Bayesian Theory

Author: José M. Bernardo,Adrian F. M. Smith

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 047031771X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 608

View: 750

This highly acclaimed text, now available in paperback, provides a thorough account of key concepts and theoretical results, with particular emphasis on viewing statistical inference as a special case of decision theory. Information-theoretic concepts play a central role in the development of the theory, which provides, in particular, a detailed discussion of the problem of specification of so-called prior ignorance . The work is written from the authors s committed Bayesian perspective, but an overview of non-Bayesian theories is also provided, and each chapter contains a wide-ranging critical re-examination of controversial issues. The level of mathematics used is such that most material is accessible to readers with knowledge of advanced calculus. In particular, no knowledge of abstract measure theory is assumed, and the emphasis throughout is on statistical concepts rather than rigorous mathematics. The book will be an ideal source for all students and researchers in statistics, mathematics, decision analysis, economic and business studies, and all branches of science and engineering, who wish to further their understanding of Bayesian statistics
Posted in Mathematics

Case Studies in Bayesian Statistical Modelling and Analysis

Author: Clair L. Alston,Kerrie L. Mengersen,Anthony N. Pettitt

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118394321

Category: Mathematics

Page: 504

View: 2163

Provides an accessible foundation to Bayesian analysis usingreal world models This book aims to present an introduction to Bayesian modellingand computation, by considering real case studies drawn fromdiverse fields spanning ecology, health, genetics and finance. Eachchapter comprises a description of the problem, the correspondingmodel, the computational method, results and inferences as well asthe issues that arise in the implementation of theseapproaches. Case Studies in Bayesian Statistical Modelling andAnalysis: Illustrates how to do Bayesian analysis in a clear and concisemanner using real-world problems. Each chapter focuses on a real-world problem and describes theway in which the problem may be analysed using Bayesianmethods. Features approaches that can be used in a wide area ofapplication, such as, health, the environment, genetics,information science, medicine, biology, industry and remotesensing. Case Studies in Bayesian Statistical Modelling andAnalysis is aimed at statisticians, researchers andpractitioners who have some expertise in statistical modelling andanalysis, and some understanding of the basics of Bayesianstatistics, but little experience in its application. Graduatestudents of statistics and biostatistics will also find this bookbeneficial.
Posted in Mathematics

Contemporary Bayesian Econometrics and Statistics

Author: John Geweke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471744727

Category: Mathematics

Page: 300

View: 4148

Tools to improve decision making in an imperfect world This publication provides readers with a thorough understanding ofBayesian analysis that is grounded in the theory of inference andoptimal decision making. Contemporary Bayesian Econometrics andStatistics provides readers with state-of-the-art simulationmethods and models that are used to solve complex real-worldproblems. Armed with a strong foundation in both theory andpractical problem-solving tools, readers discover how to optimizedecision making when faced with problems that involve limited orimperfect data. The book begins by examining the theoretical and mathematicalfoundations of Bayesian statistics to help readers understand howand why it is used in problem solving. The author then describeshow modern simulation methods make Bayesian approaches practicalusing widely available mathematical applications software. Inaddition, the author details how models can be applied to specificproblems, including: * Linear models and policy choices * Modeling with latent variables and missing data * Time series models and prediction * Comparison and evaluation of models The publication has been developed and fine- tuned through a decadeof classroom experience, and readers will find the author'sapproach very engaging and accessible. There are nearly 200examples and exercises to help readers see how effective use ofBayesian statistics enables them to make optimal decisions. MATLAB?and R computer programs are integrated throughout the book. Anaccompanying Web site provides readers with computer code for manyexamples and datasets. This publication is tailored for research professionals who useeconometrics and similar statistical methods in their work. Withits emphasis on practical problem solving and extensive use ofexamples and exercises, this is also an excellent textbook forgraduate-level students in a broad range of fields, includingeconomics, statistics, the social sciences, business, and publicpolicy.
Posted in Mathematics

Bayes Linear Statistics

Theory and Methods

Author: Michael Goldstein,David Wooff

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470065679

Category: Mathematics

Page: 536

View: 384

Bayesian methods combine information available from data with any prior information available from expert knowledge. The Bayes linear approach follows this path, offering a quantitative structure for expressing beliefs, and systematic methods for adjusting these beliefs, given observational data. The methodology differs from the full Bayesian methodology in that it establishes simpler approaches to belief specification and analysis based around expectation judgements. Bayes Linear Statistics presents an authoritative account of this approach, explaining the foundations, theory, methodology, and practicalities of this important field. The text provides a thorough coverage of Bayes linear analysis, from the development of the basic language to the collection of algebraic results needed for efficient implementation, with detailed practical examples. The book covers: The importance of partial prior specifications for complex problems where it is difficult to supply a meaningful full prior probability specification. Simple ways to use partial prior specifications to adjust beliefs, given observations. Interpretative and diagnostic tools to display the implications of collections of belief statements, and to make stringent comparisons between expected and actual observations. General approaches to statistical modelling based upon partial exchangeability judgements. Bayes linear graphical models to represent and display partial belief specifications, organize computations, and display the results of analyses. Bayes Linear Statistics is essential reading for all statisticians concerned with the theory and practice of Bayesian methods. There is an accompanying website hosting free software and guides to the calculations within the book.
Posted in Mathematics

Differentialgeometrie von Kurven und Flächen

Author: Manfredo P. do Carmo

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322850722

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 263

View: 5992

Inhalt: Kurven - Reguläre Flächen - Die Geometrie der Gauß-Abbildung - Die innere Geometrie von Flächen - Anhang
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Bayesian statistics

principles, models, and applications

Author: S. James Press

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc


Category: Mathematics

Page: 237

View: 7229

An introduction to Bayesian statistics, with emphasis on interpretation of theory, and application of Bayesian ideas to practical problems. First part covers basic issues and principles, such as subjective probability, Bayesian inference and decision making, the likelihood principle, predictivism, and numerical methods of approximating posterior distributions, and includes a listing of Bayesian computer programs. Second part is devoted to models and applications, including univariate and multivariate regression models, the general linear model, Bayesian classification and discrimination, and a case study of how disputed authorship of some of the Federalist Papers was resolved via Bayesian analysis. Includes biographical material on Thomas Bayes, and a reproduction of Bayes's original essay. Contains exercises.
Posted in Mathematics

Bayesian Analysis in Statistics and Econometrics

Essays in Honor of Arnold Zellner

Author: Donald A. Berry

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471118565

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 577

View: 7684

This book is a definitive work that captures the current state of knowledge of Bayesian Analysis in Statistics and Econometrics and attempts to move it forward. It covers such topics as foundations, forecasting inferential matters, regression, computation and applications.
Posted in Business & Economics

Bayesian statistical modelling

Author: Peter Congdon

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc

ISBN: 9780471496007

Category: Mathematics

Page: 531

View: 769

Bayesian methods draw upon previous research findings and combine them with sample data to analyse problems and modify existing hypotheses. The calculations are often extremely complex, with many only now possible due to recent advances in computing technology. Bayesian methods have as a result gained wider acceptance, and are applied in many scientific disciplines, including applied statistics, public health research, medical science, the social sciences and economics. Bayesian Statistical Modelling presents an accessible overview of modelling applications from a Bayesian perspective. * Provides an integrated presentation of theory, examples and computer algorithms * Examines model fitting in practice using Bayesian principles * Features a comprehensive range of methodologies and modelling techniques * Covers recent innovations in bayesian modelling, including Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods * Includes extensive applications to health and social sciences * Features a comprehensive collection of nearly 200 worked examples * Data examples and computer code in WinBUGS are available via ftp Whilst providing a general overview of Bayesian modelling, the author places emphasis on the principles of prior selection, model identification and interpretation of findings, in a range of modelling innovations, focussing on their implementation with real data, with advice as to appropriate computing choices and strategies. Researchers in applied statistics, medical science, public health and the social sciences will benefit greatly from the examples and applications featured. The book will also appeal to graduate students of applied statistics, data analysis and Bayesian methods, and will provide a good reference source for both researchers and students.
Posted in Mathematics

Bayesian Networks

An Introduction

Author: Timo Koski,John Noble

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119964954

Category: Mathematics

Page: 366

View: 6767

Bayesian Networks: An Introduction provides a self-contained introduction to the theory and applications of Bayesian networks, a topic of interest and importance for statisticians, computer scientists and those involved in modelling complex data sets. The material has been extensively tested in classroom teaching and assumes a basic knowledge of probability, statistics and mathematics. All notions are carefully explained and feature exercises throughout. Features include: An introduction to Dirichlet Distribution, Exponential Families and their applications. A detailed description of learning algorithms and Conditional Gaussian Distributions using Junction Tree methods. A discussion of Pearl's intervention calculus, with an introduction to the notion of see and do conditioning. All concepts are clearly defined and illustrated with examples and exercises. Solutions are provided online. This book will prove a valuable resource for postgraduate students of statistics, computer engineering, mathematics, data mining, artificial intelligence, and biology. Researchers and users of comparable modelling or statistical techniques such as neural networks will also find this book of interest.
Posted in Mathematics

Theory of Probability

A Critical Introductory Treatment

Author: Bruno de Finetti

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119286379

Category: Mathematics

Page: 596

View: 9785

First issued in translation as a two-volume work in 1975, this classic book provides the first complete development of the theory of probability from a subjectivist viewpoint. It proceeds from a detailed discussion of the philosophical mathematical aspects to a detailed mathematical treatment of probability and statistics. De Finetti’s theory of probability is one of the foundations of Bayesian theory. De Finetti stated that probability is nothing but a subjective analysis of the likelihood that something will happen and that that probability does not exist outside the mind. It is the rate at which a person is willing to bet on something happening. This view is directly opposed to the classicist/ frequentist view of the likelihood of a particular outcome of an event, which assumes that the same event could be identically repeated many times over, and the 'probability' of a particular outcome has to do with the fraction of the time that outcome results from the repeated trials.
Posted in Mathematics

Aspects of Statistical Inference

Author: A. H. Welsh

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471115915

Category: Mathematics

Page: 451

View: 6009

Relevant, concrete, and thorough—the essential data-basedtext on statistical inference The ability to formulate abstract concepts and draw conclusionsfrom data is fundamental to mastering statistics. Aspects ofStatistical Inference equips advanced undergraduate and graduatestudents with a comprehensive grounding in statistical inference,including nonstandard topics such as robustness, randomization, andfinite population inference. A. H. Welsh goes beyond the standard texts and expertlysynthesizes broad, critical theory with concrete data and relevanttopics. The text follows a historical framework, uses real-datasets and statistical graphics, and treats multiparameter problems,yet is ultimately about the concepts themselves. Written with clarity and depth, Aspects of StatisticalInference: Provides a theoretical and historical grounding in statisticalinference that considers Bayesian, fiducial, likelihood, andfrequentist approaches Illustrates methods with real-data sets on diabeticretinopathy, the pharmacological effects of caffeine, stellarvelocity, and industrial experiments Considers multiparameter problems Develops large sample approximations and shows how to usethem Presents the philosophy and application of robustnesstheory Highlights the central role of randomization in statistics Uses simple proofs to illuminate foundational concepts Contains an appendix of useful facts concerning expansions,matrices, integrals, and distribution theory Here is the ultimate data-based text for comparing andpresenting the latest approaches to statistical inference.
Posted in Mathematics

Comparative Statistical Inference

Author: Vic Barnett

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470317795

Category: Mathematics

Page: 410

View: 8636

This fully updated and revised third edition, presents a wide ranging, balanced account of the fundamental issues across the full spectrum of inference and decision-making. Much has happened in this field since the second edition was published: for example, Bayesian inferential procedures have not only gained acceptance but are often the preferred methodology. This book will be welcomed by both the student and practising statistician wishing to study at a fairly elementary level, the basic conceptual and interpretative distinctions between the different approaches, how they interrelate, what assumptions they are based on, and the practical implications of such distinctions. As in earlier editions, the material is set in a historical context to more powerfully illustrate the ideas and concepts. Includes fully updated and revised material from the successful second edition Recent changes in emphasis, principle and methodology are carefully explained and evaluated Discusses all recent major developments Particular attention is given to the nature and importance of basic concepts (probability, utility, likelihood etc) Includes extensive references and bibliography Written by a well-known and respected author, the essence of this successful book remains unchanged providing the reader with a thorough explanation of the many approaches to inference and decision making.
Posted in Mathematics

Bayesian Analysis for the Social Sciences

Author: Simon Jackman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470686638

Category: Mathematics

Page: 598

View: 5727

Bayesian methods are increasingly being used in the social sciences, as the problems encountered lend themselves so naturally to the subjective qualities of Bayesian methodology. This book provides an accessible introduction to Bayesian methods, tailored specifically for social science students. It contains lots of real examples from political science, psychology, sociology, and economics, exercises in all chapters, and detailed descriptions of all the key concepts, without assuming any background in statistics beyond a first course. It features examples of how to implement the methods using WinBUGS – the most-widely used Bayesian analysis software in the world – and R – an open-source statistical software. The book is supported by a Website featuring WinBUGS and R code, and data sets.
Posted in Mathematics

Subjective and Objective Bayesian Statistics

Principles, Models, and Applications

Author: S. James Press

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470317949

Category: Mathematics

Page: 600

View: 2696

Shorter, more concise chapters provide flexible coverage of the subject. Expanded coverage includes: uncertainty and randomness, prior distributions, predictivism, estimation, analysis of variance, and classification and imaging. Includes topics not covered in other books, such as the de Finetti Transform. Author S. James Press is the modern guru of Bayesian statistics.
Posted in Mathematics

Bayesian Theory and Applications

Author: David A. Stephens

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199695601

Category: Mathematics

Page: 702

View: 356

This volume guides the reader along a statistical journey that begins with the basic structure of Bayesian theory, and then provides details on most of the past and present advances in this field.
Posted in Mathematics


Paths, Dangers, Strategies

Author: Nick Bostrom

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191666831

Category: Computers

Page: 272

View: 812

The human brain has some capabilities that the brains of other animals lack. It is to these distinctive capabilities that our species owes its dominant position. Other animals have stronger muscles or sharper claws, but we have cleverer brains. If machine brains one day come to surpass human brains in general intelligence, then this new superintelligence could become very powerful. As the fate of the gorillas now depends more on us humans than on the gorillas themselves, so the fate of our species then would come to depend on the actions of the machine superintelligence. But we have one advantage: we get to make the first move. Will it be possible to construct a seed AI or otherwise to engineer initial conditions so as to make an intelligence explosion survivable? How could one achieve a controlled detonation? To get closer to an answer to this question, we must make our way through a fascinating landscape of topics and considerations. Read the book and learn about oracles, genies, singletons; about boxing methods, tripwires, and mind crime; about humanity's cosmic endowment and differential technological development; indirect normativity, instrumental convergence, whole brain emulation and technology couplings; Malthusian economics and dystopian evolution; artificial intelligence, and biological cognitive enhancement, and collective intelligence. This profoundly ambitious and original book picks its way carefully through a vast tract of forbiddingly difficult intellectual terrain. Yet the writing is so lucid that it somehow makes it all seem easy. After an utterly engrossing journey that takes us to the frontiers of thinking about the human condition and the future of intelligent life, we find in Nick Bostrom's work nothing less than a reconceptualization of the essential task of our time.
Posted in Computers

Bayesian Models for Categorical Data

Author: Peter Congdon

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470092386

Category: Mathematics

Page: 446

View: 7951

The use of Bayesian methods for the analysis of data has grown substantially in areas as diverse as applied statistics, psychology, economics and medical science. Bayesian Methods for Categorical Data sets out to demystify modern Bayesian methods, making them accessible to students and researchers alike. Emphasizing the use of statistical computing and applied data analysis, this book provides a comprehensive introduction to Bayesian methods of categorical outcomes. * Reviews recent Bayesian methodology for categorical outcomes (binary, count and multinomial data). * Considers missing data models techniques and non-standard models (ZIP and negative binomial). * Evaluates time series and spatio-temporal models for discrete data. * Features discussion of univariate and multivariate techniques. * Provides a set of downloadable worked examples with documented WinBUGS code, available from an ftp site. The author's previous 2 bestselling titles provided a comprehensive introduction to the theory and application of Bayesian models. Bayesian Models for Categorical Data continues to build upon this foundation by developing their application to categorical, or discrete data - one of the most common types of data available. The author's clear and logical approach makes the book accessible to a wide range of students and practitioners, including those dealing with categorical data in medicine, sociology, psychology and epidemiology.
Posted in Mathematics

Advertising Management

Author: Donald W Jugenheimer,Larry D Kelley,Fogarty Klein Monroe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317477642

Category: Antiques & Collectibles

Page: 288

View: 7471

This comprehensive book is designed to serve as a primary text for the Advertising Management course that follows the more general Principles of Advertising course. It can stand alone, or, for instructors who prefer a case-based approach, it can be adopted together with "Cases in Advertising Management" (978-0-7656-2261-7) by the same authors. "Advertising Management" covers a full range of topics for a semester-long course, including financial management, business planning, strategic planning, budgeting, human resource management, ethics, and managing change. There is even a unique section on 'managing yourself' and your own career in advertising. The text includes plentiful figures, tables, and sidebars, and each chapter concludes with useful learning objectives, summaries, discussion questions, and additional resources.
Posted in Antiques & Collectibles

An introduction to probability theory and mathematical statistics

Author: V. K. Rohatgi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc


Category: Mathematics

Page: 684

View: 1690

Probability; Random variables and their probability distributions; Moments and generating functions; Random vectors; Some special distributions; Limit theorems; Sample moments and their distributions; The theory of point estimation; Neyman-Pearson theory of testing of hypotheses; Some further results on hypotheses testing; Confidence estimation; The general linear hypothesis; Nonparametric statistical inference; Sequential statistical inference.
Posted in Mathematics