Communicating Health Risks to the Public

A Global Perspective

Author: Dawn Hillier

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1317163664

Category: Medical

Page: 166

View: 3244

This book reviews current health risk communication strategies, and examines and assesses the technical and psycho-sociological tools available to support risk communication plans. It brings together approaches to risk communication from a number of countries and describes the techniques, including drama, storytelling and scenarios that are used to identify and prioritise key communication issues, and to identify policy responses. The book also provides a review of the methods and tools available for risk assessment, risk communication and priority setting, which are relevant not only to practitioners but to health planning more generally, and to many other areas of public health and policy. The discussion of these techniques is supported by case studies, and is concluded by a chapter reflecting on the conceptual and research issues that still need to be addressed. It also proposes new directions for risk communication that key into the public imagination with the aim of gaining their trust and confidence in the risk messages. Communicating Health Risks to the Public: A Global Perspective brings together a wide variety of perspectives on risk communication, from the perspectives of health, anthropology, psychology, and media. It should be of interest not only to those involved in risk assessment or communication but to anyone interested in the role of science and the media in the political process.
Posted in Medical

Communicating Risks to the Public

International Perspectives

Author: R.E Kasperson,Pieter Jan M. Stallen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400919522

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 482

View: 3775

Risk communication: the evolution of attempts Risk communication is at once a very new and a very old field of interest. Risk analysis, as Krimsky and Plough (1988:2) point out, dates back at least to the Babylonians in 3200 BC. Cultures have traditionally utilized a host of mecha nisms for anticipating, responding to, and communicating about hazards - as in food avoidance, taboos, stigma of persons and places, myths, migration, etc. Throughout history, trade between places has necessitated labelling of containers to indicate their contents. Seals at sites of the ninth century BC Harappan civilization of South Asia record the owner and/or contents of the containers (Hadden, 1986:3). The Pure Food and Drug Act, the first labelling law with national scope in the United States, was passed in 1906. Common law covering the workplace in a number of countries has traditionally required that employers notify workers about significant dangers that they encounter on the job, an obligation formally extended to chronic hazards in the OSHA's Hazard Communication regulation of 1983 in the United States. In this sense, risk communication is probably the oldest way of risk manage ment. However, it is only until recently that risk communication has attracted the attention of regulators as an explicit alternative to the by now more common and formal approaches of standard setting, insuring etc. (Baram, 1982).
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Risk Communication

A Handbook for Communicating Environmental, Safety, and Health Risks

Author: Regina E. Lundgren,Andrea H. McMakin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119456150

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 544

View: 5316

The essential handbook for effectively communicating environmental, safety, and health risks, fully revised and updated Now in its sixth edition, Risk Communication has proven to be a valuable resource for environmental, safety, and health professionals who are tasked with the responsibility of understanding how to apply the most current approaches to communicating risk and debunking misinformation. The sixth edition updates the text with fresh and illustrative examples, lessons learned, and recent research as well as provides advice and guidelines for communicating risk information. The authors include background information to understand the basic theories and practices of risk communication and explain how to plan an effective strategy and put it into action. The book also contains data on evaluating risk communication efforts and explores how to communicate risk during and after a health or environmental emergency. Risk Communication brings together in one resource proven scientific research with practical, hands-on guidance from risk practitioners with over 30 years of experience in the field. This important guide: Provides new examples of communication plans in government and industry, the depiction of probability, methods of working with news media, and use of social media Contains a new chapter on partnerships which covers topics such as assigning roles and expectations, ending partnerships, and more Includes information on Americans with Disability Act laws, particularly Sections 504 and 508 that deal with electronic tools Presents real-world case studies with key lessons all risk communicators can apply. Written for engineers, scientists, professors and students, land use planners, public health practitioners, communication specialists, consultants, and regulators, the revised sixth edition of Risk Communication is the must-have guide for professionals who communicate risks.
Posted in Business & Economics

Risk Communication and Public Health

Author: Peter Bennett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199562849

Category: Medical

Page: 339

View: 3328

Bringing together a wide variety of perspectives on risk communication, this up-to-date review of a high profile and topical area includes practical examples and lessons
Posted in Medical

Communicating Risks and Benefits

An Evidence Based User's Guide

Author: Baruch Fischhoff

Publisher: Government Printing Office

ISBN: 9780160901799

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 240

View: 9867

Effective risk communication is essential to the well-being of any organization and those people who depend on it. Ineffective communication can cost lives, money and reputations. Communicating Risks and Benefits: An Evidence-Based User’s Guide provides the scientific foundations for effective communications. The book authoritatively summarizes the relevant research, draws out its implications for communication design, and provides practical ways to evaluate and improve communications for any decision involving risks and benefits. Topics include the communication of quantitative information and warnings, the roles of emotion and the news media, the effects of age and literacy, and tests of how well communications meet the organization’s goals. The guide will help users in any organization, with any budget, to make the science of their communications as sound as the science that they are communicating.
Posted in Health & Fitness

Risk Communication in Action

Environmental Case Studies

Author: N.A

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1428900551

Category: Risk communication

Page: N.A

View: 9777

Posted in Risk communication

The Handbook of Global Health Communication

Author: Rafael Obregon,Silvio Waisbord

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118241908

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 560

View: 7249

International in scope, The Handbook of Global Health Communication offers a comprehensive and up-to-date analysis of the role of communication processes in global public health, development and social change Brings together 32 contributions from well-respected scholars and practitioners in the field, addressing a wide range of communication approaches in current global health programs Offers an integrated view that links communication to the strengthening of health services, the involvement of affected communities in shaping health policies and improving care, and the empowerment of citizens in making decisions about health Adopts a broad understanding of communication that goes beyond conventional divisions between informational and participatory approaches
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

WHO Handbook on Indoor Radon

A Public Health Perspective

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241547677

Category: Medical

Page: 94

View: 6256

This handbook focuses on residential radon exposure from a public health point of view and provides detailed recommendations on reducing health risks from radon and sound policy options for preventing and mitigating radon exposure. The material in the handbook reflects the epidemiological evidence that indoor radon exposure is responsible for a substantial number of lung cancers in the general population. Information is provided on the selection of devices to measure radon levels and on procedures for the reliable measurement of these levels. Discussed also are control options for radon in new dwellings, radon reduction in existing dwellings as well as assessment of the costs and benefits of different radon prevention and remedial actions. Also covered are radon risk communication strategies and organization of national radon programs.--Publisher's description.
Posted in Medical

Communicating Environmental Risk in Multiethnic Communities

Author: Michael K. Lindell,Ronald W. Perry

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 145226256X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 272

View: 5504

9/11. Tornadoes. Emergency preparedness. Whether explaining parts per million to a community exposed to contaminated groundwater or launching a campaign to encourage home carbon monoxide testing, an effective message is paramount to the desired result: an increased understanding of health risk. Communicating Environmental Risk in Multiethnic Communities is the first book to address the theory and practice of disseminating disaster warnings and hazard education messages to multiethnic communities. Authors Michael K. Lindell and Ronald W. Perry introduce theory-based reasoning as a basis for understanding warning dissemination and public education, devoting specific attention to the community context of emergency warning delivery and response. Through these principles of human behavior, readers can apply risk communication information to virtually any specific disaster agent with which they may be concerned. This volume is recommended for practitioners in private emergency management and federal, state, and local governments, as well as students studying risk communication, health communication, emergency management, and environmental policy and management.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Review of NASA's Space Flight Health Standards-Setting Process

Letter Report

Author: Board on Health Sciences Policy,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309105307

Category: Astronauts

Page: N.A

View: 9360

The Institute of Medicine (IOM), Committee to Review NASA's Space Flight Health Standards examined the process by which NASA establishes space flight health standards for human performance, including assessments of the validity and integrity of the current process and considerations related to ensuring worker safety, integrating stakeholder input, and assuring transparency of the process. The committee found that the initial standards-setting process developed by NASA is a carefully designed evidence-based process that involves input from relevant stakeholders. The recent addition of the independent technical authorities further validates and strengthens the standards-setting process by ensuring that health and medical issues are an integral part of mission planning and implementation. This report delineates the committee's findings and gives recommendations related to these issues for next steps that NASA staff should consider in their quest to foster mission success and maintain the health and well-being of space crew members.
Posted in Astronauts

Risk and Health Communication in an Evolving Media Environment

Author: H Dan O'Hair

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351687115

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 352

View: 3380

Broadcast media has a particular fascination with stories that involve risk and health crisis events-disease outbreaks, terrorist acts, and natural disasters-contexts where risk and health communication play a critical role. An evolving media landscape introduces both challenges and opportunities for using communication to manage extreme events and hazardous contexts. Risk and Health Communication in an Evolving Media Environment addresses issues of risk and health communication with a collection of chapters that reflect state-of-the-art discussion by top scholars in the field. The authors in this volume develop unique and insightful perspectives by employing the best available research on topics such as brand awareness in healthcare communication, occupational safety, climate change communication, local broadcasts of weather emergencies, terrorism, and the Ebola outbreak, among many other areas. It features analysis of new and traditional media that connects disasters, crises, risks, and public policy issues into a coherent fabric. This book bridges a substantial, but sometimes disconnected body of literature, and by doing so asks how contexts related to risk and health communication are best approached, how researchers balance scientific findings with cultural issues, and how scholars study an increasingly media-savvy society with traditional research methods.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Health Risk Communication and Perception

A Case Study of Pesticide Residues on Food : a Project Submitted in Partial Fulfillment ... for the Degree of Master of Science of Natural Resources ...

Author: Heather Glock,Bruce Lowery,Ingrid Redman,Stephanie Sprague,Theresa Weber

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Pesticide residues in food

Page: 498

View: 5428

Posted in Pesticide residues in food

Effective Risk Communication

The Role and Responsibility of Government and Nongovernment Organizations

Author: V.T. Covello,David B. McCallum,Maria T. Pavlova

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461315697

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 370

View: 2870

One of the greatest challenges facing those concerned with health and environmental risks is how to carry on a useful public dialogue on these subjects. In a democracy, it is the public that ultimately makes the key decisions on how these risks will be controlled. The stakes are too high for us not to do our very best. The importance of this subject is what led the Task Force on Environmental Cancer and Heart and Lung Disease to establish an Interagency Group on Public Education and Communication. This volume captures the essence of the "Workshop on the Role of Government in Health Risk Communication and Public Education" held in January 1987. It also includes some valuable appendixes with practical guides to risk communication. As such, it is an important building block in the effort to improve our collective ability to carry on this critical public dialogue. Lee M. Thomas Administrator, U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, and Chairman, The Task Force on Environmental Cancer and Heart and Lung Disease Preface The Task Force on Environmental Cancer and Heart and Lung Disease is an interagency group established by the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1977 (P.L. 95-95). Congress mandated the Task Force to recommend research to determine the relationship between environmental pollutants and human disease and to recommend research aimed at reduc ing the incidence of environment-related disease. The Task Force's Project Group on Public Education and Communication focuses on education as a means of reducing or preventing disease.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Public Health Risks of Disasters:

Communication, Infrastructure, and Preparedness -- Workshop Summary

Author: Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Disasters Roundtable,Institute of Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309095425

Category: Nature

Page: 88

View: 1211

The National Research Council's Disasters Roundtable and the Institute of Medicine's Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine were established as mechanisms for bringing various stakeholders together to discuss timely issues in a neutral setting. The goal was not to resolve these issues, but to create an environment conducive to scientific debate. The members of the respective Roundtables comprise representatives from academia, industry, nongovernmental agencies, and government, whose perspectives range widely and represent the diverse viewpoints of researchers, federal officials, and public interest. This report is the summary of a workshop was convened by the two Roundtables as a contribution to the debate on the health risks of disasters and the related need to build capacity to deal with them. The meeting was strengthened by integrating perspectives from these two fields, so that the agenda represented information from both communities and provided an opportunity to look at some of the most pressing research and preparedness needs for health risks of disasters.
Posted in Nature

The 2009 H1N1 Influenza Vaccination Campaign:

Summary of a Workshop Series

Author: Forum on Medical and Public Health Preparedness for Catastrophic Events,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309160219

Category: Medical

Page: 140

View: 2642

The 2009 H1N1 vaccination campaign was one of the largest public health campaigns in U.S. history, vaccinating one-quarter of the population in the first three months. The Institute of Medicine held three workshops in Raleigh, NC; Austin, TX; and Seattle, WA to learn from participants' experiences during the campaign and improve future emergency vaccination programs.
Posted in Medical

Improving Risk Communication

Author: National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Risk Perception and Communication

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Electronic books

Page: 332

View: 407

Hazards of modern life surround us and so, too, does communication about the risks of those hazards. News reports describe such hazards as pollutants in the air and in drinking water, pesticide residues in food, threats from radiation and toxic chemicals, and AIDS. Government and industry also send out messages about hazards and their risks, sometimes directly to the populace but more often through intermediaries, such as the print and broadcast media. Risk messages are difficult to formulate in ways that are accurate, clear, and not misleading. This report addresses these and other problems confronting risk communication.
Posted in Electronic books