Bauphysik / Building Physics

Deutsch / Englisch mit Wörterbuch

Author: Hans-Peter Leimer

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446445862

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 179

View: 3342

Dieses Buch umfasst alle grundlegenden Bereiche der Lehre der Bauphysik wie sie international verstanden wird. Das Lehrbuch wendet sich an internationale wie auch nationale Studienanfänger des Bauingenieurwesens und der Architektur sowie an international arbeitende Ingenieure in der Praxis. Das im Anhang befindliche Wörterbuch machtn das Buch zu einem "dolmetschenden" Kompendium für in der Praxis tätige Bauingenieure. Die zweisprachige Darstellung der komplexen bauphysikalischen Inhalte in parallelen Spalten ermöglicht es dem global agierendem Praktiker die Fachinhalte schnell zweisprachig nachlesen zu können. Mit Erwerb des deutsch-englischen Buches erhält der Leser auch ein E-Book Deutsch-Englisch-Chinesisch, welches auch seperat erworben werden kann.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Building Physics: Lighting

Seeing in the Artificial Environment

Author: W. R. Stevens

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483148327

Category: Architecture

Page: 246

View: 7476

Building Physics: Lighting, Seeing in the Artificial Environment deals with basic principles of lighting as used in architecture, in building maintenance, and in an artificial environment. The book starts with the process of how humans see; the interaction of the eye and mind; and the effects of fatigue, visual disorders, and age. The phenomena of light are then discussed — how light behaves and how it is measured. Light and light waves beyond the visible spectrum are explained scientifically as being part of the electromagnetic spectrum within the 400 to 760 nm ranges. The different light sources are identified as daylight and artificial lights, with many types of lamps under the latter. As regards artificial lighting, a lighting fitting has two functions: redistributes luminescence properly and provides a suitable receptacle for the lamp. The requirements when using artificial or natural light in an exterior or interior setting are enumerated. The book also explains the specifications of the amount of light and how this amount is calculated. Interior lighting, both from artificial and natural sources, is comprehensively discussed, including issues such as discomfort glare, reflected glare, design and aesthetics, lighting requirements in different kinds of buildings, and flammability properties. The text also tackles exterior lighting including decorative floodlights, lighting for tunnels and underpasses, and special problem areas. Architects, engineers, electricians, interior designers, lighting technicians, environmentalists, and readers with interest in home decor will find this book useful.
Posted in Architecture

Applied Building Physics

Boundary Conditions, Building Performance and Material Properties

Author: Hugo S. L. Hens

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3433601275

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 322

View: 4106

The energy crises of the 1970s, persisting moisture problems, complaints about sick buildings, thermal, visual and olfactory discomfort, and the move towards more sustainability in building construction have pushed Building Physics to the forefront of building innovation. The societal pressure to diminish energy consumption in buildings without impairing usability acted as a trigger to activate the whole notion of performance based design and construction. As with all engineering sciences, Building Physics is oriented towards application, which is why, after a first book on fundamentals this second volume examines performance rationale and performance requirements. Outdoor and indoor climate conditions are described and calculation values are discussed, the performance concept is specified at the building level and at the building envelope level, and heat-air-moisture material properties are defined. The book incorporates 35 years of teaching Building Physics to architectural, building and civil engineers, bolstered by 40 years of experience, research and consultancy.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Building Physics

From physical principles to international standards

Author: Marko Pinterić

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319574841

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 254

View: 1981

This book provides thorough coverage of the most important building physics phenomena: heat transfer, moisture, sound/acoustics, and illumination. Since the book is primarily aimed at engineers, it addresses professional issues with due pragmatism, and by including many practical examples and related ISO standards. Nevertheless, in order to guarantee full comprehension, it also explains the underlying physical principles and relates them to practical aspects in a simple and clear way. This is achieved with the aid of more than 100 figures and consistent cross-referencing of formulas and ideas. In addition, interrelationships between the different building physics phenomena are elucidated in a way that will enable readers to develop performance specifications that inform the design process. The book will primarily appeal to students of civil engineering and architecture, as well as to all practitioners in these areas who wish to broaden their fundamental understanding of topics in building physics.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Building Physics -- Heat, Air and Moisture

Fundamentals and Engineering Methods with Examples and Exercises

Author: Hugo S. L. Hens

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3433601305

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 284

View: 9346

Bad experiences with construction quality, the energy crises of 1973 and 1979, complaints about 'sick buildings', thermal, acoustical, visual and olfactory discomfort, the move towards more sustainability, have all accelerated the development of a field, which until 35 years ago was hardly more than an academic exercise: building physics. Through the application of existing physical knowledge and the combination with information coming from other disciplines, the field helps to understand the physical performance of building parts, buildings and the built environment, and translates it into correct design and construction. This book is the result of thirty years teaching, research and consultancy activity of the author. The book discusses the theory behind the heat and mass transport in and through building components. Steady and non steady state heat conduction, heat convection and thermal radiation are discussed in depth, followed by typical building-related thermal concepts such as reference temperatures, surface film coefficients, the thermal transmissivity, the solar transmissivity, thermal bridging and the periodic thermal properties. Water vapour and water vapour flow and moisture flow in and through building materials and building components is analyzed in depth, mixed up with several engineering concepts which allow a first order analysis of phenomena such as the vapour balance, the mold, mildew and dust mites risk, surface condensation, sorption, capillary suction, rain absorption and drying. In a last section, heat and mass transfer are combined into one overall model staying closest to the real hygrothermal response of building components, as observed in field experiments. The book combines the theory of heat and mass transfer with typical building engineering applications. The line from theory to application is dressed in a correct and clear way. In the theory, oversimplification is avoided. This book is the result of thirty years teaching, research and consultancy activity of the author.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Building physics

heat

Author: M. S. Billington,Neville Samuel Billington

Publisher: Pergamon

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 237

View: 1336

Posted in Science

Building Physics of the Envelope

Principles of Construction

Author: Ulrich Knaack,Eddie Koenders

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3035609497

Category: Architecture

Page: 134

View: 8405

The facade is the building’s interface with its environment. It is here that building physics parameters such as heat, humidity, sound and light interact with the building. All these influences need to be controlled by the building envelope in order to ensure the comfort of the user and the functional performance of the architecture. This introduction explains the most important phenomena and then relates them to design and building practice – which materials react in which way to these factors? How do facade systems deal with heat, humidity, sound and light? This practice-oriented book, which is the result of cooperation between an architect and a structural engineer, describes the most important facade materials and constructions under the aspect of their building physics performance.
Posted in Architecture

Research in Building Physics

Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Building Physics, Leuven, Belgium, 14-18 September 2003

Author: J. Carmeliet,H. Hens,G. Vermeir

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789058095657

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1036

View: 7986

This text provides a broad view of the research performed in building physics at the start of the 21st century. The focus of this conference was on combined heat and mass flow in building components, performance-based design of building enclosures, energy use in buildings, sustainable construction, users' comfort and health, and the urban micro-climate.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Building physics in the Nordic countries

symposium and day of building physics in Lund, Sweden, August 24-27, 1987 : proceedings

Author: Johnny Kronvall

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789154049059

Category: Science

Page: 488

View: 4361

Posted in Science

Hygrothermal Numerical Simulation Tools Applied to Building Physics

Author: João M.P.Q. Delgado,Eva Barreira,Nuno M.M. Ramos,Vasco Peixoto de Freitas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642350038

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 66

View: 5534

This book presents a critical review on the development and application of hygrothermal analysis methods to simulate the coupled transport processes of Heat, Air, and Moisture (HAM) transfer for one or multidimensional cases. During the past few decades there has been relevant development in this field of study and an increase in the professional use of tools that simulate some of the physical phenomena that are involved in Heat, Air and Moisture conditions in building components or elements. Although there is a significant amount of hygrothermal models referred in the literature, the vast majority of them are not easily available to the public outside the institutions where they were developed, which restricts the analysis of this book to only 14 hygrothermal modelling tools. The special features of this book are (a) a state-of-the-art of numerical simulation tools applied to building physics, (b) the boundary conditions importance, (c) the material properties, namely, experimental methods for the measurement of relevant transport properties, and (d) the numerical investigation and application The main benefit of the book is that it discusses all the topics related to numerical simulation tools in building components (including state-of-the-art and applications) and presents some of the most important theoretical and numerical developments in building physics, providing a self-contained major reference that is appealing to both the scientists and the engineers. At the same time, this book will be going to the encounter of a variety of scientific and engineering disciplines, such as civil and mechanical engineering, architecture, etc... The book is divided in several chapters that intend to be a resume of the current state of knowledge for benefit of professional colleagues.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Building Physics - Heat, Air and Moisture

Fundamentals and Engineering Methods with Examples and Exercises

Author: Hugo S. L. C. Hens

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783433018415

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 284

View: 858

Bad experiences with construction quality, the energy crises of 1973 and 1979, complaints about 'sick buildings', thermal, acoustical, visual and olfactory discomfort, the move towards more sustainability, have all accelerated the development of a field, which until 35 years ago was hardly more than an academic exercise: building physics. Through the application of existing physical knowledge and the combination with information coming from other disciplines, the field helps to understand the physical performance of building parts, buildings and the built environment, and translates it into correct design and construction. This book is the result of thirty years teaching, research and consultancy activity of the author. The book discusses the theory behind the heat and mass transport in and through building components. Steady and non steady state heat conduction, heat convection and thermal radiation are discussed in depth, followed by typical building-related thermal concepts such as reference temperatures, surface film coefficients, the thermal transmissivity, the solar transmissivity, thermal bridging and the periodic thermal properties. Water vapour and water vapour flow and moisture flow in and through building materials and building components is analyzed in depth, mixed up with several engineering concepts which allow a first order analysis of phenomena such as the vapour balance, the mold, mildew and dust mites risk, surface condensation, sorption, capillary suction, rain absorption and drying. In a last section, heat and mass transfer are combined into one overall model staying closest to the real hygrothermal response of building components, as observed in field experiments. The book combines the theory of heat and mass transfer with typical building engineering applications. The line from theory to application is dressed in a correct and clear way. In the theory, oversimplification is avoided. This book is the result of thirty years teaching, research and consultancy activity of the author.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Package - Building Physics and Applied Building Physics 3E

Author: Hugo S. L. C. Hens

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 568

View: 8458

Bad experiences with construction quality, the energy crises of 1973 and 1979, complaints about 'sick buildings', thermal, acoustical, visual and olfactory discomfort, the move towards more sustainability, have all accelerated the development of a field, which until 35 years ago was hardly more than an academic exercise: building physics. The societal pressure to diminish energy consumption in buildings without impairing usability acted as a trigger to activate the whole notion of performance based design and construction. Through the application of existing physical knowledge and the combination with information coming from other disciplines, the field helps to understand the physical performance of building parts, buildings and the built environment, and translates it into correct design and construction. As with all engineering sciences, Building Physics is oriented towards application, which is why, after a first book on fundamentals a second volume examines performance rationale and performance requirements. Outdoor and indoor climate conditions are described and calculation values are discussed, the performance concept is specified at the building level and at the building envelope level, and heat-air-moisture material properties are defined.
Posted in

Fassaden

Prinzipien der Konstruktion

Author: Ulrich Knaack,Tillmann Klein,Marcel Bilow,Thomas Auer

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3038210269

Category: Architecture

Page: 135

View: 2250

Fassaden bestimmen die Erscheinung eines Gebäudes, sie verkörpern es gleichsam. Somit kommt ihnen in der Architektur große Bedeutung zu. Gleichzeitig nimmt die Gebäudehülle zentrale Aufgaben wahr – Belichtung, Wetterdichtigkeit, thermische Isolation, Lastenabtragung, Schallschutz, um nur die wichtigsten Funktionen zu nennen. Über die letzten 15 Jahre sind Fassaden erheblich komplexer geworden und die Entwicklung hält an: intelligente, klima-aktive Fassaden beispielsweise passen sich durch selbstregelnde Systeme den verschiedenen Licht- und Klimaverhältnissen an, neu entwickelte Materialien und Technologien haben die Funktionalität der Fassade stark erweitert. Dieses Buch zeigt die Prinzipien der Fassade. Zunächst werden die wichtigsten Typen wie Pfosten-Riegel-Fassade, Vorhangfassade, Elementfassade, Doppelfassade vorgestellt, dann werden ihre Anforderungen an Entwurf und Konstruktion verdeutlicht. Zahlreiche, eigens für dieses Buch entstandene Zeichnungen erklären die einzelnen Fassadentypen und zeigen diese dann am gebauten Beispiel. Für die Neuausgabe wurden die Kapitel aktualisiert, sämtliche Beispiele komplett neu erstellt und das neue Kapitel „Zukünftige Fassaden“ gibt einen Ausblick.
Posted in Architecture

Numerical methods for diffusion phenomena in building physics

A practical introduction

Author: Nathan Mendes,Marx Chhay,Julien Berger,Denys Dutykh

Publisher: PUCPRess

ISBN: 8568324762

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 9012

This book intends to stimulate research in simulation of diff usion problems in building physics, by fi rst providing an overview of mathematical models and numerical techniques such as the fi nitediff erence and fi nite-element methods traditionally used in building simulation tools. Then, nonconventional methods such as reduced order models, boundary integral approaches and spectral methods are presented, which might be considered in the next generation of building-energy-simulation tools. The advantage of these methods includes the improvement of the numerical solution of diff usion phenomena, especially in large domains relevant to building energy performance analysis.
Posted in Science

Introduction to Building Physics

Author: Carl-Eric Hagentoft

Publisher: Professional Pub Service

ISBN: 9789144018966

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 422

View: 8794

The state and operation of the building envelope--walls, roofs and foundation--are analyzed as well as the physical process components: heat, moisture and air transfer. These physical transport processes determine the performance of the building. Thorough knowledge of building physics is essential for planning and constructing sound, energy-efficient buildings with high levels of comfort and durability. This book will help the reader anticipate the performance and consequences of alternate designs as well as determining technical solutions before critical design and construction decisions can be made. The focus of this text is on the theories behind the physical problems which may arise and offers mathematical models to arrive at needed solutions.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Research in Building Physics and Building Engineering

3rd International Conference in Building Physics (Montreal, Canada, 27-31 August 2006)

Author: Paul Fazio,Hua Ge,Jiwu Rao,Guylaine Desmarais

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780415416757

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 992

View: 6680

Buildings influence people. They account for one third of energy consumption across the globe and represent an annual capital expenditure of 7%-10% of GNP in industrialized countries. Their lifetime operation costs can exceed capital investment. Building Engineering aims to make buildings more efficient, safe and economical. One branch of this discipline, Building Physics/Science, has gained prominence, with a heightened awareness of such phenomena as sick buildings, the energy crisis and sustainability, and considering the performance of buildings in terms of climatic loads and indoor conditions. The book reflects the advanced level and high quality of research which Building Engineering, and Building Physics/Science in particular, have reached at the beginning of the twenty-first century. It will be a valuable resource to: engineers, architects, building scientists, consultants on the building envelope, researchers and graduate students.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Building Physics and Applied Building Physics - Package

Author: Hugo S. L. Hens

Publisher: Ernst & Sohn

ISBN: 9783433030318

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 568

View: 2197

Bad experiences with construction quality, the energy crises of 1973 and 1979, complaints about 'sick buildings', thermal, acoustical, visual and olfactory discomfort, the move towards more sustainability, have all accelerated the development of a field, which until 35 years ago was hardly more than an academic exercise: building physics. The societal pressure to diminish energy consumption in buildings without impairing usability acted as a trigger to activate the whole notion of performance based design and construction. Through the application of existing physical knowledge and the combination with information coming from other disciplines, the field helps to understand the physical performance of building parts, buildings and the built environment, and translates it into correct design and construction. As with all engineering sciences, Building Physics is oriented towards application, which is why, after a first book on fundamentals a second volume examines performance rationale and performance requirements. Outdoor and indoor climate conditions are described and calculation values are discussed, the performance concept is specified at the building level and at the building envelope level, and heat-air-moisture material properties are defined.
Posted in Technology & Engineering