Blaming the Victim

How Global Journalism Fails Those in Poverty

Author: Jairo Lugo-Ocando

Publisher: Pluto Press

ISBN: 9780745334424

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 5697

Poverty, it seems, is a constant in today's news, usually the result of famine, exclusion or conflict. In Blaming the Victim, Jairo Lugo-Ocando sets out to deconstruct and reconsider the variety of ways in which the global news media misrepresent and decontextualise the causes and consequences of poverty worldwide. The result is that the fundamental determinant of poverty - inequality - is removed from their accounts. The books asks many biting questions. When - and how - does poverty become newsworthy? How does ideology come into play when determining the ways in which 'poverty' is constructed in newsrooms - and how do the resulting narratives frame the issue? And why do so many journalists and news editors tend to obscure the structural causes of poverty? In analysing the processes of news production and presentation around the world, Lugo-Ocando reveals that the news-makers' agendas are often as problematic as the geopolitics they seek to represent. This groundbreaking study reframes the ways in which we can think and write about the enduring global injustice of poverty.
Posted in Social Science

Blaming the Victim

How Global Journalism Fails Those in Poverty

Author: Jairo Lugo-Ocando

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781783712267

Category: Journalism

Page: 240

View: 9764

"Poverty is a recurrent theme in the news media, often linked to different underlying agendas. Issues such as famine, exclusion and conflict are regularly represented in the media as the consequence of poverty. However, there is no overarching consensus about what it is. Very different narratives and discourses shape the discussions of 'poverty' in the global news media. By so doing, journalists and news editors working for global media outlets often tend to obscure the structural causes of poverty and dismiss the very issue at the centre; that of inequality. This book deconstructs a spectrum of representations and misrepresentations of poverty in mainstream media outlets worldwide, investigating how and why poverty becomes newsworthy - and how the news media frames poverty, in ways that variously helps and hinders the public's understanding of poverty and its causes. The book looks at how journalistic ideologies, practices and news cultures define the way poverty is reported. It also examines issues such as the historical construction of discourses of poverty in the news and how news media represents visually poverty and inequality"--
Posted in Journalism

Evicted

Poverty and Profit in the American City

Author: Matthew Desmond

Publisher: Crown

ISBN: 0553447432

Category: POLITICAL SCIENCE

Page: 418

View: 3997

A Harvard sociologist examines the challenge of eviction as a formidable cause of poverty in America, revealing how millions of people are wrongly forced from their homes and reduced to cycles of extreme disadvantage that are reinforced by dysfunctional legal systems. Set in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
Posted in POLITICAL SCIENCE

Blaming the Victims

Spurious Scholarship and the Palestinian Question

Author: Edward W. Said,Christopher Hitchens

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859843406

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 6693

Blaming the Victims demonstrates with cold precision how the consistent denial of truth about the Palestinians by governments and the media in the West has led to the current impasse in Middle East politics. Controversial, forceful and above all honest it attempts to redress a sustained crime against historical truth in order to make a more rational political future in Palestine possible. With a new introduction by Edward Said and Christopher Hitchens and contributions by Norman G. Finkelstein, Peretz Kidron, Noam Chomsky, G.W. Bowerstock, Ibrahim Abu-Lughod, Rashid Khalidi, Janet L. Abu-Lughod, Muhammad Hallaj and Elia Zureik.
Posted in History

The Bottom Billion

Why the Poorest Countries are Failing and What Can Be Done About It

Author: Paul Collier

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019804254X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 8688

In the universally acclaimed and award-winning The Bottom Billion, Paul Collier reveals that fifty failed states--home to the poorest one billion people on Earth--pose the central challenge of the developing world in the twenty-first century. The book shines much-needed light on this group of small nations, largely unnoticed by the industrialized West, that are dropping further and further behind the majority of the world's people, often falling into an absolute decline in living standards. A struggle rages within each of these nations between reformers and corrupt leaders--and the corrupt are winning. Collier analyzes the causes of failure, pointing to a set of traps that ensnare these countries, including civil war, a dependence on the extraction and export of natural resources, and bad governance. Standard solutions do not work, he writes; aid is often ineffective, and globalization can actually make matters worse, driving development to more stable nations. What the bottom billion need, Collier argues, is a bold new plan supported by the Group of Eight industrialized nations. If failed states are ever to be helped, the G8 will have to adopt preferential trade policies, new laws against corruption, new international charters, and even conduct carefully calibrated military interventions. Collier has spent a lifetime working to end global poverty. In The Bottom Billion, he offers real hope for solving one of the great humanitarian crises facing the world today. "Set to become a classic. Crammed with statistical nuggets and common sense, his book should be compulsory reading." --The Economist "If Sachs seems too saintly and Easterly too cynical, then Collier is the authentic old Africa hand: he knows the terrain and has a keen ear.... If you've ever found yourself on one side or the other of those arguments--and who hasn't?--then you simply must read this book." --Niall Ferguson, The New York Times Book Review "Rich in both analysis and recommendations.... Read this book. You will learn much you do not know. It will also change the way you look at the tragedy of persistent poverty in a world of plenty." --Financial Times
Posted in Business & Economics

The Praxis of Social Inequality in Media

A Global Perspective

Author: Jan Servaes,Toks Oyedemi

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 1498523471

Category: Social Science

Page: 294

View: 4699

The Praxis of Social Inequality in Media: A Global Perspective provides a global analysis of the intersection of social inequalities, media, and communication. This volume contains chapters by an international array of scholars and provides case studies from various countries with critical empirical analysis of social inequalities and how they shape media narratives and experiences. The topics examined here include poverty in the media in Britain and Turkey, technology and inequality in Italy and Bangladesh, gender, inequality, and empowerment in India, Mexico, and Australia, and cross national analysis of rape culture, among others.
Posted in Social Science

Blaming the Victim

Author: William Ryan

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307760359

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 1150

The classic work that refutes the lies we tell ourselves about race, poverty and the poorHere are three myths about poverty in America:– Minority children perform poorly in school because they are “culturally deprived.”– African-Americans are handicapped by a family structure that is typically unstable and matriarchal. – Poor people suffer from bad health because of ignorance and lack of interest in proper health care. Blaming the Victim was the first book to identify these truisms as part of the system of denial that even the best-intentioned Americans have constructed around the unpalatable realities of race and class. Originally published in 1970, William Ryan's groundbreaking and exhaustively researched work challenges both liberal and conservative assumptions, serving up a devastating critique of the mindset that causes us to blame the poor for their poverty and the powerless for their powerlessness. More than twenty years later, it is even more meaningful for its diagnosis of the psychic underpinnings of racial and social injustice. From the Paperback edition.
Posted in Social Science

News, Numbers and Public Opinion in a Data-Driven World

Author: An Nguyen

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 1501330365

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 2448

From the quality of the air we breathe to the national leaders we choose, data and statistics are a pervasive feature of daily life and daily news. But how do news, numbers and public opinion interact with each other – and with what impacts on society at large? Featuring an international roster of established and emerging scholars, this book is the first comprehensive collection of research into the little understood processes underpinning the uses/misuses of statistical information in journalism and their socio-psychological and political effects. Moving beyond the hype around "data journalism," News, Numbers and Public Opinion delves into a range of more latent, fundamental questions such as: · Is it true that most citizens and journalists do not have the necessary skills and resources to critically process and assess numbers? · How do/should journalists make sense of the increasingly data-driven world? · What strategies, formats and frames do journalists use to gather and represent different types of statistical data in their stories? · What are the socio-psychological and political effects of such data gathering and representation routines, formats and frames on the way people acquire knowledge and form attitudes? · What skills and resources do journalists and publics need to deal effectively with the influx of numbers into in daily work and life – and how can newsrooms and journalism schools meet that need? The book is a must-read for not only journalists, journalism and media scholars, statisticians and data scientists but also anybody interested in the interplay between journalism, statistics and society.
Posted in Social Science

Very Good Lives

The Fringe Benefits of Failure and the Importance of Imagination

Author: J. K. Rowling

Publisher: Little, Brown

ISBN: 0316369144

Category: Self-Help

Page: 320

View: 4650

J.K. Rowling, one of the world's most inspiring writers, shares her wisdom and advice. In 2008, J.K. Rowling delivered a deeply affecting commencement speech at Harvard University. Now published for the first time in book form, VERY GOOD LIVES presents J.K. Rowling's words of wisdom for anyone at a turning point in life. How can we embrace failure? And how can we use our imagination to better both ourselves and others? Drawing from stories of her own post-graduate years, the world famous author addresses some of life's most important questions with acuity and emotional force. Sales of VERY GOOD LIVES will benefit both Lumos, a non-profit international organization founded by J.K. Rowling, which works to end the institutionalization of children around the world, and university-wide financial aid at Harvard University.
Posted in Self-Help

Twilight of the Elites

America After Meritocracy

Author: Christopher Hayes

Publisher: Broadway Books

ISBN: 0307720462

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 292

View: 8735

Analyzes scandals in high-profile institutions, from Wall Street and the Catholic Church to corporate America and Major League Baseball, while evaluating how an elite American meritocracy rose throughout the past half-century before succumbing to unprecedented levels of corruption and failure. 75,000 first printing.
Posted in Business & Economics

Half the Sky

Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide

Author: Nicholas D. Kristof,Sheryl WuDunn

Publisher: Knopf

ISBN: 9780307267146

Category: Political Science

Page: 294

View: 3157

A Pulitzer Prize-winning husband-and-wife team speaks out against the oppression of women in the developing world, sharing example stories about victims and survivors who are working to raise awareness, counter abuse, and campaign for women's rights.
Posted in Political Science

White Trash

The 400-year Untold History of Class in America

Author: Nancy Isenberg

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0670785970

Category: History

Page: 460

View: 6663

"A history of the class system in America from the colonial era to the present illuminates the crucial legacy of the underprivileged white demographic, citing the pivotal contributions of lower-class white workers in wartime, social policy, and the rise of the Republican Party"--NoveList.
Posted in History

Poverty Safari

Understanding the Anger of Britain's Underclass

Author: Darren McGarvey

Publisher: Pan Macmillan

ISBN: 152900635X

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 2659

The Sunday Times top ten bestseller. Winner on the Orwell Prize 2018. Darren McGarvey has experienced poverty and its devastating effects first-hand. He knows why people from deprived communities all around Britain feel angry and unheard. And he wants to explain . . . So he invites you to come on a safari of sorts. But not the kind where the wildlife is surveyed from a safe distance. This book takes you inside the experience of poverty to show how the pressures really feel and how hard their legacy is to overcome. Arguing that both the political left and right misunderstand poverty as it is actually lived, McGarvey sets out what everybody – including himself – could do to change things. Razor-sharp, fearless and brutally honest, Poverty Safari is an unforgettable insight into modern Britain.
Posted in Social Science

Nickel and Dimed

On (Not) Getting By in America

Author: Barbara Ehrenreich

Publisher: Metropolitan Books

ISBN: 9781429926645

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 9208

Our sharpest and most original social critic goes "undercover" as an unskilled worker to reveal the dark side of American prosperity. Millions of Americans work full time, year round, for poverty-level wages. In 1998, Barbara Ehrenreich decided to join them. She was inspired in part by the rhetoric surrounding welfare reform, which promised that a job -- any job -- can be the ticket to a better life. But how does anyone survive, let alone prosper, on $6 an hour? To find out, Ehrenreich left her home, took the cheapest lodgings she could find, and accepted whatever jobs she was offered. Moving from Florida to Maine to Minnesota, she worked as a waitress, a hotel maid, a cleaning woman, a nursing-home aide, and a Wal-Mart sales clerk. She lived in trailer parks and crumbling residential motels. Very quickly, she discovered that no job is truly "unskilled," that even the lowliest occupations require exhausting mental and muscular effort. She also learned that one job is not enough; you need at least two if you int to live indoors. Nickel and Dimed reveals low-rent America in all its tenacity, anxiety, and surprising generosity -- a land of Big Boxes, fast food, and a thousand desperate stratagems for survival. Read it for the smoldering clarity of Ehrenreich's perspective and for a rare view of how "prosperity" looks from the bottom. You will never see anything -- from a motel bathroom to a restaurant meal -- in quite the same way again.
Posted in Social Science

Crime Statistics in the News

Journalism, Numbers and Social Deviation

Author: Jairo Lugo-Ocando

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137398418

Category: Social Science

Page: 213

View: 4677

This book offers a comparative exploration of how journalists across different newsrooms around the world access and interpret statistics when producing stories related to crime. Looking at the nature of news sources regularly used by journalists, Lugo-Ocando analyses how these numbers are used to report crime. As the author argues, far from being straightforward, the relationship between numbers and journalists in the context of crime reporting is complex, and at times, problematic. Because the reporting of crime statistics impacts upon policymaking, we need to better understand how these statistics are used and reported in order to improve the process of decision. Finally, Lugo-Ocando maintains that the only way to create a fairer justice system and a better-informed general public is by improving the way crime is covered in the news. A compelling and informed text, this book will be of interest to scholars and students of criminology and journalism alike.
Posted in Social Science

Hillbilly Elegy

A Memoir of a Family and Culture in Crisis

Author: J. D. Vance

Publisher: HarperCollins

ISBN: 0062872257

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 4769

#1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER, NAMED BY THE TIMES AS ONE OF "6 BOOKS TO HELP UNDERSTAND TRUMP'S WIN" AND SOON TO BE A MAJOR-MOTION PICTURE DIRECTED BY RON HOWARD "You will not read a more important book about America this year."—The Economist "A riveting book."—The Wall Street Journal "Essential reading."—David Brooks, New York Times Hillbilly Elegy is a passionate and personal analysis of a culture in crisis—that of white working-class Americans. The disintegration of this group, a process that has been slowly occurring now for more than forty years, has been reported with growing frequency and alarm, but has never before been written about as searingly from the inside. J. D. Vance tells the true story of what a social, regional, and class decline feels like when you were born with it hung around your neck. The Vance family story begins hopefully in postwar America. J. D.’s grandparents were “dirt poor and in love,” and moved north from Kentucky’s Appalachia region to Ohio in the hopes of escaping the dreadful poverty around them. They raised a middle-class family, and eventually one of their grandchildren would graduate from Yale Law School, a conventional marker of success in achieving generational upward mobility. But as the family saga of Hillbilly Elegy plays out, we learn that J.D.'s grandparents, aunt, uncle, sister, and, most of all, his mother struggled profoundly with the demands of their new middle-class life, never fully escaping the legacy of abuse, alcoholism, poverty, and trauma so characteristic of their part of America. With piercing honesty, Vance shows how he himself still carries around the demons of his chaotic family history. A deeply moving memoir, with its share of humor and vividly colorful figures, Hillbilly Elegy is the story of how upward mobility really feels. And it is an urgent and troubling meditation on the loss of the American dream for a large segment of this country.
Posted in Social Science

The Rise of Victimhood Culture

Microaggressions, Safe Spaces, and the New Culture Wars

Author: Bradley Campbell,Jason Manning

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319703293

Category: Social Science

Page: 278

View: 7745

The Rise of Victimhood Culture offers a framework for understanding recent moral conflicts at U.S. universities, which have bled into society at large. These are not the familiar clashes between liberals and conservatives or the religious and the secular: instead, they are clashes between a new moral culture—victimhood culture—and a more traditional culture of dignity. Even as students increasingly demand trigger warnings and “safe spaces,” many young people are quick to police the words and deeds of others, who in turn claim that political correctness has run amok. Interestingly, members of both camps often consider themselves victims of the other. In tracking the rise of victimhood culture, Bradley Campbell and Jason Manning help to decode an often dizzying cultural milieu, from campus riots over conservative speakers and debates around free speech to the election of Donald Trump.
Posted in Social Science

Mao's Great Famine

The History of China's Most Devastating Catastrophe, 1958-62

Author: Frank Dikötter

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 0747595089

Category: History

Page: 420

View: 902

An unprecedented, groundbreaking history of China's Great Famine that recasts the era of Mao Zedong and the history of the People's Republic of China.
Posted in History

Hand to Mouth

Living in Bootstrap America

Author: Linda Tirado

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0425277976

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 240

View: 4199

Originally published in hardcover in 2014 by G.P. Putnam's Sons.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography