Chinese Policing

History and Reform

Author: Kam C. Wong

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9781433100161

Category: History

Page: 263

View: 4709

This book documents a systematic investigation into various aspects of policing in the People's Republic of China, including its scholarship, idea, origin, history, education, culture, reform, and theory. It approaches the study of Chinese policing from an indigenous perspective, informed by local empirical data. In proposing an innovative theory of community policing entitled -Police Power as a Social Resource Theory-, the book seeks to look at crime as a personal problem, and police as a social resource, from the perspective of the people and not the state."
Posted in History

Modern Chinese Legal Reform

New Perspectives

Author: Xiaobing Li,Qiang Fang

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813141214

Category: History

Page: 316

View: 6167

China's rapid socioeconomic transformation of the past twenty years has led to dramatic changes in its judicial system and legal practices. As China becomes more powerful on the world stage, the global community has dedicated more resources and attention to understanding the country's evolving democratization, and policymakers have identified the development of civil liberties and long-term legal reforms as crucial for the nation's acceptance as a global partner. Modern Chinese Legal Reform is designed as a legal and political research tool to help English-speaking scholars interpret the many recent changes to China's legal system. Investigating subjects such as constitutional history, the intersection of politics and law, democratization, civil legal practices, and judicial mechanisms, the essays in this volume situate current constitutional debates in the context of both the country's ideology and traditions and the wider global community. Editors Xiaobing Li and Qiang Fang bring together scholars from multiple disciplines to provide a comprehensive and balanced look at a difficult subject. Featuring newly available official sources and interviews with Chinese administrators, judges, law-enforcement officers, and legal experts, this essential resource enables readers to view key events through the eyes of individuals who are intimately acquainted with the challenges and successes of the past twenty years.
Posted in History

Comparative Criminal Justice Systems

Author: Harry R. Dammer,Jay S. Albanese

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 128506786X

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 5371

Offering a comprehensive analysis, bestselling COMPARATIVE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMS, 5e compares the various criminal justice systems throughout the world using six model countries: China, England, France, Germany, Japan, and Saudi Arabia. The book illustrates the different types of law and justice systems while exploring the historical, political, economic, social, and cultural influences on each system. It examines important aspects of each type of justice system--common law, civil law, socialist law, and sacred (Islamic) law--to highlight the similarities and differences of each. Completely up to date, it provides expanded coverage of such high-profile topics as human trafficking, Internet pornography, identity theft, transnational policing, terrorism and more. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Posted in Social Science

Policing in Hong Kong

History and Reform

Author: Kam C. Wong

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439896445

Category: Law

Page: 544

View: 9063

The HKP (Hong Kong Police), ‘Asia’s Finest’, is a battle-tested professional organization with strong leadership, competent staff, and deep culture. It is also a continuously learning and reforming agency in pursuit of organisational excellence. Policing in Hong Kong: History and Reform is the first and only book on the development of the Hong Kong Police from an inside out and bottom up perspective. Written by a scholar and veteran of the HKP, it is an amalgamation of indigenous theory and supporting data. Part One begins by describing the development of police studies in Hong Kong as an emerging field since the 1990s. It supplies an analytical and empirical construct of colonial policing as well as a theoretical assessment. It discusses the nature, topologies, conduct, impact, and assessment of police reform. The book demonstrates how colonial policing in Hong Kong and elsewhere takes on the community’s local color and hue in practice. Colonial policing in Hong Kong is "policing with Chinese characteristics." Part Two tracks the history of the HKP’s formation in the 1840s and examines how colonial policing in Hong Kong has changed over time. It describes the HKP’s four distinctive reform periods: the formation period (1845), the reorganisation period (1872), the modernisation period (1950s), and finally, the decolonisation period (1990s). It argues that HKP reform in the1950s was the pivotal point in transforming the HKP from a colonial force into a civil one by way of localisation, legalisation, modernisation, communalisation, and organisation. Overall, the book questions previously accepted colonial history, and in doing so, contributes to our understanding of challenges and opportunities facing HKP after the reversion of political authority from England to China.
Posted in Law

Global Criminology and Criminal Justice

Current Issues and Perspectives

Author: Russell Charles Smandych,Nick Larsen

Publisher: University of Toronto PressHigher education

ISBN: 9781551116822

Category: Social Science

Page: 518

View: 9684

Global Criminology and Criminal Justice brings together 22 articles that constitute some of the most important recent literature in the field.
Posted in Social Science

Staats-Organe

Transplantationsmissbrauch in China

Author: David Matas,Torsten Trey

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783862391110

Category:

Page: 240

View: 6269

Posted in

Police Reform in China

Author: Kam C. Wong

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 143981970X

Category: Computers

Page: 413

View: 8144

With nearly 20 percent of the world’s population located in China, what happens there is significant to all nations. Sweeping changes have altered the cultural landscape of China, and as opportunities for wealth have grown in recent years, so have opportunities for crime. Police Reform in China provides a rare and insightful glimpse of policing in the midst of such change. The book begins with a historical account of police reform in the region since 2000. Next, it discusses the difficulties encountered in trying to understand Chinese policing, such as outdated perceptions, misinformation, cultural ignorance, ideological hegemony, and problems with paternalistic attitudes. The book recommends studying China from a local perspective informed by local research and data, suggesting that understanding China requires a cultural shift to the Chinese way of life in "thinking" and, more importantly, "feeling." The author then summarizes selected policy papers from Gongan Yanjiu, a leading international policy journal. He first documents how the thinking and aspirations of various generations of Chinese leaders from Mao to Deng, and now Jiang and Hu, came to affect Chinese policing in theory and practice. He then addresses the emergence of a police legitimacy crisis as evidenced by the deterioration of public image and rebellions against police authority. Demonstrating how old ideologies are increasingly in conflict with the values and lifestyles of a new mentality, the book discusses steps that can be taken to improve professionalism. The final chapters investigate such problems as abuses of discretion and the improper use of firearms and highlight the importance of understanding the Chinese people, culture, values, and interests in order to truly effectuate successful police reform.
Posted in Computers

Transnational Penal Cultures

New perspectives on discipline, punishment and desistance

Author: Vivien Miller,James Campbell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317807200

Category: Social Science

Page: 234

View: 9105

Focusing on three key stages of the criminal justice process, discipline, punishment and desistance, and incorporating case studies from Asia, the Americas, Europe, Africa and Australia, the thirteen chapters in this collection are based on exciting new research that explores the evolution and adaptation of criminal justice and penal systems, largely from the early nineteenth century to the present. They range across the disciplinary boundaries of History, Criminology, Law and Penology. Journeying into and unlocking different national and international penal archives, and drawing on diverse analytical approaches, the chapters forge new connections between historical and contemporary issues in crime, prisons, policing and penal cultures, and challenge traditional Western democratic historiographies of crime and punishment and categorisations of offenders, police and ex-offenders. The individual chapters provide new perspectives on race, gender, class, urban space, surveillance, policing, prisonisation and defiance, and will be essential reading for academics and students engaged in the study of criminal justice, law, police, transportation, slavery, offenders and desistance from crime.
Posted in Social Science

The Judicial System and Reform in Post-Mao China

Stumbling Towards Justice

Author: Dr Yuwen Li

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472436075

Category: Law

Page: 336

View: 7899

This comprehensive study examines the development and changing characteristics of the judicial system and reform process over the past three decades in China. As the role of courts in society has increased so too has the amount of public complaints about the judiciary. At the same time, political control over the judiciary has retained its tight-grip. The shortcomings of the contemporary system, such as institutional deficiencies, shocking cases of injustice and cases of serious judicial corruption, are deemed quite appalling by an international audience. Using a combination of traditional modes of legal analysis, case studies, and empirical research, this study reflects upon the complex progress that China has made, and continues to make, towards the modernisation of its judicial system. Li offers a better understanding on how the judicial system has transformed and what challenges lay ahead for further enhancement. This book is unique in providing both the breadth of coverage and yet the substantive details of the most fundamental as well as controversial subjects concerning the operation of the courts in China.
Posted in Law

Criminology and Criminal Justice Systems of the World

A Comparative Perspective

Author: Peter O. Nwankwo

Publisher: Trafford Publishing

ISBN: 1426967403

Category: Law

Page: 612

View: 5236

Professor Peter Nwankwo argues based on this textbook volume I, that the world has been turned into a global village, and that we have no reason(s) to ignore the awareness of what is going on in other countries of the world. This textbook "Criminology and criminal Justice System of the world: A comparative perspective" is a unique text, not because of its title, but because it contains what will ever be needed for the undergraduate and graduate students in the field of Criminology and Criminal Justice, especially those taking a course in Comparative Criminal Justice. The text is prodigious and profusely descriptive, explored, and explained by researching the police, the court systems, corrections or prisons, including Juvenile Justice Systems and Crime Statistics in the following countries: United States of America, china, Saudi Arabia, Japan, The Netherlands, Bulgaria, Haiti, Botswana, Philippines, Uganda, and Israel. It is worthy to note that the United States of America had too much information, so it was necessary to split it into two chapters i.e. chapter one, and chapter two. Additionally, The Netherlands was also split into two chapters thus: Chapters 6 & 7: The overall Chapters in this Volume I are thirteen. VOLUME II Volume two of this text contains twenty four chapters and over 24 countries were researched and included as follows, and will be published in a few in a few months .The countries are: Nigeria, Norway, Northern Ireland, England and Wales, Estonia, Ethiopia, Egypt, South America, Mauritania, Jamaica, Iraq, Dominican Republic, Turkey, South Africa, Russia, Kenya, Romania, Congo, Germany, France, Cameroon, Ghana and Denmark. No matter the adversities of the readers and purchasers, I do strongly advice that you order these two volumes together, when the later would be available on the internet or through the publishers.
Posted in Law

Policing Major Events

Perspectives from Around the World

Author: James F. Albrecht,Martha Christine Dow,Darryl Plecas,Dilip K. Das

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466588063

Category: Law

Page: 318

View: 893

Whenever a major event requires police intervention, questions are raised about the nature of the police response. Could the police have prevented the conflict, been better prepared, reacted more quickly? Could they have acted more forcefully or brought the altercation under control more effectively? Based upon real case studies of events from all over the world, this volume explores the complex set of factors comprising the policing of major events. Topics covered include: Police procedures in Serbia in response to sporting events and violence The 2010 World Cup in South Africa as a model of best practice in governance structures, along with the region’s struggles in routine policing initiatives Security operations at the 2010 Winter Olympic Games in Canada and the Summer Olympic and Paralympic Games in London in 2012 Community involvement to curb terrorist insurgency in North Eastern Nigeria Governmental response to Hurricane Katrina in Louisiana and Texas Revisions made to NYPD protocols following the September 11 attacks Policing strategies for major events on Aboriginal and tribal lands across Canada Other topics include the police/protestor relationship and low-profile versus high-profile policing strategies in crowd control, the growing strategy of private security in working with public police forces, and enhancing public safety in post-conflict regions. The concepts presented in Policing Major Events: Perspectives from Around the World will enable police departments to improve their readiness for policing major events across a diverse set of events and socio-political contexts. This book is a co-publication with the International Police Executive Symposium.
Posted in Law

Comparative Policing

The Struggle for Democratization

Author: M. R. Haberfeld,Ibrahim Cerrah

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452213674

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 2688

"A wonderful resource, user friendly and very well written." - Timothy J. Horohol, John Jay College A unique approach to studying police forces around the globe How do police forces around the world move toward democratization of their operations and responses? Analyzing police forces from 12 different countries, Comparative Policing: The Struggle for Democratization assesses the stages of each country based on the author's development of a "Continuum of Democracy" scale. Key Features Using five basic themes, this book uses the following criteria to rank and evaluate where each country falls on the continuum, clarifying how policing practices differ: · History of a democratic form of government · Level of corruption within governmental organizations and the oversight mechanisms in place · Scope of and response to civil disobedience · Organization structures of police departments · Operational responses to terrorism and organized crime Intended Audience: This unique analysis of policing is an ideal text for undergraduate and graduate courses in Comparative Criminal Justice, Police Studies, Policing and Society, and Terrorism in departments of criminal justice, criminology, sociology, and government.
Posted in Social Science

Chinese Criminal Trials

A Comprehensive Empirical Inquiry

Author: Ni He

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461482054

Category: Social Science

Page: 173

View: 8275

This book provides a unique empirical study of criminal trials in China. Western observers such as the media, politicians and the legal scholars alike, have rarely had the exposure to the vast majority of the ordinary criminal trials in China. A number of legal reforms have been implemented in Chinese criminal courts in recent years, but there has been little research on whether these reforms have been effective. This book fills that gap, by unveiling the day-to-day reality of criminal cases tried by the lowest level courts in China. The data used in this study include hundreds of criminal trial observations, complete criminal case dossiers, and a comprehensive questionnaire survey of criminal justice practitioners from one large province located in China’s Southeast coast. These data were collected over a two-year period, with a generous research grant from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, by scholars already working in the Chinese legal system. The work opens with a historical framework of the Chinese criminal justice system, both Western and Chinese interpretations, and an overview of the current state of the system. It will provide unique analysis of how criminal trials are being carried out in China, with a useful context for scholars with varying levels of familiarity with the current system. The research framework for gathering data discussed in this book will also provide a useful basis for studying the criminal justice system in other regions. ​
Posted in Social Science

Policing Corruption

International Perspectives

Author: Rick Sarre,Dilip K. Das,Hans-Jörg Albrecht

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739108093

Category: Political Science

Page: 401

View: 6030

A revision of papers presented at the Ninth Annual Meeting of the International Police Executive Symposium (IPES) which was held in Szczytno, Poland in May, 2001.
Posted in Political Science

Innovative Possibilities: Global Policing Research and Practice

Author: Les Johnston,Clifford Shearing

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317981839

Category: Social Science

Page: 130

View: 1326

Innovative Possibilities: Global Policing Research and Practice brings together observations that reflect upon the state of police (and policing) across the globe and associated forms of policing scholarship with inputs from Africa, Australia, South and Central America, China, Europe, and the USA. Following the introduction the book begins with a review of the nature of the relationship between policing research and practice with the Victoria Police in Australia and moves on to Britain where the focus is on how the National Improvement Strategy for Policing (NISP) is developing and how research is being used to design, define, monitor, and develop its strategic interventions using a series of case studies. In the United States the complex American terrain of the police is examined -- in particular this chapter examines how crime statistics are used to rationalize, justify, and account for their actions. In Latin America a comprehensive review of research on police reform in Latin America during the last two decades is given. Africa provides a complex and diverse social terrain which needs to be understood in relation to its plural policing landscape. Police scholarship in China looks at the historical development and current status of police scholarship in China, together with the emerging issues arising from it. The overarching concern of all these reflections is with bridging the deep seated tensions that exist between scholarship and practice within policing across the globe and the call for a new relationship of mutual respect that is committed to exploring better ways of governing security.This book was published as a special issue of Police Practice and Research.
Posted in Social Science

Corporate Manslaughter and Regulatory Reform

Author: P. Almond

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137296275

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 674

This book provides an account of the international emergence of corporate manslaughter offences to criminalise deaths in the workplace during the last twenty years, identifying the limitations of health and safety regulation that have prompted this development.
Posted in Social Science

Encyclopedia of violence, peace, and conflict

Author: Lester R. Kurtz,Jennifer E. Turpin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780122270130

Category: History

Page: 973

View: 3138

Anthropological Studies, Biomedical Studies, Communications, Criminology, cultural studies, economic studies, ethical studies, historical studies, international relations, peace and conflict studies, political studies, psychological studies, public policy studies, sociological studies, warfare and military studies.
Posted in History