Caravan of Martyrs

Sacrifice and Suicide Bombing in Afghanistan

Author: David B. Edwards

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520294793

Category: Martyrdom

Page: 296

View: 4330

What compels a person to strap a vest loaded with explosives onto his body and blow himself up in a crowded street? Scholars have answered this question by focusing on the pathology of the "terrorist mind" or the "brainwashing" practices of terrorist organizations. In Caravan of Martyrs, David Edwards argues that we need to understand the rise of suicide bombing in relation to the cultural beliefs and ritual practices associated with sacrifice. Before the war in Afghanistan began, the sacrificial killing of a sheep demonstrated a tribe's desire for peace. After the Soviet invasion of 1979, as thousands of people were killed, sacrifice took on new meanings. The dead were venerated as martyrs, but this informal conferral of status on the casualties of war soon became the foundation for a cult of martyrs exploited by political leaders for their own advantage. This first repurposing of the machinery of sacrifice set in motion a process of mutation that would lead nineteen Arabs who had received their training in Afghanistan to hijack airplanes on September 11 and that would in time transform what began as a cult of martyrs created by a small group of Afghan jihadis into the transnational scattering of suicide bombers that haunts our world today. Drawing on years of research in the region, Edwards traces the transformation of sacrifice using a wide range of sources, including the early poetry of jihad, illustrated martyr magazines, school primers and legal handbooks, martyr hagiographies, videos produced by suicide bombers, the manual of ritual instructions used by the 9/11 hijackers, and Facebook posts through which contemporary "Talifans" promote the virtues of self-destruction.
Posted in Martyrdom

Caravan of Martyrs

Sacrifice and Suicide Bombing in Afghanistan

Author: David B. Edwards

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520967828

Category: Social Science

Page: 380

View: 4136

What compels a person to strap a vest loaded with explosives onto his body and blow himself up in a crowded street? Scholars have answered this question by focusing on the pathology of the “terrorist mind” or the “brainwashing” practices of terrorist organizations. In Caravan of Martyrs, David Edwards argues that we need to understand the rise of suicide bombing in relation to the cultural beliefs and ritual practices associated with sacrifice. Before the war in Afghanistan began, the sacrificial killing of a sheep demonstrated a tribe’s desire for peace. After the Soviet invasion of 1979, as thousands of people were killed, sacrifice took on new meanings. The dead were venerated as martyrs, but this informal conferral of status on the casualties of war soon became the foundation for a cult of martyrs exploited by political leaders for their own advantage. This first repurposing of the machinery of sacrifice set in motion a process of mutation that would lead nineteen Arabs who had received their training in Afghanistan to hijack airplanes on September 11 and that would in time transform what began as a cult of martyrs created by a small group of Afghan jihadis into the transnational scattering of suicide bombers that haunts our world today. Drawing on years of research in the region, Edwards traces the transformation of sacrifice using a wide range of sources, including the early poetry of jihad, illustrated martyr magazines, school primers and legal handbooks, martyr hagiographies, videos produced by suicide bombers, the manual of ritual instructions used by the 9/11 hijackers, and Facebook posts through which contemporary “Talifans” promote the virtues of self-destruction.
Posted in Social Science

Islam and Resistance in Afghanistan

Author: Olivier Roy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521397001

Category: History

Page: 270

View: 1957

This history of the Afghan resistance movement has been expanded and updated to mid 1989 to include its evolution over the last years of Soviet occupation as well as its relations with Islamic fundamentalist movements.
Posted in History

Heroes of the Age

Moral Fault Lines on the Afghan Frontier

Author: David B. Edwards

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520200632

Category: History

Page: 307

View: 1580

Edwards contends that Afghanistan's troubles derive less from foreign forces and the ideological divisions between groups than they do from the moral incoherence of Afghanistan itself.
Posted in History

Before Taliban

Genealogies of the Afghan Jihad

Author: David B. Edwards

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520926875

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 4924

In this powerful book, David B. Edwards traces the lives of three recent Afghan leaders in Afghanistan's history--Nur Muhammad Taraki, Samiullah Safi, and Qazi Amin Waqad--to explain how the promise of progress and prosperity that animated Afghanistan in the 1960s crumbled and became the present tragedy of discord, destruction, and despair. Before Taliban builds on the foundation that Edwards laid in his previous book, Heroes of the Age, in which he examines the lives of three significant figures of the late nineteenth century--a tribal khan, a Muslim saint, and a prince who became king of the newly created state. In the mid twentieth century, Afghans believed their nation could be a model of economic and social development that would inspire the world. Instead, political conflict, foreign invasion, and civil war have left the country impoverished and politically dysfunctional. Each of the men Edwards profiles were engaged in the political struggles of the country's recent history. They hoped to see Afghanistan become a more just and democratic nation. But their visions for their country were radically different, and in the end, all three failed and were killed or exiled. Now, Afghanistan is associated with international terrorism, drug trafficking, and repression. Before Taliban tells these men's stories and provides a thorough analysis of why their dreams for a progressive nation lie in ruins while the Taliban has succeeded. In Edwards's able hands, this culturally informed biography provides a mesmerizing and revealing look into the social and cultural contexts of political change.
Posted in Social Science

The Triple Agent

The Al-Qaeda Mole Who Infiltrated the CIA

Author: Joby Warrick

Publisher: Anchor

ISBN: 0307742318

Category: Political Science

Page: 252

View: 1084

A Pulitzer Prize-winning intelligence reporter presents a narrative account of a mysterious Jordanian agent that describes how he infiltrated both al-Qaeda and the CIA before killing himself and seven CIA operatives in a suicide bombing, an event that revealed sobering agency weaknesses. Reprint.
Posted in Political Science

The Audacious Ascetic

What the Bin Laden Tapes Reveal About Al-Qa'ida

Author: Flagg Miller

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190613114

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 1185

In late 2002, over 1500 audiotapes were discovered in Kandahar, Afghanistan, in a house once occupied by Osama bin Laden. The Audacious Ascetic is the first book to explore this extraordinary archive. It details how Islamic cultural, legal, theological and linguistic vocabularies shaped militants' understandings of al-Qa'ida, and, more controversially, challenges the notion that the group's original adversary was America and the 'far enemy'. Miller argues that Western security agencies' 'management' of Bin Laden's growing reputation went awry. When magnified through global media coverage, narratives of al-Qa'ida's coherence were exploited by Osama and his militant supporters for their own ends. Focusing on over a dozen previously unpublished speeches by Bin Laden as well as on discussions by top al-Qa'ida leaders and Arab- Afghans, Miller chronicles the Saudi radical's evolving relationship with a host of Muslim insurgencies that found his stripe of asceticism (zuhd) tactically useful, especially when circulated via audiotape. These recordings also reveal militants' disenchantment when Bin Laden, marginalized through the '90s, began pandering to Western television networks in his attempt to direct heterodox Islamist armed struggles against America. Such audio evidence exposes al-Qa'ida's lack of coordination before 9-11 and invites scrutiny of dominant narratives of Western law enforcement, intelligence and terrorism analysts.
Posted in Political Science

Dying to Win

The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism

Author: Robert Anthony Pape

Publisher: Random House Incorporated

ISBN: 0812973380

Category: Political Science

Page: 353

View: 1168

A sobering, thought-provoking study of suicide terrorism analyzes the political logic and motivations behind the phenomenon, charting incidents of suicide terrorism around the world since World War II, examining key patterns in the events, assessing their impact on the political process, and outlining ways in which governments and society can fight them. Reprint. 35,000 first printing.
Posted in Political Science

In Darkest England and the Way Out

Author: William Booth

Publisher: W. Bryce

ISBN: N.A

Category: Agricultural colonies

Page: 285

View: 916

An analysis of the causes of poverty in England, with some proposed solutions, from the founder of the Salvation Army. The title is a deliberate reference to Stanley's "In darkest Africa," which was published the same year.
Posted in Agricultural colonies

The Book of Khalid

Author: Ameen Rihani

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3732680789

Category: Fiction

Page: 208

View: 8934

Reproduction of the original: The Book of Khalid by Ameen Rihani
Posted in Fiction

Gaza

An Inquest Into Its Martyrdom

Author: Norman G. Finkelstein

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520295714

Category: History

Page: 440

View: 5883

"Gaza is among the most densely populated places in the world. Two-thirds of its inhabitants are refugees, and more than half the population is under eighteen years of age. Since Israel occupied Gaza in 1967, it has systematically de-developed the economy. After Hamas won democratic elections in 2006, Israel intensified its blockade of Gaza, and after Hamas consolidated its control of the territory in 2007, Israel tightened its illegal siege another notch. In the meantime, Israel has launched no less than eight military operations against Gaza--culminating in Operation Cast Lead in 2008-9 and Operation Protective Edge in 2014--that left behind over three million tons of rubble. Recent UN reports predict that Gaza will be unlivable by 2020. Norman G. Finkelstein presents a meticulously researched and devastating inquest into Israel's actions of the last decade. He argues that although Israel justified its blockade and violent assaults in the name of self-defense, in fact these actions were cynical exercises of brutal power against an essentially defenseless civilian population. Based on hundreds of human rights reports, the book scrutinizes multifarious violations of international law Israel committed both during its operations and in the course of its decade-long siege of Gaza. It is a monument to Gaza's martyrs and a scorching accusation against their tormenters"--Provided by publisher.
Posted in History

The Muslim Brotherhood and the West

A History of Enmity and Engagement

Author: Martyn Frampton

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674984897

Category: History

Page: 672

View: 5392

Drawing on the Muslim Brotherhood’s Arabic and English writings and on archival research in London and Washington, Martyn Frampton provides the first comprehensive history of the charged relationship between the world’s largest Islamist movement and the Western powers that have dominated the Middle East for a century: Britain and the United States.
Posted in History

The Kite Runner

Rejacketed

Author: Khaled Hosseini

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 140882485X

Category: Fiction

Page: 336

View: 9536

Over 21 million copies sold worldwide
Posted in Fiction

Suicide Terrorism

Author: Ami Pedahzur

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 9780745633831

Category: Philosophy

Page: 261

View: 8392

Suicide terrorism in its modern form made its first appearance in Lebanon in the early 1980s. Over the last quarter century, terrorist attacks perpetrated by suicide bombers have spread to many corners of the world and have become a major threat for both the governments and citizens of numerous countries. Can this devastating phenomenon be attributed to a specific religion or culture? What are the causes and motivations that lead ordinary people to embark upon suicide attacks? How are potential bombers trained for their mission? And is it possible for democratic governments to effectively cope with this challenge? In this compelling book, Ami Pedazhur investigates the root causes of suicide terrorism and its rapid proliferation in recent years. Drawing on a variety of sources, the book explores the use of human bombs in Lebanon, Israel, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Chechnya, Iraq, and the ostentatious attacks of Al–Qaeda and the global jihad. It is the only book to offer such an in–depth, up–to–date, cross cultural analysis of suicide terrorism in the twenty–first Century.
Posted in Philosophy

In Their Own Words

Voices of Jihad- Compilation and Commentary

Author: David Aaron

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 083304690X

Category: Political Science

Page: 348

View: 8978

This book presents the actual statements and writings of jihadis expressing their views on virtually every subject relevant to their cause. It is not about Islam as it is practiced in its many varieties in Muslim communities throughout the world, nor is it about Islamic fundamentalism or the various Islamist political movements. Rather, it is about a small group of Muslims who carry out and promote terrorism in the name of Islam. Because the jihadis' statements are often more appalling and more profoundly revealing than the accounts that have been written about jihadi terrorism, this book provides unfiltered access to a broad range of the stories, rationales, ideas, and arguments of jihadi terrorists and those who support them. Introductory and contextual material is also included, to provide the background and origins of what the jihadis are saying?to each other and to the world. It is hoped that this will provide greater insights into the motives, plans, and participants in jihadi terrorism, as well as the nature of the threat they pose. Not all of the quotations are from prominent jihadis. Some have been selected because they are representative, others because they are contradictory, and still others because they provide a unique insight into the jihadi mentality.
Posted in Political Science

Joining the Caravan?

The Middle East, Islamism and Indonesia

Author: Anthony Bubalo,Greg Fealy

Publisher: New Society Publishers

ISBN: 9781921004117

Category: Asia

Page: 128

View: 3266

Posted in Asia

Securitization of Islam: A Vicious Circle

Counter-Terrorism and Freedom of Religion in Central Asia

Author: Kathrin Lenz-Raymann

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839429048

Category: Political Science

Page: 324

View: 7082

Diverse Islamic groups have triggered a »revival of Islam« in Central Asia in the last decades. As a result, there has been a general securitization of Islam by the governments: not only do they combat the terrorist Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan but also outlaw popular groups such as the Gülen movement. However, strong repression of religion might lead to radicalization. Kathrin Lenz-Raymann tests this hypothesis with an agent-based computer simulation and enriches her study with interviews with international experts, leaders of political Islam and representatives of folk Islam. She concludes that ensuring religious rights is essential for national security.
Posted in Political Science

Ungoverned Territories

Understanding and Reducing Terrorism Risks

Author: Angel Rabasa,Steven Boraz,Peter Chalk,Kim Cragin,Theodore W. Karasik

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 0833042653

Category: Political Science

Page: 396

View: 8303

Using a two-tiered framework areas applied to eight case studies from around the globe, the authors of this ground-breaking work seek to understand the conditions that give rise to ungoverned territories and make them conducive to a terrorist or insurgent presence. They also develop strategies to improve the U.S. ability to mitigate their effects on U.S. security interests.
Posted in Political Science