Belligerent Reprisals

Author: Frits Kalshoven

Publisher: Brill - Nijhoff

ISBN: 9789004143869

Category: Law

Page: 389

View: 3791

Belligerent Reprisals examines the historical developments in the law and practice relating to recourse to belligerent reprisals, as a (primitive) means of law enforcement in the hands of a party to an armed conflict, victim of a violation of the law of war at the hands of its enemy. As a legal concept, the notion means that the victim in turn violates a rule of the same body of the law of war, with the purpose of thus inducing the enemy to terminate its unlawful conduct. However, the enemy may in its turn denounce the so-called reprisal as an unlawful act of war and retaliate against it, thus setting in motion the ill-famed spiral of negative reciprocity. While early lawmakers refrained from taking up the issue, prohibitions of reprisals could be achieved in conventions adopted in 1929 and 1949 on the protection of the power of the enemy. In contrast, reprisals (or retaliatory conduct announced under that title without meeting the requisite conditions) were common practice in the conduct of hostilities, with civilians in non-occupied territory as the main victims. With major governments disinclined to give up this tool, the ban on reprisals against civilian populations ultimately accepted in the Protocols of 1977 Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 1949 could only be hard-fought, and it remains contested to this day. First published in 1971, Belligerent Reprisals has become a classic work on this complex topic. The analysis of lawmaking and state practice it contains is as valid today as it was in the late 1970's, and elucidates the dilemmas inherent in the notion of belligerent reprisal, as a means of law enforcement that can go terribly wrong.
Posted in Law

Eine Erinnerung an Solferino

Author: Jean-Henry Dunant

Publisher: N.A


Category: Solferino, Battle of, 1859

Page: 128

View: 8184

Posted in Solferino, Battle of, 1859

International Humanitarian Law

Cases, Materials and Commentary

Author: Nicholas Tsagourias,Alasdair Morrison

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316996913

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 7009

Drawing together key documents, case law, reports and other essential materials, International Humanitarian Law offers students, lecturers and practitioners an accessible and critically informed account of the theory, law and practice of international humanitarian law. Providing comprehensive, thematic and targeted coverage of national and international cases and materials, this book successfully balances doctrine with practical application to help readers understand how the theories are applied in practice and navigate through jurisprudence with ease. Employing a critical and targeted commentary throughout, this book also helps readers to better understand the implications of the law and the challenges facing international humanitarian law today including: cyber war, detention, direct participation in hostilities, human rights in armed conflict and terrorism. Suitable for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students and practitioners, International Humanitarian Law offers a thematic and comprehensive treatment of the subject.
Posted in Law

Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law - 2002

Author: Avril McDonald

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9789067041898

Category: Law

Page: 1022

View: 3708

The world’s only annual publication devoted to the study of the laws of armed conflict, the Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law provides a truly international forum for high-quality, peer-reviewed academic articles focusing on this highly-topical branch of international law. The Yearbook also includes a selection of documents from the reporting period, many of which are not accessible elsewhere and a comprehensive bibliography of all recent publications in humanitarian law and other relevant fields. Ease of use of the Yearbook is guaranteed by the inclusion of a detailed index. Distinguished by its topicality and contemporary relevance, the Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law bridges the gap between theory and practice and serves as a useful reference tool for scholars, practitioners, military personnel, civil servants, diplomats, human rights workers and students.
Posted in Law

Implementation of International Humanitarian Law

Research Papers by Participants in the 1986 Session of the Centre for Studies and Research in International Law and International Relations of the Hague Academy of International Law

Author: Frits Kalshoven,Yves Sandoz,Peter Mac Alister-Smith,Bruno Zimmermann

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9024737842

Category: Law

Page: 472

View: 8636

Su Wei.
Posted in Law

Das Vo?lkerrecht

Author: F. von Liszt

Publisher: Рипол Классик

ISBN: 5873185263

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 6938

Posted in History

Die neuen Kriege

Author: Herfried Münkler

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644011214

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 2372

Das Zeitalter der zwischenstaatlichen Kriege geht offenbar zu Ende. Aber der Krieg ist keineswegs verschwunden, er hat nur seine Erscheinungsform verändert. In den neuen Kriegen spielen nicht mehr die Staaten die Hauptrolle, sondern Warlords, Söldner und Terroristen. Die Gewalt richtet sich vor allem gegen die Zivilbevölkerung; Hochhäuser werden zu Schlachtfeldern, Fernsehbilder zu Waffen. Herfried Münkler macht die Folgen dieser Entwicklung deutlich. Er zeigt, wie mit dem Verschwinden von klassischen Schlachten und Frontlinien auch die Unterscheidung von Krieg und Frieden brüchig geworden ist, und erörtert, wie man den besonderen Gefahren begegnen kann, die von den neuen Kriegen ausgehen.
Posted in Political Science

Menschlichkeit für alle

die Weltbewegung des Roten Kreuzes und des Roten Halbmonds

Author: Hans Haug

Publisher: N.A


Category: Human rights

Page: 715

View: 7024

Posted in Human rights

Searching for a 'Principle of Humanity' in International Humanitarian Law

Author: Kjetil Mujezinović Larsen,Camilla Guldahl Cooper,Gro Nystuen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107021847

Category: Law

Page: 365

View: 4144

An examination of whether there is a legally independent 'principle of humanity' in international humanitarian law.
Posted in Law

The Handbook of International Humanitarian Law

Author: Dieter Fleck,Michael Bothe

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199658803

Category: History

Page: 714

View: 9028

This handbook offers the most up-to-date authoritative commentary and analysis of international humanitarian law applicable in international and non-international armed conflicts. Renowned international lawyers offer insight in the relevant principles and provisions. They also address important rules for post-conflict situations and peace operations, issues of human rights in military operations and problems of application of the law in campaigns against terroristattacks. Controversial opinions and judgments of national and international courts are addressed in a practice-oriented manner. Based on best-practice rules of global importance, this standard bookelaborates extensively on efforts to ensure compliance and enforcement.
Posted in History

Essays on war in international law

Author: C. J. Greenwood

Publisher: N.A


Category: Law

Page: 700

View: 4968

The essays contained in this volume deal both with the law concerning resort to force (jus ad bellum) and the law which regulates the conduct of hostilities once the decision to resort to force has been taken (jus in bello). The collection looks at Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in 1990 and shift towards the interpretation of decisions of the Security Council rather than the reliance on the law of self-defence in assessing the legality or illegality of a state's resort to force. Also addressed are questions of whether international law permits the pre-emptive use of force and humanitarian intervention. The collection also contributes to the debates surrounding the law on the conduct of hostilities (the laws of war, properly so called), including intense debate over whether nuclear weapons could ever lawfully be employed, whether there is a role for belligerent reprisals in modern international law, the system for the prosecution of war crimes and the duties of the belligerent occupant.
Posted in Law

The Italian Yearbook of International Law

Author: Benedetto Conforti,Luigi Ferrari Bravo,Francesco Francioni

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff

ISBN: 9789004173255

Category: International law

Page: 472

View: 908

"The Italian Yearbook of International Law" aims at making accessible to the English speaking public the Italian contribution to the practice and literature of international law. Volume XVII (2007) is organised in three main sections. The first contains doctrinal contributions on the timely issue of the individual right of access to justice and focuses on the Inter-American human rights system, on remedies against acts of international organisations and UN Security Council's targeted sanctions, and on the participation of "amici curiae" in investor-State arbitrations. This section includes also shorter notes on current developments in the field of private military contractors and foreign direct investment in the development of cultural heritage, as well as surveys of the practice of ICJ, ITLOS, international criminal tribunals, WTO, ICSID, and the ECtHR. The second section covers the Italian practice in the areas of i) judicial decisions; ii) diplomatic and parliamentary practice; iii) treaty practice; and iv) national legislation. The third section contains a systematic bibliographical index of Italian literature in the field of international law and reviews of recent books. The volume ends with an analytical index for ready consultation that includes the main judicial cases and legal instruments cited throughout the "Yearbook,"
Posted in International law

Humanitäres Völkerrecht

politische, rechtliche und strafgerichtliche Dimensionen

Author: Jana Hasse,Erwin Müller,Patricia Schneider

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783789071744

Category: Civil rights

Page: 597

View: 7472

Posted in Civil rights

Ueber Verbrechen und Strafen

Author: Cesare Beccaria,J. Glaser

Publisher: Рипол Классик

ISBN: 5883753272

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 7549

Posted in History

International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law

Author: René Provost

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139432532

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 6956

How do international human rights and humanitarian law protect vulnerable individuals in times of peace and war? Provost analyses systemic similarities and differences between the two to explore how they are each built to achieve their similar goal. He details the dynamics of human rights and humanitarian law, revealing that each performs a task for which it is better suited than the other, and that the fundamentals of each field remain partly incompatible. This helps us understand why their norms succeed in some ways and fail - at times spectacularly - in others. Provost's study represents innovative and in-depth research, covering all relevant materials from the UN, ICTY, ICTR, and regional organizations in Europe, Africa and Latin America. This will interest academics and graduate students in international law and international relations, as well as legal practitioners in related fields and NGOs active in human rights.
Posted in Law

Kriege als (Über)Lebenswelten

Schattenglobalisierung, Kriegsökonomien und Inseln der Zivilität

Author: Peter Lock

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783801203375

Category: Conflict management

Page: 327

View: 4164

Posted in Conflict management

Advanced Introduction to International Humanitarian Law

Author: Robert Kolb

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1783477520

Category: Law

Page: 232

View: 1839

This innovative book provides a thought-provoking introduction to international humanitarian law. Robert Kolb explores the field through questions _ which are at times challenging and controversial _ in order to get to the very essence of the subject a
Posted in Law