Behavioral and Social Science Research:

A National Resource

Author: Committee on Basic Research in the Behavioral and Social Sciences,National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309032784

Category: Social Science

Page: 121

View: 4769

Behavioral and Social Science Research: A National Resource specifies appropriate criteria for assessing the value, significance, and social utility of basic research in the social sciences. This report identifies illustrative areas of basic research in the social sciences that have developed analytic frameworks of high social utility and describes the development of these frameworks and their utilization. It also identifies illustrative areas of basic research in the social sciences that are likely to be of high value, significance, and/or social utility in the near future, reviews the current state of knowledge in these areas, and indicates research efforts needed to bring these areas to their full potential.
Posted in Social Science

Research Methods for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

Author: Bart L. Weathington,Christopher J. L. Cunningham,David J. Pittenger

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470458038

Category: Psychology

Page: 647

View: 3909

This book integrates research methods and the interpretation of statistics in a comprehensive yet easy to understand format. Technical information is provided so instructors can show students what is "under the hood" of the techniques being used, with a focus on the application of statistical methods and designing and conducting meaningful research. In addition, it broadly represents the behavioral and social sciences, rather than being overly specific to a particular discipline.
Posted in Psychology

Behavioral and Social Science Research

A National Resource

Author: Committee on Basic Research in the Behavioral and Social Sciences,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309594472

Category: Social Science

Page: 115

View: 5338

Behavioral and Social Science Research: A National Resource specifies appropriate criteria for assessing the value, significance, and social utility of basic research in the social sciences. This report identifies illustrative areas of basic research in the social sciences that have developed analytic frameworks of high social utility and describes the development of these frameworks and their utilization. It also identifies illustrative areas of basic research in the social sciences that are likely to be of high value, significance, and/or social utility in the near future, reviews the current state of knowledge in these areas, and indicates research efforts needed to bring these areas to their full potential.
Posted in Social Science

A Strategy for Assessing Science

Behavioral and Social Research on Aging

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Center for Studies of Behavior and Development,Committee on Assessing Behavioral and Social Science Research on Aging

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309180443

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 5335

A Strategy for Assessing Science offers strategic advice on the perennial issue of assessing rates of progress in different scientific fields. It considers available knowledge about how science makes progress and examines a range of decision-making strategies for addressing key science policy concerns. These include avoiding undue conservatism that may arise from the influence of established disciplines; achieving rational, high-quality, accountable, and transparent decision processes; and establishing an appropriate balance of influence between scientific communities and agency science managers. A Strategy for Assessing Science identifies principles for setting priorities and specific recommendations for the context of behavioral and social research on aging.
Posted in Social Science

The Behavioral and Social Sciences:

Achievements and Opportunities

Author: Committee on Basic Research in the Behavioral and Social Sciences,National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309037492

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 5085

This volume explores the scientific frontiers and leading edges of research across the fields of anthropology, economics, political science, psychology, sociology, history, business, education, geography, law, and psychiatry, as well as the newer, more specialized areas of artificial intelligence, child development, cognitive science, communications, demography, linguistics, and management and decision science. It includes recommendations concerning new resources, facilities, and programs that may be needed over the next several years to ensure rapid progress and provide a high level of returns to basic research.
Posted in Science

Behavioral and Social Science

50 Years of Discovery

Author: Neil J. Smelser,Dean R. Gerstein

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 298

View: 9060

In 1933, President Herbert Hoover commissioned the "Ogburn Report," a comprehensive study of social trends in the United States. Fifty years later, a symposium of noted social and behavioural scientists marked the report's anniversary with a book of their own from the Commission on Behavioural and Social Sciences and Education. The 10 chapters presented here relate the developments detailed in the "Ogburn Report" to modern social trends. This book discusses recent major strides in the social and behavioural sciences, including sociology, psychology, anthropology, economics, and linguistics.
Posted in Social Science

Protecting Participants and Facilitating Social and Behavioral Sciences Research

Author: Panel on Institutional Review Boards, Surveys, and Social Science Research,Committee on National Statistics,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309511364

Category: Social Science

Page: 251

View: 7668

Institutional review boards (IRBs) are the linchpins of the protection systems that govern human participation in research. In recent years, high-profile cases have focused attention on the weaknesses of the procedures for protecting participants in medical research. The issues surrounding participants protection in the social, behavioral, and economic sciences may be less visible to the public eye, but they are no less important in ensuring ethical and responsible research. This report examines three key issues related to human participation in social, behavioral, and economic sciences research: (1) obtaining informed, voluntary consent from prospective participants: (2) guaranteeing the confidentiality of information collected from participants, which is a particularly challenging problem in social sciences research; and (3) using appropriate review procedures for “minimal-risk” research. Protecting Participants and Facilitating Social and Behavioral Sciences Research will be important to policy makers, research administrators, research sponsors, IRB members, and investigators. More generally, it contains important information for all who want to unsure the best protection—for participants and researchers alike—in the social, behavioral, and economic sciences.
Posted in Social Science

Intelligence Analysis

Behavioral and Social Scientific Foundations

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Behavioral and Social Science Research to Improve Intelligence Analysis for National Security

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309210925

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 6855

The U.S. intelligence community (IC) is a complex human enterprise whose success depends on how well the people in it perform their work. Although often aided by sophisticated technologies, these people ultimately rely on their own intellect to identify, synthesize, and communicate the information on which the nation's security depends. The IC's success depends on having trained, motivated, and thoughtful people working within organizations able to understand, value, and coordinate their capabilities. Intelligence Analysis provides up-to-date scientific guidance for the intelligence community (IC) so that it might improve individual and group judgments, communication between analysts, and analytic processes. The papers in this volume provide the detailed evidentiary base for the National Research Council's report, Intelligence Analysis for Tomorrow: Advances from the Behavioral and Social Sciences. The opening chapter focuses on the structure, missions, operations, and characteristics of the IC while the following 12 papers provide in-depth reviews of key topics in three areas: analytic methods, analysts, and organizations. Informed by the IC's unique missions and constraints, each paper documents the latest advancements of the relevant science and is a stand-alone resource for the IC's leadership and workforce. The collection allows readers to focus on one area of interest (analytic methods, analysts, or organizations) or even one particular aspect of a category. As a collection, the volume provides a broad perspective of the issues involved in making difficult decisions, which is at the heart of intelligence analysis.
Posted in Social Science

Alternate Reality Games For Behavioral and Social Science Research

Author: Ruthanna Gordon

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 131278105X

Category: Education

Page: 130

View: 4534

By weaving fictional narratives and problem solving into everyday life, alternate reality games (ARGs) may be able to fill gaps left by traditional studies in the behavioral and social sciences. Researchers are exploring new ways to address concerns such as ecological validity, inconsistent replication, and recruitment of large and diverse sample populations. ARG-based research design, using familiar tools and multimedia venues to engage players in meaningful interaction within complex near
Posted in Education

Behavioral and Social Science Research in the Department of Defense

A Framework for Management

Author: National Research Council (U.S.). Advisory Committee on the Management of Behavioral Science Research in the Dept. of Defense

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social sciences

Page: 42

View: 1750

Posted in Social sciences

Decision Making for the Environment

Social and Behavioral Science Research Priorities

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Environmental Change and Society,Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Change,Panel on Social and Behavioral Science Research Priorities for Environmental Decision Making

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309165393

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 4280

With the growing number, complexity, and importance of environmental problems come demands to include a full range of intellectual disciplines and scholarly traditions to help define and eventually manage such problems more effectively. Decision Making for the Environment: Social and Behavioral Science Research Priorities is the result of a 2-year effort by 12 social and behavioral scientists, scholars, and practitioners. The report sets research priorities for the social and behavioral sciences as they relate to several different kinds of environmental problems.
Posted in Science

Terrorism:

Perspectives from the Behavioral and Social Sciences

Author: Committee on Science and Technology for Countering Terrorism,Panel on Behavioral, Social, and Institional Issues,National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Center for Social and Economic Studies

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309086124

Category: Social Science

Page: 80

View: 9446

The events and aftermath of September 11, 2001, profoundly changed the course of history of the nation. They also brought the phenomenon known as terrorism to the forefront of the nation's consciousness. As it became thus focused, the limits of scientific understanding of terrorism and the capacity to develop policies to deal with it became even more evident. The objective of this report is to bring behavioral and social science perspectives to bear on the nature, determinants, and domestic responses to contemporary terrorism as a way of making theoretical and practical knowledge more adequate to the task. It also identifies areas of research priorities for the behavioral and social sciences.
Posted in Social Science

A Research Primer for the Social and Behavioral Sciences

Author: Miriam Schapiro Grosof,Hyman Sardy

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483258017

Category: Social Science

Page: 450

View: 9870

A Research Primer for the Social and Behavioral Sciences provides an introductory but comprehensive overview of the research process that primarily concerns human subjects. This book discusses the methods of acquiring knowledge, importance of a well-chosen problem, review of the literature, and relationship between theory-building and hypothesis-testing. The common sources of invalidity in practice, non-experimental research types, Stevens' classification of scales, and estimation based on probabilistic sampling are also elaborated. This text likewise covers the role of computer in research, techniques for analysis of data, univariate and bivariate statistics, and assumptions underlying analysis of variance. Other topics include the canonical correlation analysis, non-parametric analysis of variance, deterministic problem analysis techniques, and common errors in presentation of findings. This publication is intended for novice investigators in the broad category of social and behavioral sciences.
Posted in Social Science

Investing in Research Infrastructure in the Behavioral and Social Sciences

Author: Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309062489

Category: Social Science

Page: 36

View: 5952

Posted in Social Science

International Collaborations in Behavioral and Social Sciences Research:

Report of a Workshop

Author: U.S. National Committee for the International Union of Psychological Science,Committee on International Collaborations in,Board on International Scientific Organizations,Policy and Global Affairs,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309114152

Category: Social Science

Page: 102

View: 6436

Based on the outcomes of a workshop convened by the U.S. National Committee for Psychological Science and informed by a survey of social scientists who have led cross-national projects, this National Science Foundation-funded report addresses the multiple benefits of research extending across national boundaries and describes factors common among successful collaborations. Workshop participants identified the obstacles frequently encountered and suggested ways of dealing with these challenges to enhance international collaborative research in the behavioral and social sciences. Several dimensions of collaborative processes, such as research planning, methodological issues, organizational concerns, varied training approaches, and funding needs receive critical attention in this book.
Posted in Social Science

Advances in Social Network Analysis

Research in the Social and Behavioral Sciences

Author: Stanley Wasserman,Joseph Galaskiewicz

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803943032

Category: Social Science

Page: 299

View: 5941

In this book, leading methodologists address the issue of how effectively to apply the latest developments in social network analysis to behavioural and social science disciplines. Topics examined include: ways to specify the network contents to be studied; how to select the method for representing network structures; how social network analysis has been used to study interorganizational relations via the resource dependence model; how to use a contact matrix for studying the spread of disease in epidemiology; and how cohesion and structural equivalence network theories relate to studying social influence. The book also offers some statistical models for social support networks.
Posted in Social Science

Intelligence Analysis for Tomorrow:

Advances from the Behavioral and Social Sciences

Author: Committee on Behavioral and Social Science Research to Improve Intelligence Analysis for National Security,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309163420

Category: Social Science

Page: 116

View: 4040

The intelligence community (IC) plays an essential role in the national security of the United States. Decision makers rely on IC analyses and predictions to reduce uncertainty and to provide warnings about everything from international diplomatic relations to overseas conflicts. In today's complex and rapidly changing world, it is more important than ever that analytic products be accurate and timely. Recognizing that need, the IC has been actively seeking ways to improve its performance and expand its capabilities. In 2008, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) asked the National Research Council (NRC) to establish a committee to synthesize and assess evidence from the behavioral and social sciences relevant to analytic methods and their potential application for the U.S. intelligence community. In Intelligence Analysis for Tomorrow: Advances from the Behavioral and Social Sciences, the NRC offers the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) recommendations to address many of the IC's challenges. Intelligence Analysis for Tomorrow asserts that one of the most important things that the IC can learn from the behavioral and social sciences is how to characterize and evaluate its analytic assumptions, methods, technologies, and management practices. Behavioral and social scientific knowledge can help the IC to understand and improve all phases of the analytic cycle: how to recruit, select, train, and motivate analysts; how to master and deploy the most suitable analytic methods; how to organize the day-to-day work of analysts, as individuals and teams; and how to communicate with its customers. The report makes five broad recommendations which offer practical ways to apply the behavioral and social sciences, which will bring the IC substantial immediate and longer-term benefits with modest costs and minimal disruption.
Posted in Social Science