Biomimicry

Innovation Inspired by Nature

Author: Janine M. Benyus

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0061958921

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 1638

This profound and accessible book details how science is studying nature’s best ideas to solve our toughest 21st-century problems. If chaos theory transformed our view of the universe, biomimicry is transforming our life on Earth. Biomimicry is innovation inspired by nature – taking advantage of evolution’s 3.8 billion years of R&D since the first bacteria. Biomimics study nature’s best ideas: photosynthesis, brain power, and shells – and adapt them for human use. They are revolutionising how we invent, compute, heal ourselves, harness energy, repair the environment, and feed the world. Science writer and lecturer Janine Benyus names and explains this phenomenon. She takes us into the lab and out in the field with cutting-edge researchers as they stir vats of proteins to unleash their computing power; analyse how electrons zipping around a leaf cell convert sunlight into fuel in trillionths of a second; discover miracle drugs by watching what chimps eat when they’re sick; study the hardy prairie as a model for low-maintenance agriculture; and more.
Posted in Science

Biomimicry

Innovation Inspired by Nature

Author: Janine M. Benyus

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 9780061958922

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 824

This profound and accessible book details how science is studying nature’s best ideas to solve our toughest 21st-century problems. If chaos theory transformed our view of the universe, biomimicry is transforming our life on Earth. Biomimicry is innovation inspired by nature – taking advantage of evolution’s 3.8 billion years of R&D since the first bacteria. Biomimics study nature’s best ideas: photosynthesis, brain power, and shells – and adapt them for human use. They are revolutionising how we invent, compute, heal ourselves, harness energy, repair the environment, and feed the world. Science writer and lecturer Janine Benyus names and explains this phenomenon. She takes us into the lab and out in the field with cutting-edge researchers as they stir vats of proteins to unleash their computing power; analyse how electrons zipping around a leaf cell convert sunlight into fuel in trillionths of a second; discover miracle drugs by watching what chimps eat when they’re sick; study the hardy prairie as a model for low-maintenance agriculture; and more.
Posted in Science

Biomimicry

Innovation Inspired by Nature

Author: Janine M. Benyus

Publisher: HarperPerennial

ISBN: 9780688160999

Category: Human ecology

Page: 308

View: 2494

Biomimicry is a revolutionary new science that analyzes nature's best ideas--spider silk and eyes, seashells and brain cells, photosynthesis and DNA--and adapts them for human use. Janine Benyus takes us into the lab and out in the field with the maverick researchers who are discovering nature's ingenious solutions to the problem of human survival: studying leaves to learn how to make microscopic solar power packs that will clean up toxic spills and light our homes; harnessing DNA's coding power to make blindingly fast computers; discovering miracle drugs by observing what animals eat; and much more. The answers are there for the finding, poemlike in their elegance and economy.Anyone interested in the people and ideas that are shaping our future must read this book to know where the most exciting revelations lie--literally all around us.
Posted in Human ecology

Biomimicry

Author: Dora Lee,Margot Thompson

Publisher: Kids Can Press Ltd

ISBN: 1554534674

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 40

View: 3543

Discusses the many human inventions that have been inspired by nature, including biodegradable plastics, Velcro, and renewable energy resources, and suggests other natural processes that can be used to benefit modern human civilization.
Posted in Juvenile Nonfiction

Engineered Biomimicry

Author: Akhlesh Lakhtakia,Raúl José Martín-Palma

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0123914329

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 5956

Engineered Biomimicry covers a broad range of research topics in the emerging discipline of biomimicry. Biologically inspired science and technology, using the principles of math and physics, has led to the development of products as ubiquitous as VelcroTM (modeled after the spiny hooks on plant seeds and fruits). Readers will learn to take ideas and concepts like this from nature, implement them in research, and understand and explain diverse phenomena and their related functions. From bioinspired computing and medical products to biomimetic applications like artificial muscles, MEMS, textiles and vision sensors, Engineered Biomimicry explores a wide range of technologies informed by living natural systems. Engineered Biomimicry helps physicists, engineers and material scientists seek solutions in nature to the most pressing technical problems of our times, while providing a solid understanding of the important role of biophysics. Some physical applications include adhesion superhydrophobicity and self-cleaning, structural coloration, photonic devices, biomaterials and composite materials, sensor systems, robotics and locomotion, and ultra-lightweight structures. Explores biomimicry, a fast-growing, cross-disciplinary field in which researchers study biological activities in nature to make critical advancements in science and engineering Introduces bioinspiration, biomimetics, and bioreplication, and provides biological background and practical applications for each Cutting-edge topics include bio-inspired robotics, microflyers, surface modification and more
Posted in Science

Secret Language of Animals

A Guide to Remarkable Behavior

Author: Janine M. Benyus

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1603763651

Category: Nature

Page: 480

View: 6715

Unlock the secrets behind the behavior of the world's most fascinating creatures? from the Adélie penguin to the plains zebra to the giant panda?in this wonderfully written, beautifully illustrated book. In The Secret Language of Animals, biologist Janine Benyus takes us inside the animal kingdom and shows us the whys and the hows behind the distinctive behavior of creatures great and small in their natural environments. Divided geographically into five sections?Africa, Asia, North America, the oceans, and the poles?the book examines and describes the behavior, body language, and patterns of communication of 20 different animals: the gorilla, lion, African elephant, plains zebra, black rhinoceros, giraffe, ostrich, greater flamingo, Nile crocodile, giant panda, peacock, Komodo monitor, bottlenose dolphin, California sea lion, gray wolf, bald eagle, sandhill crane, beluga whale, polar bear, and Adélie penguin. For each animal, Benyus describes and explains basic behaviors (locomotion, feeding, drinking, bathing, grooming, sleeping), communication behavior (greeting, social play, group defense, conflict, aggression/submission, fighting, courtship, copulation), and parenting behavior (birth, care and feeding, teaching, communal care). The book is illustrated throughout with tender yet precise line drawings that beckon us to the animals and vividly capture everything from changing facial expressions to nurturing postures to playful and aggressive interactions. The text, too, is both intimate and informative, allowing for a deep connection with, and a great admiration for, each one of the animals.
Posted in Nature

Biomimicry in Architecture

Author: Michael Pawlyn

Publisher: Riba Publishing

ISBN: 9781859466285

Category:

Page: 176

View: 8230

When searching for genuinely sustainable building design and technology - designs that go beyond conventional sustainability to be truly restorative - we often find that nature got there first. Over 3.5 billion years of natural history have evolved innumerable examples of forms, systems, and processes that can be applied to modern green design. Aimed at architects, urban designers and product designers, this new edition of Biomimicry in Architecturelooks to the natural world to achieve radical increases in resource efficiency. Packed with case studies predicting future trends, this edition also contains updated and expanded chapters on structures, materials, waste, water, thermal control and energy, as well as an all-new chapter on light. An amazing sourcebook of extraordinary design solutions, Biomimicry in Architectureis a must-read for anyone preparing for the challenges of building a sustainable and restorative future.
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Biomimetics

Nature-Based Innovation

Author: Yoseph Bar-Cohen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439834776

Category: Medical

Page: 788

View: 8434

Mimicking nature – from science fiction to engineering reality Humans have always looked to nature’s inventions as a source of inspiration. The observation of flying birds and insects leads to innovations in aeronautics. Collision avoidance sensors mimic the whiskers of rodents. Optimization algorithms are based on survival of the fittest, the seed-picking process of pigeons, or the behavior of ant colonies. In recent years these efforts have become more intensive, with researchers seeking rules, concepts, and principles of biology to inspire new possibilities in materials, mechanisms, algorithms, and fabrication processes. A review of the current state of the art, Biomimetics: Nature Based Innovation documents key biological solutions that provide a model for innovations in engineering and science. Leading experts address a wide range of topics, including: Artificial senses and organs Mimicry at the cell–materials interface Multiscale modeling of plant cell wall architecture and tissue mechanics The making of biomimetic composites Electroactive polymer (EAP) actuators as artificial muscles EAP-based refreshable braille displays Biomimetic optics from the angles of biology and plants Biomimicry of flying birds, insects, and marine biology Applications of biomimetics in manufacturing, products, and medicine Robotics, including the development of human-like robots Biologically inspired design as a tool for interdisciplinary education The biomimetic process in artistic creation The final chapter outlines the challenges to biomimetic-related innovation and offers a vision for the future. A follow-up to Biomimetics: Biologically Inspired Technologies (2005), this comprehensive reference methodically surveys the latest advances in this rapidly emerging field. It features an abundance of illustrations, including a 32-page full-color insert, and provides extensive references for engineers and scientists interested in delving deeper into the study of biomimetics.
Posted in Medical

The Shark's Paintbrush

Biomimicry and How Nature is Inspiring Innovation

Author: Jay Harman

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1857889312

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 354

View: 2604

The wave of the future has been around since the beginning of times: it's called Nature. Let inventor and entrepreneur Jay Harman introduce you to stunning solutions to some of the world's thorniest problems. Why does the bumblebee have better aerodynamics than a 747? How can copying a butterfly wing reduce the world's lighting energy bill by 80%? How will fleas' knees and bees' shoulders help scientists formulate a near-perfect rubber? Today an interdisciplinary and international group of scientists, inventors and engineers is turning to nature to innovate and find elegant solutions to human problems. The principle driving this transformation is called biomimicry, and Harman shares a wide range of examples of how we're borrowing from natural models to invent profitable, green solutions to pressing industrial challenges. Aimed at a business audience, aspiring entrepreneurs, environmentalists and general science readers, The Shark's Paintbrush reflects a force of change in the new global economy that does more than simply gratify human industrial ambition; it teaches us how to live in harmony with nature and opens bright opportunities for a better future.
Posted in Business & Economics

Biomimicry for Optimization, Control, and Automation

Author: Kevin M. Passino

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781846280696

Category: Computers

Page: 926

View: 4859

Biomimicry uses our scienti?c understanding of biological systems to exploit ideas from nature in order to construct some technology. In this book, we focus onhowtousebiomimicryof the functionaloperationofthe “hardwareandso- ware” of biological systems for the development of optimization algorithms and feedbackcontrolsystemsthatextendourcapabilitiestoimplementsophisticated levels of automation. The primary focus is not on the modeling, emulation, or analysis of some biological system. The focus is on using “bio-inspiration” to inject new ideas, techniques, and perspective into the engineering of complex automation systems. There are many biological processes that, at some level of abstraction, can berepresentedasoptimizationprocesses,manyofwhichhaveasa basicpurpose automatic control, decision making, or automation. For instance, at the level of everyday experience, we can view the actions of a human operator of some process (e. g. , the driver of a car) as being a series of the best choices he or she makes in trying to achieve some goal (staying on the road); emulation of this decision-making process amounts to modeling a type of biological optimization and decision-making process, and implementation of the resulting algorithm results in “human mimicry” for automation. There are clearer examples of - ological optimization processes that are used for control and automation when you consider nonhuman biological or behavioral processes, or the (internal) - ology of the human and not the resulting external behavioral characteristics (like driving a car). For instance, there are homeostasis processes where, for instance, temperature is regulated in the human body.
Posted in Computers

Biomimmicry for Designers

Author: Veronika Kapsali

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780500518489

Category:

Page: 256

View: 6590

The first resource in the emerging field of biomimicry targeted directly at design professionals and students
Posted in

Biomimicry in Organizations

Business Management Inspired by Nature

Author: Fausto Tazzi

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781547195411

Category:

Page: 174

View: 8127

What would you do if you had 4 billion years to either improve or die?Chances are, you'd create the most finely-tuned machine in the known universe.Nature is a breathtaking project in survival and competition. The results have been spectacular. Nature has found a home in every corner of the globe - from the frigid ice sheets of Antarctica to the scalding waters around volcanic vents.That's testament to Nature's ability to succeed even in the face of enormous stresses. To do this, Nature has to be: Efficient Flexible Collaborative Creative Diverse These and other competitive traits of Nature have allowed it to thrive for billions of years - against enormous odds.Now, in Biomimicry for Organizations, you can examine for yourself the very qualities that Nature uses to resist the stresses of the surrounding environment and proliferate. You'll have access to insights based on the most competitive organizational model on the planet.Start your journey towards greater organizations today: Discover the qualities that Nature uses to resist the stresses of the surrounding environments and proliferate Get access to insights based on the most competitive organizational models on the planet Discover how you can make these solutions work for you and your organization Make your business, your team, your processes more efficient Re-envision problems and opportunities, overcome roadblocks to success and optimal functioning Obtain radical improvements in the organization of your resources All of this shown - in a plain and simple English - with New edition, with enhanced emphasis on key concepts and simple workshop suggestions to put biomimicry at work for you now.
Posted in

Nature Got There First

Inventions Inspired by Nature

Author: Phil Gates

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 0753464101

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 64

View: 6434

Describes a variety of inventions and techniques inspired by discoveries in nature such as the use of plant burrs in Velcro and the jet propulsion of the squid in aircraft.
Posted in Juvenile Nonfiction

Biomimicry Resource Handbook

A Seed Bank of Best Practices

Author: Dayna Baumeister,Jessica Smith,Rose Tocke,Jamie Dwyer,Sherry Ritter

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 9781505634648

Category: Reference

Page: 286

View: 8871

The Biomimicry Resource Handbook: A Seed Bank of Best Practices contains over 250 pages of our most current biomimicry thinking, methodology, and tools for naturalizing biomimicry into the culture. We believe there is no better design partner than nature. But biomimicry is more than just looking at the shape of a flower or dragonfly and becoming newly inspired; it's a methodology that's being used by some of the biggest companies and innovative universities in the world. While reading this text you'll be immersed into the world of Biomimicry the “verb”, you'll gain a competitive edge, and a fresh perspective on how the world around us can, does, and should work. After reading the text, you'll be well on your way to thinking in systems, designing in context, identifying patterns, and most importantly seeing the millions of organisms around us….differently. The text is directly applicable to designers, biologists, engineers, entrepreneurs and intrapreneurs, but has also proven valuable to students, educators, and a wide variety of other disciplines. Visit biomimicry.net to learn more. A digital version is available at shop.biomimicrygroup.com
Posted in Reference

Zugunruhe

The Inner Migration To Profound Environmental Change

Author: Jason F. McLennan

Publisher: BookBaby

ISBN: 0982690223

Category: Architecture

Page: 364

View: 2144

Just prior to periods of great migration, certain species display agitation and restlessness - a phenomenon referred to by scientists as ‘zugunruhe’. McLennan identifies a similar pattern emerging among people yearning for a sustainable future. This book is intended as a catalyst for anyone interested in exploring a deeper, more meaningful connection to the environmental movement. “Zugunruhe is a work of creative genius that draws us into an engaging journey of self-discovery, brings the biggest and most frightening issues of our time up close, and invites our engagement,” notes David Korten, “It will leave you envisioning human possibilities you never previously imagined.” Profound, personal and practical, McLennan’s narrative reminds us that individual efforts ripple outward and can lead to revolutionary change for the betterment of people and planet.
Posted in Architecture

Keywords for Environmental Studies

Author: William A. Gleason,David N. Pellow

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814762964

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 240

View: 2875

Understandings of “nature” have expanded and changed, but the word has not lost importance at any level of discourse: it continues to hold a key place in conversations surrounding thought, ethics, and aesthetics. Nowhere is this more evident than in the interdisciplinary field of environmental studies. Keywords for Environmental Studies analyzes the central terms and debates currently structuring the most exciting research in and across environmental studies, including the environmental humanities, environmental social sciences, sustainability sciences, and the sciences of nature. Sixty essays from humanists, social scientists, and scientists, each written about a single term, reveal the broad range of quantitative and qualitative approaches critical to the state of the field today. From “ecotourism” to “ecoterrorism,” from “genome” to “species,” this accessible volume illustrates the ways in which scholars are collaborating across disciplinary boundaries to reach shared understandings of key issues—such as extreme weather events or increasing global environmental inequities— in order to facilitate the pursuit of broad collective goals and actions. This book underscores the crucial realization that every discipline has a stake in the central environmental questions of our time, and that interdisciplinary conversations not only enhance, but are requisite to environmental studies today.
Posted in Literary Criticism

Adapt

How We Can Learn from Nature's Strangest Inventions

Author: Amina Khan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781786492296

Category: Design

Page: 352

View: 4654

Posted in Design

Biologically Inspired Design

Computational Methods and Tools

Author: Ashok K Goel,Daniel A McAdams,Robert B. Stone

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447152484

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 325

View: 4661

From simple cases such as hook and latch attachments found in Velcro to articulated-wing flying vehicles, biology often has been used to inspire many creative design ideas. The scientific challenge now is to transform the paradigm into a repeatable and scalable methodology. Biologically Inspired Design explores computational techniques and tools that can help integrate the method into design practice. With an inspiring foreword from Janine Benyus, Biologically Inspired Design contains a dozen chapters written by some of the leading scholars in the transdisciplinary field of bioinspired design, such as Frank Fish, Julian Vincent and Jeannette Yen from biology, and Amaresk Chakrabarti, Satyandra Gupta and Li Shu from engineering. Based in part on discussions at two workshops sponsored by the United States National Science Foundation, this volume introduces and develops several methods and tools for bioinspired design including: Information-processing theories, Natural language techniques, Knowledge-based tools, and Functional approaches and Pedagogical techniques. By exploring these fundamental theories, techniques and tools for supporting biologically inspired design, this volume provides a comprehensive resource for design practitioners wishing to explore the paradigm, an invaluable guide to design educators interested in teaching the method, and a preliminary reading for design researchers wanting to investigate bioinspired design.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Biomorphic Structures

Architecture Inspired by Nature

Author: Asterios Agkathidis

Publisher: Laurence King Publishing

ISBN: 9781780679471

Category: Architecture

Page: 160

View: 5070

From leaves to liquids, caves to crystal formations, nature has always been a major source of inspiration for architects. This book examines how nature can act as a precedent for design solutions through twelve case studies. Packed with computer drawings, sketches, models, and photographs, this will be an ideal resource of ideas for students in their studio work, as well as for practicing architects.
Posted in Architecture