen werden können.
Posted in Business & Economics

Die Grenzen des Denkens

wie wir sie mit System erkennen und überwinden können

Author: Donella H. Meadows,Diana Wright

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783865811998

Category:

Page: 238

View: 6316

Anschauliche und leicht verständliche Einführung in das Gebiet komplexer Systeme, die es überall in Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft sowie in den Naturwissenschaften gibt.
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Journalismusforschung

Stand und Perspektiven

Author: Klaus Meier,Christoph Neuberger

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783832975425

Category: Journalism

Page: 245

View: 1994

Journalismus befindet sich in einem vielschichtigen Umbruch und bedarf mehr denn je einer wissenschaftlichen Begleitung. Der Band bietet eine Standortbestimmung der Journalismusforschung. Die Autoren sind Kenner der Forschungsbereiche, deren Theorien, Fragen und Ergebnisse sie für Studierende, Wissenschaftler und Praktiker kompakt präsentieren.
Posted in Journalism

Die Evolution der Kooperation

Aus dem Amerikanischen übersetzt und mit einem Nachwort von Werner Raub und Thomas Voss

Author: Robert Axelrod

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3486851748

Category: Philosophy

Page: 245

View: 8112

Wie ist Kooperation möglich in einer Welt von Egoisten, in der es keine zentrale Autorität gibt? Axelrod entwickelt aus der Spieltheorie - auf der Basis des "Gefangenendilemmas" - eine verblüffende Lösung. Nicht die raffinierteste, auch nicht die aggressivste, nicht die sanfteste Strategie sichert langfristig Erfolg, sondern die grundsätzlich wohlwollende, aber stets vergeltungsbereite: TIT FOR TAT, "wie Du mir, so ich Dir". Axelrod schließt daraus, dass in der globalen arbeitsteiligen Wirtschaftsweise geradezu ein innerer Zwang zur Kooperation besteht. Gewinnbringende Kooperationen sind für Unternehmen nützlicher als blinder Wettbewerb.
Posted in Philosophy

Gedankenmaterie

Author: Jean-Pierre Changeux,Alain Connes

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662073943

Category: Science

Page: 175

View: 2890

Posted in Science

Mathematical Reviews

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 8570

Posted in Mathematics

Visionäre der Programmierung

die Sprachen und ihre Schöpfer

Author: Federico Biancuzzi,Shane Warden

Publisher: O'Reilly Germany

ISBN: 3897219344

Category: Computer algorithms

Page: 485

View: 1842

In Visionare der Programmierung - Die Sprachen und ihre Schopfer werden exklusive Interviews mit den Entwicklern von historischen wie auch von hoch aktuellen Programmiersprachen veroffentlicht. In dieser einzigartigen Zusammenstellung erfahren Sie uber die Hintergrunde, die zu den spezifischen Design-Entscheidungen in den Programmiersprachen gefuhrt haben und uber die ursprungliche Ziele, die die Entwickler im Kopf hatten, als sie eine neue Programmiersprache entwarfen. Ebenso konnen Sie lesen, wieso Abweichungen zum ursprunglichen Design entstanden und welchen Einflu die jeweilige Sprache auf die heutige Softwareentwicklung noch besitzt. Adin D. Falkoff: APL Thomas E. Kurtz: BASIC Charles H. Moore: FORTH Robin Milner: ML Donald D. Chamberlin: SQL Alfred Aho, Peter Weinberger und Brian Kernighan: AWK Charles Geschke und John Warnock: PostScript Bjarne Stroustrup: C++ Bertrand Meyer: Eiffel Brad Cox und Tom Love: Objective-C Larry Wall: Perl Simon Peyton Jones, Paul Hudak, Philip Wadler und John Hughes: Haskell Guido van Rossum: Python Luiz Henrique de Figueiredo und Roberto Ierusalimschy: Lua James Gosling: Java Grady Booch, Ivar Jacobson und James Rumbaugh: UML Anders Hejlsberg: Delphi-Entwickler und fuhrender Entwickler von C#
Posted in Computer algorithms

A Complexity Theory for Public Policy

Author: Göktuğ Morçöl

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136283463

Category: Political Science

Page: 324

View: 7510

Complexity theory has become popular in the natural and social sciences over the last few decades as a result of the advancements in our understanding of the complexities in natural and social phenomena. Concepts and methods of complexity theory have been applied by scholars of public affairs in North America and Europe, but a comprehensive framework for these applications is lacking. A Complexity Theory for Public Policy proposes a conceptual synthesis and sets a foundation for future developments and applications. In this book, Göktuğ Morçöl convincingly makes the case that complexity theory can help us understand better the self-organizational, emergent, and co-evolutionary characteristics of complex policy systems. In doing so, he discuss the epistemological implications of complexity theory and the methods complexity researchers use, and those methods they could use. As the complexity studies spread more around the world in the coming decades, the contents of this book will become appealing to larger audiences, particularly to scholars and graduate students in public affairs. The unique combination of synthesis and explanation of concepts and methods found in this book will serve as reference frames for future works.
Posted in Political Science

The SAGE Handbook of Complexity and Management

Author: Peter Allen,Steve Maguire,Bill McKelvey

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446209741

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 672

View: 2406

The SAGE Handbook of Complexity and Management is the first substantive scholarly work to provide a map of the state of art research in the growing field emerging at the intersection of complexity science and management studies. Edited and written by internationally respected scholars from management and related disciplines, the Handbook will be the definitive reference source for understanding the implications of complexity science for management research and practice. Part One: Foundations introduces complexity science and its implications for the foundations of scientific knowledge, including management knowledge. Part Two: Applications presents the numerous ways in which complexity science models and tools, as well as complexity thinking, are being applied to management and organizational phenomena and the insights gained as a result. Part Three: Interfaces highlights how complexity science is transforming various non-management fields and, in so doing, creating exciting interfaces for bridging between management and related disciplines.
Posted in Business & Economics

Der menschliche Geist

wie die Wissenschaften versuchen, die Psyche zu verstehen

Author: John Horgan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783596151394

Category:

Page: 427

View: 6917

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Grundzüge einer Systemtheorie

Principles of Systems

Author: Jay Wright Forrester

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663020940

Category: Science

Page: 213

View: 1601

Posted in Science

21st Century Economics: A Reference Handbook

Author: Rhona C. Free

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412961424

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1000

View: 1539

Interest in economics is at an all-time high. Among the challenges facing the nation is an economy with rapidly rising unemployment, failures of major businesses and industries, and continued dependence on oil with its wildly fluctuating price. Americans are debating the proper role of the government in company bailouts, the effectiveness of tax cuts versus increased government spending to stimulate the economy, and potential effects of deflation. Economists have dealt with such questions for generations, but they have taken on new meaning and significance. Tackling these questions and encompassing analysis of traditional economic theory and topics as well as those that economists have only more recently addressed, 21st Century Economics: A Reference Handbook is intended to meet the needs of several types of readers. Undergraduate students preparing for exams will find summaries of theory and models in key areas of micro and macroeconomics. Readers interested in learning about economic analysis of an issue as well students embarking on research projects will find introductions to relevant theory and empirical evidence. And economists seeking to learn about extensions of analysis into new areas or about new approaches will benefit from chapters that introduce cutting-edge topics. To make the book accessible to undergraduate students, models have been presented only in graphical format (minimal calculus) and empirical evidence has been summarized in ways that do not require much background in statistics or econometrics. It is thereby hoped that chapters will provide both crucial information and inspiration in a non-threatening, highly readable format.
Posted in Business & Economics

Complexity and the Economy

Author: W. Brian Arthur

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199334315

Category: Psychology

Page: 192

View: 7745

Economics is changing. In the last few years it has generated a number of new approaches. One of the most promising - complexity economics - was pioneered in the 1980s and 1990s by a small team at the Santa Fe Institute. Economist and complexity theorist W. Brian Arthur led that team, and in this book he collects many of his articles on this new approach. The traditional framework sees behavior in the economy as in an equilibrium steady state. People in the economy face well-defined problems and use perfect deductive reasoning to base their actions on. The complexity framework, by contrast, sees the economy as always in process, always changing. People try to make sense of the situations they face using whatever reasoning they have at hand, and together create outcomes they must individually react to anew. The resulting economy is not a well-ordered machine, but a complex evolving system that is imperfect, perpetually constructing itself anew, and brimming with vitality. The new vision complements and widens the standard one, and it helps answer many questions: Why does the stock market show moods and a psychology? Why do high-tech markets tend to lock in to the dominance of one or two very large players? How do economies form, and how do they continually alter in structure over time? The papers collected here were among the first to use evolutionary computation, agent-based modeling, and cognitive psychology. They cover topics as disparate as how markets form out of beliefs; how technology evolves over the long span of time; why systems and bureaucracies get more complicated as they evolve; and how financial crises can be foreseen and prevented in the future.
Posted in Psychology