Bloomer Girls

Women Baseball Pioneers

Author: Debra A Shattuck

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 025209879X

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 328

View: 1485

Disapproving scolds. Sexist condescension. Odd theories about the effect of exercise on reproductive organs. Though baseball began as a gender-neutral sport, girls and women of the nineteenth century faced many obstacles on their way to the diamond. Yet all-female nines took the field everywhere. Debra A. Shattuck pulls from newspaper accounts and hard-to-find club archives to reconstruct a forgotten era in baseball history. Her fascinating social history tracks women players who organized baseball clubs for their own enjoyment and found roster spots on men's teams. Entrepreneurs, meanwhile, packaged women's teams as entertainment, organizing leagues and barnstorming tours. If the women faced financial exploitation and indignities like playing against men in women's clothing, they and countless ballplayers like them nonetheless staked a claim to the nascent national pastime. Shattuck explores how the determination to take their turn at bat thrust female players into narratives of the women's rights movement and transformed perceptions of women's physical and mental capacity.
Posted in Sports & Recreation

No Girls in the Clubhouse

The Exclusion of Women from Baseball

Author: Marilyn Cohen

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 0786452978

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 228

View: 8191

Even though teenaged girl Jackie Mitchell once struck out Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig, women are still striking out on the hardball diamond. This book builds on recently published histories of women as amateur and professional players, umpires, sports commentators and fans to analyze the cultural and historical contexts for excluding females from America’s pastime. Drawing on anthropological and feminist perspectives, the book examines the ways that constructions of women’s bodies and normative social roles have pushed them toward softball instead of baseball. Sportswriter accounts, Title IX sex-discrimination suits, and interviews with players explore the obstacles and the social isolation of females who join all-male baseball teams, while also discussing policies that inhibit the practice.
Posted in Sports & Recreation

Women in Baseball

The Forgotten History

Author: Gai Berlage

Publisher: Praeger Trade

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 208

View: 9282

In 1974, the Supreme Court forced Little League to change its rules and permit girls to play baseball on boys' teams. However, women have played baseball in the US for over 100 years. This book charts the forgotten story of women in baseball and the contribution they have made to the game.
Posted in Sports & Recreation

Stolen Bases

Why American Girls Don't Play Baseball

Author: Jennifer Ring

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252032829

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 5178

A revealing look at the history of women's exclusion from America's national pastime
Posted in Social Science

Touching Base

Professional Baseball and American Culture in the Progressive Era

Author: Steven A. Riess

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780252067754

Category: Social Science

Page: 308

View: 8642

RIESS, TOUCHING BASERIESS/Touching BaseNow revised and expanded, Touching Base examines the myths as well as the realities, symbols, and rituals of ""America's favorite pastime."" Steven Riess details the relationships among urban politics, communities, and baseball, exploring how debates over issues such as Sunday games, ballpark construction, and the promotion of the game were shaped by Progressive Era sensibilities. Focusing on Atlanta, New York, and Chicago, Riess analyzes the spectators, owners, and players to evaluate how baseball both influenced and mirrored broader society.
Posted in Social Science

A Game of Their Own

Voices of Contemporary Women in Baseball

Author: Jennifer Ring

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0803269943

Category: GAMES

Page: 408

View: 9783

In 2010 twenty American women were selected to represent Team USA in the fourth Women's Baseball World Cup in Caracas, Venezuela; most Americans, however, had no idea such a team even existed. A Game of Their Own chronicles the largely invisible history of women in baseball and offers an account of the 2010 Women's World Cup tournament. Jennifer Ring includes oral histories of eleven members of the U.S. Women's National Team, from the moment each player picked up a bat and ball as a young girl to her selection for Team USA. Each story is unique, but they share common themes that will resonate with young female players and fans alike: facing skepticism and taunts from players and parents when taking the batter's box or the pitcher's mound, self-doubt, the unceasing pressure to switch to softball, and eventual acceptance by their baseball teammates as they prove themselves as ballplayers. These racially, culturally, and economically diverse players from across the country have ignored the message that their love of the national pastime is "wrong." Their stories come alive as they recount their battles and most memorable moments playing baseball--the joys of exceeding expectations and the pleasure of honing baseball skills and talent despite the lack of support. With exclusive interviews with players, coaches, and administrators, A Game of Their Own celebrates the U.S. Women's National Team and the excellence of its remarkable players. In response to the jeer "No girls allowed!" these are powerful stories of optimism, feistiness, and staying true to oneself.
Posted in GAMES

Women in Sports

50 Fearless Athletes Who Played to Win

Author: Rachel Ignotofsky

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 1607749785

Category: ART

Page: 128

View: 7294

"Illustrated profiles of fifty pioneering female athletes, from the author of the New York Times bestseller Women in Science. A charmingly illustrated and inspiring book, Women in Sports highlights the achievements and stories of fifty notable women athletes--from well-known figures like tennis player Billie Jean King and gymnast Simone Biles, to lesser-known athletes like skateboarding pioneer Patti McGee and Toni Stone, the first woman to play baseball in a men's professional league. Covering more than forty sports, this fascinating collection also contains infographics about notable women's teams throughout history, pay and media statistics for female athletes, and muscle anatomy. Women in Sports celebrates the success of the tough, bold, and fearless women who paved the way for the next generation of athletes"--
Posted in ART

Qualifying Times

Points of Change in U.S. Women's Sport

Author: Jaime Schultz

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252095960

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 9216

This perceptive, lively study explores U.S. women's sport through historical "points of change": particular products or trends that dramatically influenced both women's participation in sport and cultural responses to women athletes. Beginning with the seemingly innocent ponytail, the subject of the Introduction, scholar Jaime Schultz challenges the reader to look at the historical and sociological significance of now-common items such as sports bras and tampons and ideas such as sex testing and competitive cheerleading. Tennis wear, tampons, and sports bras all facilitated women’s participation in physical culture, while physical educators, the aesthetic fitness movement, and Title IX encouraged women to challenge (or confront) policy, financial, and cultural obstacles. While some of these points of change increased women's physical freedom and sporting participation, they also posed challenges. Tampons encouraged menstrual shame, sex testing (a tool never used with male athletes) perpetuated narrowly-defined cultural norms of femininity, and the late-twentieth-century aesthetic fitness movement fed into an unrealistic beauty ideal. Ultimately, Schultz finds that U.S. women's sport has progressed significantly but ambivalently. Although participation in sports is no longer uncommon for girls and women, Schultz argues that these "points of change" have contributed to a complex matrix of gender differentiation that marks the female athletic body as different than--as less than--the male body, despite the advantages it may confer.
Posted in Social Science

The All-American Girls After the AAGPBL

How Playing Pro Ball Shaped Their Lives

Author: Kat D. Williams

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 0786472359

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 192

View: 1605

"Dr. Williams set out to answer a question from her students who asked her for real life examples of how sports made a larger difference in women's lives. This book is the result of that research and readers will be amazed and inspired by the stories they read. There can be no doubt after reading about the careers of the players that their lives were transformed. With a focus on economics, travel, education and patriotism readers will never again wonder about the transforming power of sports."--Leslie Heaphy, Kent State University at Stark, editor of Encyclopedia of Women and Baseball. The hit 1992 film A League of Their Own made the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League famous. But the players' stories remain largely untold. The 600 women who played for the AAGPBL through the 1940s and 1950s enjoyed a rare opportunity to lead independent lives as well-paid professional athletes. Their experiences in the league led many to education and careers they never imagined. The league's greater mission was saving America's pastime as millions of men fought in World War II. This sense of commitment to a larger cause stayed with the players throughout their lives. As teachers, coaches and role models, they strove to broaden the horizons of girls and young women. Many continued to be involved in athletics, supporting the efforts leading to Title IX and the women's sports revolution. Today, they are dedicated to preserving the history of women in baseball and creating opportunities for girls to play.
Posted in Sports & Recreation

The Set-Up Men

Race, Culture and Resistance in Black Baseball

Author: Sarah L. Trembanis

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 1476616574

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 240

View: 6547

This book is an examination of cultural resistance to segregation in the world of black baseball through an analysis of editorial art, folktales, nicknames, "manhood" and the art of clowning. African Americans worked to dismantle Jim Crow through the creation of a cultural counter-narrative that centered on baseball and the Negro Leagues that celebrated black achievement and that highlighted the contradictions and fallacies of white supremacy in the first half of the twentieth century.
Posted in Sports & Recreation

The Unlevel Playing Field

A Documentary History of the African American Experience in Sport

Author: David Kenneth Wiggins,Patrick B. Miller

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780252028205

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 493

View: 4154

This extraordinarily rich compendium of primary sources charts the significant, intertwining history of African Americans and sport. The Unlevel Playing Field contains more than one hundred documents -- ranging chronologically from a challenge issued by prize fighter Tom Molineaux in the London Times in 1810 to a forward-looking interview with Harry Edwards in 2000. Introductions and head-notes provided by David K. Wiggins and Patrick B. Miller place each document in context, shaping an unrivaled narrative.Readers will find dozens of accounts taken from newspapers (both black and white), periodicals, and autobiographies, by literary and sports figures, activists, historians, and others. Frederick Douglass, W. E. B. DuBois, Booker T. Washington, Marcus Garvey, James Weldon Johnson, Richard Wright, A. S. "Doc" Young, Eldredge Cleaver, Nikki Giovanni, John Edgar Wideman, bell hooks, James Baldwin, Roy Wilkins, Henry Louis Gates, and Gerald Early are included here.Tracing the participation of blacks in American sport from the days of slavery, The Unlevel Playing Field touches on nearly every major sport and covers the full sweep of America's past. Documents include discussions of the color line in organized baseball during the Jim Crow era and athletics in the American army, as well as portraits of turn-of-the-century figures like the champion sprint cyclist Marshall "Major" Taylor and boxers George Dixon and Jack Johnson.Other selections tackle the National Tennis Association championship, high school basketball, debates over participation of black athletes in the 1968 Olympics, and the place of African American women in sport. Countless pioneering and modern-day African American athletes are spotlighted here, from Jackie Robinson, Jesse Owens, Joe Louis, Muhammad Ali, and Althea Gibson, to Michael Jordan, Tiger Woods, and Venus and Serena Williams.A thorough and informative bibliographical essay by Wiggins and Miller concludes the volume.
Posted in Sports & Recreation

Negro Baseball-- Before Integration

Author: Effa Manley,Leon Herbert Hardwick

Publisher: St Johann Press

ISBN: 9781878282446

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 184

View: 9304

Previous ed.: Chicago: Adams Press, c1976.
Posted in Sports & Recreation

The New American Sport History

Recent Approaches and Perspectives

Author: S. W. Pope

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780252065675

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 423

View: 9471

Posted in Sports & Recreation

Making My Pitch

A Woman's Baseball Odyssey

Author: Ila Jane Borders,Jean Hastings Ardell

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0803285302

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 264

View: 1846

Making My Pitch tells the story of Ila Jane Borders, who despite formidable obstacles became a Little League prodigy, MVP of her otherwise all-male middle school and high school teams, the first woman awarded a baseball scholarship, and the first to pitch and win a complete men’s collegiate game. After Mike Veeck signed Borders in May 1997 to pitch for his St. Paul Saints of the independent Northern League, she accomplished what no woman had done since the Negro Leagues era: play men’s professional baseball. Borders played four professional seasons and in 1998 became the first woman in the modern era to win a professional ball game. Borders had to find ways to fit in with her teammates, reassure their wives and girlfriends, work with the media, and fend off groupies. But these weren’t the toughest challenges. She had a troubled family life, a difficult adolescence as she struggled with her sexual orientation, and an emotionally fraught college experience as a closeted gay athlete at a Christian university. Making My Pitch shows what it’s like to be the only woman on the team bus, in the clubhouse, and on the field. Raw, open, and funny at times, her story encompasses the loneliness of a groundbreaking pioneer who experienced grave personal loss. Borders ultimately relates how she achieved self-acceptance and created a life as a firefighter and paramedic and as a coach and goodwill ambassador for the game of baseball.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

Queen of the Negro Leagues

Effa Manley and the Newark Eagles

Author: James Overmyer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781578860012

Category: Social Science

Page: 297

View: 2974

The story of a championship baseball team and an extraordinary woman who make her mark despite gender and race discrimination.
Posted in Social Science

The Most Famous Woman in Baseball

Effa Manley and the Negro Leagues

Author: Bob Luke

Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.

ISBN: 159797546X

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 256

View: 9811

Never one to mince words, Effa Manley once wrote a letter to sportswriter Art Carter, saying that she hoped they could meet soon because “I would like to tell you a lot of things you should know about baseball.” From 1936 to 1948, Manley ran the Negro league Newark Eagles that her husband, Abe, owned for roughly a decade. Because of her business acumen, commitment to her players, and larger-than-life personality, she would leave an indelible mark not only on baseball but also on American history. Attending her first owners' meeting in 1937, Manley delivered an unflattering assessment of the league, prompting Pittsburgh Crawfords owner Gus Greenlee to tell Abe, “Keep your wife at home.” Abe, however, was not convinced, nor was Manley deterred. Like Greenlee, some players thought her too aggressive and inflexible. Others adored her. Regardless of their opinions, she dedicated herself to empowering them on and off the field. She meted out discipline, advice, and support in the form of raises, loans, job recommendations, and Christmas packages, and she even knocked heads with Branch Rickey, Bill Veeck, and Jackie Robinson. Not only a story of Manley's influence on the baseball world, The Most Famous Woman in Baseball vividly documents her social activism. Her life played out against the backdrop of the Jim Crow years, when discrimination forced most of Newark's blacks to live in the Third Ward, where prostitution flourished, housing was among the nation's worst, and only menial jobs were available. Manley and the Eagles gave African Americans a haven, Ruppert Stadium. She also proposed reforms at the Negro leagues' team owners' meetings, marched on picket lines, sponsored charity balls and benefit games, and collected money for the NAACP. With vision, beauty, intelligence, discipline, and an acerbic wit, Manley was a force of nature—and, as Bob Luke shows, one to be reckoned with.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

Girl Wonder

A Baseball Story in Nine Innings (with audio recording)

Author: Deborah Hopkinson

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1442484551

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 40

View: 9509

Did you ever hear the story of the Girl Wonder? Alta Weiss was born to play baseball, simple as that. From the age of two, when she hurls a corncob at a pesky tomcat, folks in her small Ohio town know one thing for sure: She may be a girl, but she's got some arm. When she's seventeen, Alta hears about a semipro team, the Independents. Here's her big chance! But one look at Alta's long skirts tells Coach all he needs to know -- girls can't play baseball! Faster than you can say "strike out!," Alta's convinced him to give her a chance. And so with the crowd buzzing and the big game up to her, Alta steps up to the pitcher's mound, determined to prove everybody wrong. Inspired by the life of pioneering female baseball player Alta Weiss, and dramatized by Terry Widener's bold illustrations, Girl Wonder tells the unforgettable story of a true American original.
Posted in Juvenile Fiction

Muhammad Ali, the People's Champ

Author: Elliott J. Gorn

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780252067211

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 200

View: 4529

Ali as cultural icon, antiwar protestor, narcissist . . . this is the first book to comprehensively evaluate Ali's import outside the ring.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

The Bloomer girls

Author: Charles Neilson Gattey

Publisher: Femina Books Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: Bloomer costume

Page: 192

View: 6447

Posted in Bloomer costume

Red Grange and the Rise of Modern Football

Author: John M. Carroll

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780252071669

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 265

View: 6272

Before the Super Bowl, before Monday Night Football, even before the NFL, there was Red Grange. Catapulted into the public eye in 1924 by scoring four touchdowns in twelve minutes for the University of Illinois, the "Galloping Ghost" went on to a trailblazing career as a professional player, star of Hollywood films, and broadcaster. He, Babe Ruth, and Jack Dempsey were among the nation's most heralded figures during the "golden age of sport" of the 1920s, and he was also on the cover of Sports Illustrated when that magazine did a special issue in 1991 on the greatest moments in sports. John Carroll depicts the career of this soft-spoken pioneer who helped lift pro football about its reputation as "a dirty little business run by rogues and bargain-basement entrepreneurs." A reluctant celebrity and folk hero, Red Grange throughout his life symbolized older, more rural American values. He was an unpretentious self-made individual who made his mark in a society increasingly controlled by machines, vast corporations, and stifling bureaucracies. His story is an essential element in understanding football's central place in American culture.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography