Chemical Aspects of Biosynthesis

Author: John Mann

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198556763

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 92

View: 2375

This introductory text describes and explains the chemistry involved in the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites. The book emphasizes the pharmacological and toxicological significance of the compounds, and the final chapter reviews their ecological role. Suggestions for further reading are provided.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Aromatic Chemistry

Author: Malcolm Sainsbury

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0198556748

Category: Science

Page: 92

View: 3431

All the basic principles of the field of aromatic chemistry are clearly presented in this important account. Many compounds of industrial and biological significance are used as examples with consideration given to structure, reactions, and properties. Topics such as thermodynamic versus kinetic control and pericyclic reactions are also introduced. In addition to benzene and the classes of aromatic compounds derived from it, the text covers polycyclic arenes, and the small and large ring systems which are embraced by the wider definition of aromaticity. The text will be especially useful for courses in organic chemistry.
Posted in Science

Pericyclic Reactions

Author: Ian Fleming

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199680906

Category: Addition reactions

Page: 118

View: 1768

Key texts in the renowned Oxford Chemistry Primers series have been fully refreshed and updated to suit the needs of today's students, lecturers, and postgraduate researchers. The rigorous and yet accessible treatment of each subject area is ideal for those wanting to know more about a particular topic not covered comprehensively in existing undergraduate texts. Moreover, cutting-edge examples and applications throughout the texts show the relevance of thechemistry being described to the real world. Pericyclic reactions constitute a fundamental class of organic chemistry, including such commercially important synthetic reactions as theDiels-Alder reaction. This primer gives a concise and accessible account of these reactions, enabling students to recognise the different types of pericyclic reaction and understand their application in organic synthesis.
Posted in Addition reactions

Applied Organometallic Chemistry and Catalysis

Author: Robin Whyman

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780198559177

Category: Science

Page: 97

View: 8924

This Primer has two main objectives: to provide an overview of the influence of organometallic chemistry on homogeneous and heterogenous catalysis and to provide an account of the principle commercial applications of homogeneous catalysis in industry. The book builds on the coverage of organometallic chemistry in two Primers by Bochmann, OCPs 12 and 13.
Posted in Science

Practical Process Research and Development

Author: Neal G. Anderson

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080514480

Category: Science

Page: 354

View: 6279

This book provides a comprehensive, step-by-step approach to organic process research and development in the pharmaceutical, fine chemical, and agricultural chemical industries. Process R&D describes the steps taken, following synthesis and evaluation, to bring key compounds to market in a cost-effective manner. More people are being hired for work in this area as increasing numbers of drug candidates are identified through combinatorial chemistry and high-throughput screening. The book is directed to industrial (primarily organic) chemists, and academicians (particularly those involved in a growing number of start-up companies) and students who need insight into industrial process R&D. Current books do not describe hands-on, step-by-step, approaches to solving process development problems, including route, reagent, and solvent selection; optimising catalytic reactions; chiral syntheses; and "green chemistry." "Practical Process Research and Development" will be a valuable resource for researchers, managers, and graduate students. Provides insights into generating rugged, practical, cost-effective processes for the chemical preparation of "small molecules" Breaks down process optimization into route, reagent and solvent selection, development of reaction conditions, workup, crystallizations and more Includes over 100 tips for rapid process development Presents guidelines for implementing and troubleshooting processes
Posted in Science

Natural Products

The Secondary Metabolites

Author: James Ralph Hanson

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9780854044900

Category: Biological products

Page: 147

View: 8666

This book will therefore be welcomed by lecturers and students of second-year chemistry courses.
Posted in Biological products

Organometallic Reagents in Synthesis

Author: Paul R. Jenkins

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198556664

Category: Science

Page: 91

View: 9232

This straightforward introduction looks at the properties and reactions of main group organometallic compounds, placing particular emphasis on their applications in synthesis. The book adopts a logical approach to this important area of organic chemistry, providing the student with a clear account of all aspects of the field.
Posted in Science

Reactive Intermediates

Author: Christopher J. Moody,Gordon Harlow Whitham

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198556725

Category: Science

Page: 89

View: 3376

Neutral reactive intermediates -- radicals, carbenes, nitrenes, and aryenes -- occupy a fascinating place in the history of organic chemistry. First regarded as mere curiosities, neutral reactive intermediates ultimately came under the intense scrutiny of physical organic chemists from a mechanistic point-of-view. This concise text concentrates on how these electron-deficient species now play a key role in synthetic chemistry research. Important reactions are clearly and simply laid out with carefully chosen examples that illustrate their use in organic synthesis. Each chapter includes problems as well as suggestions for further reading. Undergraduates will find Reactive Intermediates an invaluable summary of this important topic in organic chemistry--one that fills a gap created by the superficial treatment accorded these valuable compounds in most chemistry textbooks.
Posted in Science

Photochemistry

Author: Carol E. Wayne,Richard Peer Wayne

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198558866

Category: Science

Page: 92

View: 7072

The fascinating subject of photochemistry is the explained in a basic and comprehensive manner in this primer. Aimed at an undergraduate audience, the text describes the new chemistry that follows the absorption of light and explains how light has this extraordinary influence on chemical behaviour.
Posted in Science

Principles of Process Research and Chemical Development in the Pharmaceutical Industry

Author: Oljan Repic

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: 9780471165163

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 2669

This text discusses the functions of Process R&D (research and development), which involves the method of transforming a research synthetic procedure into a plant process and the key aspects of a synthesis that must be considered when scaling up a process. Topics consist of: basic principles of chemical development; techniques for the minimization of by-product impurities; criteria for cost-effective synthesis of enantiopure compounds by resolutions; asymmetric synthesis, and "chiral pool" strategy; synthesis for labeling substances with hydrogen or carbon isotopes; and last, licensing.
Posted in Science

Oxidation and Reduction in Organic Synthesis

Author: Timothy J. Donohoe

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198556640

Category: Science

Page: 90

View: 1925

The manipulatin of functional groups by oxidative or reductive porcesses is central to organic chemistry. This book provides a clear and comprehensive summary of oxidative and reductive processes, emphasizing general principles and common factors, and showing the applicatins of these reactions in organic synthesis.
Posted in Science

Photochemistry of Organic Compounds

From Concepts to Practice

Author: Petr Klán,Jakob Wirz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405190884

Category: Science

Page: 563

View: 7760

This new volume in the Postgraduate Chemistry Series provides a thorough overview of the principles and uses of synthetic organic photochemistry. Appropriate at postgraduate and research level it will also serve as a reference for more experienced workers.
Posted in Science

Fundamentals of Asymmetric Catalysis

Author: Patrick J. Walsh,Marisa C. Kozlowski

Publisher: University Science Books

ISBN: 9781891389542

Category: Science

Page: 674

View: 4698

The field of asymmetric catalysis plays an increasingly large role in chemical synthesis as the demand for single-enantiomer starting materials, intermediates, and products rises. This book describes the essential aspects of enantioselective catalysis in a clear, logical fashion, with chapters organized by concept rather than by reaction type. Each concept is supported by carefully selected examples to give the reader broad exposure to a wide range of catalysts, reactions, and reaction mechanisms.
Posted in Science

The f elements

Author: Nikolas Kaltsoyannis,Peter Scott

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 85

View: 3109

The lanthanides and actinides (the f elements) are rarely studied in detail by chemistry undergraduates. More often they appear as an afterthought in bonding, spectroscopy, magnetism, coordination chemistry, and organometallics courses. This is largely because of a lack of an accessible text treating the chemistry of these elements in one cover. Moreover, the placement of lanthanides and actinides in the closing pages of standard inorganic chemistry text books serves to marginalise these elements further. The f elements has therefore been written to fill a gap in the undergraduate chemistry textbook market. It covers much of the fundamental chemistry of the lanthanide and actinide elements, including coordination chemistry, solid state compounds, organometallic chemistry, electronic spectroscopy, and magnetism. Many comparisons are made between the chemistry of the lanthanides and actinides and that of the transition elements, which is generally much more familiar to undergraduate chemistry students. The book uses the chemistry of the f elements as a vehicle for the communication of several important chemical concepts that are not usually discussed in detail in undergraduate courses, for example the chemical consequences of relativity and the lanthanide and actinide contractions. Many important modern applications of f element chemistry, e.g. the use of actinides in nuclear power generation and of the lanthanides in magnetic resonance imaging and catalytic converters in motor vehicle exhausts, are also discussed in depth.
Posted in Science

Radical Chemistry

Author: Michael John Perkins

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780133209204

Category: Science

Page: 182

View: 7278

This text explains the methodology and basic ideas of radical chemistry at third year undergraduate level, and shows how these ideas have on the one hand been developed into powerful tools in the workshops of synthetic organic chemists, and on the other have given new insights into biological chemistry and disease.
Posted in Science

Modern Spectroscopy

Author: J. Michael Hollas

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470094710

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 1238

The latest edition of this highly acclaimed title introduces the reader to a wide range of spectroscopies, and includes both the background theory and applications to structure determination and chemical analysis. It covers rotational, vibrational, electronic, photoelectron and Auger spectroscopy, as well as EXAFs and the theory of lasers and laser spectroscopy. A revised and updated edition of a successful, clearly written book Includes the latest developments in modern laser techniques, such as cavity ring-down spectroscopy and femtosecond lasers Provides numerous worked examples, calculations and questions at the end of chapters
Posted in Science

Handbook of Liquefied Natural Gas

Author: Saeid Mokhatab,John Y. Mak,Jaleel V. Valappil,David A. Wood

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 0124046452

Category: Science

Page: 624

View: 8429

Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is a commercially attractive phase of the commodity that facilitates the efficient handling and transportation of natural gas around the world. The LNG industry, using technologies proven over decades of development, continues to expand its markets, diversify its supply chains and increase its share of the global natural gas trade. The Handbook of Liquefied Natural Gas is a timely book as the industry is currently developing new large sources of supply and the technologies have evolved in recent years to enable offshore infrastructure to develop and handle resources in more remote and harsher environments. It is the only book of its kind, covering the many aspects of the LNG supply chain from liquefaction to regasification by addressing the LNG industries’ fundamentals and markets, as well as detailed engineering and design principles. A unique, well-documented, and forward-thinking work, this reference book provides an ideal platform for scientists, engineers, and other professionals involved in the LNG industry to gain a better understanding of the key basic and advanced topics relevant to LNG projects in operation and/or in planning and development. Highlights the developments in the natural gas liquefaction industries and the challenges in meeting environmental regulations Provides guidelines in utilizing the full potential of LNG assets Offers advices on LNG plant design and operation based on proven practices and design experience Emphasizes technology selection and innovation with focus on a “fit-for-purpose design Updates code and regulation, safety, and security requirements for LNG applications
Posted in Science

The Neurology of Eye Movements

Author: R. John Leigh,David S. Zee

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199969280

Category: Medical

Page: 1136

View: 808

This new edition of Leigh and Zee's The Neurology of Eye Movements is available as an enhanced edition for the first time. Your purchase of the print version includes access to the online version via Oxford Medicine Online. By activating your unique access code, you can discover more than 200videos, view and enlarge nearly 250 high resolution images, and annotate the work for future personal reference. The 5th edition of The Neurology of Eye Movements has two interrelated parts. The first comprises a modern synthesis of the anatomical, physiological, and pharmacological substrate for eye movements, including current views on the reflexive and voluntary control of gaze. This synthesis is based onelectrophysiological and inactivation studies in macaque, and behavioural studies in humans that incorporate functional imaging and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in normals, and clinicopathological studies in patients with neurological, visual, or vestibular disorders. Sophisticatedexperimental paradigms have been applied to both species to explore aspects of cognition, memory, volition, and reward. This large body of research has demonstrated the power of eye movements as experimental tools. The second part of the book applies this synthesis to the clinical and laboratoryevaluation of patients with abnormal eye movements due to a broad range of disorders - from muscular dystrophy, and genetic disorders, to dementia, including visual and vestibular conditions. By placing links to figures, tables, boxes, and videos, a synthesis of basic research and clinical findings is provided, that may shed new light on disease processes and provide insights on normal brain function.
Posted in Medical