Biological Anthropology

The Natural History of Humankind

Author: Craig Britton Stanford,John Scott Allen,Susan C. Antón,Susan C. Anton

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780131828926

Category: Social Science

Page: 604

View: 8101

Intended for undergraduate introductory physical anthropology, biological anthropology or human origins courses, this book aims to integrate the foundations and the innovations in the field.
Posted in Social Science

Homo Imperii

A History of Physical Anthropology in Russia

Author: Marina Mogilner

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 080324603X

Category: Social Science

Page: 504

View: 8028

It is widely assumed that the “nonclassical” nature of the Russian empire and its equally “nonclassical” modernity made Russian intellectuals immune to the racial obsessions of Western Europe and the United States. Homo Imperii corrects this perception by offering the first scholarly history of racial science in prerevolutionary Russia and the early Soviet Union. Marina Mogilner places this story in the context of imperial self-modernization, political and cultural debates of the epoch, different reformist and revolutionary trends, and the growing challenge of modern nationalism. By focusing on the competing centers of race science in different cities and regions of the empire, Homo Imperii introduces to English-language scholars the institutional nexus of racial science in Russia that exhibits the influence of imperial strategic relativism. Reminiscent of the work of anthropologists of empire such as Ann Stoler and Benedict Anderson, Homo Imperii reveals the complex imperial dynamics of Russian physical anthropology and contributes an important comparative perspective from which to understand the emergence of racial science in nineteenth- and twentieth-century Europe and America.
Posted in Social Science

Exploring Biological Anthropology

Author: Craig Britton Stanford,John Scott Allen,Susan C. Antón

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780134014012

Category: Physical anthropology

Page: 480

View: 8574

Posted in Physical anthropology

Cognitive Foundations of Natural History

Towards an Anthropology of Science

Author: Scott Atran

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521438711

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 2161

Inspired by a debate between Noam Chomsky and Jean Piaget, this work traces the development of natural history from Aristotle to Darwin, and demonstrates how the science of plants and animals has emerged from the common conceptions of folkbiology.
Posted in Science

Sapiens

A Brief History of Humankind

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0062316109

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 1215

New York Times Bestseller A Summer Reading Pick for President Barack Obama, Bill Gates, and Mark Zuckerberg From a renowned historian comes a groundbreaking narrative of humanity’s creation and evolution—a #1 international bestseller—that explores the ways in which biology and history have defined us and enhanced our understanding of what it means to be “human.” One hundred thousand years ago, at least six different species of humans inhabited Earth. Yet today there is only one—homo sapiens. What happened to the others? And what may happen to us? Most books about the history of humanity pursue either a historical or a biological approach, but Dr. Yuval Noah Harari breaks the mold with this highly original book that begins about 70,000 years ago with the appearance of modern cognition. From examining the role evolving humans have played in the global ecosystem to charting the rise of empires, Sapiens integrates history and science to reconsider accepted narratives, connect past developments with contemporary concerns, and examine specific events within the context of larger ideas. Dr. Harari also compels us to look ahead, because over the last few decades humans have begun to bend laws of natural selection that have governed life for the past four billion years. We are acquiring the ability to design not only the world around us, but also ourselves. Where is this leading us, and what do we want to become? Featuring 27 photographs, 6 maps, and 25 illustrations/diagrams, this provocative and insightful work is sure to spark debate and is essential reading for aficionados of Jared Diamond, James Gleick, Matt Ridley, Robert Wright, and Sharon Moalem.
Posted in Science

Skin

A Natural History

Author: Nina G. Jablonski

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520275896

Category: Science

Page: 266

View: 3192

The rich cultural canvas of the skin is placed within its broader biological context in a complete guidebook to the pliable covering that makes humans who they are.
Posted in Science

Readings for a History of Anthropological Theory, Fourth Edition

Author: Paul A. Erickson,Liam D. Murphy

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442606584

Category: Social Science

Page: 608

View: 636

This comprehensive anthology offers over 40 readings that are critical to the understanding of anthropological theory and the development of anthropology as an academic discipline. The fourth edition maintains a strong focus on the "four-field" roots of the discipline in North America but has been reorganized with a new section on twenty-first-century theory, including coverage of postcolonial and public anthropology. New key terms and introductions accompany each reading and a revamped glossary makes the book more student-friendly. Used on its own, or together with the overview text A History of Anthropological Theory, Fourth Edition, this anthology offers a flexible and unrivaled introduction to anthropological theory that reflects not only the history but also the changing nature of the discipline today. For additional resources, visit the "Teaching Theory" page at www.utpteachingculture.com.
Posted in Social Science

Method and Practice in Biological Anthropology

A Workbook and Laboratory Manual for Introductory Courses

Author: Samantha M. Hens

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780133825862

Category: Nature

Page: 320

View: 2560

A valuable resource for you Biological Anthropology lab Method and Practice in Biological Anthropology: A Workbook and Laboratory Manual for Introductory Courses complements a wide variety of introductory level laboratory courses in biological anthropology. It easily functions with a well-equipped laboratory, or it may be used as a primary source of photos and/or exercises, providing optimum flexibility to suit most laboratory environments. The book is organized into four sections, to reflect the organization of the typical introductory biological anthropology course: genetics and evolution, the human skeleton, non human primates, and our fossil ancestors. MySearchLab is a part of the Hens program. Research and writing tools, including access to academic journals, help students explore biological anthropology in even greater depth. To provide students with flexibility, students can download the eText to a tablet using the free Pearson eText app. NOTE: MySearchLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase the text with MySearchLab, order the package ISBN: 0133827917 / 9780133827910 Method and Practice in Biological Anthropology: A Workbook and Laboratory Manual for Introductory Courses Plus MySearchLab with eText -- Access Card Package Package consists of: 0205239927 / 9780205239924 MySearchLab with Pearson eText -- Valuepack Access Card 0133825868 / 9780133825862 Method and Practice in Biological Anthropology: A Workbook and Laboratory Manual for Introductory Courses
Posted in Nature

A Natural History of Rape

Biological Bases of Sexual Coercion

Author: Randy Thornhill,Craig T. Palmer

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262700832

Category: Medical

Page: 272

View: 2458

A biologist and an anthropologist use evolutionary biology to explain the causes and inform the prevention of rape.
Posted in Medical

The Anthropology of Obesity in the United States

Author: Anna Bellisari

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317402502

Category: Social Science

Page: 266

View: 4210

This volume examines the biocultural dimensions of obesity from an anthropological perspective in an effort to broaden understanding of a growing public health concern. The United States of America currently has the highest rates of obesity among developed countries, with an alarming rise in prevalence in recent decades which promises to affect the nation for years to come. Bellisari helps students to grasp the complex nature of this obesity epidemic, demonstrating that it is the consequence of many interacting forces which range from individual genetic and physiological predispositions to national policies and American cultural beliefs and practices. As much a social problem as an individual one, the development of obesity is in fact encouraged by the pattern of high consumption and physical inactivity that is promoted by American economic, political, and ideological systems. With a range of up-to-date scientific and medical data, The Anthropology of Obesity in the United States provides students with a comprehensive picture of obesity, its multiple causes, and the need for society-wide action to address the issue.
Posted in Social Science

The Human Evolution Coloring Book, 2e

Author: Coloring Concepts Inc.

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0062737171

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 1400

The completely revised Human Evolution Coloring Book Provides an authoritative, scientific background for understanding the origins of humanity Includes new discoveries and information essential for students of anthropology, primatology, paleontology, comparative anatomy, and genetics Brings together evidence from living primates, fossils, and molecular studies Explains the latest dating methods, including radioactive, paleomagnetic, and molecular clocks Surveys the world of living primates, their ecology, locomotion, diet, behavior, and life histories Clarifies the anatomical and behavioral similarities and differences between ourselves and our closest living relatives, the chimpanzee and the gorilla Resolves some long-standing mysteries about our relationship to the extinct Neanderthals
Posted in Science

Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology

Author: Joshua Blau

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315427761

Category: Social Science

Page: 534

View: 4464

Over the last 10 years interest in the disciplines of forensic anthropology and archaeology has exploded. In order to provide archaeologists and their students with a reliable understanding of these disciplines, this authoritative volume draws contributions from fifty experienced practitioners from around the world to offer a solid foundation in both the practical and ethical components of forensic work. Over 40 chapters weave together historical development, current field methods in analyzing crime, natural disasters and human atrocities, an array of laboratory techniques, key case studies, legal, professional, and ethical issues, and promising future directions, all from a global perspective. This volume will be the benchmark for the understanding of anthropological and archaeological forensics for years to come.
Posted in Social Science

Breastfeeding

New Anthropological Approaches

Author: Cecília Tomori,Aunchalee E. L. Palmquist,EA Quinn

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351383604

Category: Social Science

Page: 234

View: 4186

Breastfeeding: New Anthropological Approaches unites sociocultural, biological, and archaeological anthropological scholarship to spark new conversations and research about breastfeeding. While breastfeeding has become the subject of intense debate in many settings, anthropological perspectives have played a limited role in these conversations. The present volume seeks to broaden discussions around breastfeeding by showcasing fresh insights gleaned from an array of theoretical and methodological approaches, which are grounded in the close study of people across the globe. Drawing on case studies and analyses of key issues in the field, the book highlights the power of anthropological research to illuminate the evolutionary, historical, biological, and sociocultural context of the complex, lived experience of breastfeeding. By bringing together researchers across three anthropological subfields, the volume seeks to produce transformative knowledge about human lactation, breastfeeding, and human milk. This book is a key resource for scholars of medical and biological anthropology, evolutionary biology, bioarchaeology, sociocultural anthropology, and human development. Lactation professionals and peer supporters, midwives, and others who support infant feeding will find the book an essential read.
Posted in Social Science

The Evolution of Our Tribe

Hominini

Author: Barbara Welker

Publisher: Open SUNY Textbooks

ISBN: 9781942341413

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 5670

Where did we come from? What were our ancestors like? Why do we differ from other animals? How do scientists trace and construct our evolutionary history? The Evolution of Our Tribe: Hominini provides answers to these questions and more. The book explores the field of paleoanthropology past and present. Beginning over 65 million years ago, Welker traces the evolution of our species, the environments and selective forces that shaped our ancestors, their physical and cultural adaptations, and the people and places involved with their discovery and study. It is designed as a textbook for a course on Human Evolution but can also serve as an introductory text for relevant sections of courses in Biological or General Anthropology or general interest. It is both a comprehensive technical reference for relevant terms, theories, methods, and species and an overview of the people, places, and discoveries that have imbued paleoanthropology with such fascination, romance, and mystery.
Posted in

The Company of Strangers

A Natural History of Economic Life

Author: Paul Seabright

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400834785

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 400

View: 8205

The Company of Strangers shows us the remarkable strangeness, and fragility, of our everyday lives. This completely revised and updated edition includes a new chapter analyzing how the rise and fall of social trust explain the unsustainable boom in the global economy over the past decade and the financial crisis that succeeded it. Drawing on insights from biology, anthropology, history, psychology, and literature, Paul Seabright explores how our evolved ability of abstract reasoning has allowed institutions like money, markets, cities, and the banking system to provide the foundations of social trust that we need in our everyday lives. Even the simple acts of buying food and clothing depend on an astonishing web of interaction that spans the globe. How did humans develop the ability to trust total strangers with providing our most basic needs?
Posted in Business & Economics

Research Methods in Human Skeletal Biology

Author: Elizabeth A. DiGangi,Megan K. Moore

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123851890

Category: Law

Page: 552

View: 9753

Research Methods in Human Skeletal Biology serves as the one location readers can go to not only learn how to conduct research in general, but how research is specifically conducted within human skeletal biology. It outlines the current types of research being conducted within each sub-specialty of skeletal biology, and gives the reader the tools to set up a research project in skeletal biology. It also suggests several ideas for potential projects. Each chapter has an inclusive bibliography, which can serve as a good jumpstart for project references. Provides a step-by-step guide to conducting research in human skeletal biology Covers diverse topics (sexing, aging, stature and ancestry estimation) and new technologies (histology, medical imaging, and geometric morphometrics) Excellent accompaniment to existing forensic anthropology or osteology works
Posted in Law

Our Origins

Discovering Physical Anthropology, Third Edition

Author: Clark Spencer Larsen

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393921433

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 4279

The Third Edition of this best-selling text now includes an update to the evolutionary primate taxonomy and even more tools to help students grasp the major concepts in physical anthropology—including new, photorealistic art.
Posted in Social Science

Race, Evolution, and Behavior

A Life History Perspective

Author: J. Philippe Rushton

Publisher: Transaction Pub

ISBN: 9781560003205

Category: Social Science

Page: 358

View: 7352

Testing for racial differences in behavior has been much neglected over the past sixty years. And when not subject to neglect, to strongly negative imputations among professionals and politicians alike. According to J. Philippe Rushton, substantial racial differences do exist and their pattern can only be explained adequately from an evolutionary perspective. In Race, Evolution, and Behavior he reviews international data and finds a distinct pattern. People of East Asian ancestry and people of African ancestry are at opposite ends of a continuum, with people of European ancestry intermediate, albeit with much variability within each broad grouping. This volume is sure to be controversial as Rushton attempts nothing less than a paradigmatic change in the way social scientists approach their work, especially those concentrated in the study of racial differences. Race, Evolution, and Behavior must be read by sociologists, anthropologists, and black studies specialists.
Posted in Social Science

The Mismeasure of Man (Revised & Expanded)

Author: Stephen Jay Gould

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393340406

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 3809

The definitive refutation to the argument of The Bell Curve. When published in 1981, The Mismeasure of Man was immediately hailed as a masterwork, the ringing answer to those who would classify people, rank them according to their supposed genetic gifts and limits. And yet the idea of innate limits—of biology as destiny—dies hard, as witness the attention devoted to The Bell Curve, whose arguments are here so effectively anticipated and thoroughly undermined by Stephen Jay Gould. In this edition Dr. Gould has written a substantial new introduction telling how and why he wrote the book and tracing the subsequent history of the controversy on innateness right through The Bell Curve. Further, he has added five essays on questions of The Bell Curve in particular and on race, racism, and biological determinism in general. These additions strengthen the book's claim to be, as Leo J. Kamin of Princeton University has said, "a major contribution toward deflating pseudo-biological 'explanations' of our present social woes."
Posted in Science

How to Think Like an Anthropologist

Author: Matthew Engelke

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400889529

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 6212

From an award-winning anthropologist, a lively accessible, and at times irreverent introduction to the subject What is anthropology? What can it tell us about the world? Why, in short, does it matter? For well over a century, cultural anthropologists have circled the globe, from Papua New Guinea to suburban England and from China to California, uncovering surprising facts and insights about how humans organize their lives and articulate their values. In the process, anthropology has done more than any other discipline to reveal what culture means--and why it matters. By weaving together examples and theories from around the world, Matthew Engelke provides a lively, accessible, and at times irreverent introduction to anthropology, covering a wide range of classic and contemporary approaches, subjects, and practitioners. Presenting a set of memorable cases, he encourages readers to think deeply about some of the key concepts with which anthropology tries to make sense of the world—from culture and nature to authority and blood. Along the way, he shows why anthropology matters: not only because it helps us understand other cultures and points of view but also because, in the process, it reveals something about ourselves and our own cultures, too.
Posted in Social Science