Cartographies of Tsardom

The Land and Its Meanings in Seventeenth-century Russia

Author: Valerie Ann Kivelson

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801472534

Category: History

Page: 263

View: 8682

By studying 17th century maps Kivelson sheds light on Muscovite Russia - the relationship of state and society, the growth of an empire, the rise of serfdom and the place of Orthodox Christianity in society.
Posted in History

Tsardom of Sufficiency, Empire of Norms

Statistics, Land Allotments, and Agrarian Reform in Russia, 1700-1921

Author: David W. Darrow

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 0773556206

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 5836

What happens when you measure an economy? How does measurement impact policy? In Tsardom of Sufficiency, Empire of Norms David Darrow responds to these broad questions by looking at the application and profound consequences of statistical measurement to the peasant economy in Russia, from the eighteenth century to the Civil War. Nearly all studies of Russia make reference to the land allotment, or "nadel," as a measure of peasant wellbeing. This is the first work examining the origins of the nadel, how statistical measurement converted it into a modern entitlement, and how it framed the state–peasant relationship. Land, Darrow argues, was life – peasants needed it and the state, most everyone believed, had an obligation to provide it. The question, however, was how much land was enough. Statistics supplied the answer but also locked policy-makers and society into a particular way of seeing peasants and their economy. Even the empire's final attempt to reform the peasant economy after 1905 remained locked within the old regime category of the nadel. Statistical measurement strengthened, rather than weakened, the nadel as a category of peasant economic wellbeing such that it persisted beyond 1917 into the early years of Soviet power. Based on archival sources and rural councils' statistical studies, Tsardom of Sufficiency, Empire of Norms shows how the state constructed both an image and a measure of peasant wellbeing from which it could not escape, and how the resultant perception that peasants were entitled to a sufficient allotment became a major obstacle to successful agrarian reform.
Posted in History

2006/2007

A: Autoren-Index. B: Rezensenten-Index. C: Titel-Index. D: Sachgebiets-Index. E: Zeitschriften-Index / International Bibliography of Book Reviews of Scholarly Literature in the Humanities and Social Sciences / Bibliographie internationale de la littérature périodique dans les domaines des...

Author: N.A

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 311094149X

Category: Reference

Page: 2832

View: 7553

Die seit 1971 wieder erscheinende, interdisziplinäre, internationale Rezensionsbibliographie IBR ist eine einmalige Informationsquelle. Die Datenbank weist über 1,1 Millionen vornehmlich die Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften berücksichtigende Buchrezensionen in 6.000 vorwiegend europäischen wissenschaftlichen Zeitschriften nach. 60.000 Eintragungen kommen jedes Jahr hinzu, bieten dem Benutzer Daten zum rezensierten Werk und zur Rezension.
Posted in Reference

History of Cartography

International Symposium of the ICA, 2012

Author: Elri Liebenberg,Peter Collier,Zsolt Gyözö Török

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642333176

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 2395

This volume collects 22 papers presented at the 4th International Symposium of the ICA Commission on the History of Cartography, held at Eotvos Lorand University, Budapest, Hungary, on 28-29 June 2012. The overall conference theme is 'Exploration - Discovery - Cartography', but preference has been given to papers dealing with cartography in the 19th and 20th centuries. The papers are classified according to regional sub-themes, i.e. papers on the Americas, papers on Africa, etc.
Posted in Science

Mapping Eastern Europe

Author: Jörn Happel,Christophe v Werdt,Mira Jovanović

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3643800150

Category: History

Page: 364

View: 4433

Karten sind erstklassige historische Quellen, doch werden sie in der Geschichtswissenschaft nur selten genutzt. Gerade die Kartierung Osteuropas lÃ?¤sst Historiker Einblick nehmen in die Geschichte der Nationalisierung oder Verwissenschaftlichung, in Debatten Ã?Â1⁄4ber Ethnisierung oder in Raum- und Grenzfragen. Die Karten erzÃ?¤hlen von Raumphantasien, von Homogenisierungsversuchen in VielvÃ?¶lkerreichen, sie behandeln Grenzen und GrenzÃ?Â1⁄4berschreitungen einzelner Menschen im erdachten und gezeichneten sowie im realen osteuropÃ?¤ischen GroÃ?Â?raum.
Posted in History

The Oxford Handbook of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe and Colonial America

Author: Brian P. Levack

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191648841

Category: History

Page: 646

View: 1583

The essays in this Handbook, written by leading scholars working in the rapidly developing field of witchcraft studies, explore the historical literature regarding witch beliefs and witch trials in Europe and colonial America between the early fifteenth and early eighteenth centuries. During these years witches were thought to be evil people who used magical power to inflict physical harm or misfortune on their neighbours. Witches were also believed to have made pacts with the devil and sometimes to have worshipped him at nocturnal assemblies known as sabbaths. These beliefs provided the basis for defining witchcraft as a secular and ecclesiastical crime and prosecuting tens of thousands of women and men for this offence. The trials resulted in as many as fifty thousand executions. These essays study the rise and fall of witchcraft prosecutions in the various kingdoms and territories of Europe and in English, Spanish, and Portuguese colonies in the Americas. They also relate these prosecutions to the Catholic and Protestant reformations, the introduction of new forms of criminal procedure, medical and scientific thought, the process of state-building, profound social and economic change, early modern patterns of gender relations, and the wave of demonic possessions that occurred in Europe at the same time. The essays survey the current state of knowledge in the field, explore the academic controversies that have arisen regarding witch beliefs and witch trials, propose new ways of studying the subject, and identify areas for future research.
Posted in History

Open Letters

Russian Popular Culture and the Picture Postcard 1880-1922

Author: Alison Rowley

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442667168

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 2256

During the fin-de-siècle and early revolutionary eras, picture postcards were an important medium of communication for Russians of all backgrounds. In Open Letters, the most comprehensive study of Russian picture postcards to date, Alison Rowley uses this medium to explore a variety of aspects of Russian popular culture. The book is lavishly illustrated with more than 130 images, most of which have never been published before. Through her examinations of postcards, Rowley addresses a diverse range of topics: how landscape postcards conveyed notions of imperialism; the role of postcards in the rise of celebrity culture; depictions of the body on erotic and pornographic postcards; how postcards were employed to promote differing interpretations of the First World War; and the use of postcards by revolutionary groups seeking to overthrow the Tsarist government. Rowley determines the extent to which Russia was embedded in Europe-wide cultural trends by situating the Russian case within a larger European context.
Posted in History

Peopling the Russian Periphery

Borderland Colonization in Eurasian History

Author: Nicholas Breyfogle,Abby Schrader,Willard Sunderland

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134112882

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 9264

Though usually forgotten in general surveys of European colonization, the Russians were among the greatest colonizers of the Old World, eventually settling across most of the immense expanse of Northern Europe and Asia, from the Baltic and the Pacific, and from the Arctic Ocean to Central Asia. This book makes a unique contribution to our understanding of the Eurasian past by examining the policies, practices, cultural representations, and daily-life experiences of Slavic settlement in non-Russian regions of Eurasia from the time of Ivan the Terrible to the nuclear era. The movement of tens of millions of Slavic settlers was a central component of Russian empire-building, and of the everyday life of numerous social and ethnic groups and remains a crucial regional security issue today, yet it remains relatively understudied. Peopling the Russian Periphery redresses this omission through a detailed exploration of the varied meanings and dynamics of Slavic settlement from the sixteenth century to the 1960s. Providing an account of the different approaches of settlement and expansion that were adopted in different periods of history, it includes detailed case studies of particular episodes of migration. Written by upcoming and established experts in Russian history, with exceptional geographical and chronological breadth, this book provides a thorough examination of the history of Slavic settlement and migration from the Muscovite to the Soviet era. It will be of great interest to students and scholars of Russian history, comparative history of colonization, migration, interethnic contact, environmental history and European Imperialism.
Posted in History

A Malleable Map

Geographies of Restoration in Central Japan, 1600-1912

Author: Kären Wigen

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520259181

Category: History

Page: 319

View: 8312

"A Philip E. Lilienthal book"--Prelim. p.
Posted in History

Desperate Magic

The Moral Economy of Witchcraft in Seventeenth-Century Russia

Author: Valerie Kivelson

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801469376

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 5758

In the courtrooms of seventeenth-century Russia, the great majority of those accused of witchcraft were male, in sharp contrast to the profile of accused witches across Catholic and Protestant Europe in the same period. While European courts targeted and executed overwhelmingly female suspects, often on charges of compacting with the devil, the tsars' courts vigorously pursued men and some women accused of practicing more down-to-earth magic, using poetic spells and home-grown potions. Instead of Satanism or heresy, the primary concern in witchcraft testimony in Russia involved efforts to use magic to subvert, mitigate, or avenge the harsh conditions of patriarchy, serfdom, and social hierarchy. Broadly comparative and richly illustrated with color plates, Desperate Magic places the trials of witches in the context of early modern Russian law, religion, and society. Piecing together evidence from trial records to illuminate some of the central puzzles of Muscovite history, Kivelson explores the interplay among the testimony of accusers, the leading questions of the interrogators, and the confessions of the accused. Assembled, they create a picture of a shared moral vision of the world that crossed social divides. Because of the routine use of torture in extracting and shaping confessions, Kivelson addresses methodological and ideological questions about the Muscovite courts’ equation of pain and truth, questions with continuing resonance in the world today. Within a moral economy that paired unquestioned hierarchical inequities with expectations of reciprocity, magic and suspicions of magic emerged where those expectations were most egregiously violated. Witchcraft in Russia surfaces as one of the ways that oppression was contested by ordinary people scrambling to survive in a fiercely inequitable world. Masters and slaves, husbands and wives, and officers and soldiers alike believed there should be limits to exploitation and saw magic deployed at the junctures where hierarchical order veered into violent excess.
Posted in History

Information and Empire

Mechanisms of Communication in Russia, 1600-1854

Author: Simon Franklin,Katherine Bowers

Publisher: Open Book Publishers

ISBN: 178374376X

Category: History

Page: 444

View: 7369

From the mid-sixteenth to the mid-nineteenth century Russia was transformed from a moderate-sized, land-locked principality into the largest empire on earth. How did systems of information and communication shape and reflect this extraordinary change? Information and Mechanisms of Communication in Russia, 1600-1850 brings together a range of contributions to shed some light on this complex question. Communication networks such as the postal service and the gathering and circulation of news are examined alongside the growth of a bureaucratic apparatus that informed the government about its country and its people. The inscription of space is considered from the point of view of mapping and the changing public ‘graphosphere’ of signs and monuments. More than a series of institutional histories, this book is concerned with the way Russia discovered itself, envisioned itself and represented itself to its people. Innovative and scholarly, this collection breaks new ground in its approach to communication and information as a field of study in Russia. More broadly, it is an accessible contribution to pre-modern information studies, taking as its basis a country whose history often serves to challenge habitual Western models of development. It is important reading not only for specialists in Russian Studies, but also for students and non-Russianists who are interested in the history of information and communications.
Posted in History

Desperate Magic

The Moral Economy of Witchcraft in Seventeenth-Century Russia

Author: Valerie Kivelson

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801451461

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 2268

In the courtrooms of seventeenth-century Russia, the great majority of those accused of witchcraft were male, in sharp contrast to the profile of accused witches across Catholic and Protestant Europe in the same period. While European courts targeted and executed overwhelmingly female suspects, often on charges of compacting with the devil, the tsars' courts vigorously pursued men and some women accused of practicing more down-to-earth magic, using poetic spells and home-grown potions. Instead of Satanism or heresy, the primary concern in witchcraft testimony in Russia involved efforts to use magic to subvert, mitigate, or avenge the harsh conditions of patriarchy, serfdom, and social hierarchy. Broadly comparative and richly illustrated with color plates, Desperate Magic places the trials of witches in the context of early modern Russian law, religion, and society. Piecing together evidence from trial records to illuminate some of the central puzzles of Muscovite history, Kivelson explores the interplay among the testimony of accusers, the leading questions of the interrogators, and the confessions of the accused. Assembled, they create a picture of a shared moral vision of the world that crossed social divides. Because of the routine use of torture in extracting and shaping confessions, Kivelson addresses methodological and ideological questions about the Muscovite courts’ equation of pain and truth, questions with continuing resonance in the world today. Within a moral economy that paired unquestioned hierarchical inequities with expectations of reciprocity, magic and suspicions of magic emerged where those expectations were most egregiously violated. Witchcraft in Russia surfaces as one of the ways that oppression was contested by ordinary people scrambling to survive in a fiercely inequitable world. Masters and slaves, husbands and wives, and officers and soldiers alike believed there should be limits to exploitation and saw magic deployed at the junctures where hierarchical order veered into violent excess.
Posted in History

Russia's Empires

Author: Valerie A. Kivelson,Ronald Suny

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199924394

Category:

Page: 432

View: 1050

Russia's Empires explores the long history of Russia, the Soviet Union, and the present Russian Federation through the lens of empire, analyzing how and why Russia expanded to become the largest country on the globe and how it repeatedly fell under the sway of strong, authoritarian leaders. Authors Valerie A. Kivelson and Ronald Grigor Suny examine how imperial practices shaped choices and limited alternatives. Using the concept of empire, they look at the ways in which ordinary people imagined their position within a non-democratic polity-whether the Muscovite tsardom or the Soviet Union-and what concessions the rulers had to make, or appear to make, in order to establish their authority and preserve their rule. Russia's Empires tackles the long history of the region, following the vicissitudes of empire--the absence, the coalescence, and the setbacks of imperial aspirations--across the centuries. The framework of empire allows the authors to address pressing questions of how various forms of non-democratic governance managed to succeed and survive, or, alternatively, what caused them to collapse and disappear. Studying Russia's extensive history in an imperial guise encourages students to pay attention to forms of inclusion, displays of reciprocity, and manifestations of ideology that might otherwise go unnoted, overlooked under the bleak record of coercion and oppression that so often characterizes ideas about Russia.
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Goodbye Leningrad

Ein Memoir

Author: Elena Gorokhova

Publisher: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag

ISBN: 3423409584

Category: Fiction

Page: 432

View: 8196

»Unglaublich gut geschrieben.« Frank McCourt Lena wächst in einem typisch sowjetischen Wohnblock auf: Die Fassade bröckelt, die Mülltonnen im Hof quellen über, in der Wohnung trocknen neben der Wäsche auch die im Wald gesammelten Pilze. Schon früh lernt sie, wie wichtig es ist, ihre wahren Gedanken und Gefühle für sich zu behalten. Vor allem wenn man sich wie Lena in die Sprache des Klassenfeindes verliebt hat: Der Englischunterricht wird zum Fenster in eine andere Welt. Als der amerikanische Gaststudent Robert ihr einen Heiratsantrag macht, zögert Lena nicht lange: Mit 20 Kilo Gepäck checkt sie ein in ein neues Leben.
Posted in Fiction

Das jüdische Jahrhundert

Author: Yuri Slezkine

Publisher: Ruprecht Gmbh & Company

ISBN: 9783525362907

Category: History

Page: 420

View: 7471

Mit "Das jüdische Jahrhundert" hat Yuri Slezkine ein Meisterwerk der historischen Essayistik vorgelegt. Er verbindet historische und anthropologische Ansätze, indem er die Frage nach dem Verhältnis von Judentum und Moderne universalisiert. Dabei bezeichnet er den Habitus jüdischer Lebenswelten als "merkurianisch", den der agrarischen Bevölkerung als "apollonisch". Im Zuge der Moderne, so Slezkine, verwandelten sich immer mehr Menschen in Merkurianer, sie werden gleichsam zu "Juden". Von diesen Fragestellungen und Metaphorisierungen der Soziologie um 1900 ausgehend zeigt das Buch die Alternativen auf, die den Juden um diese Zeit offen standen. Dabei rückt das revolutionäre Russland in den Mittelpunkt der Analyse. Die große Leistung Slezkines ist es, in einer sowohl nüchternen als auch ironischen Weise die Präsenz von Juden in den zentralen Bereichen des Sowjetregimes zu erklären. Er verweist auf die Attribute ihrer Modernität, ohne dem antisemitischen Diskurs über Juden und Bolschewismus zu folgen. Sozial-, Mentalitäts- und Literaturgeschichte verbindend gelingt es Slezkine, die paradigmatische jüdische Erfahrung im 20. Jahrhundert provokant und spannend nachzuzeichnen.
Posted in History

Imperienvergleich

Beispiele und Ansätze aus osteuropäischer Perspektive ; Festschrift für Andreas Kappeler

Author: Andreas Kappeler

Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag

ISBN: 9783447060554

Category: History

Page: 542

View: 6015

In der Imperialgeschichte ist in den letzten Jahren vermehrt die Frage des Imperienvergleichs aufgeworfen worden. Die Autorinnen und Autoren der Veroffentlichung greifen dieses Thema aus osteuropaischer Perspektive auf, indem sie verschiedene Seiten imperialer Herrschaft in den Blick nehmen: Legitimationsweisen in historischen Kategorien und Wissensformen, imperiale Strategien und Gegenstrategien, Biographien zwischen Imperien, die raumliche Dimension des Imperialen. Entstanden ist das Buch anlasslich des 65. Geburtstags von Andreas Kappeler, dessen Forschungen zu Russland als Vielvolkerreich in der Imperiumsforschung international Massstabe gesetzt hat. Die Beitrager gehen auf das Werk des Wissenschaftlers ein, indem sie in Studien uber Epochen vom 16. bis zum 21. Jahrhundert Perspektiven einer an der longue duree interessierten und interimperial ausgerichteten Imperiumsforschung aufzeigen. Ein besonderes Augenmerk wird auf die Geschichte von Nationalitaten, auf Nationsbildung und Nationalismus gerichtet. Nicht zuletzt soll das Buch zeigen, wie wichtig der Blick auf die osteuropaischen Vielvolkerreiche fur die Erforschung von Imperien im globalen Kontext sein kann.
Posted in History

Das Haus an der Moskwa

Roman ; [Moskau]

Author: Jurij V. Trifonov,Alexander Kaempfe

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783866157989

Category:

Page: 185

View: 7759

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5000 Jahre Geometrie

Geschichte Kulturen Menschen

Author: Christoph J. Scriba,Peter Schreiber

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662045001

Category: Mathematics

Page: 596

View: 6132

Lange bevor die Schrift entwickelt wurde, hat der Mensch geometrische Strukturen wahrgenommen und systematisch verwendet: ob beim Weben oder Flechten einfacher zweidimensionaler Muster oder beim Bauen mit dreidimensionalen Körpern. Das Buch liefert einen faszinierenden Überblick über die geometrischen Vorstellungen und Erkenntnisse der Menschheit von der Urgesellschaft bis hin zu den mathematischen und künstlerischen Ideen des 20. Jahrhunderts.
Posted in Mathematics