Clinically Applied Anthropology

Anthropologists in Health Science Settings

Author: N. Chrisman,T. Maretzki

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401091803

Category: Social Science

Page: 764

View: 3702

like other collections of papers related to a single topic, this volume arose out of problem-sharing and problem-solving discussions among some of the authors. The two principal recurring issues were (1) the difficulties in translating anthropo logical knowledge so that our students could use it and (2) the difficulties of bringing existing medical anthropology literature to bear on this task. As we talked to other anthropologists teaching in other parts of the country and in various health-related schools, we recognized that our problems were similar. Similarities in our solutions led the Editors to believe that publication of our teaching experi ences and research relevant to teaching would help others and might begin the process of generating principles leading to a more coherent approach. Our colleagues supported this idea and agreed to contribute. What we agreed to write about was 'Clinically Applied Anthropology'. Much of what we were doing and certainly much of the relevant literature was applied anthropology. And our target group was composed-mostly of clinicians. The utility of the term became apparent after 1979 when another set of anthropologists began to discuss 'ainical Anthropology'. They too recognized the range of novel be haviors available to anthropologists in the health science arena and chose to focus on the clinical use of anthropology. We see this as an important endeavor, but very different from what we are proposing.
Posted in Social Science

Nutrition Planning

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nutrition policy

Page: N.A

View: 9179

Posted in Nutrition policy

Social Science Perspectives on Medical Ethics

Author: G. Weisz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400919301

Category: Medical

Page: 298

View: 6270

Medical or hio- ethics has in recent years been a growth industry. Journals, Centers and Associations devoted to the subject proliferate. Medical schools seem increasingly to be filling rare positions in the humanities and social sciences with ethicists. Hardly a day passes without some media scrutiny of one or another ethical dilemma resulting from our new-found ability to transform the natural conditions of life. Although bioethics is a self-consciously interdisciplinary field, it has not attracted the collaboration of many social scientists. In fact, social scientists who specialize in the study of medicine have in many cases watched its development with a certain ambivalence. No one disputes the significance and often the painfulness of the issues and choices being addressed. But there is something about the way these issues are usually handled which seems somehow inappropri ate if not wrong-headed to one trained in a discipline like sociology or history. In their analyses of complex situations, ethicists often appear grandly oblivious to the social and cultural context in which these occur, and indeed to empirical referents of any sort. Nor do they seem very conscious of the cultural specificity of many of the values and procedures they utilize when making ethical judg ments. The unease felt by many in the social sciences was given articulate expression in a paper by Renee Fox and Judith Swazey which appeared in 1984.
Posted in Medical

Culture and Health

Applying Medical Anthropology

Author: Michael Winkelman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470462612

Category: Medical

Page: 512

View: 9999

Culture and Health offers an overview of different areas of culture and health, building on foundations of medical anthropology and health behavior theory. It shows how to address the challenges of cross-cultural medicine through interdisciplinary cultural-ecological models and personal and institutional developmental approaches to cross-cultural adaptation and competency. The book addresses the perspectives of clinically applied anthropology, trans-cultural psychiatry and the medical ecology, critical medical anthropology and symbolic paradigms as frameworks for enhanced comprehension of health and the medical encounter. Includes cultural case studies, applied vignettes, and self-assessments.
Posted in Medical

Patients and Healers in the Context of Culture

An Exploration of the Borderland Between Anthropology, Medicine, and Psychiatry

Author: Arthur Kleinman

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520045118

Category: Medical

Page: 427

View: 1160

Kleinman, a psychiatrist, trained in anthropology, reports on his studies of health care in Taiwan. He describes his observations of clinical interviews between various medical practitioner, folk-healers, temple medicine men, and Chinese-style and Western-style physicians and their patients. He stress the importance of adopting the proper cultural perspective, making ones interpretations within that framework.
Posted in Medical

Culture and Health

Applying Medical Anthropology

Author: Michael Winkelman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470462612

Category: Medical

Page: 512

View: 4692

Culture and Health offers an overview of different areas of culture and health, building on foundations of medical anthropology and health behavior theory. It shows how to address the challenges of cross-cultural medicine through interdisciplinary cultural-ecological models and personal and institutional developmental approaches to cross-cultural adaptation and competency. The book addresses the perspectives of clinically applied anthropology, trans-cultural psychiatry and the medical ecology, critical medical anthropology and symbolic paradigms as frameworks for enhanced comprehension of health and the medical encounter. Includes cultural case studies, applied vignettes, and self-assessments.
Posted in Medical

Understanding and Applying Medical Anthropology

Author: Peter J. Brown,Svea Closser

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315416166

Category: Social Science

Page: 460

View: 1600

The editors of the third edition of the seminal textbook Understanding and Applying Medical Anthropology bring it completely up to date for both instructors and students. The collection of 49 readings (17 of them new to this edition) offers extensive background description and exposes students to the breadth of theoretical, methodological, and practical perspectives and issues in the field of medical anthropology. The text provides specific examples and case studies of research as it is applied to a range of health settings: from cross-cultural clinical encounters to cultural analysis of new biomedical technologies and the implementation of programs in global health settings. The new edition features: • a major revision that eliminates many older readings in favor of more fresh, relevant selections; • a new section on structural violence that looks at the impact of poverty and other forms of social marginalization on health; • an updated and expanded section on “Conceptual Tools,” including new research and ideas that are currently driving the field of medical anthropology forward (such as epigenetics and syndemics); • new chapters on climate change, Ebola, PTSD among Iraq/Afghanistan veterans, eating disorders, and autism, among others; • recent articles from Margaret Mead Award winners Sera Young, Seth Holmes, and Erin Finley, along with new articles by such established medical anthropologists as Paul Farmer and Merrill Singer.
Posted in Social Science

Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology

Health and Illness in the World's Cultures Topics - Volume 1; Cultures -

Author: Carol R. Ember,Melvin Ember

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306477548

Category: Diseases

Page: 1071

View: 4772

Posted in Diseases

Medical Anthropology at the Intersections

Histories, Activisms, and Futures

Author: Marcia C. Inhorn,Emily A. Wentzell

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822352702

Category: Social Science

Page: 342

View: 4382

In Medical Anthropololgy at the Intersections, leading figures in medical anthropology reflect on the field s past, present, and future, considering how it has developed dynamically in relation to activism, other anthropological subfields, and other disciplines.
Posted in Social Science

The Routledge Handbook of Medical Anthropology

Author: Lenore Manderson,Elizabeth Cartwright,Anita Hardon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317743784

Category: Social Science

Page: 394

View: 7381

The Routledge Handbook of Medical Anthropology provides a contemporary overview of the key themes in medical anthropology. In this exciting departure from conventional handbooks, compendia and encyclopedias, the three editors have written the core chapters of the volume, and in so doing, invite the reader to reflect on the ethnographic richness and theoretical contributions of research on the clinic and the field, bioscience and medical research, infectious and non-communicable diseases, biomedicine, complementary and alternative modalities, structural violence and vulnerability, gender and ageing, reproduction and sexuality. As a way of illustrating the themes, a rich variety of case studies are included, presented by over 60 authors from around the world, reflecting the diverse cultural contexts in which people experience health, illness, and healing. Each chapter and its case studies are introduced by a photograph, reflecting medical and visual anthropological responses to inequality and vulnerability. An indispensible reference in this fastest growing area of anthropological study, The Routledge Handbook of Medical Anthropology is a unique and innovative contribution to the field.
Posted in Social Science

Indigenous Theories of Contagious Disease

Author: Edward C. Green

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 0585189951

Category: Social Science

Page: 311

View: 8020

Far from being the province of magic, witchcraft, and sorcery, indigenous understanding of contagious disease in Africa and elsewhere in the developing world very often parallels western concepts of germ theory, according to the author. Labeling this 'indigenous contagion theory (ICT),' Green synthesizes the voluminous ethnographic work on tropical diseases and remedies_as well as 20 years of his own studies and interventions on sexually transmitted diseases, AIDS, and traditional healers in southern Africa_to demonstrate how indigenous peoples generally conceive of contagious diseases as having naturalistic causes. His groundbreaking work suggests how western medical practitioners can incorporate ICT to better help native peoples control contagious diseases.
Posted in Social Science

Anthropology and Public Health

Bridging Differences in Culture and Society

Author: Robert A. Hahn,Marcia Claire Inhorn

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195374649

Category: Medical

Page: 730

View: 3187

Through 24 case studies from around the world, the volume provides a powerful argument for the imperative of anthropological perspectives, methods, information, and collaboration in the understanding and practice of public health.
Posted in Medical

Culture, Health and Illness

An Introduction for Health Professionals

Author: Cecil Helman

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 1483193470

Category: Political Science

Page: 254

View: 3379

Culture, Health and Illness: An Introduction for Health Professionals covers basic ideas and research in medical anthropology. The book starts by discussing the scope of medical anthropology and the cultural definitions of anatomy and physiology, including the body structure and its functions. The text describes the clinical significance of food in diet and nutrition, social and cultural aspects of medical pluralism and health care. Doctor-patient interactions; social, psychological and cultural factors associated with pain; and non-pharmacological influences of medication, in relation to placebos, psychotropic and narcotic drugs, alcohol, and tobacco are also considered. The book then covers the type of rituals that relate to health and illness and the management of misfortune. The text also encompasses transcultural psychiatry, the cultural aspects of stress, and cultural factors in epidemiology. The selection is useful to health professions (doctors, nurses, midwives, health visitors, medical social workers, and nutritionists); those involved in health education or foreign medical aid; undergraduate students taking up these disciplines; and those studying anthropology or sociology.
Posted in Political Science

The American Journal of Occupational Therapy

Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Occupational therapy

Page: N.A

View: 2666

Posted in Occupational therapy

Sickness and Healing

An Anthropological Perspective

Author: Robert A. Hahn

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300068719

Category: Medical

Page: 336

View: 5848

Anthropologist and epidemiologist Robert A. Hahn examines how culture influences the definition, experience and treatment of sickness in Western and non-Western societies.
Posted in Medical

State, Society and Health in Nepal

Author: Madhusudan Subedi

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351180703

Category: Medical

Page: 194

View: 1318

This book focuses on health, healing and health care in Nepal. It presents an intriguing picture: the interplay between the natural processes that cause ill health or diseases and the socio-cultural processes through which people try to understand and cope with them. The work places medical tradition, health politics, gender and health, and pharmaceutical business within the wider politico-economic milieu of Nepal. It also describes the establishment of medical anthropology as an academic discipline, and its relevance for understanding the country’s specific health problems, health care traditions, and health policies. Combining scientific research with practical experiences, the book will serve as a unique resource, especially for health workers, policymakers, and teachers and students in medical schools, those in public health, social medicine, health care, governance and political studies, sociology and social anthropology, and Nepal and South Asian studies.
Posted in Medical

Anthropology and International Health

Author: Mark and Mimi Nichter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135306680

Category: Social Science

Page: 482

View: 4896

Recognizing the significance of cultural aspects in the practice of medicine, this book places a strong emphasis on the social structure, customs, and history of the indigenous population and its ramifications on health care providers. The book also considers the econo-cultural influences on the way medicine is practiced. By including chapters that focus on health care's sudden advent as commodity and the microeconomic approach to public funding for health care facilities, the Nichters explore a world in which money and patients' expectations play an ever increasing role in the way health care is provided.
Posted in Social Science

Annual Review of Anthropology

Author: N.A

Publisher: Annual Reviews

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropology

Page: N.A

View: 3321

Annual compilation of critical articles from all areas of the discipline of anthropology.
Posted in Anthropology

Mountains Beyond Mountains (Adapted for Young People)

The Quest of Dr. Paul Farmer, A Man Who Would Cure the World

Author: Tracy Kidder,Michael French

Publisher: Delacorte Books for Young Readers

ISBN: 030798088X

Category: Young Adult Nonfiction

Page: 288

View: 4076

Tracy Kidder's critically acclaimed adult nonfiction work, Mountains Beyond Mountains has been adapted for young people by Michael French. In this young adult edition, readers are introduced to Dr. Paul Farmer, a Harvard-educated doctor with a self-proclaimed mission to transform healthcare on a global scale. Farmer focuses his attention on some of the world's most impoverished people and uses unconventional ways in which to provide healthcare, to achieve real results and save lives. From the Hardcover edition.
Posted in Young Adult Nonfiction