Body Knowledge and Control

Studies in the Sociology of Physical Education and Health

Author: John Evans

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415306454

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 246

View: 8774

Today's society is obsessed with the body, its size, shape and healthiness. Governments, business and the popular media, spend and earn fortunes encouraging populations to get healthy, eat properly, exercise daily and get thin. But how are current social trends and attitudes towards the body reflected in the curriculum of schools, in the teaching of Physical Education and Health? How do teachers and health professionals influence young people's experiences of their own and others' bodies? Is health education liberating or merely another form of regulation and social control? Drawing together some of the latest research on the body and schooling, Body Knowledge and Control offers a sharp and challenging critique of (post) modern-day attitudes toward obesity, health, childhood and the mainstream science and business interests that promote narrow body-centred ways of thinking. Includes: * A critical history of notions of body, identity and health in schools. * Analysis of the 'obesity epidemic', eating disorders * Analysis of the influence of nurtured body image in racism, sexism, homophobia and body elitism in schools.
Posted in Sports & Recreation

Health Education

Critical perspectives

Author: Katie Fitzpatrick,Richard Tinning

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135072132

Category: Education

Page: 280

View: 734

Health Education: Critical perspectives provides a socio-cultural and critical approach to health education. The book draws together international experts in the fields of health and education who deconstruct contemporary discourses and practices, and re-imagine a health education that both connects with young people and offers a way forward in addressing issues of health and wellbeing. Chapters within specifically link academic work on neoliberalism, healthism, risk and the body to wider discourses of health and health education. They challenge current practices and call for a re-thinking of current health programs in education settings. A unique feature of this book is the analyses of health education from both political and applied levels across a range of international contexts. The book is divided into three sections: the social and political contexts informing health education how individual health issues (sexuality, alcohol, mental health, the body and obesity, nutrition) articulate in education in complex ways alternative ways to think about health and health education pedagogy. The overall theme of the book offers a perspective that the current approach to health education – promoting a fear of ill health, self-surveillance and individual responsibility – can become a form of health fascism, and we need to be cognisant of this potential and its consequences for young people. The book will be of key interest to academics and researchers exploring the political context of health education.
Posted in Education

Young People, Physical Activity and the Everyday

Author: Jan Wright,Doune Macdonald

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136964282

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 232

View: 8664

Despite society’s current preoccupation with interrelated issues such as obesity, increasingly sedentary lifestyles and children’s health, there has until now been little published research that directly addresses the place and meaning of physical activity in young people’s lives. In this important new collection, leading international scholars address that deficit by exploring the differences in young people’s experiences and meanings of physical activity as these are related to their social, cultural and geographical locations, to their abilities and their social and personal biographies. The book places young people’s everyday lives at the centre of the study, arguing that it this 'everydayness' (school, work, friendships, ethnicity, family routines, interests, finances, location) that is key to shaping the engagement of young people in physical activity. By allowing the voices of young people to be heard through these pages, the book helps the reader to make sense of how young people see physical activity in their lives. Drawing on a breadth of theoretical frameworks, and challenging the orthodox assumptions that underpin contemporary physical activity policy, interventions and curricula, this book powerfully refutes the argument that young people are 'the problem' and instead demonstrates the complex social constructions of physical activity in the lives of young people. Young People, Physical Activity and the Everyday is essential reading for both students and researchers with a particular interest physical activity, physical education, health, youth work and social policy.
Posted in Health & Fitness

Biopolitics and the 'Obesity Epidemic'

Governing Bodies

Author: Jan Wright,Valerie Harwood

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135851840

Category: Medical

Page: 232

View: 2812

Biopolitics and the ‘Obesity Epidemic’ is the first edited collection of critical perspectives on the 'obesity epidemic.' The volume provides a comprehensive discussion of current issues in the critical analysis of health, obesity and society, and the impact of obesity discourses on different individuals, social groups and institutions. Contributors from the UK, Canada, New Zealand and Australia provide original, accessible, and engaging chapters on issues such as the effects on individuals, families, youths and schools. The timely contributions offered by Biopolitics and the ‘Obesity Epidemic’ to this highly topical area will be of interest to a wide range of readers, including teachers, education professionals, community health and allied professionals, and academics in areas such as education, health, youth studies, social work and psychology.
Posted in Medical

New Directions in Social Theory, Education and Embodiment

Author: John Evans,Brian Davies

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317849795

Category: Education

Page: 159

View: 4976

This book exemplifies the nurturing spirit of inter-discursive debate with a view to opening up new theoretical and empirical insights, understanding, and engagement, with debates on issues relating to pedagogy, policy, equity and embodiment. From a variety of social science perspectives, an international force of contributors apply a multitude of concepts to research agendas which illustrate the multiple ways in which ‘the body’ both impacts culture and is simultaneously and seamlessly positioned and shaped by it, maintaining social reproduction of class and cultural hierarchies and social regulation and control. They attest that once we begin to trace the flow of knowledge and discourses across continents, countries, regions and communities by registering their re-contextualisation, both within various popular pedagogies (e.g., newspapers, film, TV, web pages, IT) and the formal and informal practices of schools, families and peers, we are compelled to appreciate the bewildering complexity of subjectivity and the ways in which it is embodied. Indeed, the chapters suggest that no matter how hegemonic or ubiquitous discursive practices may be, they inevitably tend to generate both intended and unexpected ‘affects’ and ‘effects’: people and populations cannot easily be ‘determined’, suppressed or controlled. This book was originally published as a special issue of Sport, Education and Society.
Posted in Education

Qualitative Research for Physical Culture

Author: P. Markula,M. Silk

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230305636

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 4682

This book provides a guide to qualitative research methods in the multidisciplinary field of physical culture. Developing an approach based on the '7 Ps' of research, this text navigates a pathway through the research process that will be invaluable as a teaching tool and to experienced and inexperienced researchers alike.
Posted in Social Science

Physical Education Futures

Author: David Kirk

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135220239

Category: Education

Page: 184

View: 6009

Can we imagine a future in which physical education in schools no longer exists? In this controversial and powerful meditation on physical education, David Kirk argues that a number of different futures are possible. Kirk argues that multi-activity, sport-based forms of physical education have been dominant in schools since the mid-twentieth century and that they have been highly resistant to change. The practice of physical education has focused on the transmission of de-contextualised sport-techniques to large classes of children who possess a range of interests and abilities, where learning rarely moves beyond introductory levels. Meanwhile, the academicization of physical education teacher education since the 1970s has left teachers less well prepared to teach this programme than they were previously, suggesting that the futures of school physical education and physical education teacher education are intertwined. Kirk explores three future scenarios for physical education, arguing that the most likely short-term future is ‘more of the same’. He makes an impassioned call for radical reform in the longer-term, arguing that without it physical education faces extinction. No other book makes such bold use of history to interrogate the present and future configurations of the discipline, nor offers such a wide-ranging critique of physical culture and school physical education. This book is essential reading for all serious students and scholars of physical education and the history and theory of education.
Posted in Education

Inclusion and Exclusion Through Youth Sport

Author: Symeon Dagkas,Kathleen Armour

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136976183

Category: Education

Page: 288

View: 899

'We can reach far more people through sport than we can through political or educational programmes. In that way, sport is more powerful than politics. We have only just started to use its potential to build up this country. We must continue to do so.' – Nelson Mandela Nelson Mandela's statement reflects a widely held view that sport can contribute in unique and far-reaching ways to the delivery of important social outcomes. But is this really the case? Can sport bring people from different backgrounds together, and in so doing act as a force for social transformation and change? In the language of policymakers and practitioners, can sport contribute to social inclusion or could it be argued that sport acts to marginalize and disadvantage some groups in society? In other words could sport reinforce, rather than challenge, social inequality? Focusing on youth sport as a touchstone sector of sport in society, this book examines the theoretical and empirical bases of arguments for the role of sport in social inclusion agendas. Authors are drawn from around the world and offer critical perspectives on assumptions underpinning the bold claims made about the power of sport. This book represents the most up-to-date and authoritative source of knowledge on inclusion and exclusion in youth sport. As such, it is essential reading for those who want to use sport to 'make a difference' in young people's lives. It is, therefore, recommended for students, researchers, policy makers and practitioners working in sports development, sports coaching, sport studies or physical education.
Posted in Education

Discourses of Olympism

From the Sorbonne 1894 to London 2012

Author: D. Chatziefstathiou,I. Henry

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137035560

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 305

View: 8082

This book evaluates the moral project of Olympism, analzying the changing value positions adopted in relation to the ideology of Olympism across the period from the 1890s to the present day. The book also analyzes discourses of Olympism concerned with youth, governance, sport for development and international relations.
Posted in Sports & Recreation

Pedagogy and Human Movement

Theory, Practice, Research

Author: Richard Tinning

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134088876

Category: Education

Page: 272

View: 4529

Across the full range of human movement studies and their many sub-disciplines, established institutional practices and forms of pedagogy are used to (re)produce valued knowledge about human movement. Pedagogy and Human Movement explores this pedagogy in detail to reveal its applications and meanings within individual fields. This unique book examines the epistemological assumptions underlying each of these pedagogical systems, and their successes and limitations as ways of (re)producing knowledge related to physical activity, the body, and health. It also considers how the pedagogical discourses and devices employed influence the ways of thinking, practice, dispositions and identities of those who work in the fields of sport, exercise and other human movement fields. With a scope that includes physical education, exercise and sports science, sports sociology and cultural studies, kinesiology, health promotion, human performance and dance, amongst other subjects, Pedagogy and Human Movement is the most comprehensive study of pedagogical cultures in human movement currently available. It is an invaluable resource for anybody with an interest in human movement studies.
Posted in Education

Becoming Women

The Embodied Self in Image Culture

Author: Carla Rice

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442668261

Category: Social Science

Page: 408

View: 8697

In a culture where beauty is currency, women’s bodies are often perceived as measures of value and worth. The search for visibility and self-acceptance can be daunting, especially for those on the cultural margins of “beauty.” Becoming Women offers a thoughtful examination of the search for identity in an image-oriented world. That search is told through the experiences of a group of women who came of age in the wake of second and third wave feminism, featuring voices from marginalized and misrepresented groups. Carla Rice pairs popular imagery with personal narratives to expose the “culture of contradiction” where increases in individual body acceptance have been matched by even more restrictive feminine image ideals and norms. With insider insights from the Dove Campaign for Real Beauty, Rice exposes the beauty industry’s colonization of women’s bodies, and examines why “the beauty myth” has yet to be resolved.
Posted in Social Science

Introduction to Kinesiology

Studying Physical Activity

Author: Shirl J. Hoffman

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 1450434320

Category: Medical

Page: 536

View: 7835

"Introduction to Kinesiology: Studying Physical Activity, Fourth Edition," offers the most cohesive introduction to the field of kinesiology available, giving students a solid background in the field and preparing them for further study and course work.
Posted in Medical

Handbook of Physical Education

Author: David Kirk,Doune Macdonald,Mary O'Sullivan

Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited

ISBN: 9780761944126

Category: Education

Page: 864

View: 7495

What is the condition of the field of Physical Education? How is it adapted to the rise of kinesiology, sport and exercise science and human movement studies over the last thirty years? This Handbook provides an authoritative critical overview of the field and identifies future challenges and directions. The Handbook is divided in to six sections: Perspectives and Paradigms in Physical Education Research; Cross-disciplinary Contributions to Research Philosophy; Learning in Physical Education; Teaching Styles and Inclusive Pedagogies; Physical Education Curriculum; and Difference and Diversity in Physical Education.
Posted in Education

The Culture of AIDS in Africa

Hope and Healing Through Music and the Arts

Author: Gregory Barz,Judah M. Cohen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019978003X

Category: Music

Page: 528

View: 6881

The Culture of AIDS in Africa enters into the many worlds of expression brought forth across this vast continent by the ravaging presence of HIV/AIDS. Africans and non-Africans, physicians and social scientists, journalists and documentarians share here a common and essential interest in understanding creative expression in crushing and uncertain times. They investigate and engage the social networks, power relationships, and cultural structures that enable the arts to convey messages of hope and healing, and of knowledge and good counsel to the wider community. And from Africa to the wider world, they bring intimate, inspiring portraits of the performers, artists, communities, and organizations that have shared with them their insights and the sense they have made of their lives and actions from deep within this devastating epidemic. Covering the wide expanse of the African continent, the 30 chapters include explorations of, for example, the use of music to cope with AIDS; the relationship between music, HIV/AIDS, and social change; visual approaches to HIV literacy; radio and television as tools for "edutainment;" several individual artists' confrontations with HIV/AIDS; various performance groups' response to the epidemic; combating HIV/AIDS with local cultural performance; and more. Source material, such as song lyrics and interviews, weaves throughout the collection, and contributions by editors Gregory Barz and Judah M. Cohen bookend the whole, to bring together a vast array of perspectives and sources into a nuanced and profoundly affective portrayal of the intricate relationship between HIV/AIDS and the arts in Africa.
Posted in Music

Handbook of Health Behavior Research IV

Relevance for Professionals and Issues for the Future

Author: David S. Gochman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489904840

Category: Psychology

Page: 532

View: 9709

Volume 4 considers the importance of health behavior research in practical settings. Particularly notable are treatments of the "narrative approach", the taxonomy of health behavior, and the organization of health behavior knowledge. Each volume features extensive supplementary and integrative material prepared by the editor, the detailed index to the entire four-volume set, and a glossary of health behavior terminology.
Posted in Psychology

Social Sciences in Sport

Author: Maguire, Joseph

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 0736089586

Category: Education

Page: 400

View: 7763

Social Sciences in Sport presents discipline-specific knowledge in the social sciences, which aids in understanding the problems and potential of contemporary sport practices and experiences. This interdisciplinary reference provides in-depth coverage of sport studies and 14 social sciences, drawing connections across these disciplines to illuminate key issues and illustrate possibilities for change.
Posted in Education

The Routledge physical education reader

Author: Richard Bailey,David Kirk

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415446013

Category: Education

Page: 420

View: 6423

Physical Education teaching and research is fundamental to the physical and social health of our communities. The Routledge Physical Education Reader presents an authoritative and representative selection of the very best international scholarship in PE, drawn from across the full topical range of the discipline. Containing a rich blend of contemporary, 'classic' and hard-to-find articles, this book helps students gain a full understanding of the historical context in which current issues and debates within PE have emerged. Leading international scholars Richard Bailey and David Kirk weave a thoughtful editorial commentary throughout the book that illuminates each key theme, making insightful and important connections between articles and approaches. The book is divided into eight thematic sections, each of which includes an extensive guide to further reading: Nature and values of physical education Physical education and sport Physical education and health Learners and learning Teachers and teaching Curriculum and content Social construction of bodies Researching physical education Addressing the most important topics in contemporary physical education, and representing a comprehensive 'one-stop' resource, The Routledge Physical Education Reader is essential reading for all serious students of physical education, sport, coaching, exercise and health. Richard Bailey is Professor of Pedagogy at the Froebel Institute, in Roehampton University's pioneering School of Education. David Kirk is Professor of Physical Education and Youth Sport at Leeds Metropolitan University, where he has been Dean of the Carnegie Faculty of Sport and Education since 2004. He is editor of the journal Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy.
Posted in Education

Endurance Running

A Socio-Cultural Examination

Author: William Bridel,Pirkko Markula,Jim Denison

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317609379

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 272

View: 578

Running is a fundamental human activity and holds an important place in popular culture. In recent decades it has exploded in popularity as a leisure pursuit, with marathons and endurance challenges exerting a strong fascination. Endurance Running is the first collection of original qualitative research to examine distance running through a socio-cultural lens, with a general objective of understanding the concept and meaning of endurance historically and in contemporary times. Adopting diverse theoretical and methodological approaches to explore topics such as historical conceptualizations of endurance, lived experiences of endurance running, and the meaning of endurance in individual lives, the book reveals how the biological, historical, psychological, and sociological converge to form contextually specific ideas about endurance running and runners. Endurance Running is an essential book for anybody researching across the entire spectrum of endurance sports and fascinating reading for anybody working in the sociology of sport or the body, cultural studies or behavioural science.
Posted in Sports & Recreation

International Encyclopedia of the Sociology of Education

Author: Lawrence J. Saha

Publisher: Pergamon Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 961

View: 662

"This book provides a state-of-the-art resource, for an international audience, of the cumulative results of research and to identify the substantive developments which will take the sociological study of educaion into the next century. This encyclopedia presents the full range of paradigms, theoretical points of view, together with many research methodologies." --Cover.
Posted in Education