Communicating Health Risks to the Public

A Global Perspective

Author: Dawn Hillier

Publisher: Gower Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 140945780X

Category: Medical

Page: 166

View: 5053

This book reviews current health risk communication strategies, and examines and assesses the technical and psycho-sociological tools available to support risk communication plans. It brings together approaches to risk communication from a number of countries and describes the techniques, including drama, storytelling and scenarios that are used to identify and prioritise key communication issues, and to identify policy responses. The book also provides a review of the methods and tools available for risk assessment, risk communication and priority setting, which are relevant not only to practitioners but to health planning more generally, and to many other areas of public health and policy. The discussion of these techniques is supported by case studies, and is concluded by a chapter reflecting on the conceptual and research issues that still need to be addressed. It also proposes new directions for risk communication that key into the public imagination with the aim of gaining their trust and confidence in the risk messages. Communicating Health Risks to the Public: A Global Perspective brings together a wide variety of perspectives on risk communication, from the perspectives of health, anthropology, psychology, and media. It should be of interest not only to those involved in risk assessment or communication but to anyone interested in the role of science and the media in the political process.
Posted in Medical

Communicating Risks to the Public

International Perspectives

Author: R.E Kasperson,P.J. Stallen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400919522

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 482

View: 7378

Risk communication: the evolution of attempts Risk communication is at once a very new and a very old field of interest. Risk analysis, as Krimsky and Plough (1988:2) point out, dates back at least to the Babylonians in 3200 BC. Cultures have traditionally utilized a host of mecha nisms for anticipating, responding to, and communicating about hazards - as in food avoidance, taboos, stigma of persons and places, myths, migration, etc. Throughout history, trade between places has necessitated labelling of containers to indicate their contents. Seals at sites of the ninth century BC Harappan civilization of South Asia record the owner and/or contents of the containers (Hadden, 1986:3). The Pure Food and Drug Act, the first labelling law with national scope in the United States, was passed in 1906. Common law covering the workplace in a number of countries has traditionally required that employers notify workers about significant dangers that they encounter on the job, an obligation formally extended to chronic hazards in the OSHA's Hazard Communication regulation of 1983 in the United States. In this sense, risk communication is probably the oldest way of risk manage ment. However, it is only until recently that risk communication has attracted the attention of regulators as an explicit alternative to the by now more common and formal approaches of standard setting, insuring etc. (Baram, 1982).
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Risk Communication in Action

Environmental Case Studies

Author: N.A

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1428900551

Category: Risk communication

Page: N.A

View: 534

Posted in Risk communication

Risk Communication and Public Health

Author: Peter Bennett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199562849

Category: Medical

Page: 339

View: 5171

Bringing together a wide variety of perspectives on risk communication, this up-to-date review of a high profile and topical area includes practical examples and lessons
Posted in Medical

The Handbook of Global Health Communication

Author: Rafael Obregon,Silvio Waisbord

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118241908

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 680

View: 5264

International in scope, The Handbook of Global HealthCommunication offers a comprehensive and up-to-date analysis ofthe role of communication processes in global public health,development and social change Brings together 32 contributions from well-respected scholarsand practitioners in the field, addressing a wide range ofcommunication approaches in current global health programs Offers an integrated view that links communication to thestrengthening of health services, the involvement of affectedcommunities in shaping health policies and improving care, and theempowerment of citizens in making decisions about health Adopts a broad understanding of communication that goes beyondconventional divisions between informational and participatoryapproaches
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

The Routledge Handbook of Health Communication

Author: Teresa L. Thompson,Roxanne Parrott,Jon F. Nussbaum

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113693166X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 704

View: 7476

The Routledge Handbook of Health Communication brings together the current body of scholarly work in health communication. With its expansive scope, it offers an introduction for those new to this area, summarizes work for those already learned in the area, and suggests avenues for future research on the relationships between communicative processes and health/health care delivery. This second edition of the Handbook has been organized to reflect the goals of health communication: understanding to make informed decisions and to promote formal and informal systems of care linked to health and well-being. It emphasizes work in such areas as barriers to disclosure in family conversations and medical interactions, access to popular media and advertising, and individual searches online for information and support to guide decisions and behaviors with health consequences. This edition also adds an overview of methods used in health communication and the unique challenges facing health communication researchers applying traditional methods to efforts to gain reliable and valid evidence about the role of communication for health. It introduces the promise of translational research being conducted by health communication researchers from multiple disciplines to form transdisciplinary theories and teams to increase the well-being of not only humans but the systems of care within their nations. Arguably the most comprehensive scholarly resource available for study in this area, the Routledge Handbook of Health Communication serves an invaluable role and reference for students, researchers, and scholars doing work in health communication.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Health Risk Communication

Author: Marijke Lemal

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781622575442

Category: Medical

Page: 168

View: 7583

Health risk communication deals with planned or unplanned communication to the public about the nature, impact and management of a wide array of health threats, such as cancer, HIV/AIDS or influenza pandemics. Traditional health risk communication models used to stress a one-way flow of health risk messages to the public. The dominant focus was on experts (government, health organizations, merely disseminating risk information and educating a lay and ignorant public about health threats. However, this simplistic top-down model of communication ignored the complex nature of the audience and the publics understanding of risk information. Fortunately, there has been a shift away from top-down communication about health threats. This book gathers research findings and theoretical reviews with a focus on the role of mass media as sources of health risk information, the role of message formats or frames and risk information source characteristics.
Posted in Medical

Review of NASA's Space Flight Health Standards-Setting Process

Letter Report

Author: Board on Health Sciences Policy,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309105307

Category: Astronauts

Page: N.A

View: 9915

The Institute of Medicine (IOM), Committee to Review NASA's Space Flight Health Standards examined the process by which NASA establishes space flight health standards for human performance, including assessments of the validity and integrity of the current process and considerations related to ensuring worker safety, integrating stakeholder input, and assuring transparency of the process. The committee found that the initial standards-setting process developed by NASA is a carefully designed evidence-based process that involves input from relevant stakeholders. The recent addition of the independent technical authorities further validates and strengthens the standards-setting process by ensuring that health and medical issues are an integral part of mission planning and implementation. This report delineates the committee's findings and gives recommendations related to these issues for next steps that NASA staff should consider in their quest to foster mission success and maintain the health and well-being of space crew members.
Posted in Astronauts

Environmental Communication and the Public Sphere

Author: Robert Cox

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412992095

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 429

View: 5871

The Third Edition of Environmental Communication and the Public Sphere by Robert Cox remains the only comprehensive introduction to the growing field of environmental communication. This innovative book focuses on the role that human communication plays in influencing the ways we perceive the environment. It also examines how we define environmental “problems” and decide what actions to take with regards to the natural world.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Risk Communication

A Handbook for Communicating Environmental, Safety, and Health Risks

Author: Regina E. Lundgren,Andrea H. McMakin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119456150

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 544

View: 5440

THE ESSENTIAL HANDBOOK FOR EFFECTIVELY COMMUNICATING ENVIRONMENTAL, SAFETY, AND HEALTH RISKS, FULLY REVISED AND UPDATED Now in its sixth edition, Risk Communication has proven to be a valuable resource for people who are tasked with the responsibility of understanding how to apply the most current approaches to care, consensus, and crisis communication. The sixth edition updates the text with fresh and illustrative examples, lessons learned, and recent research as well as provides advice and guidelines for communicating risk information in the United States and other countries. The authors help readers understand the basic theories and practices of risk communication and explain how to plan an effective strategy and put it into action. The book also contains information on evaluating risk communication efforts and explores how to communicate risk during and after an emergency. Risk Communication brings together in one resource proven scientific research with practical, hands-on guidance from practitioners with over 30 years of experience in the field. This important guide: Provides new examples of communication plans in government and industry, use of social media, dealing with "fake news," and new digital tools for stakeholder involvement and crisis communications Contains a new chapter on partnerships which covers topics such as assigning roles and expectations, ending partnerships, and more Presents real-world case studies with key lessons all risk communicators can apply. Written for engineers, scientists, professors and students, land use planners, public health practitioners, communication specialists, consultants, and regulators, the revised sixth edition of Risk Communication is the must-have guide for those who communicate risks.
Posted in Business & Economics

Risk Communication and Vaccination

Workshop Summary

Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309057906

Category: Medical

Page: 44

View: 2952

Posted in Medical

Risk, Communication And Health Psychology

Author: Berry, Dianne

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335213510

Category: Psychology

Page: 173

View: 1027

This is the first book to clearly assess the increasingly important area of communication of risk in the health sector. We are moving away from the days when paternalistic doctors managed healthcare without involving patients in decision making. With the current emphasis on patient empowerment and shared decision making, patients want and need reliable, comprehensive and understandable information about their conditions and treatment. In order to make informed decisions, the people concerned must understand the risks and benefits associated with possible treatments. But the challenge for health professionals is how best to communicate this complex medical information to diverse audiences.
Posted in Psychology

Making Data Talk

Communicating Public Health Data to the Public, Policy Makers, and the Press

Author: David E. Nelson (M.D.),Bradford W. Hesse,Robert T. Croyle

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195381535

Category: Medical

Page: 321

View: 8783

The authors summarize and synthesize research on the selection and presentation of data pertinent to public health and provide practical suggestions, based on this research summary and synthesis, on how scientists and other public health practitioners can better communicate data to the public, policy makers and the press.
Posted in Medical

Public Health Risk Assessment for Human Exposure to Chemicals

Author: K. Asante-Duah

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402009211

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 5457

In fact, with the control and containment of most infectious conditions and diseases of the past millennium having been achieved in most developed countries, and with the resultant increase in life expectancies, much more attention seems to have shifted to degenerative health problems. Many of the degenerative health conditions have been linked to thousands of chemicals regularly encountered in human living and occupational/work environments. It is important, therefore, that human health risk assessments are undertaken on a consistent basis - in order to determine the potential impacts of the target chemicals on public health.
Posted in Medical

Exposure of the American People to Iodine-131 from Nevada Nuclear-Bomb Tests

Review of the National Cancer Institute Report and Public Health Implications

Author: Committee on Thyroid Screening Related to I-131 Exposure,Committee on Exposure of the American People to I-131 from the Nevada Atomic Bomb Tests,Commission on Life Sciences,Institute of Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030952248X

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 9350

In 1997, after more than a decade of research, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) released a report which provided their assessment of radiation exposures that Americans may have received from radioactive iodine released from the atomic bomb tests conducted in Nevada during the 1950s and early 1960s. This book provides an evaluation of the soundness of the methodology used by the NCI study to estimate: Past radiation doses. Possible health consequences of exposure to iodine-131. Implications for clinical practice. Possible public health strategies--such as systematic screening for thyroid cancer--to respond to the exposures. In addition, the book provides an evaluation of the NCI estimates of the number of thyroid cancers that might result from the nuclear testing program and provides guidance on approaches the U.S. government might use to communicate with the public about Iodine-131 exposures and health risks.
Posted in Science

Health Communication in the 21st Century

Author: Kevin B. Wright,Lisa Sparks,H. Dan O'Hair

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118339835

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 360

View: 9361

This popular and engaging text on health communication is now revised and updated in a second edition that incorporates recent research and boasts new material on topics such as crisis communication, social disparities in health, and systemic reform. Fully revised second edition of this popular and authoritative text Includes fresh material on topics such as crisis communication, health care reform, global health issues, and political issues in health communication New case studies, examples, and updated glossary keep the work relevant and student-friendly Provides effective strategies for healthcare organizations and individuals in communicating with patients Updated and enhanced online resources, including PowerPoint slides, test bank, and instructors manual, available upon publication at www.wiley.com/go/wright
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Health Hazards and Public Debate

Lessons for Risk Communication from the BSE/CJD Saga

Author: Carlos Dora

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9289010703

Category: Medical

Page: 281

View: 2603

This publication is based on research into the strategies used to communicate information to the public about the risks of BSE (bovine spongiform encephalopathy) and CJD (Creutzfeldt Jakob disease) in four European countries (the UK, Germany, Italy and Finland) between 1985 and 2000, through political means and health information systems as well as through mass media reporting of the issue. It considers the lessons to be learned from the BSE/CJD crisis, given the need for timely and effective communication on real and perceived risks in such situations, both to prevent and to respond to food and environmental health scares. The book approaches the debate about effective risk communication as an evolving and interactive process between decision makers and their publics, and emphasises the importance of creating mechanisms for interaction at all stages of policy-making. Using a range of qualitative and quantitative methods, the research also looks at the way people construct their perceptions about risk and how they make decisions on risk avoidance.
Posted in Medical

Introduction to Public Health - E-Book

Author: Mary Louise Fleming,Elizabeth Parker

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0729580911

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 1196

This text introduces students to the core concepts and principles of public health: the nature and scope of public health; its history; an introduction to health determinants and epidemiology; evidence-based practice in public health and understanding public health data plus more.
Posted in Medical