Biology and Wildlife of the Mediterranean Region

Author: Jacques Blondel,James Aronson

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198500351

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 7253

The Mediterranean is an outstanding 'hot-spot' of biological diversity. It is exceptional not only for this, but also because of its long history of interactions between its human inhabitants and the other fauna and flora of the region. The cradle of many civilizations, the Mediterranean region has been host to humans for thousands of years. This book is the first to synthesise our current understanding of the ecology, biology, and geology of Mediterranean animals, birds, and plants, and their habitats. The authors focus on the unique historical determinants and spatial patterns of Mediterranean biodiversity. In particular, the dramatic impacts of long-term human activities on the region's landscapes, flora, and fauna, are considered. This fascinating story will be of interest to researchers and students in ecology, biology, conservation, and geography, as well as to naturalists, and ecotourists visiting this popular holiday region.
Posted in Science

Biological Invasions in Europe and the Mediterranean Basin

Author: F. di Castri,A.J. Hansen,M Debussche

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792304111

Category: Science

Page: 463

View: 7995

In view of the massive change in the area of distribution of many world biota across classical biogeographical realms, and of the drastic restructuring of the biotic components of numerous ecosystems, the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) decided at its general Assembly in Ottawa, Canada, in 1982 to launch a project on the 'Ecology of Biological Invasions'. Several regional meetings were subsequently organized within the framework of SCOPE, in order to single out the peculiarities of the invasions that took place in each region, the behaviour of their invasive species and the invasibility of their ecosystems. Most noteworthy among such workshops were one in Australia in August 1984, one concerning North America and Hawaii in October 1984, and one dealing with southern Africa in November 1985. A leitmotiv of these workshops was that most of the invasive species to those regions were emanating from Europe and the Mediterranean Basin, inadvertently or intentionally introduced by man. It was therefore considered as a timely endeavour to organize the next regional meeting in relation to this region. The workshop on 'Biological Invasions in Europe and the Mediterranean Basin' was held in Montpellier, France, 21 to 23 May 1986, thanks to the financial support of SCOPE and of the A.W. Mellon Foundation, and the logistic facilities of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (C.N .R.S.).
Posted in Science

Natural Heritage

At the Interface of Nature and Culture

Author: Peter Howard,Thymio Papayannis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131796943X

Category: Science

Page: 142

View: 8261

It has become more and more accepted that nature conservation is not possible without taking into account human activities. Thus an integrated approach to both the natural and cultural heritage is being encouraged and developed. Gathering a number of distinguished authors with diverse backgrounds (from a religious leader to academics to conservation scientists), the book aims to investigate the relationship between human beings and nature, between nature and culture. Looking at nature as ‘heritage’ of the human race is a recognition both of the tremendous impacts (both positive and negative) that human activities have had on the natural environment, as well as the acceptance of human responsibility for managing our planet in a sustainable and sensitive manner. The texts included examine this interface between human beings and nature in specific places (from the Everglades in Florida and Mont Saint Micelle in Atlantic France, to the UK, Europe and the Mediterranean), as well as on a theoretical basis, and in the context of the international biodiversity conventions.
Posted in Science

Watching Vesuvius

A History of Science and Culture in Early Modern Italy

Author: Sean Cocco

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226923711

Category: History

Page: 322

View: 8846

Mount Vesuvius has been famous ever since its eruption in 79 CE, when it destroyed and buried the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum. But less well-known is the role it played in the science and culture of early modern Italy, as Sean Cocco reveals in this ambitious and wide-ranging study. Humanists began to make pilgrimages to Vesuvius during the early Renaissance to experience its beauty and study its history, but a new tradition of observation emerged in 1631 with the first great eruption of the modern period. Seeking to understand the volcano’s place in the larger system of nature, Neapolitans flocked to Vesuvius to examine volcanic phenomena and to collect floral and mineral specimens from the mountainside. In Watching Vesuvius, Cocco argues that this investigation and engagement with Vesuvius was paramount to the development of modern volcanology. He then situates the native experience of Vesuvius in a larger intellectual, cultural, and political context and explains how later eighteenth-century representations of Naples—of its climate and character—grew out of this tradition of natural history. Painting a rich and detailed portrait of Vesuvius and those living in its shadow, Cocco returns the historic volcano to its place in a broader European culture of science, travel, and appreciation of the natural world.
Posted in History

The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology

Author: Peter Mitchell,Paul Lane

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191626155

Category: Social Science

Page: 1080

View: 5546

Africa has the longest and arguably the most diverse archaeological record of any of the continents. It is where the human lineage first evolved and from where Homo sapiens spread across the rest of the world. Later, it witnessed novel experiments in food-production and unique trajectories to urbanism and the organisation of large communities that were not always structured along strictly hierarchical lines. Millennia of engagement with societies in other parts of the world confirm Africa's active participation in the construction of the modern world, while the richness of its history, ethnography, and linguistics provide unusually powerful opportunities for constructing interdisciplinary narratives of Africa's past. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis of African archaeology, covering the entirety of the continent's past from the beginnings of human evolution to the archaeological legacy of European colonialism. As well as covering almost all periods and regions of the continent, it includes a mixture of key methodological and theoretical issues and debates, and situates the subject's contemporary practice within the discipline's history and the infrastructural challenges now facing its practitioners. Bringing together essays on all these themes from over seventy contributors, many of them living and working in Africa, it offers a highly accessible, contemporary account of the subject for use by scholars and students of not only archaeology, but also history, anthropology, and other disciplines.
Posted in Social Science

A Companion to Mediterranean History

Author: Peregrine Horden,Sharon Kinoshita

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118519337

Category: History

Page: 499

View: 1094

A Companion to Mediterranean History presents a wide-ranging overview of this vibrant field of historical research, drawing together scholars from a range of disciplines to discuss the development of the region from Neolithic times to the present. Provides a valuable introduction to current debates on Mediterranean history and helps define the field for a new generation Covers developments in the Mediterranean world from Neolithic times to the modern era Enables fruitful dialogue among a wide range of disciplines, including history, archaeology, art, literature, and anthropology
Posted in History

The Mountains of the Mediterranean World

Author: J. R. McNeill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521522885

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 408

An environmental history of the mountain areas of Turkey, Greece, Italy, Spain, and Morocco.
Posted in History

Ecology and Evolution of Communities

Author: Martin L. Cody,Jared M. Diamond

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674224445

Category: Nature

Page: 545

View: 2892

The evolution of species abundance and diversity; Competitive strategies of resource allocation; Community structure; Outlook.
Posted in Nature

Sharks of the Mediterranean

An Illustrated Study of All Species

Author: Alessandro De Maddalena,Harald Bänsch,Walter Heim

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 1476622949

Category: Social Science

Page: 236

View: 1154

This comprehensive study of sharks of the Mediterranean Sea provides a great deal of information about shark biology, human-shark interactions, recent research, and ecology and conservation in the region. The authors cover classification, common names, morphology, size, reproduction, diet, habitat, distribution, behavior, status and references to source materials for 50 species. Illustrations include dozens of rare photos and detailed author drawings.
Posted in Social Science

Landscape Disturbance and Biodiversity in Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems

Author: Philip W. Rundel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540644750

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 447

View: 4703

Human impact on natural landscapes through urbanization and agricultural expansion are becoming more and more dramatic and are the cause of serious environmental problems. This volume examines the effect of landscape disturbance on plant and animal diversity in the five mediterranean-climate regions of the world. It begins with three introductory chapters broadly reviewing the issues of landscape degradation. Further contributions describe regional land use conflicts in each of the five regions. Landscape disturbance and plant diversity, and landscape disturbance and animal diversity are treated in separate chapters. Four contributions deal with demography and ecophysiology in vegetation succession following disturbance. The volume closes with a consideration of the future addressing aspects of environmental politics.
Posted in Business & Economics

Guidelines for the Constitution of Ecological River Networks

Author: Edit Wenger

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9789287149930

Category: Corridors (Ecology)

Page: 37

View: 4344

The Pan-European Biological Network is intended to ensure that ecosystems, habitats, populations of species and landscapes of European importance are maintained in a good state of conservation. It aims to restore the biodiversity which is seriously endangered in Europe. Water-courses and the environments associated with them are natural corridors used by both animal species and humans. With their great natural wealth, connecting numerous elements within the corridor, both longitudinally and laterally, they are essential elements in the constitution of the Pan-European Ecological Network.
Posted in Corridors (Ecology)

Handbook of Sea-Level Research

Author: Ian Shennan,Antony J. Long,Benjamin P. Horton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118452577

Category: Science

Page: 600

View: 2315

Measuring sea-level change – be that rise or fall – is one of the most pressing scientific goals of our time and requires robust scientific approaches and techniques. This Handbook aims to provide a practical guide to readers interested in this challenge, from the initial design of research approaches through to the practical issues of data collection and interpretation from a diverse range of coastal environments. Building on thirty years of international research, the Handbook comprises 38 chapters that are authored by leading experts from around the world. The Handbook will be an important resource to scientists interested and involved in understanding sea-level changes across a broad range of disciplines, policy makers wanting to appreciate our current state of knowledge of sea-level change over different timescales, and many teachers at the university level, as well as advanced-level undergraduates and postgraduate research students, wanting to learn more about sea-level change. Additional resources for this book can be found at: www.wiley.com\go\shennan\sealevel
Posted in Science

Mammals of Algeria

Author: Kazimierz Kowalski,Barbara Rzebik-Kowalska

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mammals, Fossil

Page: 370

View: 3818

Posted in Mammals, Fossil

Identification of the Most Important Transboundary Protected Areas in Central and Eastern Europe

Author: Robert Brunner

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9789287149916

Category: Conservation of natural resources

Page: 30

View: 2090

The protection of transborder areas in an ecological network system which take account of clusters of conservation areas represents an important step towards protecting natural heritage in Europe. Cross-border co-operation can help provide larger protected areas with uniform management and thus make a considerable contribution to the conservation of biodiversity. This report reflects the transborder co-operation in countries of central and eastern Europe, including Russia, the Baltic countries, Belarus and Ukraine.
Posted in Conservation of natural resources

Biology, Conservation and Sustainable Development of Sturgeons

Author: Ramón Carmona,Alberto Domezain,Manuel García Gallego,José Antonio Hernando,Fernando Rodríguez,Manuel Ruiz-Rejón

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402084374

Category: Science

Page: 468

View: 3507

Sturgeons are considered “living fossils”, sharing many morphological and biological features with ancestral fish. Furthermore, sturgeons are of the utmost interest from an economic perspective, not only for the caviar but for the flesh. However, the wild populations of the majority of the species are at serious risk of extinction all over the world. So, it is urgent to develop strategies for both farming culture and conservation and recovery in natural habitats. This book provides a comprehensive view of the biology and sustainable development of sturgeons putting emphasis on the Southern Europe autochthonous species such as Acipenser nacarii and Acipenser sturio that share geographical distribution. Other relevant species (such as Huso huso, A. oxyrhinchus, A. ruthenus, A. stellatus) and areas (Germany, Russia, North America) are also considered. The contents are organised in three sections: Taxonomy and Biogeography (including the morphological and genetic analyses that clarify the taxonomy and phylogeny of sturgeons, focused on those from Southern Europe), Biology and Aquaculture (where several aspects of the developmental biology, feeding, and reproduction are considered in relation to the improvement of sturgeon farming), and Recovery and Conservation (that collates and analyses different recovery research actions, the ecology of the rivers for restoration as well as the problems related to the trade of caviar).
Posted in Science

Ecology and Conservation of Butterflies

Author: Andrew Pullin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0412569701

Category: Nature

Page: 363

View: 6184

This book was conceived to mark the Silver Jubilee of the British Butterfly Conservation Society. Interest in the conservation of butterflies has increased so rapidly that it is difficult to relate to the situation 25 years ago. Butterflies were on the decline in Britain, Europe and elsewhere but we lacked data on the extent of the decline and the underlying reasons, leaving us unable to implement effective conservation measures. An early recognition of the plight of British butterflies and moths led to the foundation of the society by a small group of conservationists in 1968. Today the society has over 10000 members, owns a number of reserves and sponsors research, conservation and monitoring activities at the local and national level. As part of the Silver Jubilee celebrations an international symposium was held at Keele University in September 1993 entitled 'Ecology and Conservation of Butterflies'. This symposium clearly showed how much important work has been done in recent years and also gave me the impression that the subject had reached a watershed. This was not because the decline of butterflies has stopped or even slowed down, far from it, the threat to our butterflies continues to increase from habitat destruction and intensification of land use. The watershed is in our understanding of the relationship between butterflies and their habitat.
Posted in Nature

The Conservation Biology of Tortoises

Author: Ian Richard Swingland,Michael W. Klemens,IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group

Publisher: IUCN

ISBN: 2880329868

Category: Testudinidae

Page: 204

View: 5724

Posted in Testudinidae

Animal farming and environmental interactions in the Mediterranean region

Author: Isabel Casasús,Jozo Rogosić,Andrea Rosati,Igor Stoković,Dunixi Gabiña

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9086867413

Category: Science

Page: 276

View: 3803

Livestock production systems are the result of an interaction between domestic animals and the environment, modulated by man, that dates back to Neolithic times. As a consequence of this interaction among the wide diversity of animal resources, natural habitats and population needs, very different farming systems have developed across the Mediterranean Basin. Understanding the mechanisms and effects of these relationships is key to design the farming systems best adapted to each condition, guaranteeing an adequate balance between target animal production and environmental outcomes provided by these systems. This is indeed a multidimensional topic, influenced by animal genetics, feeding resources, flock management, and economic and social aspects inside and outside the household. Therefore, this book focuses on the basis of the animal-environment interactions and the impact of human activities on the type and magnitude of these interactions. In this context, the issue of sustainability of livestock production is evaluated considering economic, social and environmental aspects. This book contributes to upgrade the state of the art in Mediterranean conditions, providing indicators and procedures of application across a wide range of systems, and hence of interest for researchers, students and professionals concerned with livestock production and the environment.
Posted in Science

Biodiversity of mediterranean ecosystems in Australia

Author: Richard J. Hobbs

Publisher: Surrey Beatty and Sons

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 246

View: 5235

Collection of papers written following a workshop on the ecosystem function of biodiversity in Mediterranean ecosystems of Australia, held by the CSIRO in Perth in December 1991. Discusses such topics as the impact of changes in land use and climate. Each chapter includes a list of references. The editor is a principal research scientist with CSIRO's Division of Wildlife and Ecology in Perth.
Posted in Nature