Calcium Signalling and Disease

Molecular pathology of calcium

Author: Ernesto Carafoli,Marisa Brini

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402061919

Category: Medical

Page: 592

View: 8397

Authors highlight several promising discoveries in the field of calcium signaling that provide new information about both genetic and acquired pathologies. Their discussions will give you new insights into the underlying causes of congenital and acquired diseases and point the way to new, even more promising research and therapies.
Posted in Medical

Calcium Signaling

Author: Md. Shahidul Islam

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400728875

Category: Medical

Page: 1267

View: 8440

Calcium signaling contains a unique selection of chapters that cover a wide range of contemporary topics in this ubiquitous and diverse system of cell signaling. This book has the flavor of a primary text book, but it is much more than that. It covers topics ranging from the fundamental aspects of calcium signaling to its clinical implications, in a thoughtful and comprehensive way. It discusses cutting edge researches, and critical issues at depth, and it presents many testable hypotheses for future research. It includes the theoretical and the methodological topics as well as topics related to mathematical modeling, and simulations. If you want to read about calcium signaling in different mammalian cells, oocytes, Zebrafishes, and even in plants, in one and the same book, then this book will not disappoint you. From the beginners to the experts in the field of calcium signaling, everybody will find something useful in this very timely book.
Posted in Medical

Molecular Mechanisms of Parasite Invasion

Author: Barbara A. Burleigh,Dominique Soldati

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387782676

Category: Medical

Page: 237

View: 8461

All of the parasitic organisms highlighted in this new book represent medically important human pathogens that contribute significantly to the global burden of disease. As such there is intense interest in understanding the molecular basis of infection by these pathogens—not only with regard to their clinical relevance but also the fascinating biology they reveal. For most of the parasites discussed here the ability to penetrate biological barriers and/or to establish intracellular residence is critical to survival of the pathogen in the mammalian hosts. For other parasites, a tissue invasive phenotype is a key virulence determinant. In the ensuing 18 chapters, select members of this diverse set of protozoan parasites, as well as some examples of the extremely reduced fungal parasites classified as Microsporidia, are discussed within the context of the fascinating molecular strategies employed by these organisms to migrate across biological barriers and to establish residence within target host cells.
Posted in Medical

The Coronin Family of Proteins

Author: Christoph S. Clemen,Ludwig Eichinger,Vasily Rybakin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387095950

Category: Medical

Page: 139

View: 4455

Posted in Medical

Molecular, Genetic, and Nutritional Aspects of Major and Trace Minerals

Author: James F Collins

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128023767

Category: Medical

Page: 576

View: 3561

Molecular, Genetic, and Nutritional Aspects of Major and Trace Minerals is a unique reference that provides a complete overview of the non-vitamin micronutrients, including calcium, copper, iodine, iron, magnesium, manganese, molybdenum, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, sodium, and zinc. In addition, the book covers the nutritional and toxicological properties of nonessential minerals chromium, fluoride and boron, and silicon and vanadium, as well as ultra-trace minerals and those with no established dietary requirement for humans. Users will find in-depth chapters on each essential mineral and mineral metabolism, along with discussions of dietary recommendations in the United States and around the world. Presents the only scientific reference to cover all of the nutritionally relevant essential major and trace minerals Provides a broad introductory chapter on each mineral to give readers valuable background and context Clarifies the cellular and molecular aspects of each mineral and its genetic and genomic aspects Includes coverage of all nutritionally relevant minerals—essential major trace minerals and ultra-trace minerals Underscores the important interactions between minerals so readers learn how metabolism of one mineral influences another
Posted in Medical

Models of Calcium Signalling

Author: Geneviève Dupont,Martin Falcke,Vivien Kirk,James Sneyd

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319296477

Category: Mathematics

Page: 436

View: 3993

This book discusses the ways in which mathematical, computational, and modelling methods can be used to help understand the dynamics of intracellular calcium. The concentration of free intracellular calcium is vital for controlling a wide range of cellular processes, and is thus of great physiological importance. However, because of the complex ways in which the calcium concentration varies, it is also of great mathematical interest.This book presents the general modelling theory as well as a large number of specific case examples, to show how mathematical modelling can interact with experimental approaches, in an interdisciplinary and multifaceted approach to the study of an important physiological control mechanism. Geneviève Dupont is FNRS Research Director at the Unit of Theoretical Chronobiology of the Université Libre de Bruxelles; Martin Falcke is head of the Mathematical Cell Physiology group at the Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine, Berlin; Vivien Kirk is an Associate Professor in the Department of Mathematics at the University of Auckland, New Zealand; James Sneyd is a Professor in the Department of Mathematics at The University of Auckland, New Zealand.
Posted in Mathematics

Calcium as a Cellular Regulator

Author: Ernesto Carafoli,Claude B. Klee

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195094213

Category: Science

Page: 642

View: 1231

Calcium signaling is one of the hottest topics in cell science research today, and Calcium as a Cellular Regulator encompasses all aspects of this exciting field of study. It covers everything from methods of measuring calcium in cells, to the systems that control its concentration in the cytoplasm and organelles, to the molecular mechanisms for decoding its information. With twenty-seven chapters written by prominent scientists in cell research, this book is the first exhaustive attempt to cover the topic and fill a gap in the rapidly expanding area of calcium signaling. Each chapter skillfully balances historical details with state-of-the-art information on the latest developments in cell science, making it ideal for professionals and graduate students in biochemistry and related fields.
Posted in Science

Conjugation and Deconjugation of Ubiquitin Family Modifiers

Author: Marcus Groettrup

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441966766

Category: Science

Page: 252

View: 9670

† 1 a a 4 † 17 10 15 ubiquitin; and of 16 VCP 17 18 20 33 34 34 36 p domain. 41 42 42 43 P U 42 47 binding. C. elegans 16 In 21 22 50 51 52 53 13 and UFD 4 10 of Cdc48. 18 30 of Ufd2. COFACTORS 47 23 13 47 47 47 72 15 15 and of Spt23 p90. Ufd2 and Cdc48. In C. elegans 74 16 75 75 76 76 Ufd2 25 54 54 7 56 p47 7 7 80 30 30 81 82 82 but and CD3 26 DUB COFACTORS 30 UFD3 OTU1 4 Cdc48 30 4 OLE1. 15 27 87 REFERENCES 30 REGULATION OF UBIQUITIN MONOUBIQUITINATION UBIQUITINATION 1 32 7 S) d 33 12 13 14 15 18 19 15 20 21 35 15 15 27 15 31 32 31 33 36 monoubiquitination of pol pol 34 37 34 monoubiquitination. 20 35 trans 3 15 REFERENCES by monoubiquitination. Mol Cell; 2009. UBIQUITIN LIGASE ACTIVITY BY Nedd 1 2 of 41 5 6 8 fold. 9 13 14 edd 43 18 18 K M and k 18 22 23 K M 24 25 K M 26 edd 45 18 27 K M K D 18 25 . 8 10 M 21 28 MECHANISM AND REGULATION OF CRLs 34 41 34 edd 47 48 S. pombe 49 51 p27 and I by SCF and SCF 57 58 59 60 CTD CTD CTD CTD in Cul5 CTD CTD CTD 60 18
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Creatine and Creatine Kinase in Health and Disease

Author: Gajja S. Salomons,Markus Wyss

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402064861

Category: Medical

Page: 354

View: 8664

This volume places emphasis on the intricate interplay between creatine and creatine kinase function on one hand and proper brain function, neurodegenerative disease and/or neuroprotection on the other. The book, compiled by outstanding experts, provides a key reference summarizing the state-of-the-art in creatine and creatine kinase research. It is a must-read for understanding the links between creatine metabolism and neuroprotection as well as neurodegenerative disease.
Posted in Medical

Metabolic Diseases

Foundations of Clinical Management, Genetics, and Pathology

Author: E. Gilbert-Barness,L.A. Barness,P.M. Farrell

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 1614997187

Category: Medical

Page: 960

View: 8861

The 2nd Edition of Metabolic Diseases provides readers with a completely updated description of the Foundations of Clinical Management, Genetics, and Pathology. A distinguished group of 31 expert authors has contributed 25 chapters as a tribute to Enid Gilbert-Barness and the late Lewis Barness--- both pioneers in this topic. Enid’s unique perspectives on the pathology of genetic disorders and Lew’s unsurpassed knowledge of metabolism integrated with nutrition have inspired the contributors to write interdisciplinary descriptions of generally rare, and always challenging, hereditary metabolic disorders. Discussions of these interesting genetic disorders are organized in the perspective of molecular abnormalities leading to morphologic disturbances with distinct pathology and clinical manifestations. The book emphasizes recent advances such as development of improved diagnostic methods and discovery of new, more effective therapies for many of the diseases. It includes optimal strategies for diagnosis and information on access to specialized laboratories for specific testing. The target audience is a wide variety of clinicians, including pediatricians, neonatologists, obstetricians, maternal-fetal specialists, internists, pathologists, geneticists, and laboratorians engaged in prenatal and/or neonatal screening. In addition, all scientists and health science professionals interested in metabolic diseases will find the comprehensive, integrated chapters informative on the latest discoveries. It is our hope that the 2nd Edition will open new avenues and vistas for our readers and that they will share with us the interest, excitement and passion of the research into all these challenging disorders.
Posted in Medical

Organelle Contact Sites

From Molecular Mechanism to Disease

Author: Mitsuo Tagaya,Thomas Simmen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811045674

Category: Science

Page: 257

View: 8513

This book provides the first comprehensive coverage of the quickly evolving research field of membrane contact sites (MCS). A total of 16 chapters explain their organization and role and unveil the significance of MCS for various diseases. MCS, the intracellular structures where organellar membranes come in close contact with one another, mediate the exchange of proteins, lipids, and ions. Via these functions, MCS are critical for the survival and the growth of the cell. Owing to that central role in the functioning of cells, MCS dysfunctions lead to important defects of human physiology, influence viral and bacterial infection, and cause disease such as inflammation, type II diabetes, neurodegenerative disorders, and cancer. To approach such a multifaceted topic, this volume assembles a series of chapters dealing with the full array of research about MCS and their respective roles for diseases. Most chapters also introduce the history and the state of the art of MCS research, which will initiate discussion points for the respective types of MCS for years to come. This work will appeal to all cell biologists as well as researchers on diseases that are impacted by MCS dysfunction. Additionally, it will stimulate graduate students and postdocs who will energize, drive, and develop the research field in the near future.
Posted in Science

Proteases in Health and Disease

Author: Sajal Chakraborti,Naranjan S. Dhalla

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461492335

Category: Science

Page: 403

View: 5106

In view of rapidly growing research in the deregulation of proteases and their impact in human health and diseases, this book will highlight existing and emerging research in this exciting area. In-depth critical state-of-the-art reviews will be written by established investigators on proteases dysfunctions associated with pathogenesis of different diseases that are known to occur due to deregulation of proteolytic systems. Multidisciplinary approaches demonstrating biochemical and signal transduction mechanisms associated with deregulation of proteases leading to manifestation of the diseases will be discussed. The book highlights the roles of both intracellular and extracellular proteases in health and disease.
Posted in Science

Calcium-Sensing Receptor

Author: Naibedya Chattopadhyay,Edward M. Brown

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441992561

Category: Medical

Page: 286

View: 7814

Calcium-Sensing Receptor provides an overview of various aspects of the calcium receptor's biochemistry, physiology and pathophysiology that is suitable both for those who have been working in the field of Ca2+0-sensing as well as those who are new to this discipline. Calcium-Sensing Receptor is the nineteenth volume published in the Endocrine Updates book series under the Series Editorship of Shlomo Melmed, MD.
Posted in Medical

Subcellular Fractions: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464921202

Category: Science

Page: 606

View: 2818

Subcellular Fractions: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Subcellular Fractions. The editors have built Subcellular Fractions: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Subcellular Fractions in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Subcellular Fractions: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Posted in Science

The Role of Mitochondria, Oxidative Stress and Altered Calcium Homeostasis in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: From Current Developments in the Laboratory to Clinical Treatments

Author: Manoj Kumar Jaiswal

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 2889451461

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 5039

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a rapidly progressive, devastating and fatal disease characterized by selective loss of upper and lower motor neurons of the cerebral cortex, brainstem, spinal cord and muscle atrophy. In spite of many years of research, the pathogenesis of ALS is still not well understood. ALS is a multifaceted genetic disease, in which genetic susceptibility to motor neuron death interacts with environmental factors and there is still no cure for this deleterious disease. At present, there is only one FDA approved drug, Riluzole which according to past studies only modestly slows the progression of the disease, and improves survival by up to three months. The suffering of the ALS patients, and their families is enormous and the economic burden is colossal. There is therefore a pressing need for new therapies. Different molecular pathways and pathological mechanisms have been implicated in ALS. According to past studies, altered calcium homeostasis, abnormal mitochondrial function, protein misfolding, axonal transport defects, excessive production of extracellular superoxide radicals, glutamate-mediated excitotoxicity, inflammatory events, and activation of oxidative stress pathways within the mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum can act as major contributor that eventually leads to loss of connection between muscle and nerve ultimately resulting to ALS. However, the detailed molecular and cellular pathophysiological mechanisms and origin and temporal progression of the disease still remained elusive. Ongoing research and future advances will likely advance our improve understanding about various involved pathological mechanism ultimately leading to discoveries of new therapeutic cures. Importantly, clinical biomarkers of disease onset and progression are thus also urgently needed to support the development of the new therapeutic agents and novel preventive and curative strategies. Effective translation from pre-clinical to clinical studies will further require extensive knowledge regarding drug activity, bioavailability and efficacy in both the pre-clinical and clinical setting, and proof of biological activity in the target tissue. During the last decades, the development of new therapeutic molecules, advance neuroimaging tools, patient derived induced stem cells and new precision medicine approaches to study ALS has significantly improved our understanding of disease. In particular, new genetic tools, neuroimaging methods, cellular probes, biomarker study and molecular techniques that achieve high spatiotemporal resolution have revealed new details about the disease onset and its progression. In our effort to provide the interested reader, clinician and researchers a comprehensive summaries and new findings in this field of ALS research, hereby we have created this electronic book which comprises of twenty seven chapters having various reviews, perspective and original research articles. All these chapters and articles in this book not only summarize the cutting-edge techniques, approaches, cell and animal models to study ALS but also provide unprecedented coverage of the current developments and new hypothesis emerging in ALS research. Some examples are novel genetic and cell culture based models, mitochondria-mediated therapy, oxidative stress and ROS mechanism, development of stem cells and mechanism-based therapies as well as novel biomarkers for designing and testing effective therapeutic strategies that can benefit ALS patients who are at the earlier stages in the disease. I am extremely grateful to all the contributors to this book and want to thank them for their phenomenal efforts. Manoj Kumar Jaiswal, Ph.D. February 5, 2017 New York, NY
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Fundamental Neuroscience

Author: Larry R. Squire

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123858704

Category: Medical

Page: 1127

View: 4614

Fundamental Neuroscience, 3rd Edition introduces graduate and upper-level undergraduate students to the full range of contemporary neuroscience. Addressing instructor and student feedback on the previous edition, all of the chapters are rewritten to make this book more concise and student-friendly than ever before. Each chapter is once again heavily illustrated and provides clinical boxes describing experiments, disorders, and methodological approaches and concepts. A companion web site contains test questions, and an imagebank of the figures for ready use in presentations, slides, and handouts. Capturing the promise and excitement of this fast-moving field, Fundamental Neuroscience, 3rd Edition is the text that students will be able to reference throughout their neuroscience careers! New to this edition: * 30% new material including new chapters on Dendritic Development and Spine Morphogenesis, Chemical Senses, Cerebellum, Eye Movements, Circadian Timing, Sleep and Dreaming, and Consciousness * Companion website with figures, web links to additional material, and test questions * Additional text boxes describing key experiments, disorders, methods, and concepts * Multiple model system coverage beyond rats, mice, and monkeys * Extensively expanded index for easier referencing
Posted in Medical

Medicinal Chemistry

A Molecular and Biochemical Approach

Author: Thomas Nogrady,Donald F. Weaver

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190282967

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 1504

Fully updated and rewritten by a basic scientist who is also a practicing physician, the third edition of this popular textbook remains comprehensive, authoritative and readable. Taking a receptor-based, target-centered approach, it presents the concepts central to the study of drug action in a logical, mechanistic way grounded on molecular and principles. Students of pharmacy, chemistry and pharmacology, as well as researchers interested in a better understanding of drug design, will find this book an invaluable resource. Starting with an overview of basic principles, Medicinal Chemistry examines the properties of drug molecules, the characteristics of drug receptors, and the nature of drug-receptor interactions. Then it systematically examines the various families of receptors involved in human disease and drug design. The first three classes of receptors are related to endogenous molecules: neurotransmitters, hormones and immunomodulators. Next, receptors associated with cellular organelles (mitochondria, cell nucleus), endogenous macromolecules (membrane proteins, cytoplasmic enzymes) and pathogens (viruses, bacteria) are examined. Through this evaluation of receptors, all the main types of human disease and all major categories of drugs are considered. There have been many changes in the third edition, including a new chapter on the immune system. Because of their increasingly prominent role in drug discovery, molecular modeling techniques, high throughput screening, neuropharmacology and genetics/genomics are given much more attention. The chapter on hormonal therapies has been thoroughly updated and re-organized. Emerging enzyme targets in drug design (e.g. kinases, caspases) are discussed, and recent information on voltage-gated and ligand-gated ion channels has been incorporated. The sections on antihypertensive, antiviral, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiarrhythmic, and anticancer drugs, as well as treatments for hyperlipidemia and peptic ulcer, have been substantially expanded. One new feature will enhance the book's appeal to all readers: clinical-molecular interface sections that facilitate understanding of the treatment of human disease at a molecular level.
Posted in Science