Coastal Environments and Global Change

Author: Gerd Masselink,Roland Gehrels

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118825101

Category: Nature

Page: 448

View: 5178

The coastal zone is one of the most dynamic environments on ourplanet and is much affected by global change, especially sea-levelrise. Coastal environments harbour valuable ecosystems, but theyare also hugely important from a societal point of view. This book,which draws on the expertise of 21 leading international coastalscientists, represents an up-to-date account of coastalenvironments and past, present and future impacts of global change.The first chapter of the book outlines key principles that underpincoastal systems and their behaviour. This is followed by adiscussion of key processes, including sea level change,sedimentation, storms, waves and tides, that drive coastal change.The main part of the book consists of a discussion of the maincoastal environments (beaches, dunes, barriers, salt marshes, tidalflats, estuaries, coral reefs, deltas, rocky and glaciated coastsand coastal groundwater), and how these are affected by globalchange. The final chapter highlights strategies for coping withcoastal change. Readership: final year undergraduate and postgraduate-levelstudents on coastal courses in a wide range subjects, includinggeography, environmental management, geology, oceanography andcoastal/civil engineering. The book will also be a valuableresource for researchers and applied scientists dealing withcoastal environments. Additional resources for this book can be found at: ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/masselink/coastal"www.wiley.com/go/masselink/coastal/a
Posted in Nature

Climate Change 2014 – Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability: Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects: Volume 1, Global and Sectoral Aspects

Working Group II Contribution to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report

Author: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316240347

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 4508

This latest Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) will again form the standard reference for all those concerned with climate change and its consequences, including students, researchers and policy makers in environmental science, meteorology, climatology, biology, ecology, atmospheric chemistry and environmental policy.
Posted in Science

Climate Change 2014 – Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability: Part B: Regional Aspects: Volume 2, Regional Aspects

Working Group II Contribution to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report

Author: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316240355

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 7143

This latest Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) will again form the standard reference for all those concerned with climate change and its consequences, including students, researchers and policy makers in environmental science, meteorology, climatology, biology, ecology, atmospheric chemistry and environmental policy.
Posted in Science

Vulnerability of Coastal Ecosystems and Adaptation

Author: André Monaco,Patrick Prouzet

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1848217048

Category: Science

Page: 290

View: 6812

The vulnerability of socio -ecosystem combines the probability of exposure to natural or anthropogenic pressure, sensitivity and resilience. This book presents a systemic view of the diversity of pressures and impacts produced by climate change and human actions. Erosion of biodiversity by changing ocean chemistry, the intensification of global change raises the problem of the adaptation of living resources.
Posted in Science

Ecosystem Sustainability and Global Change

Author: Patrick Prouzet

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119007720

Category: Science

Page: 234

View: 6099

This volume provides various examples and dimensions, chemical, biological, climatic, or related to extreme (hazards). It describes, by reciprocity, the vulnerability of ecosystems, resources, heritage, human health and, consequently, economic and social sectors. it considers climate scenarios and socio-economic status indicators research, design strategies and patterns of adaptation, development of innovative monitoring systems, analysis of perceptions of major hazards and valuation of ecosystem services.
Posted in Science

Deserts and Desert Environments

Author: Julie J Laity

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444300741

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 4662

Taking a global perspective, this book provides a concise overviewof drylands, including their physical, biological, temporal, andhuman components. Examines the physical systems occurring in desert environments,including climate, hydrology, past and present lakes, weathering,hillslopes, geomorphic surfaces, water as a geomorphic agent, andaeolian processes Offers an accessible introduction to the physical, biological,temporal, and human components of drylands Investigates the nature, environmental requirements, andessential geomorphic roles of plants and animals in this stressfulbiological environment Highlights the impact of human population growth on climate,desertification, water resources, and dust storm activity Includes an examination of surface/atmosphere interactions andthe impact of ENSO events.
Posted in Science

Geomorphology and Land Management in a Changing Environment

Author: Duncan F. M. McGregor,Donald A. Thompson

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471955115

Category: Nature

Page: 356

View: 6760

Geomorphology and Land Management in a Changing Environment Edited by Duncan F. M. McGregor and Donald A. Thompson Royal Holloway, University of London, UK Geomorphology and Land Management in a Changing Environment highlights the practical application of geography to environmental management, through examination of the ways in which geomorphology is relevant to, and contributes to, proper management of land resources. Increasingly, effective land use is seen as dependent on the integration of geomorphological principles and practice within the decision-making process. The book elucidates the environmental effects of land management practices in terms of the geomorphological systems in which they take place and in the context of an environment subject to uncertainty and change. It critically reviews the progress of ‘applied geomorphology’ in addressing the issues of practical applicability of geomorphology, and then focuses on four major themes within this interaction: ground instability and land management; the effect of land use on the hydrological and erosional response of geomorphological systems; modelling geomorphological response to environmental change; and geomorphological aspects of the management of environmental risk. By integrating a wide range of case studies from the developed and the developing world, the book offers a distinctive insight into the range and utility of geomorphological research, and pointers for environmental planners and decision makers at all levels.
Posted in Nature

Understanding Sea-level Rise and Variability

Author: John A. Church,Philip L. Woodworth,Thorkild Aarup,W. Stanley Wilson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444340778

Category: Science

Page: 454

View: 1732

Understanding Sea-Level Rise and Variability identifies the major impacts of sea-level rise, presents up-to-date assessments of past sea-level change, thoroughly explores all of the factors contributing to sea-level rise, and explores how sea-level extreme events might change. It identifies what is known in each area and what research and observations are required to reduce the uncertainties in our understanding of sea-level rise so that more reliable future projections can be made. A synthesis of findings provides a concise summary of past, present and future sea-level rise and its impacts on society. Key Features: Book includes contributions from a range of international sea level experts Multidisciplinary Four color throughout Describes the limits of our understanding of this crucial issue as well as pointing to directions for future research The book is for everyone interested in sea-level rise and its impacts, including policy makers, research funders, scientists, students, coastal managers and engineers. Additional resources for this book can be found at: http://www.wiley.com/go/church/sealevel.
Posted in Science

Assessing the Impacts of Climate Change on Natural Resource Systems

Author: Kenneth D. Frederick,Norman J. Rosenberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401102074

Category: Science

Page: 219

View: 4399

This volume characterizes the current state of natural science and socioeconomic modeling of the impacts of climate change and current climate variability on forests, grasslands, and water. It identifies what can be done currently with impact assessments and suggests how to undertake such assessments. Impediments to linking biophysical and socioeconomic models into integrated assessments for policy purposes are identified, and recommendations for future research activities to improve the state of the art and remove these impediments to model integration are provided. This book is for natural and social scientists with an interest in the impacts of climate change on terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems and their socioeconomic impacts, and policy makers interested in understanding the status of current assessment capabilities and in identifying priority areas for future research.
Posted in Science

Coastal-Marine Conservation

Science and Policy

Author: G. Carleton Ray,Jerry McCormick-Ray

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444311247

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 1740

Coastal-Marine Conservation: Science and Policy introduces studentsand managers to complex conservation and management issues facingcoastal nations of the world, their citizens, and international andnon-governmental organizations. It aims to reduce complexity andinspire a greater consensus for more effective conservationaction. Presents the coastal realm as a heterogeneous, diverseecosystem of exceptionall high biological diversity andproductivity, and where conservation challenges are most difficultand urgent Examines the critical issues facing coastal-marine conservationand the mechanisms for dealing with them Reviews the basic science required for addressing conservationissues by presenting the coastal realm as a land-sea ecosystem ofglobal significance, and by reviewing the natural-history featuresof coastal-marine organisms Presents three ecologically and latitudinally distinct"real-world" case studies to create a context for understanding ofregional systems, their cultures, and their conservation: the polarBering Sea, the temperate Chesapeake Bay, and the tropicalBahamas Makes apparent the ecological stresses on the coastal realm,increasing rates of ecosystem change, loss of ecosystem health, andfragmented governance Synthesizes the major challenges for conservation and suggestsfuture policy and management strategies, including ecosystemmanagement and needs for achieving sustainability and addressingthe environmental debt This book is intended for undergraduates and graduates takingcourses in coastal and marine conservation and management, as wellas those actively engaged in coastal-marine conservationactivities, and gives the reader a clear steer to future managementapproaches. References additional to those in the book are available athttp://www.blackwellpublishing.com/pdf/ray_references.pdf The artwork is available to download athttp://www.blackwellpublishing.com/ray/
Posted in Science

Applied Studies in Climate Adaptation

Author: Jean P. Palutikof,Sarah L. Boulter,Jon Barnett,David Rissik

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111884503X

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 9417

The book advances knowledge about climate change adaptationpractices through a series of case studies. It presents importantevidence about adaptation practices in agriculture, businesses, thecoastal zone, community services, disaster management, ecosystems,indigneous populations, and settlements and infrastructure. Inaddition to 38 case studies across these sectors, the book containshorizon-scoping essays from international experts in adaptationresearch, including Hallie Eakin, Susanne Moser, Jonathon Overpeck,Bill Solecki, and Gary Yohe. Australia’s social-ecological systems have a long historyof adapting to climate variability and change, and in recentdecades has been a world-leader in implementing and researchingadaptation, making this book of universal relevance to all thoseworking to adapt our environment and societies to climatechange.
Posted in Science

Handbook of Sea-Level Research

Author: Ian Shennan,Antony J. Long,Benjamin P. Horton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118452585

Category: Science

Page: 600

View: 1394

"This book will cover all aspects of modern sea-level studies, with a focus on the most robust scientific approaches and techniques"--
Posted in Science

Environmental Change and Globalization: Double Exposures

Author: Robin Leichenko,Karen O'Brien

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199884269

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 5975

This book explores the connections between two of the most transformative processes of the twenty-first century, namely climate change and globalization. In this book, Leichenko and O'Brien present a conceptual framework for analyzing the interactions between these two processes, and illustrate, through case studies, how these interactions create situations of "double exposure." Drawing upon prominent recent and current climate-related events -- Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans, recurring droughts in India, and the melting of Arctic sea ice -- the case studies each demonstrate a different pathway of interaction between globalization and global environmental change. Through exploration of these pathways of double exposure, the book also shows how broader human security concerns including growing inequalities, growing vulnerabilities, and unsustainable rates of development are integrally connected to both processes of global change. The double exposure framework not only sheds light on the challenges raised by these two global processes, but also reveals possibilities for using the interactions to generate positive opportunities for action.
Posted in Science

Environmental Science For Dummies

Author: Alecia M. Spooner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111823961X

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 828

The easy way to score high in Environmental Science Environmental science is a fascinating subject, but somestudents have a hard time grasping the interrelationships of thenatural world and the role that humans play within the environment.Presented in a straightforward format, Environmental Science ForDummies gives you plain-English, easy-to-understandexplanations of the concepts and material you'll encounter in yourintroductory-level course. Here, you get discussions of the earth's natural resources andthe problems that arise when resources like air, water, and soilare contaminated by manmade pollutants. Sustainability is alsoexamined, including the latest advancements in recycling and energyproduction technology. Environmental Science For Dummies isthe most accessible book on the market for anyone who needs to geta handle on the topic, whether you're looking to supplementclassroom learning or simply interested in learning more about ourenvironment and the problems we face. Presents straightforward information on complex concepts Tracks to a typical introductory level Environmental Sciencecourse Serves as an excellent supplement to classroom learning If you're enrolled in an introductory Environmental Sciencecourse or studying for the AP Environmental Science exam, thishands-on, friendly guide has you covered.
Posted in Science

The Handbook of Global Climate and Environment Policy

Author: Robert Falkner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118326253

Category: Political Science

Page: 552

View: 7975

The Handbook of Global Climate and Environment Policy presents an authoritative and comprehensive overview of global policy on climate and the environment. It combines the strengths of an interdisciplinary team of experts from around the world to explore current debates and the latest thinking in the search for global environmental solutions. Explores the environmental challenges we currently face, and the concepts and approaches to solving these Questions the role of global actors, institutions and processes, and considers the links between global climate and environment policy, and that of the global economy Highlights the connections between social science research and global policy Brings together authoritative coverage of recent research by internationally-renowned experts from around the world, including from North America, Europe, and Asia Provides an essential resource guide for students and researchers from across a wide range of related disciplines – from politics and international relations, to environmental sciences and sociology – and for global policy practitioners
Posted in Political Science

International Environmental Law, Policy, and Ethics

Author: Alexander Gillespie

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191022470

Category: Law

Page: 278

View: 1138

This second edition of International Environmental Law, Policy, and Ethics revises and expands this groundbreaking study into the question of why the environment is protected in the international arena. This question is rarely asked because it is assumed that each member of the international community wants to achieve the same ends. However, in his innovative study of international environmental ethics, Alexander Gillespie explodes this myth. He shows how nations, like individuals, create environmental laws and policies which are continually inviting failure, as such laws can often be riddled with inconsistencies, and be ultimately contradictory in purpose. Specifically, he seeks a nexus between the reasons why nations protect the environment, how these reasons are reflected in law and policy, and what complications arise from these choices. This book takes account of the numerous developments in international environmental law and policy that have taken place the publication of the first edition, most notably at the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development and the 2012 'Rio + 20' United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development. Furthermore, it addresses recent debates on the economic value of nature, and the problems of the illegal trade in species and toxic waste. The cultural context has also been considerably advanced in the areas of both intangible and tangible heritage, with increasing attention being given to conservation, wildlife management, and the notion of protected areas. The book investigates the ways in which progress has been made regarding humane trapping and killing of animals, and how, in contrast, the Great Apes initiative, and similar work with whales, have failed. Finally, the book addresses the fact that while the notion of ecosystem management has been embraced by a number of environmental regimes, it has thus far failed as an international philosophy.
Posted in Law

Global Change

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Climatology

Page: N.A

View: 5323

Posted in Climatology

Earth Environments

Past, Present and Future

Author: David Huddart,Tim Stott

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118688120

Category: Science

Page: 912

View: 8950

This book provides a comprehensive coverage of the major topicswithin undergraduate study programmes in geosciences, environmentalscience, physical geography, natural hazards and ecology. This text introduces students to the Earth's four keyinterdependent systems: the atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphereand biosphere, focussing on their key components, interactionsbetween them and environmental change. Topics covered include: An earth systems model; componentssystems and processes: atmospheric systems; oceanography, endogenicgeological systems and exogenic geological systems, biogeographyand, aspects of the Earth's Record. The impact of climate and environmental change is discussed in afinal chapter which draws together Earth's systems and theirevolution and looks ahead to future earth changes and environmentsand various time periods in the geological record. Throughout the book geological case studies are used in additionto the modern processes.
Posted in Science

Road from Kyoto

Hearing Before the Committee on Science, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Climatic changes

Page: N.A

View: 8484

Posted in Climatic changes