Coming Apart

The State of White America, 1960-2010

Author: Charles Murray

Publisher: Crown Forum

ISBN: 0307453448

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 7299

In the bestselling tradition of Hillbilly Elegy, the acclaimed bestseller than explains why white America has become fractured and divided in education and class In Coming Apart, Charles Murray explores the formation of American classes that are different in kind from anything we have ever known, focusing on whites as a way of driving home the fact that the trends he describes do not break along lines of race or ethnicity. Drawing on five decades of statistics and research, Coming Apart demonstrates that a new upper class and a new lower class have diverged so far in core behaviors and values that they barely recognize their underlying American kinship—divergence that has nothing to do with income inequality and that has grown during good economic times and bad. The top and bottom of white America increasingly live in different cultures, Murray argues, with the powerful upper class living in enclaves surrounded by their own kind, ignorant about life in mainstream America, and the lower class suffering from erosions of family and community life that strike at the heart of the pursuit of happiness. That divergence puts the success of the American project at risk. The evidence in Coming Apart is about white America. Its message is about all of America.
Posted in Social Science

Life History Evolution and Sociology

The Biological Backstory of Coming Apart: The State of White America 1960-2010

Author: Steven C. Hertler

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319487841

Category: Psychology

Page: 73

View: 9604

This book supplies the evolutionary and genetic framework that Charles Murray, towards the end of Coming Apart: The State of White America 1960-2010, predicts will one day explain revolutionary change in American society. Murray’s Coming Apart documents 50 years of changed college admissions, government incentives, mating and migration patterns that have wrought national divisions across indexes of marriage, industriousness, honesty, and religiosity. The framework discussed is life history evolution, a sub-discipline within evolutionary biology singly capable of explaining why violent crime, property crime, low marriage rates, father absence, early birth, low educational achievement, low income, poverty, lack of religiosity and reduced achievement striving will reliably co-occur as part of a complex. This complex augments facultatively, developmentally and evolutionarily in response to unpredictable and uncontrollable sources of mortality. The uncertain tenure of life wrought by unpredictable and uncontrollable mortality selects for a present-oriented use of bioenergetics resources recognizable as the social ills of Fishtown, Murray’s archetypal working class community. In turn, the thirty years of life history literature herein reviewed confirms the biological logic of elite intermarriage and sequestration. The source of life history variation, policy implications, and demography are discussed.
Posted in Psychology

Der Falsch Vermessene Mensch

Author: GOULD

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034867727

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 394

View: 8754

Posted in Juvenile Nonfiction

Psychiatrische Perspektiven

Eine methodologische Einführung

Author: Paul R. McHugh,Philip R. Slavney

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642709234

Category: Medical

Page: 198

View: 9428

stematiker apostrophiert, deren Leistungen bestenfalls als überholt angese hen werden, nicht selten jedoch auch als Hemmschuh für die neuen Seh weisen einer psychodynamischen Psychiatrie mit tiefen psychologischen Theorien, Lehranalysen, Selbsterfahrungsgruppen u. a. m. Unberücksichtigt bleibt dabei meist, daß viele der neuen Lehren trotz der Betonung von Be griffen wie "Seele" oder "psychisch" im Grunde nur maskierte Formen einer modischen identitätstheoretischen Philosophie materialistischer Couleur darstellen (Koehler 1984). Gewiß ist gegen eine psychodynamische Ausbildung des psychiatri schen Nachwuchses wenig einzuwenden, sofern eine Verabsolutierung des gewählten Standpunktes vermieden wird. Leider stellen die zweifellos erfor derlichen tiefen psychologischen Aspekte noch keinen selbstverständlichen Teil einer integralen psychiatrischen Ausbildung an den deutschen Klini ken dar, in denen der junge Assistenzarzt sein diagnostisches und therapeu tisches Wissen erwirbt (Mombour 1984). Deshalb sieht er sich fast überall gezwungen, unter zum Teil erheblichen Schwierigkeiten seinen Zusatztitel für Psychotherapie "außer Haus" zu erwerben. Dessen schwere Zugäng lichkeit, die vor allem institutionell bedingt ist, mag zur Tendenz beitragen, daß die psychodynamische Sehweise eine herausgehobene Position erhält und in der Vorstellung gerade der psychiatrischen Anfanger leicht zum do minierenden Denkansatz gerät.
Posted in Medical

Twitter

Eine wahre Geschichte von Geld, Macht, Freundschaft und Verrat

Author: Nick Bilton

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593399067

Category: Political Science

Page: 335

View: 5186

Kontakt zu Freunden halten - das ist eine der Ideen hinter Twitter. Doch einer der Gründer erreichte für sich persönlich das Gegenteil: Intrigen machten aus Kumpeln bittere Feinde. "New York Times"-Reporter Nick Bilton hat darüber jetzt ein Buch geschrieben. Twitter wächst, trotz technischer Probleme, aber wer sich dafür näher interessiert, ist bei Nick Bilton falsch aufgehoben: Hier geht es um die Egokämpfe und Machtspiele, nicht um Feinheiten der Serversteuerung oder der Medienrevolution.
Posted in Political Science

Alle Menschen sind gleich - erfolgreiche nicht

Die verblüffenden kulturellen Ursachen von Erfolg

Author: Amy Chua,Jed Rubenfeld

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593422794

Category: Social Science

Page: 318

View: 8940

Warum sind Einwanderer aus China und dem Iran Gewinnertypen und die aus anderen Nationen oft nicht? »Tigermutter« Amy Chua und ihr Mann Jed Rubenfeld haben eine überraschende Antwort. Erfolg hat, wer drei Dinge mit auf den Weg bekommt: das Gefühl kollektiver Überlegenheit, gepaart mit einer tiefen Unsicherheit gegenüber der neuen Gesellschaft und nicht zuletzt einer guten Portion Selbstdisziplin. Das Gute: Das Erfolgsprinzip ist kulturell geprägt, aber dennoch übertragbar und kann uns auch hierzulande eine Lehre sein. Vorausgesetzt, wir haben den nötigen Biss!
Posted in Social Science

Der Wissenschaftswahn

Warum der Materialismus ausgedient hat

Author: Rupert Sheldrake

Publisher: O.W. Barth eBook

ISBN: 3426416212

Category: Science

Page: 500

View: 7659

Lässt sich die Welt rein mechanistisch erklären? Kommt unser Bewusstsein wirklich aus dem Gehirn? Der berühmte Biologe Rupert Sheldrake beweist in seinem provozierenden neuen Werk, dass das materialistische Weltbild nicht mehr haltbar ist. Er zeigt anhand von zehn Dogmen, dass die meisten Forscher an Vorstellungen festhalten, die längst überholt sind. Sheldrake fordert ein neues, grenzüberschreitendes Denken und plädiert für mehr Offenheit und Neugier in den Naturwissenschaften. "Sheldrake ist ein herausragender Wissenschaftler. Er gehört zu jenen echten, visionären Entdeckern, die in früheren Zeiten neue Kontinente fanden." New Scientist
Posted in Science

Wie man die Welt verändert

Über Marx und den Marxismus

Author: Eric Hobsbawm

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446240721

Category: Political Science

Page: 448

View: 8408

Wer glaubt, Karl Marx sei tot, der irrt. Die Krise des kapitalistischen Systems hat neues Interesse an seinen Ideen geweckt. Eric Hobsbawm, seit seiner Jugend überzeugter Marxist, zeigt, was wir noch heute von Marx lernen können. Ein Leben lang hat sich der Historiker aus Großbritannien mit den Widersprüchen beschäftigt, die seit der Finanzkrise selbst liberale Ökonomen am Weltbild eines schlichten Kapitalismus zweifeln lassen. Hobsbawms neues Buch zeigt, wie der Marxismus in den letzten 150 Jahren die angeblich alternativlosen Regeln der kapitalistischen Wirtschaft in Frage gestellt und widerlegt hat. In Hobsbawm hat Marx seinen souveränen Interpreten für das 21. Jahrhundert gefunden.
Posted in Political Science

Angry White Men

Die USA und ihre zornigen Männer

Author: Michael Kimmel

Publisher: Orell Füssli Verlag

ISBN: 3280038987

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 5821

Die Supermacht USA befindet sich in einer tiefen Identitätskrise. Einst berühmt für ihre pragmatische Kompromissbereitschaft stehen sich Republikaner und Demokraten unversöhnlich gegenüber, gewinnen ehemals politische Randgruppen wie die Tea Party enormen politischen und gesellschaftlichen Einfluss. Das Land radikalisiert sich und die weiße männliche Bevölkerung spielt dabei eine entscheidende Rolle. Wer sind die zornigen weißen Amerikaner, die ihren "Way of Life" so gefährdet sehen, dass sie zum radikalen Widerstand gegen jeden bereit sind, der ihre Anschauungen nicht teilt? Woher rührt die Wut auf Frauenemanzipation und Immigranten, auf Farbige und Homosexuelle, auf die Gleichstellung der Geschlechter und generell auf "die im Weißen Haus"? Dieses Buch zeichnet das beklemmende Porträt einer vorrangig männlichen Bewegung, deren Angst vor dem eigenen Bedeutungsverlust, vor dem Verlust amerikanischer Männlichkeit und Dominanz nicht nur die kommenden Präsidentschaftswahlen bestimmen wird, sondern darüber hinaus auch die amerikanische Außenpolitik - also uns.
Posted in Social Science

Hillbilly-Elegie

Die Geschichte meiner Familie und einer Gesellschaft in der Krise

Author: J. D. Vance

Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage

ISBN: 3843715777

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 304

View: 3231

Seine Großeltern versuchten, mit Fleiß und Mobilität der Armut zu entkommen und sich in der Mitte der Gesellschaft zu etablieren. Doch letztlich war alles vergeblich. J. D. Vance erzählt die Geschichte seiner Familie — eine Geschichte vom Scheitern und von der Resignation einer ganzen Bevölkerungsschicht. Armut und Chaos, Hilflosigkeit und Gewalt, Drogen und Alkohol: Genau in diesem Teufelskreis befinden sich viele weiße Arbeiterfamilien in den USA — entfremdet von der politischen Führung, abgehängt vom Rest der Gesellschaft, anfällig für populistische Parolen. Früher konnten sich die »Hillbillys«, die weißen Fabrikarbeiter, erhoffen, sich zu Wohlstand zu schuften. Doch spätestens gegen Ende des 20sten Jahrhunderts zog der Niedergang der alten Industrien ihre Familien in eine Abwärtsspirale, in der sie bis heute stecken. Vance gelingt es wie keinem anderen, diese ausweglose Situation und die Krise einer ganzen Gesellschaft eindrücklich zu schildern. Sein Buch bewegte Millionen von Lesern in den USA und erklärt nicht zuletzt den Wahltriumph eines Donald Trump.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

Race on the QT

Blackness and the Films of Quentin Tarantino

Author: Adilifu Nama

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292772386

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 184

View: 7000

Known for their violence and prolific profanity, including free use of the n-word, the films of Quentin Tarantino, like the director himself, chronically blurt out in polite company what is extremely problematic even when deliberated in private. Consequently, there is an uncomfortable and often awkward frankness associated with virtually all of Tarantino's films, particularly when it comes to race and blackness. Yet beyond the debate over whether Tarantino is or is not racist is the fact that his films effectively articulate racial anxieties circulating in American society as they engage longstanding racial discourses and hint at emerging trends. This radical racial politics—always present in Tarantino's films but kept very much on the quiet—is the subject of Race on the QT. Adilifu Nama concisely deconstructs and reassembles the racial dynamics woven into Reservoir Dogs, True Romance, Pulp Fiction, Jackie Brown, Kill Bill: Vol. 1, Kill Bill: Vol. 2, Death Proof, Inglourious Basterds, and Django Unchained, as they relate to historical and current racial issues in America. Nama's eclectic fusion of cultural criticism and film analysis looks beyond the director's personal racial attitudes and focuses on what Tarantino's filmic body of work has said and is saying about race in America symbolically, metaphorically, literally, impolitely, cynically, sarcastically, crudely, controversially, and brilliantly.
Posted in Performing Arts

Diversity Explosion

How New Racial Demographics are Remaking America

Author: William H. Frey

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815723997

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 3326

At its optimistic best, America has embraced its identity as the world's melting pot. Today it is on the cusp of becoming a country with no racial majority, and new minorities are poised to exert a profound impact on U.S. society, economy, and politics. The concept of a "minority white" may instill fear among some Americans, but William H. Frey, the man behind the demographic research, points out that demography is destiny, and the fear of a more racially diverse nation will almost certainly dissipate over time. Through a compelling narrative and eye-catching charts and maps, eminent demographer Frey interprets and expounds on the dramatic growth of minority populations in the United States. He finds that without these expanding groups, America could face a bleak future: this new generation of young minorities, who are having children at a faster rate than whites, is infusing our aging labor force with vitality and innovation. In contrast with the labor force-age population of Japan, Germany, Italy, and the United Kingdom, the U.S. labor force-age population is set to grow 5 percent by 2030. Diversity Explosion shares the good news about diversity in the coming decades, and the more globalized, multiracial country that the U.S. is becoming. Contents A Pivotal Period for Race in America Old versus Young: Cultural Generation Gaps America's New Racial Map Hispanics Fan Out: Who Goes Where? Asians in America: The Newest Minority Surge The Great Migration of Blacks—In Reverse White Population Shifts—A Zero-Sum Melting Pot Cities and Suburbs Neighborhood Segregation: Toward a New Racial Paradigm Multiracial Marriages and Multiracial America Race and Politics: Expanding the Battleground America on the Cusp
Posted in Social Science

The Culture of Immodesty in American Life and Politics

The Modest Republic

Author: M. Federici,R. Gamble,M. Mitchell

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137093412

Category: Social Science

Page: 228

View: 3183

By identifying and illustrating aspects of American culture that are out of sync with the modest republicanism that gave rise to the United States in the late eighteenth century, the contributors to this volume expose the vulgarity and excess of American culture.
Posted in Social Science

Generation Unbound

Drifting into Sex and Parenthood without Marriage

Author: Isabel V. Sawhill

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815725590

Category: Social Science

Page: 212

View: 1269

Over half of all births to young adults in the United States now occur outside of marriage, and many are unplanned. The result is increased poverty and inequality for children. The left argues for more social support for unmarried parents; the right argues for a return to traditional marriage. In Generation Unbound, Isabel V. Sawhill offers a third approach: change "drifters" into "planners." In a well-written and accessible survey of the impact of family structure on child well-being, Sawhill contrasts "planners," who are delaying parenthood until after they marry, with "drifters," who are having unplanned children early and outside of marriage. These two distinct patterns are contributing to an emerging class divide and threatening social mobility in the United States. Sawhill draws on insights from the new field of behavioral economics, showing that it is possible, by changing the default, to move from a culture that accepts a high number of unplanned pregnancies to a culture in which adults only have children when they are ready to be a parent.
Posted in Social Science

Family-Oriented Informed Consent

East Asian and American Perspectives

Author: Ruiping Fan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319121200

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 1159

This volume addresses the proper character of patient informed consent to medical treatment and clinical research. The goal is critically to explore the current individually oriented approach to informed consent which grew out of the dominant bioethics movement that arose in the United States in the 1970s. In contrast to that individually oriented approach, this volume explores the importance of family-oriented approaches to informed consent for medical treatment and clinical research. It draws on both East Asian moral resources as well as a critical response to the ways in which the practice of informed consent has developed in the United States
Posted in Philosophy

Digital Mosaic

Media, Power, and Identity in Canada

Author: David Taras

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442608897

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 2130

Digital Media has transformed the way Canadians socialize and interact, conduct business, experience culture, fight political battles, and acquire knowledge. Traditional media, including newspapers and conventional TV networks, remain the primary link to Canada's political sphere but are under concerted attack. YouTube, blogs, online broadcasting, Facebook, and Twitter have opened new and exciting avenues of expression but offer little of the same "nation-building glue" as traditional media. Consequently, Canada is experiencing a number of overlapping crises simultaneously: a crisis in news and journalism, threats to the survival of the media system as a whole, and a decline in citizen engagement. In Digital Mosaic, David Taras both embraces and challenges new media by arguing that these coinciding crises bring exciting opportunities as well as considerable dangers to democratic life and citizen engagement in Canada.
Posted in Social Science

Failing Our Fathers

Confronting the Crisis of Economically Vulnerable Nonresident Fathers

Author: Ronald B. Mincy,Monique Jethwani,Serena Klempin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199371164

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 3079

Maligned as "deadbeat dads" or sexually and financially irresponsible inner-city fathers and overlooked in discussions of poverty and family policy, economically vulnerable nonresident fathers are a greatly misunderstood population. Failing Our Fathers summarizes the most recent quantitative and qualitative research, and undertakes new analyses to fill in important gaps, to produce a comprehensive picture of who these fathers are, what types of relationships they have with their families and children, and the challenges they face meeting what their loved ones and taxpayers expect from them. The great majority of these men see their children on a regular basis, despite the financial, legal, and extra-legal barriers they face. Besides requiring fathers to support their children, we must enable them to do so by supplementing their earnings and supporting their co-parenting, in ways that parallel how we require and enable vulnerable single mothers to support their children. The book lays out specific reforms required to achieve this goal as well as tips for those resources for economically vulnerable nonresident fathers.
Posted in Social Science

Redefining Higher Education

How Self-Direction Can Save Colleges

Author: Melvyn L. Fein

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412854083

Category: Education

Page: 318

View: 4444

Higher education is in trouble. Commentators of all stripes bemoan escalating costs and diminishing quality. Solutions have been offered from all quarters, but tend to be piecemeal and all too often ideological. In this tough-minded look at the history, current climate, and future of university education in the United States, Melvyn L. Fein reexamines the mission of higher education and outlines what institutions can do to better prepare students for an ever more complex techno-commercial society. Fein argues that students must have the opportunity to explore and discover what works for them, and that the most important tool for institutions of higher education is self-direction. Professors must be allowed to teach in their own ways, bringing their own experience into the classroom. Since university missions differ, both universities and professors need the freedom to make decisions independently. The imminent need is for a "democratic elite" consisting of self-directed leaders who possess technical and social expertise, as well as personal motivation. The tools for change are appropriate curricula, communities of learners, and a genuine marketplace of ideas. While there is no magic bullet, Fein contends that we can and should build on the achievements of the past so as to evolve more responsive educational institutions—those that promote merit, responsibility, and universalism.
Posted in Education

Thinking about Things and Other Frivolities

A Life

Author: Edward Farley

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1630871346

Category: Religion

Page: 286

View: 4959

This memoir records the story of the author's personal journey toward a life of university teaching and probes that story in reflective essays on a variety of subjects. One group of essays has to do with the characteristic activities and institutional setting of a professor. Other essays explore ways of experiencing the world as mysterious, beautiful, and tragic. One piece offers a rather somber account of current ways in which the American experiment in democracy is in peril. Scraps of what looks like an intellectual autobiography are scattered over the pages of the narrative, recalling the puzzles that gave rise to a number of writing projects. In a way this is a book of paradoxes and antitheses. Janus-like, it faces toward the past and the future. It offers generalized convictions and specific observations, treats both the ordinary themes of life experience and tangled esoterica, and presents both the experiences of an individual and an analysis of educational institutions. As a whole, the book invites readers to join the author in thinking about things.
Posted in Religion

Sex and gender

interdisziplinäre Beiträge zu einer gesellschaftlichen Konstruktion

Author: Martin K. W. Schweer

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783631579916

Category: Education

Page: 172

View: 8761

Dieser Band widmet sich dem nach wie vor hochaktuellen Querschnittsthema "Sex and Gender" mit dem Ziel, die diesbezuglichen theoretischen Stromungen, wissenschaftlichen Fragestellungen und empirischen Ergebnisse aus einer interdisziplinaren Perspektive zu bundeln. Das bereichsubergreifende Konstrukt Geschlecht wird hier insofern von anerkannten Kolleginnen und Kollegen ganz verschiedener Fachdisziplinen beleuchtet. Die behandelten Thematiken lassen sich hierbei drei grossen Teilbereichen zuordnen, wodurch auch die hohe Relevanz fur die verschiedenen Lebensphasen und gesellschaftlichen Kontexte evident wird: Entwicklung im Lebenslauf, Erziehung und Bildung, gesellschaftliche Strukturen und Integrationsprozesse."
Posted in Education