Biologically Inspired Design

Computational Methods and Tools

Author: Ashok K Goel,Daniel A McAdams,Robert B. Stone

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447152484

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 325

View: 5058

From simple cases such as hook and latch attachments found in Velcro to articulated-wing flying vehicles, biology often has been used to inspire many creative design ideas. The scientific challenge now is to transform the paradigm into a repeatable and scalable methodology. Biologically Inspired Design explores computational techniques and tools that can help integrate the method into design practice. With an inspiring foreword from Janine Benyus, Biologically Inspired Design contains a dozen chapters written by some of the leading scholars in the transdisciplinary field of bioinspired design, such as Frank Fish, Julian Vincent and Jeannette Yen from biology, and Amaresk Chakrabarti, Satyandra Gupta and Li Shu from engineering. Based in part on discussions at two workshops sponsored by the United States National Science Foundation, this volume introduces and develops several methods and tools for bioinspired design including: Information-processing theories, Natural language techniques, Knowledge-based tools, and Functional approaches and Pedagogical techniques. By exploring these fundamental theories, techniques and tools for supporting biologically inspired design, this volume provides a comprehensive resource for design practitioners wishing to explore the paradigm, an invaluable guide to design educators interested in teaching the method, and a preliminary reading for design researchers wanting to investigate bioinspired design.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Design Computing and Cognition '16

Author: John. S Gero

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319449893

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 704

View: 5344

This book gathers the peer-reviewed and revised versions of papers from the Seventh International Conference on Design Computing and Cognition (DCC'16), held at Northwestern University, Evanston (Chicago), USA, from 27–29 June 2016. The material presented here reflects cutting-edge design research with a focus on artificial intelligence, cognitive science and computational theories. The papers are grouped under the following nine headings, describing advances in theory and applications alike and demonstrating the depth and breadth of design computing and design cognition: Design Creativity; Design Cognition - Design Approaches; Design Support; Design Grammars; Design Cognition - Design Behaviors; Design Processes; Design Synthesis; Design Activity and Design Knowledge. The book will be of particular interest to researchers, developers and users of advanced computation in design across all disciplines, and to all readers who need to gain a better understanding of designing.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Rapid.Tech – International Trade Show & Conference for Additive Manufacturing

Proceedings of the 13th Rapid.Tech Conference Erfurt, Germany, 14 – 16 June 2016

Author: Wieland Kniffka,Michael Eichmann,Gerd Witt

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446450602

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 400

View: 967

3D-Druck und generative Fertigung – Was sind die spannendsten Neuentwicklungen Die Fachmesse und Anwendertagung Rapid.Tech richtet sich gezielt an Anwender und Entwickler generativer Fertigungstechnologien. Mit Teilnehmern aus über 20 Ländern ist sie eine der wichtigsten europäischen Informationsveranstaltungen zum Thema. Einzigartiger Bestandteil der Rapid.Tech ist ein hochkarätiger Kongress mit Anwendertagung für neue Technologien und Fachforen zu den Themen Wissenschaft, Werkzeuge, Luftfahrt und Medizintechnik. Der vorliegende Tagungsband enthält alle Beiträge des Kongresses und ist somit eine unverzichtbare Informationsquelle für alle, die über die neuesten Entwicklungen bei dieser Zukunftstechnologie auf dem Laufenden bleiben möchten.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

A Practical Guide to Bio-inspired Design

Author: Helena Hashemi Farzaneh,Udo Lindemann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662576848

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 262

View: 8363

Bio-inspired design (also called biomimetics or biomimicry) is a promising approach for the development of innovative technical products – not only in mechanical engineering, but also in areas such as material science and even computer engineering. Innovations such as humanoid robots or multifunctional materials have shown the potential of bio-inspired design. However, in industrial companies, bio-inspired design remains an “exotic” approach which is rarely used in innovation practice. One reason for this is a lack of knowledge on how to implement bio-inspired design in practice. Therefore, this guide book was written to explain the application of bio-inspired design methods and tools. The target groups are professional engineers and biologists, as well as students of both disciplines. The book presents a selection of methods for specific activities in bio-inspired design, namely: planning a bio-inspired design project, abstraction, search, analysis and comparison, and transfer of analogies. Factsheets give an overview of each method, its advantages and challenges, and its suitability for different bio-inspired design approaches and scenarios. To facilitate understanding, all methods are explained with the help of the same example. In addition, ten best practice examples show the practical applicability of bio-inspired design.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Case-Based Reasoning Research and Development

22nd International Conference, ICCBR 2014, Cork, Ireland, September 29, 2014 - October 1, 2014. Proceedings

Author: Luc Lamontagne,Enric Plaza

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319112090

Category: Computers

Page: 542

View: 6361

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning Research and Development (ICCBR 2014) held in Cork, Ireland, in September 2014. The 35 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 49 submissions. The presentations cover a wide range of CBR topics of interest both to researchers and practitioners including case retrieval and adaptation, similarity assessment, case base maintenance, knowledge management, recommender systems, multiagent systems, textual CBR, and applications to healthcare and computer games.
Posted in Computers

Chemische Sensoren

Eine Einführung für Naturwissenschaftler und Ingenieure

Author: Peter Gründler

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540350527

Category: Science

Page: 295

View: 5076

Die Forschung und Anwendungsentwicklung in dem Bereich chemischer und biochemischer Sensoren ist weiterhin in einem schnellen Wachstum begriffen. Die Erfahrungen des letzten Jahrzehnts haben jedoch gezeigt, dass die erfolgreiche Entwicklung solcher Sensoren, die auch den harten Routinebedingungen in den vielfältigen Anwendungsgebieten widerstehen, nur dann möglich ist, wenn Chemiker und Ingenieure kooperieren. Daher ist es das Ziel dieses Lehrbuches, sowohl Chemikern als auch Ingenieuren, Lebensmittel- und Biotechnologen in einer streng systematischen aber sehr praxisorientierten Darstellung die Technologie und die Anwendung chemischer Sensoren nahezubringen. Der interdisziplinäre Ansatz überbrückt die unterschiedlichen Denkweisen in Chemie, Physik und Ingenieurwissenschaften erfolgreich.
Posted in Science

Advances in Biologically Inspired Information Systems

Models, Methods, and Tools

Author: Falko Dressler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540726920

Category: Computers

Page: 302

View: 6099

Technology is taking us to a world where myriads of heavily networked devices interact with the physical world in multiple ways and at multiple scales, from the global Internet down to micro and nano devices. Many of these devices are highly mobile and must adapt to the surrounding environment in a totally unsupervised way. A fundamental research challenge is the design of robust decentralized computing systems that are capable of operating under changing environments and noisy input, and yet exhibit the desired behavior and response time, under constraints such as energy consumption, size, and processing power. Biological systems are able to handle many of these challenges with an elegance and efficiency still far beyond current human artifacts. The goal is to obtain methods on how to engineer technical systems, which have similar high stability and efficiency. With this book, we present a comprehensive overview of the most promising research directions in the area of bio-inspired computing. According to the broad spectrum addressed by the different book chapters, a rich variety of biological principles and their application to ICT systems are presented.
Posted in Computers

Theorie Technischer Systeme

Grundlagen einer wissenschaftlichen Konstruktionslehre

Author: Vladimir Hubka

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662104466

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 211

View: 9751

Posted in Technology & Engineering

The Design of Everyday Things

Psychologie und Design der alltäglichen Dinge

Author: Norman Don

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800648105

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 7451

Apple, Audi, Braun oder Samsung machen es vor: Gutes Design ist heute eine kritische Voraussetzung für erfolgreiche Produkte. Dieser Klassiker beschreibt die fundamentalen Prinzipien, um Dinge des täglichen Gebrauchs umzuwandeln in unterhaltsame und zufriedenstellende Produkte. Don Norman fordert ein Zusammenspiel von Mensch und Technologie mit dem Ziel, dass Designer und Produktentwickler die Bedürfnisse, Fähigkeiten und Handlungsweisen der Nutzer in den Vordergrund stellen und Designs an diesen angepasst werden. The Design of Everyday Things ist eine informative und spannende Einführung für Designer, Marketer, Produktentwickler und für alle an gutem Design interessierten Menschen. Zum Autor Don Norman ist emeritierter Professor für Kognitionswissenschaften. Er lehrte an der University of California in San Diego und der Northwest University in Illinois. Mitte der Neunzigerjahre leitete Don Norman die Advanced Technology Group bei Apple. Dort prägte er den Begriff der User Experience, um über die reine Benutzbarkeit hinaus eine ganzheitliche Erfahrung der Anwender im Umgang mit Technik in den Vordergrund zu stellen. Norman ist Mitbegründer der Beratungsfirma Nielsen Norman Group und hat unter anderem Autohersteller von BMW bis Toyota beraten. „Keiner kommt an Don Norman vorbei, wenn es um Fragen zu einem Design geht, das sich am Menschen orientiert.“ Brand Eins 7/2013 „Design ist einer der wichtigsten Wettbewerbsvorteile. Dieses Buch macht Spaß zu lesen und ist von größter Bedeutung.” Tom Peters, Co-Autor von „Auf der Suche nach Spitzenleistungen“
Posted in Business & Economics

Quantitative Biology

Theory, Computational Methods, and Models

Author: Brian Munsky,William S. Hlavacek,Lev S. Tsimring

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262347113

Category: Science

Page: 728

View: 5063

An introduction to the quantitative modeling of biological processes, presenting modeling approaches, methodology, practical algorithms, software tools, and examples of current research. The quantitative modeling of biological processes promises to expand biological research from a science of observation and discovery to one of rigorous prediction and quantitative analysis. The rapidly growing field of quantitative biology seeks to use biology's emerging technological and computational capabilities to model biological processes. This textbook offers an introduction to the theory, methods, and tools of quantitative biology. The book first introduces the foundations of biological modeling, focusing on some of the most widely used formalisms. It then presents essential methodology for model-guided analyses of biological data, covering such methods as network reconstruction, uncertainty quantification, and experimental design; practical algorithms and software packages for modeling biological systems; and specific examples of current quantitative biology research and related specialized methods. Most chapters offer problems, progressing from simple to complex, that test the reader's mastery of such key techniques as deterministic and stochastic simulations and data analysis. Many chapters include snippets of code that can be used to recreate analyses and generate figures related to the text. Examples are presented in the three popular computing languages: Matlab, R, and Python. A variety of online resources supplement the the text. The editors are long-time organizers of the Annual q-bio Summer School, which was founded in 2007. Through the school, the editors have helped to train more than 400 visiting students in Los Alamos, NM, Santa Fe, NM, San Diego, CA, Albuquerque, NM, and Fort Collins, CO. This book is inspired by the school's curricula, and most of the contributors have participated in the school as students, lecturers, or both. Contributors John H. Abel, Roberto Bertolusso, Daniela Besozzi, Michael L. Blinov, Clive G. Bowsher, Fiona A. Chandra, Paolo Cazzaniga, Bryan C. Daniels, Bernie J. Daigle, Jr., Maciej Dobrzynski, Jonathan P. Doye, Brian Drawert, Sean Fancer, Gareth W. Fearnley, Dirk Fey, Zachary Fox, Ramon Grima, Andreas Hellander, Stefan Hellander, David Hofmann, Damian Hernandez, William S. Hlavacek, Jianjun Huang, Tomasz Jetka, Dongya Jia, Mohit Kumar Jolly, Boris N. Kholodenko, Markek Kimmel, Michal Komorowski, Ganhui Lan, Heeseob Lee, Herbert Levine, Leslie M Loew, Jason G. Lomnitz, Ard A. Louis, Grant Lythe, Carmen Molina-París, Ion I. Moraru, Andrew Mugler, Brian Munsky, Joe Natale, Ilya Nemenman, Karol Nienaltowski, Marco S. Nobile, Maria Nowicka, Sarah Olson, Alan S. Perelson, Linda R. Petzold, Sreenivasan Ponnambalam, Arya Pourzanjani, Ruy M. Ribeiro, William Raymond, William Raymond, Herbert M. Sauro, Michael A. Savageau, Abhyudai Singh, James C. Schaff, Boris M. Slepchenko, Thomas R. Sokolowski, Petr Šulc, Andrea Tangherloni, Pieter Rein ten Wolde, Philipp Thomas, Karen Tkach Tuzman, Lev S. Tsimring, Dan Vasilescu, Margaritis Voliotis, Lisa Weber
Posted in Science

Bio-Inspired Systems: Computational and Ambient Intelligence

10th International Work-Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, IWANN 2009, Salamanca, Spain, June 10-12, 2009. Proceedings

Author: Joan Cabestany,Francisco Sandoval,Alberto Prieto,Juan M. Corchado,Juan Manuel Corchado Rodríguez

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642024777

Category: Computers

Page: 1356

View: 3944

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Work-Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, IWANN 2009, held in Salamanca, Spain in June 2009. The 167 revised full papers presented together with 3 invited lectures were carefully reviewed and selected from over 230 submissions. The papers are organized in thematic sections on theoretical foundations and models; learning and adaptation; self-organizing networks, methods and applications; fuzzy systems; evolutionary computation and genetic algoritms; pattern recognition; formal languages in linguistics; agents and multi-agent on intelligent systems; brain-computer interfaces (bci); multiobjetive optimization; robotics; bioinformatics; biomedical applications; ambient assisted living (aal) and ambient intelligence (ai); other applications.
Posted in Computers

Soft Computing Methods for Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Design Problems

Author: Narendra Chauhan,M.V. Kartikeyan,Ankush Mittal

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642255620

Category: Computers

Page: 114

View: 9681

The growing commercial market of Microwave/ Millimeter wave industry over the past decade has led to the explosion of interests and opportunities for the design and development of microwave components.The design of most microwave components requires the use of commercially available electromagnetic (EM) simulation tools for their analysis. In the design process, the simulations are carried out by varying the design parameters until the desired response is obtained. The optimization of design parameters by manual searching is a cumbersome and time consuming process. Soft computing methods such as Genetic Algorithm (GA), Artificial Neural Network (ANN) and Fuzzy Logic (FL) have been widely used by EM researchers for microwave design since last decade. The aim of these methods is to tolerate imprecision, uncertainty, and approximation to achieve robust and low cost solution in a small time frame. Modeling and optimization are essential parts and powerful tools for the microwave/millimeter wave design. This book deals with the development and use of soft computing methods for tackling challenging design problems in the microwave/millimeter wave domain. The aim in the development of these methods is to obtain the design in small time frame while improving the accuracy of the design for a wide range of applications. To achieve this goal, a few diverse design problems of microwave field, representing varied challenges in the design, such as different microstrip antennas, microwave filters, a microstrip-via and also some critical high power components such as nonlinear tapers and RF-windows are considered as case-study design problems. Different design methodologies are developed for these applications. The presents soft computing methods, their review for microwave/millimeter wave design problems and specific case-study problems to infuse better insight and understanding of the subject.
Posted in Computers

Die Information

Geschichte, Theorie, Flut

Author: James Gleick

Publisher: Redline Wirtschaft

ISBN: 3864142245

Category: Science

Page: 500

View: 4169

Blut, Treibstoff, Lebensprinzip - in seinem furiosen Buch erzählt Bestsellerautor James Gleick, wie die Information zum Kernstück unserer heutigen Zivilisation wurde. Beginnend bei den Wörtern, den "sprechenden" Trommeln in Afrika, über das Morsealphabet und bis hin zur Internetrevolution beleuchtet er, wie die Übermittlung von Informationen die Gesellschaften prägten und veränderten. Gleick erläutert die Theorien, die sich mit dem Codieren und Decodieren, der Übermittlung von Inhalten und dem Verbreiten der Myriaden von Botschaften beschäftigen. Er stellt die bekannten und unbekannten Pioniere der Informationsgesellschaft vor: Claude Shannon, Norbert Wiener, Ada Byron, Alan Turing und andere. Er bietet dem Leser neue Einblicke in die Mechanismen des Informationsaustausches. So lernt dieser etwa die sich selbst replizierende Meme kennen, die "DNA" der Informationen. Sein Buch ermöglicht ein neues Verständnis von Musik, Quantenmechanik - und eine gänzlich neue Sicht auf die faszinierende Welt der Informationen.
Posted in Science

Biologisches Design

Systematischer Katalog für bionisches Gestalten

Author: Werner Nachtigall

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540273697

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 746

View: 4057

Mit diesem Nachschlagewerk wird eine systematische Katalogisierung der Lösungen angeboten, die dem Designer oder Konstrukteur einen großen Fundus zur kreativen Umsetzung in der Technik liefert.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Kompendium Systembiologie

Mathematische Modellierung und Modellanalyse

Author: Andreas Kremling

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3834886076

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 8314

Das Buch beschreibt die Grundlagen der mathematischen Modellierung zellulärer Systeme. Nach einer Klassifikation von Modellen wird schwerpunktmäßig auf deterministische Modelle eingegangen und für alle relevanten zellulären Prozesse entsprechende Gleichungen angegeben. Anschließend werden eine Reihe von Verfahren zur Modellanalyse vorgestellt. Etwas kürzer werden Verfahren zum Reverse Engineering und zur Analyse von Netzwerkgraphen abgehandelt. Am Ende werden noch Verfahren der Parameteridentifikation besprochen.
Posted in Science

Biologically Inspired Artificial Intelligence for Computer Games

Author: Charles, Darryl

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781591406488

Category: Computers

Page: 278

View: 2528

"This book examines modern artificial intelligence to display how it may be applied to computer games. It spans the divide that exists between the academic research community working with advanced artificial intelligence and the games programming community which must create and release new and interesting games, creating an invaluable collection supporting both technological research and the gaming industry"--Provided by publisher.
Posted in Computers

Die Analogie

Das Herz des Denkens

Author: Douglas Hofstadter,Emmanuel Sander

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 3608106669

Category: Political Science

Page: 600

View: 3301

Sie steigen in einen Aufzug, mit dem Sie noch nie zuvor gefahren sind. Wissen Sie, was Sie tun müssen, um nach oben zu kommen? Natürlich – und der Grund dafür sind die Analogien: Der Aufzug funktioniert wie alle anderen Aufzüge. Alles, was wir wissen, setzen wir in Beziehungen und schaffen es dadurch, Ähnlichkeiten zu entdecken, uns im Chaos der Welt zurechtzufinden. Diese Ähnlichkeiten machen wir uns täglich und meist ganz unbewusst im Umgang mit Neuem und Fremdem zunutze. Wie dieses Feuerwerk des Denkens »funktioniert«, das zeigen Douglas Hofstadter, brillanter Autor und Pulitzer-Preisträger, und der Psychologe Emmanuel Sander. Sie nehmen uns mit auf eine abenteuerliche Reise in die Welt der Sprache und des Geistes – und sie zeigen uns, warum Gedanken ohne Einfluss der Vergangenheit undenkbar sind. Ein inspirierendes Lesevergnügen!
Posted in Political Science

Evolutionary and Biologically Inspired Music, Sound, Art and Design

Second International Conference, EvoMUSART 2013, Vienna, Austria, April 3-5, 2013, Proceedings

Author: Penousal Machado,James McDermott,Adrian Carballal

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642369553

Category: Computers

Page: 193

View: 6232

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Conference on Biologically Inspired Music, Sound, Art and Design, EvoMUSART 2013, held in Vienna, Austria, in March 2013, colocated with the Evo* 2013 events EuroGP, EvoCOP, EvoBIO, and EvoApplications. The 11 revised full papers and 5 poster papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 36 submissions. They cover a wide range of topics and application areas, including: generative approaches to music, graphics, game content, and narrative; robot gait creation; music information retrieval; computational aesthetics; the mechanics of interactive evolutionary computation; and the art theory of evolutionary computation.
Posted in Computers