Coffee Flavor Chemistry

Author: Ivon Flament,Yvonne Bessière-Thomas

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471720386

Category: Science

Page: 410

View: 464

1. Introduction. A Short History of Coffee. Books, Reviews and Meetings. Abbreviations. 2. Green Coffee. The non-volatile constituents and their contribution as precursors of the flavor of roasted coffee. The volatile compounds identified in green coffee beans. Results. 3. From the raw bean to the roasted coffee. The roasting process: Strecker and Maillard Reactions. Identification and characterization of flavor constituents: extraction, isolation, identification and quantification. Sensory analysis: determination of qualities and defects. 4. A historical survey of coffee aroma research. The pioneers (From 1800 to 1956). Modern times: the advent of gas chromatography. Results. 5. The individual constituents: structure, nomenclature, origin, chemical and organoleptic properties. Hydrocarbons. Alcohols. Aldehydes. Ketones. Acids and anhydrides. Esters. Lactones. Phenols. Furans and Pyrans. Thiophenes. Pyrroles. Oxazoles. Thiazoles. Pyridines. Pyrazines. Amines and miscellaneous nitrogen compounds. Miscellaneous sulfur compounds.
Posted in Science

The Craft and Science of Coffee

Author: Britta Folmer

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128035587

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 556

View: 6893

The Craft and Science of Coffee follows the coffee plant from its origins in East Africa to its current role as a global product that influences millions of lives though sustainable development, economics, and consumer desire. For most, coffee is a beloved beverage. However, for some it is also an object of scientifically study, and for others it is approached as a craft, both building on skills and experience. By combining the research and insights of the scientific community and expertise of the crafts people, this unique book brings readers into a sustained and inclusive conversation, one where academic and industrial thought leaders, coffee farmers, and baristas are quoted, each informing and enriching each other. This unusual approach guides the reader on a journey from coffee farmer to roaster, market analyst to barista, in a style that is both rigorous and experience based, universally relevant and personally engaging. From on-farming processes to consumer benefits, the reader is given a deeper appreciation and understanding of coffee's complexity and is invited to form their own educated opinions on the ever changing situation, including potential routes to further shape the coffee future in a responsible manner. Presents a novel synthesis of coffee research and real-world experience that aids understanding, appreciation, and potential action. Includes contributions from a multitude of experts who address complex subjects with a conversational approach. Provides expert discourse on the coffee calue chain, from agricultural and production practices, sustainability, post-harvest processing, and quality aspects to the economic analysis of the consumer value proposition. Engages with the key challenges of future coffee production and potential solutions.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Dictionary of Flavors

Author: Dolf De Rovira, Sr.

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118856430

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 632

View: 8609

The third edition of this highly popular scientific reference continues to provide a unique approach to flavors, flavor chemistry and natural products. Dictionary of Flavors features entries on all flavor ingredients granted G.R.A.S. status, compounds used in the formulation of food flavors, and related food science and technology terms. Allergies and intolerances are addressed, along with strategies to avoid allergenic compounds. This latest edition has been fully updated to reflect new ingredients available on the market, as well as developments in safety standards and the international regulatory arena. Dolf De Rovira applies his extensive experience to make this the most comprehensive guide to flavors available.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Coffee

Volume 1: Chemistry

Author: R. J. Clarke

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400949480

Category: Science

Page: 306

View: 2955

The term 'coffee' comprises not only the consumable beverage obtained by extracting roasted coffee with hot water, but also a whole range of intermediate products starting from the freshly harvested coffee cherries. Green coffee beans are, however, the main item of international trade (believed second in importance only to oiI), for processing into roasted coffee, instant coffee and other coffee products, prepared for local consumers. The scientific and technical study of coffee in its entirety therefore involves a wide range of scientific disciplines and practical skills. It is evident that green coffee is a natural product of great compositional complexity, and this is even more true for coffee products deriving from the roasting of coffee. The present volume on the chemistry of coffee seeks to provide the re ader with a full and detailed synopsis of present knowledge on the chemical aspects of green, roasted and instant coffee, in a way which has not been attempted before, that is, within the confines of a single volume solely devoted to the subject. Each chapter is directed towards a separate generic group of constituents known to be present, ranging individually over carbohydrate, nitrogenous and lipid components, not forgetting the important aroma components of roasted coffee, nor the water present and its significance, together with groups of other important components.
Posted in Science

Flavor Chemistry

Thirty Years of Progress

Author: Roy Teranishi,Emily L. Wick,Irwin Hornstein

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461546931

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 439

View: 8761

Celebrating the founding of the Flavor Subdivision of the Agriculture and Food Chemistry Division of the American Chemical Society, this book provides an overview of progress made during the past 30-40 years in various aspects of flavor chemistry as seen by internationally renowned scientists in the forefront of their respective fields. In addition, it presents up-to-date findings in the areas of flavor chemistry, analytical methods, thermally produced flavors and precursors, enzymatically produced flavors and precursors, and sensory methods and results.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

The Flavor Matrix

The Art and Science of Pairing Common Ingredients to Create Extraordinary Dishes

Author: James Briscione,Brooke Parkhurst

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 0544809963

Category: COOKING

Page: 320

View: 1357

A revolutionary new guide to pairing ingredients, based on a famous chef's groundbreaking research into the chemical basis of flavor As an instructor at one of the world's top culinary schools, James Briscione thought he knew how to mix and match ingredients. Then he met IBM Watson. Working with the supercomputer to turn big data into delicious recipes, Briscione realized that he (like most chefs) knew next to nothing about why different foods taste good together. That epiphany launched him on a quest to understand the molecular basis of flavor--and it led, in time, toThe Flavor Matrix. A groundbreaking ingredient-pairing guide, The Flavor Matrix shows how science can unlock unheard-of possibilities for combining foods into astonishingly inventive dishes. Briscione distills chemical analyses of different ingredients into easy-to-use infographics, and presents mind-blowing recipes that he's created with them. The result of intensive research and incredible creativity in the kitchen,The Flavor Matrix is a must-have for home cooks and professional chefs alike: the only flavor-pairing manual anyone will ever need.
Posted in COOKING

The Infinite Emotions of Coffee

Author: Alon Halevy

Publisher: Macchiatone Communications

ISBN: 0984771506

Category: Coffee

Page: 160

View: 2109

The Infinite Emotions of Coffee provides a contemporary prism of the drink that so much of the world takes for granted every morning. Technopreneur Halevy's travels to more than 30 countries on six continents shed light on how coffee has shaped and is influenced by different cultures through the bean's centuries-spanning journey of serendipity, intrigue, upheavals, revival, romance and passion. With more than three years of field research, over 180 color photographs, and richly illustrated infographics, this book is an immersive experience that brings alive the enduring allure of coffee and the nuanced emotions of both tradition-bound and avant-garde café cultures. Written in an engaging narrative, this travelogue entertains through numerous coffee-related tales from around the world. It celebrates all parts of the inextricably linked global coffee ecosystem, from growers, importers, and roasters to baristas and consumers. Readers will learn about the rich, mysterious and often amusing history of coffee; discover the latest hotbeds of coffee and the complex issues facing the coffee industry today; and meet the worldwide network of inspiringly spirited and passionately committed professionals whose relentless pursuit of excellence are pushing coffee to unprecedented levels of quality. The histories of communication and coffee's impact on socialization are interconnected. From the combined perspectives of a computer scientist and a coffee culturalist, this book elucidates how coffee conversations have evolved from the age of exploration that characterized the 15th century through the Information Age where the Internet's spheres of influence in the world of coffee continue to expand. --Vint Cerf, Father of the Internet and Chief Internet Evangelist of Google This book is the ultimate celebration of coffee from seed to cup. ¡Bravo! --Alejandro Mendez, 2011 World Barista Champion, El Salvador The scope of this collection of vignettes from around the world is unprecedented in coffee literature. Its greatest strength is its unifying power that brings together all the players in the global coffee community. --Sarah Allen, Editor-in-Chief, Barista Magazine
Posted in Coffee

Flavour Science

Recent Developments

Author: Andrew John Taylor,Donald S. Mottram

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 9780854047024

Category: Science

Page: 476

View: 2143

This book is unique and international in its coverage, providing a broad overview of an important yet often diverse area.
Posted in Science

Coffee in Health and Disease Prevention

Author: Victor R. Preedy

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0124167160

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1080

View: 909

Coffee in Health and Disease Prevention presents a comprehensive look at the compounds in coffee, their reported benefits (or toxicity risks) and also explores them on a health-condition specific level, providing researchers and academics with a single-volume resource to help in identifying potential treatment uses. No other book on the market considers all the varieties of coffee in one volume, or takes the disease-focused approach that will assist in directing further research and studies. The book embraces a holistic approach and effectively investigates coffee and its specific compounds from the biochemical to the nutritional well-being of geographical populations. This book represents essential reading for researchers in nutrition, dietetics, food science, biochemistry, and public health. Presents one comprehensive, translational source for all aspects of how coffee plays a role in disease prevention and health Experts in nutrition, diet, and food chemistry (from all areas of academic and medical research) take readers from the bench research (cellular and biochemical mechanisms of vitamins and nutrients) to new preventive and therapeutic approaches Focuses on coffee composition; nutritional aspects of coffee; protective aspects of coffee-related compounds; specific coffee components and their effects on tissue and organ systems Features sections on both the general effects of coffee consumption on the body as well as the effects of specific coffee compounds on specific organ systems
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Coffee

Recent Developments

Author: Ronald Clarke,O. G. Vitzthum

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470680210

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 272

View: 4706

Coffee, one of the most commercially important crops grown, is distributed and traded globally in a multi-million dollar world industry. This exciting new book brings together in one volume the most important recent developments affecting the crop. Contributions from around 20 internationally-respected coffee scientists and technologists from around the world provide a vast wealth of new information in the subject areas in which they are expert. The book commences with three cutting-edge chapters covering non-volatile and volatile compounds that determine the flavour of coffee. Chapters covering technology follow, including comprehensive information on developments in roasting techniques, decaffeination, the science and technology of instant coffee and home / catering beverage preparation. The physiological effects of coffee drinking are considered in a fascinating chapter on coffee and health. Agronomic aspects of coffee breeding and growing are covered specifically in chapters concentrating on these aspects, particularly focussing on newly-emerging molecular and cellular techniques. Finally, recent activities of some international organisations are reviewed in a lengthy appendix. The editors of Coffee: Recent Developments have drawn together a comprehensive and extremely important book that should be on the shelves of all those involved in coffee. The book is a vital tool for food scientists, food technologists and agricultural scientists and the commercially important information included in the book makes it a 'must have reference' to all food companies involved with coffee. All libraries in universities, and research stations where any aspect of the coffee crop is studied or taught should have copies of the book available. R. J. Clarke, also co-editor of the widely-acclaimed six-volume work Coffee published between 1985 and 1988, is a consultant based in Chichester U. K. O. G. Vitzthum, formerly Director of Coffee Chemistry Research worldwide at Kraft, Jacobs, Suchard in Bremen, Germany is Honorary Professor at the Technical University of Braunsweig, Germany and Scientific Secretary of the Association Scientifique Internationale du Cafe (ASIC), in Paris France.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

The Design of Coffee

An Engineering Approach

Author: William Ristenpart

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781537305578

Category:

Page: 118

View: 8569

The Design of Coffee provides a non-mathematical introduction to chemical engineering, as illustrated by the roasting and brewing of coffee. Hands-on coffee experiments demonstrate key engineering principles, including material balances, chemical kinetics, mass transfer, fluid mechanics, conservation of energy, and colloidal phenomena. The experiments lead to an engineering design competition where contestants strive to make the best tasting coffee using the least amount of energy - a classic engineering optimization problem, but one that is both fun and tasty! Anybody with access to a sink, electricity, and inexpensive coffee roasting and brewing equipment can do these experiments, either as part of a class or with your friends at home. The Design of Coffee will help you understand how to think like an engineer - and how to make excellent coffee! This revised second edition presents streamlined lab experiences, adds new bonus material on industrial coffee operations, and includes a new lab experience focused on sensory analysis during traditional cupping of coffee. FEATURES: * Covers all aspects of making coffee, from green beans to the final brew * Does not require calculus or college-level chemistry * Emphasizes the scientific method and introductory data analysis with guided data sheets and lab report questions * Includes 10 full experiments, each with background on key concepts, overview of necessary equipment, and detailed instructions: Lab 0 - Safety Overview and Introduction to Tasting Coffee Lab 1 - Reverse Engineering a Drip Coffee Brewer Lab 2 - Process Flow Diagram and Mass Balances for Coffee Lab 3 - The pH of Coffee and Chemical Reactions Lab 4 - Measuring the Energy Used to Make Coffee Lab 5 - Mass Transfer and Flux during Brewing Lab 6 - Coffee as a Colloidal Fluid and the Effect of Filtration Lab 7 - First Design Trials: Optimizing Strength & Extraction Lab 8 - Second Design Trials: Scaling Up to 1 Liter of Coffee Lab 9 - Design Competition and Blind Taste Panel
Posted in

Wine

Flavour Chemistry

Author: Ronald J. Clarke,Jokie Bakker

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405150041

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 7559

The commercial importance of wine continues to increase across the globe, with the availability of many new wines, encompassing a remarkable and exciting range of flavours. Wine Flavour Chemistry focuses on aspects of wine making procedures that are important in the development of flavour, describing some of the grapes used and their resulting wines. In-depth descriptions of flavour reaction pathways are given, together with cutting-edge scientific information concerning flavour release, its associated chemistry and physics, and the sensory perception of volatile flavours. Wine Flavour Chemistry contains a vast wealth of information describing components of wine, their underlying chemistry and their possible role in the taste and smell characteristics of wines, fortified wines, sherry and port. Many extremely useful tables are included, linking information on grapes, wines, composition and resulting perceived flavours. Wine Flavour Chemistry is essential reading for all those involved in commercial wine making, be it in production, trade or research. The book will be of great use and interest to all enologists, and to food and beverage scientists and technologists in commercial companies and within the academic sector. Upper level students and teachers on enology courses will need to read this book. All libraries in universities and research establishments where food and beverage science and technology, and chemistry are studied and taught, should have multiple copies of this important book.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Taste Buds and Molecules

The Art and Science of Food, Wine, and Flavor

Author: Francois Chartier

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 0544188330

Category: Cooking

Page: 224

View: 5214

"If Catalan superchef Ferran Adria is the leading missionary of molecular gastronomy, Mr. Chartier is his counterpart with a corkscrew."—Globe and Mail This award-winning book, now available for the first time in English in the U.S., presents a cutting-edge approach to food and wine pairing. Sommelier Francois Chartier has spent the better part of two decades collaborating with top scientists and chefs to map out the aromatic molecules that give foods and wines their flavor. Armed with the results of his extensive research, Chartier has been able to identify why certain foods and wines work well together at a molecular level. In this book, he has gathered his findings into a simple set of principles that explain how to create ideal harmonies in food and wine pairings. This new approach to the art and science of food and wine pairing will be an invaluable resource for sommeliers, chefs, and wine enthusiasts, as well as a fascinating read for anyone who is interested in the principles of modernist or "molecular" cuisine. The Canadian edition of Taste Buds and Molecules was a 2011 IACP Award nominee, and the original French-language edition, Papilles et Molecules, was named the Best Cookbook in the World in the category of Innovation at the 2010 Paris World Cookbook Awards, and also won the 2010 Gourmand Award for Canada for Best Design. The book includes a foreword by Juli Soler and Ferran Adria of El Bulli, who worked closely with Chartier in planning the menus at their renowned restaurant.
Posted in Cooking

Flavor Chemistry and Technology, Second Edition

Author: Gary Reineccius

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203485347

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 520

View: 1520

A much-anticipated revision of a benchmark resource, written by a renowned author, professor, and researcher in food flavors, Flavor Chemistry and Technology, Second Edition provides the latest information and newest research developments that have taken place in the field over the past 20 years. New or expanded coverage includes: Flavor and the Information Age Food/Flavor interactions Flavoring materials and flavor potentiators Changes to food flavors during processing Off-Flavors in foods Performance of flavors during processing and storage Applications of flavorings in processing One of the many highlights of the new edition is the chapter on food/flavor interactions and flavor release in the mouth. Addressing one of the hottest topics in flavor today, the chapter presents current knowledge on critical issues such as why low-calorie foods do not taste as good as their full-calorie counterparts. The greatest changes in the book have been made to the chapter on food applications. The author supplies a compelling explanation of how flavors interact with basic food components and how these perform during processing and storage. The chapter on flavor production has been updated to include the latest information on the controlled release of flavorings. Actively involved in flavor research for 35 years, author Gary Reineccius is an award-winning flavor chemist. Drawing on his years of academic and practical experience, he focuses on the technology of flavors and applications in processing to provide a complete overview of the field.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Flavor Chemistry

Thirty Years of Progress

Author: Roy Teranishi,Emily L. Wick,Irwin Hornstein

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461546931

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 439

View: 4821

Celebrating the founding of the Flavor Subdivision of the Agriculture and Food Chemistry Division of the American Chemical Society, this book provides an overview of progress made during the past 30-40 years in various aspects of flavor chemistry as seen by internationally renowned scientists in the forefront of their respective fields. In addition, it presents up-to-date findings in the areas of flavor chemistry, analytical methods, thermally produced flavors and precursors, enzymatically produced flavors and precursors, and sensory methods and results.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Food Flavors and Chemistry

Advances of the New Millennium

Author: Arthur M. Spanier

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9780854048755

Category: Science

Page: 654

View: 808

Food may be nutritious, visually appealing and easy to prepare but if it does not possess desirable flavors, it will not be consumed. Food Flavors and Chemistry: Advances of the New Millennium primarily focuses on food flavors and their use in foods. Coverage also includes other important topics in food chemistry and production such as analytical methods, packaging, storage, safety and patents. Positive flavor notes are described, including ways of enhancing them in food. Conversely, methods for eliminating and reducing undesirable flavors are also proposed. Packaging aspects of foods, with respect to controlling sensory attributes, appearance and microbiological safety are discussed in detail. There is also a section concentrating on the most recent developments in dairy flavor chemistry. This book will be an important read for all postgraduate students, academics and industrial researchers wanting to keep abreast of food flavors and their chemistry.
Posted in Science

Advances in Potato Chemistry and Technology

Author: Jaspreet Singh,Lovedeep Kaur

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128005769

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 752

View: 2805

Advances in Potato Chemistry and Technology, Second Edition, presents the latest knowledge on potato chemistry, including the identification, analysis, and uses of chemical components in potatoes. Beginning with a brief description of potato components, the book then delves into their role during processing, then presenting information on strategies for quality optimization that provides students, researchers, and technologists working in the area of food science with recent information and updates on state-of-the-art technologies. The updated edition includes the latest information related to the identification, analysis, and use of chemical components of potatoes, carbohydrate and non-carbohydrate composition, cell wall chemistry, an analysis of glycoalkaloids, phenolics and anthocyanins, thermal processing, and quality optimization. In addition, new and sophisticated methods of quality determination of potatoes and their products, innovative and healthy potato-based foods, the future of genetically modified potatoes, and the non-food use of potatoes and their products is discussed. Includes both the emerging non-food uses of potato and potato-by-products as well as the expanding knowledge on the food-focused use of potatoes Presents case studies on the problems, factors, proposed solutions, and pros and cons of each, allowing readers facing similar concerns and issues to effectively and efficiently identify an appropriate solution Written by a global collection of experts in both food and non-food potato science
Posted in Business & Economics

Handbook of Flavor Characterization

Sensory Analysis, Chemistry, and Physiology

Author: Kathryn D. Deibler,Jeannine Delwiche

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203912812

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 520

View: 3133

This multidisciplinary resource details the challenges and analytical methodologies utilized to determine the effect of chemical composition, genetics, and human physiology on aroma and flavor perception. Identifying emerging analytical methods and future research paths, the Handbook of Flavor Characterization studies the interpretation and analysis of flavor and odor with in-depth research from renowned field professionals covering burgeoning areas of interest including genomics and in vivo mass spectrometer techniques. The book examines a wide range of sample preparation methods and conditions, and offers several comparisons of chemical detector sensitivities.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Flavour Science

Recent Advances and Trends

Author: Wender L.P. Bredie,Mikael Agerlin Petersen

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080462219

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 662

View: 1330

The flavor of a food is often the most desirable quality characteristic for the consumer, yet the understanding of flavour is a fascinatingly complicated subject, which calls for interdisciplinary research efforts. This latest volume presents the proceedings of the 11th Weurman Flavour Research Symposium and describes the most recent and original research advances related to the flavour of foods and beverages with contributions of experts from 25 countries world-wide. * Efficiently summarises the current front line research within food flavor * Highlights the modern approaches to flavor production using biotechnology, enzymes and gene-technology * The dynamic effects of manipulation of food in the mouth during consumption influencing the release of flavour compounds is discussed in detail
Posted in Technology & Engineering

The Dangerous Book for Boys

Author: Conn Iggulden,Hal Iggulden

Publisher: Zondervan

ISBN: 0061243582

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 288

View: 4446

The bestselling book for every boy from eight to eighty, covering essential boyhood skills such as building tree houses*, learning how to fish, finding true north, and even answering the age old question of what the big deal with girls is. In this digital age there is still a place for knots, skimming stones and stories of incredible courage. This book recaptures Sunday afternoons, stimulates curiosity, and makes for great father-son activities. The brothers Conn and Hal have put together a wonderful collection of all things that make being young or young at heart fun—building go-carts and electromagnets, identifying insects and spiders, and flying the world's best paper airplanes. The completely revised American Edition includes: The Greatest Paper Airplane in the World The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World The Five Knots Every Boy Should Know Stickball Slingshots Fossils Building a Treehouse* Making a Bow and Arrow Fishing (revised with US Fish) Timers and Tripwires Baseball's "Most Valuable Players" Famous Battles-Including Lexington and Concord, The Alamo, and Gettysburg Spies-Codes and Ciphers Making a Go-Cart Navajo Code Talkers' Dictionary Girls Cloud Formations The States of the U.S. Mountains of the U.S. Navigation The Declaration of Independence Skimming Stones Making a Periscope The Ten Commandments Common US Trees Timeline of American History * For more information on building treehouses, visit www.treehouse-books.com and www.stilesdesigns.com or see "Treehouses You Can Actually Build" by David Stiles
Posted in Sports & Recreation