Risk, Science, and Governance

Author: Patrick Van Zwanenberg,Erik Millstone

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780198525813

Category: Medical

Page: 303

View: 4377

This text provides an analysis of the BSE crisis and how policy-making processes were managed, and of how and why they culminated in catastrophic failure.
Posted in Medical

Wozu Experten?

Ambivalenzen der Beziehung von Wissenschaft und Politik

Author: Alexander Bogner,Helge Torgersen

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322806928

Category: Political Science

Page: 395

View: 3261

Dieser Band bietet einen Überblick über verschiedene theoretische Ansätze und praktische Forschungsfelder sozialwissenschaftlicher Expertiseforschung. Neben gesellschaftstheoretischen Zugängen werden empirische und international vergleichende Fallstudien zu aktuellen Umwelt- und Technikkonflikten vorgestellt und im Hinblick auf praktische Perspektiven der Politikberatung diskutiert.
Posted in Political Science

Global Risk Governance in Health

Author: N. Brender

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137273577

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 2906

Epidemics know no borders and are often characterized by a high level of uncertainty, causing major challenges in risk governance. The author shows the emergence of global risk governance processes and the key role that the World Health Organization (WHO) plays within them.
Posted in Social Science

Risk Regulation and Administrative Constitutionalism

Author: Elizabeth Fisher

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847313728

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 2245

Over the last decade the regulatory evaluation of environmental and public health risks has been one of the most legally controversial areas of contemporary government activity. Much of that debate has been understood as a conflict between those promoting 'scientific' approaches to risk evaluation and those promoting 'democratic' approaches. This characterization of disputes has ignored the central roles of public administration and law in technological risk evaluation. This is problematic because, as shown in this book, legal disputes over risk evaluation are disputes over administrative constitutionalism in that they are disputes over what role law should play in constituting and limiting the power of administrative risk regulators. This is shown by five case studies taken from five different legal cultures: an analysis of the bifurcated role of the Southwood Working Party in the UK BSE crisis; the development of doctrines in relation to judicial review of risk evaluation in the US in the 1970s; the interpretation of the precautionary principle by environmental courts and generalist tribunals carrying out merits review in Australia; the interpretation of the WTO Sanitary and Phytosanitary Agreement as part of the WTO dispute settlement process; and the interpretation of the precautionary principle in the EU context. A strong argument is thus made for re-orienting the focus of scholarship in this area.
Posted in Law

Law and Global Health

Current Legal Issues

Author: Michael Freeman,Sarah Hawkes,Belinda Bennett

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191003468

Category: Political Science

Page: 600

View: 3772

Current Legal Issues, like its sister volume Current Legal Problems (now available in journal format), is based upon an annual colloquium held at University College London. Each year leading scholars from around the world gather to discuss the relationship between law and another discipline of thought. Each colloquium examines how the external discipline is conceived in legal thought and argument, how the law is pictured in that discipline, and analyses points of controversy in the use, and abuse, of extra-legal arguments within legal theory and practice. Law and Global Health, the sixteenth volume in the Current Legal Issues series, offers an insight into the scholarship examining the relationship between global health and the law. Covering a wide range of areas from all over the world, articles in the volume look at areas of human rights, vulnerable populations, ethical issues, legal responses and governance.
Posted in Political Science

When Food Kills : BSE, E.coli and disaster science

BSE, E.coli and disaster science

Author: T. Hugh Pennington

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191588778


Page: 240

View: 3996

The 'food scare' concept took on new meaning in 1996, which opened with variant CJD emerging as the human form of BSE, and closed with Britain's worst E.coli O157 outbreak in central Scotland. As people died, so did trust in government and science. This book tells the story of these events, what led up to them, and what has happened since. It breaks new ground by dissecting these tragedies alongside catastrophes like Aberfan, Piper Alpha, Chernobyl, and the worst ever railway accidents in Ireland and Britain (Armagh and Quintinshill), as well as classical outbreaks of botulism, typhoid, E.coli O157 and Salmonella food poisoning. Britain's ability to win Nobel prizes marches with a propensity to have disasters. The book explains why, demonstrating failures in policy making, failures in the application of science, and failing inspectorates. A unique feature of this book is its breadth since it covers history, politics and law as well as science. It also makes some fascinating connections, like those between 1930's nuclear physics, E.coli, and molecular biology, and the links between manslaughter in 19th century mental hospitals, syphilis, the Nobel Prize, and the prospects for successfully treating variant CJD. Royal murderers, vaccine research in Auschwitz and Buchenwald, and the race to develop the atom bomb appear as well. For the general reader its non-technical but authoritative account of the science behind these tragedies, its critical appraisal of how the government responded to them, its coverage of public inquiries and its analysis of risk will be informative and stimulating. Scientists will find its approach to the prion theory and the origins of BSE challenging and controversial. Policy makers will find not only diagnoses of what went wrong in the past, but remedies ror the future.
Posted in

Soziale Welt

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Social sciences

Page: N.A

View: 8350

Posted in Social sciences

Science and citizens

globalization and the challenge of engagement

Author: Melissa Leach,Ian Scoones,Brian Wynne

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781842775509

Category: Political Science

Page: 295

View: 2605

This volume brings together authors from diverse experiences and analytical traditions, encouraging a conversation between science and technology and development studies around issues of science, citizenship and globalization. The book reflects on the nature of expertise; the framing of knowledge; processes of public engagement; and issues of rights, justice and democracy. Different case studies cover issues ranging from medical genetics, agricultural biotechnology, occupational health and HIV/AIDS in settings including rural Sierra Leone, urban Britain, China, South Africa, India and Brazil.
Posted in Political Science

Scientists in Whitehall

Author: Philip Gummett

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719007910

Category: Science and state

Page: 245

View: 4259

Posted in Science and state

Mad Cows and Poisoned Apples

An Analysis of Newspaper Portrayal of Food Scares in the US

Author: Dilshani Sarathchandra

Publisher: N.A


Category: Electronic dissertations

Page: 72

View: 9533

Posted in Electronic dissertations

Risk in Social Science

Author: Peter Taylor-Gooby,Jens Zinn

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA


Category: Social Science

Page: 292

View: 1257

This book is designed as an introduction to recent social science work on risk and is intended primarily for students in sociology, social psychology, and psychology, although it will also be useful for those studying political science, government, public policy, and economics. It is writtenby leading experts actively involved in research in the field.The book discusses the basic issues in risk research, paying attention to the contributions from different academic disciplines and reviewing debates in the recent literature. It then moves on to examine work on risk across the main areas of activity, discussing recent research and identifying thethemes that are currently subject to debate.The areas covered in substantive chapters are: Crime; the Environment; Everyday Life and Leisure Time; Family and Partnership; Health and Illness; Life Course, Youth and Old Age; Risk Regulation and Management; Social Inequality (covering gender, ethnicity, disability, and social class); Media;Social and Public Policy; as well as theoretical foundations and current issues in research.
Posted in Social Science

The Lancet

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Medicine

Page: N.A

View: 9235

Posted in Medicine

Economic globalization and ecological localization

socio-legal perspectives

Author: R. G. Lee,Elen Stokes

Publisher: Blackwell Pub


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 166

View: 7432

This special issue explores the interrelationship between global economic interests and local ecological interests, and its implications in law. Along this axis, it seeks to examine not only the capacity of global forces to subjugate local interests in responding to territorially confined threats, but also the extent to which solutions to global environmental problems may depend on local action. It analyses the impact of globalization on legal structures and their ability to accommodate local concerns, and considers whether globalization, and the elimination of national borders, actually offers an opportunity to reassert the power of local and regional governance. Its essays include: Environmental Governance: Reconnecting the Global and LocalFree Trade: What is it Good For? Globalization, Deregulation, and 'Public Opinion'Modern Interpretations of Sustainable Development Environmental Justice Imperatives for an Era of Climate Change (Re)Connecting the Global and Local: Europe's Regional SeasFraming the Local and the Global in the Anti-Nuclear Movement: Law and the Politics of PlaceGlobalizing Regulation: Reaching Beyond the Borders of Chemical Safety The Globalization and Re-localization of Material Flows: Four Phases of Food RegulationThe New Collaborative Environmental Governance: The Localization of Regulation "Contributors: " Stuart Bell, Laurence Etherington, Neil Gunningham, Veerle Heyvaert, Chris Hilson, Robert Lee, Terry Marsden, Emily Reid, Andrea Ross, Mark Stallworthy, Jenny Steele, Elen Stokes
Posted in Business & Economics

Quarterly Journal of Forestry

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Forests and forestry

Page: N.A

View: 9161

Vol. 1 includes the Transactions of the Irish Forestry Society.
Posted in Forests and forestry


new geographies of cleanliness and contamination

Author: Ben Campkin,Rosie Cox

Publisher: I. B. Tauris


Category: History

Page: 262

View: 2897

Dirt--and our rituals to eradicate it--are as much a part of our everyday lives as eating, breathing and sleeping. Yet this very fact means that we seldom stop to question what we mean by dirt. What do our attitudes to dirt and cleanliness tell us about ourselves and the societies we live in? The contributors to this work expose the interests which underlie everyday conceptions of dirt and reveal how our ideas about it are intimately bound up with issues of race, ethnicity, class, gender, sexuality and the body. Exploring a wide variety of settings--domestic, urban and rural--this original work reveals how attitudes to dirt and cleanliness become manifest in surprisingly diverse ways, including the rituals associated with death and burial; interior and architectural design aesthetics; urban infrastructure, regeneration and renewal; film symbolism; and consumer attitudes to food. A rich and challenging work that extends our understanding of the cultural manifestations of dirt and cleanliness.
Posted in History

Wissen, Beraten, Entscheiden

Form und Funktion wissenschaftlicher Politikberatung in Deutschland

Author: Peter Weingart,Justus Lentsch

Publisher: N.A


Category: Executive advisory bodies

Page: 336

View: 2484

Posted in Executive advisory bodies

Uncertain Risks Regulated

Author: Ellen Vos,Michelle Everson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113539153X

Category: Law

Page: 456

View: 7409

Uncertain Risks Regulated compares various models of risk regulation in order to understand how these systems shape the relationship between law and science, and how they attempt to overcome public distrust in science-based decision-making. The book contributes to the ongoing debate relating to uncertainty and risks - and the difficulties faced by the European Union in particular - in regulating theses issues, taking account of both national and international constraints. The term 'uncertain risk' is comparable with notions of hazard and indeterminate risk, as deployed within the social sciences; but it also aims to capture the modern regulatory reality that a non-quantifiable hazard must still be addressed by society, law and its regulators. Decisions must be taken in the face of uncertainty. And, whilst it is not possible to provide clear cut models of risk regulation, in focusing on regulatory practices at a national, EU and international level, the contributors to this volume aim to use fact finding as a core instrument of learning for risk regulation.
Posted in Law

The Social and Cultural Impact of Foot and Mouth Disease in the UK in 2001

Experiences and Analyses

Author: Martin Döring,Brigitte Nerlich

Publisher: Manchester University Press


Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 615

The 2001 Foot and Mouth Disease epidemic in the UK, during which millions of animals were culled over a nine-month period, had a devastating and long-lasting impact on individuals and communities. In 2002, the European Parliament noted that policymakers need to have a better understanding of the social and psychological impact of such events on adults and children, on farmers and non-farmers. Although many studies about FMD have been published since 2001, this is the first to offer a detailed examination of the various ways in which the outbreak affected the fabric of rural life and rural culture across classes and across generations. Drawing on the experiences of farmers, the media, artists, writers, children and churches, this collection provides a space for academic inquiry, political and poetic reflection and artistic expression.
Posted in Social Science

Environment & Planning


Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: City planning

Page: N.A

View: 883

Posted in City planning