Authenticity and Authentication in Language Learning

Distinctions, Orientations, Implications

Author: Stuart Amor

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9783631390696

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 394

View: 4832

The purpose of this study is to examine authenticity and related concepts in the field of language learning, to explore the significance of authenticity in various interrelated contexts that affect the process of foreign language learning and to look at the way texts and other materials can be authenticated in the classroom. It describes the implications for coursebook design, teachers and learners, and for language education. Authenticity and authentication are complex terms but of great significance for language learning. The integral language orientations described by Dr. Amor form an intricate web of language attributes and aspects of authentication that should be woven in the classroom.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Authenticity, Language and Interaction in Second Language Contexts

Author: Rémi A. van Compernolle,Janice McGregor

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 1783095326

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 248

View: 9850

This collection addresses issues of authenticity in second language contexts from a variety of theoretical and methodological approaches along three principal themes: What is authentic language? Who is an authentic speaker? How is authenticity achieved? The volume responds to these questions by bringing together scholars working in a range of contexts, including with language learners in the classroom and in residence or study abroad, with a variety of second or additional languages: Chinese, English, French, German, Japanese and Spanish. Contributions focus on authenticity as it relates to patterns of language and meaning, and to agency, identity and culture, and serve as an opening to an extended conversation about the nature of authenticity and its development in L2 contexts. This volume is relevant for students and scholars interested in learning about or investigating questions of authenticity and interaction in a wide range of language learning contexts.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Authenticity in English Language Teaching

An analysis of academic discourse

Author: Leo Will

Publisher: Waxmann Verlag

ISBN: 3830985584

Category: Education

Page: 266

View: 8998

Authenticity is one of the most rampant buzzwords in ELT (English Language Teaching). Many have weighed in on what authenticity should mean and on how it may be achieved. The book at hand is an extensive analysis of authenticity as a term and as a concept within the academic field of ELT. The research data comprises virtually all definitions and conceptualizations of authenticity in the international ELT literature. However, only a limited number of texts contributes to what can be called an explicit negotiation of authenticity. A discourse analytical approach is taken to disentangle the hubbub of commentaries and to eventually extrapolate from it six distinct concepts which are attached to the term 'authenticity'. Michel Foucault's seminal theories are invoked, affording additional insights into discourse dynamics and power structures among individuals and institutions in ELT.
Posted in Education

Interaction in the Language Curriculum

Awareness, Autonomy and Authenticity

Author: Leo Van Lier

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317891236

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 260

View: 2766

Interaction in the Language Curriculum offers an innovative theory of language education integrating curriculum practice, research and teaching. It emphasises the interdependence of knowledge and values and stresses the central importance of learning as a social process. Leo van Lier argues that moral as well as intellectual and practical principles must underlie curriculum development and everyday teaching, captured in his triple focus on Awareness, Autonomy, and Authenticity. In addition to its rich grounding in language education practice, the book draws support for his position from diverse sources in sociology, philosophy and cognitive science, from the work of Bourdieu, Giddens, Wittgenstein, Peirce, Vygotsky, Bakhtin, and Dewey. In the current broadening context of language education this study makes an important contribution to research. It presents a coherent philosophical theory as well as considering practical issues in implementation of a new language curriculum. As such, it will be of great benefit to teachers, applied linguists and educationalists generally.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Creating Authenticity

Authentication Processes in Ethnographic Museums

Author: Alexander Geurds,Laura Van Broekhoven

Publisher: Sidestone Press

ISBN: 9088902054

Category: Social Science

Page: 172

View: 6560

‘Authenticity’ and authentication is at the heart of museums’ concerns in displays, objects, and interaction with visitors. These notions have formed a central element in early thought on culture and collecting. Nineteenth century-explorers, commissioned museum collectors and pioneering ethnographers attempted to lay bare the essences of cultures through collecting and studying objects from distant communities. Comparably, historical archaeology departed from the idea that cultures were discrete bounded entities, subject to divergence but precisely therefore also to be traced back and linked to, a more complete original form in de (even) deeper past. Much of what we work with today in ethnographic museum collections testifies to that conviction. Post-structural thinking brought about a far-reaching deconstruction of the authentic. It came to be recognized that both far-away communities and the deep past can only be discussed when seen as desires, constructions and inventions. Notwithstanding this undressing of the ways in which people portray their cultural surroundings and past, claims of authenticity and quests for authentication remain omnipresent. This book explores the authentic in contemporary ethnographic museums, as it persists in dialogues with stakeholders, and how museums portray themselves. How do we interact with questions of authenticity and authentication when we curate, study artefacts, collect, repatriate, and make (re)presentations? The contributing authors illustrate the divergent nature in which the authentic is brought into play, deconstructed and operationalized. Authenticity, the book argues, is an expression of a desire that is equally troubled as it is resilient.
Posted in Social Science

Authenticity in Materials Development for Language Learning

Author: Alan Maley,Brian Tomlinson

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1527504271

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 272

View: 5765

This volume makes a unique contribution to the literature on materials development for language learning. It focuses on issues related to authenticity in materials development and includes research-based position statements, applications of theory to practice and developments of theory from observed practice. Each paper concentrates on a different aspect of authenticity and many of them introduce the reader to previously unexplored facets of authenticity. The chapters are sequenced so that the book moves from general discussion about the value of authenticity to reports of evaluations of authenticity to reports of the exploitation of authenticity in specific learning contexts. Many questions are raised, much revealing data is reported and analysed, and many pedagogic suggestions are made. The contributions here have been written so that they are of potential value to teachers, to materials developers, to post-graduate students and to researchers. They are written to be academically rigorous, but at the same time to be accessible to newcomers to the field and to experienced experts alike.
Posted in Foreign Language Study

Designing Authenticity Into Language Learning Materials

Author: Freda Mishan

Publisher: Intellect Books

ISBN: 1841500801

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 330

View: 5809

This book puts forward an authenticity-centred approach to the design of materials for language learning. The premise of the approach is that language learning should be based on authentic materials drawn from a variety of genres found in the target language culture, and that the learning tasks involving these materials should be correspondingly authentic, by entailing interactions that are consistent with the original communicative purpose of the authentic text. It provides both a theoretical grounding to the authenticity-centred approach, and demonstrates its practical application in a teaching task reference section. In outline, the book: • Refines a definition of authenticity in the context of language pedagogy. • Traces the historical background to authenticity in language learning back over one millennium. • Grounds the use of authentic materials in language learning in L2 acquisition research. • Gives a critical analysis of the authenticity of contemporary language study course-books. • Discusses the use of seven authentic genres for language learning; broadcasting, newspapers, advertisements, music and song, film, literature and ICT (information and communications technology). • Offers a set of practical principles for the design of authentic learning tasks. • Includes a reference section providing step-by-step instruction for the design and classroom procedure of learning tasks for materials taken from each of the seven genres.
Posted in Foreign Language Study

Task-based Language Learning and Teaching

Author: Rod Ellis

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780194421591

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 387

View: 5265

This book explores the relationship between research, teaching, and tasks, and seeks to clarify the issues raised by recent work in this field. The book shows how research and task-based teaching can mutually inform each other and illuminate the areas of task-based course design, methodology, and assessment. The author brings an accessible style and broad scope to an area of contemporary importance to both SLA and language pedagogy.
Posted in Foreign Language Study

Real or Fake

Studies in Authentication

Author: Joe Nickell

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813173302

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 4177

Will the rare autographed baseball your great-uncle gave you put your children through college? Is your grandmother’s chest of drawers really a seventeenth-century antique, or merely a reproduction? A leader in forgery detection and forensic investigation, Joe Nickell reveals his secrets to detecting artifacts items in Real or Fake: Studies in Authentication. Detailing how the pros determine whether an Abraham Lincoln signature is forged or if a photograph of Emily Dickinson is genuine, Nickell provides the essential tools necessary to identify counterfeits. In this general introduction to the principles of authentication, Nickell provides readers with step-by-step explanations of the science used to detect falsified documents, photographs, and other objects. Illustrating methods used on hit shows such as Antiques Roadshow and History Detectives, Nickell recommends that aspiring investigators employ a comprehensive approach to identifying imitations. One should consider the object’s provenance (the origin or derivation of an artifact), content (clues in the scene or item depicted), and material composition (what artifacts are made of), as well as the results of scientific analyses, including radiographic, spectroscopic, microscopic, and microchemical tests. Including fascinating cases drawn from Nickell’s illustrious career, Real or Fake combines historical and scientific investigations to reveal reproductions and genuine objects. Nickell explains the warning signs of forgery, such as patching and unnatural pen lifts; chronicles the evolution of writing instruments, inks, and papers; shows readers how to date photographs, papers, and other materials; and traces the development of photographic processes since the mid-nineteenth century. Lavishly illustrated with examples of replicas and authentic objects inspected by Nickell, Real or Fake includes case studies of alleged artifacts including Jack the Ripper’s diary, a draft of the Gettysburg Address, notes by Charles Dickens, Jefferson Davis’s musket, and debris from the Titanic.
Posted in Law

Advances in Food Authenticity Testing

Author: Gerard Downey

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 0081002335

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 798

View: 5982

Advances in Food Authenticity Testing covers a topic that is of great importance to both the food industry whose responsibility it is to provide clear and accurate labeling of their products and maintain food safety and the government agencies and organizations that are tasked with the verification of claims of food authenticity. The adulteration of foods with cheaper alternatives has a long history, but the analytical techniques which can be implemented to test for these are ever advancing. The book covers the wide range of methods and techniques utilized in the testing of food authenticity, including new implementations and processes. The first part of the book examines, in detail, the scientific basis and the process of how these techniques are used, while other sections highlight specific examples of the use of these techniques in the testing of various foods. Written by experts in both academia and industry, the book provides the most up-to-date and comprehensive coverage of this important and rapidly progressing field. Covers a topic that is of great importance to both the food industry and the governmental agencies tasked with verifying the safety and authenticity of food products Presents a wide range of methods and techniques utilized in the testing of food authenticity, including new implementations and processes Highlights specific examples of the use of the emerging techniques and testing strategies for various foods
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Authentic and Inauthentic Places in Tourism

From Heritage Sites to Theme Parks

Author: Jane Lovell,Chris Bull

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131738590X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 222

View: 432

With the rise of post-truth and fake news, a thorough examination of authenticity has never been so relevant. This book explores the geography of authenticity, investigating a wide variety of places used by tourists. Not only does it assess what might be described as the more traditional objects for examination – places such as the city, the countryside and the coast – it also includes chapters on art and place, hipster places, gentrification, heritage sites, film locations, photographed places and eventful places. ? Using a wide-angled lens on places reveals linkages and possibilities, enabling the book to skate across the surface of the geography of authenticity, locating the magically real heritage site, the poignant replica, the authenticated theme park, the unmasked carnival. In focusing on authentic and inauthentic places, this text provides a useful contribution to the understanding of how places are changing, how they are perceived, and how authenticity is embodied and performed within them. Authentic and Inauthentic Places in Tourism is an insightful study and an essential read for those involved in the study of geography, tourism, urban studies, culture and heritage.
Posted in Business & Economics

Food Authenticity and Traceability

Author: M Lees

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1855737183

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 400

View: 361

The ability to trace and authenticate a food product is of major concern to the food industry. This important topic is reviewed extensively in this authoritative text on current and emerging techniques. Part one deals with analytical techniques applied to food authentication. There are chapters on both established and developing technologies, as well as discussions of chemometrics and data handling. Part two relates these methodologies to particular food and beverage products, such as meat, dairy products, cereals and wine. In part three traceability is reviewed in detail, looking at the development of efficient traceability systems and their application in practice to such areas as animal feed and fish processing. Food Authenticity and Traceability is an essential reference for all those concerned with food safety and quality. Outlines methods and issues in food authentication and traceability Deals with analytical techniques applied to food authentication, with chapters on established and developing technologies, chemometrics and data handling Explores how techniques are applied in particular sectors and reviews recent developments in traceability systems for differing food products
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Modern Techniques for Food Authentication

Author: Da-Wen Sun

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128142650

Category: Medical

Page: 805

View: 6450

Modern Techniques for Food Authentication, Second Edition presents a comprehensive review of the novel techniques available to authenticate food products, including various spectroscopic technologies, methods based on isotopic analysis and chromatography, and other techniques based on DNA, enzymatic analysis and electrophoresis. This new edition pinpoints research and development trends for those working in research, development and operations in the food industry, giving them readily accessible information on modern food authentication techniques to ensure a safe and authentic food supply. It will also serve as an essential reference source to undergraduate and postgraduate students, and for researchers in universities and research institutions. Presents emerging imaging techniques that have proven to be powerful, non-destructive tools for food authentication Includes applications of hyperspectral imaging to reflect the current trend of developments in food imaging technology for each topic area Provides pixel level visualization techniques needed for fast and effective food sample testing Contains two new chapters on Imaging Spectroscopic Techniques
Posted in Medical

Language Play, Language Learning

Author: Guy Cook

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780194421539

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 235

View: 6140

This book demonstrates the extent and importance of language play in human life and draws out the implications for applied linguistics and language teaching. It stresses how language play is central to human thought and culture, learning, creativity, and intellectual development.
Posted in Foreign Language Study

Seafood Authenticity and Traceability

A DNA-based Pespective

Author: Amanda Naaum,Robert Hanner

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128016027

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 198

View: 8768

Seafood Authenticity and Traceability: a DNA-based Pespective is a concise reference showcasing the latest developments in the field. Written for those in food authenticity who may not have a technical molecular biology background, the book covers methods used for DNA analysis and an overview of their applications in fish and seafood, also providing reviews of the technology and processes for each method. It offers a practical and succinct overview of the relationship between accurate identification, traceability, sustainability, and safety of seafood, including an overview of the supply chain and the industry's need for improved traceability. Presents current and future perspectives in the emerging field of traceability, including solid coverage of DNA analysis for origin detection Includes molecular authentication tools to improve species identification throughout the seafood industry Provides reviews of the technology and processes for each DNA analysis method Offers a comprehensive overview for those in food authenticity who may not have an in-depth molecular biology background
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Systemization in Foreign Language Teaching

Monitoring Content Progression

Author: Wilfried Decoo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134233418

Category: Education

Page: 374

View: 2638

Foreign language learning is a progressive endeavor. Whatever the method, the learner should advance from one point to another, constantly improving. Growing proficiency entails growing language content. Content is complex, displaying many dimensions. Syllabus designers, textbook authors, and teachers often struggle with the monitoring of content. Computer-assisted systemization helps to handle it in a manageable framework. Besides inventorying content, it ensures more balanced selections, calculated progression, and controlled reiteration of previously learned material. It gauges the usability of authentic material in relation to the level attained. During the teaching process, it allows the instant selection of items needed for a communicative situation, focus on forms, or particular exercises. This book first describes the theoretical background for systemization, including a historical overview, with special attention to the Common European Framework and the new Profiles and Referentials. Next the practical steps for computer-assisted implementation with examples taken from French and English, but applicable to any language.
Posted in Education

Authentic Problem Solving and Learning in the 21st Century

Perspectives from Singapore and Beyond

Author: Young Hoan CHO,Imelda Santos Caleon,Manu Kapur

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9812875212

Category: Education

Page: 368

View: 8153

With the rapid changes in the social, political, economic and technological landscape around the world, today’s learners face a more globally competitive job market after leaving school. The 21st century, which is characterized by the emergence of knowledge-based societies, expects learners to be comfortable in dealing with ambiguities and complexities in the real world and to be able to use knowledge as a tool at their workplace. This book will help readers develop an in-depth understanding of authentic problem solving and learning, and how it can be used to make a difference in their school or learning communities for the development of 21st century competencies. Comprising 20 chapters written by Singapore-based and international authors, the book is organized into three themes: authentic problems, authentic practices, and authentic participation. It details innovative school practices (e.g. productive failure) concerning the design of problems, learning activities, learning environments, and ICT tools for authentic problem solving and learning. Along with theoretical explanations of authentic learning processes and outcomes, the book also elucidates how students learn by generating and exploring solutions to complex problems and which cognitive functions are needed at different stages of problem-based learning. Presenting coherent descriptions of instructional design principles, successful cases and challenges encountered in K-12 schools and learning communities, the book provides useful information, new insights, and practical guidance for school directors, parents, teachers and researchers seeking to develop authentic learning environments for 21st century learners.
Posted in Education

Authentication of Hadith

Redefining the Criteria

Author: Israr Ahmad Khan

Publisher: IIIT

ISBN: 1565644484

Category: Hadith

Page: 215

View: 7966

In today’s complex and volatile world the consequences of relying on fraudulent and counterfeit Hadith to legitimize extremist behavior, issue violent fatwas, and justify blatant abuse, particularly of women, is not only far too easy but in fact dangerous. Israr Khan addresses the sensitive topic of Hadith authentication, focusing on the criteria adopted by classical scholars to maintain that concentration on the continuity and accuracy of the chain of narrators, rather than the textual content of Hadith, has led to particular Hadith being included which either contradict other Hadith directly, project the Prophet (SAAS) in an uncharacteristic light, or do not reflect and/or conflict with the teachings of the Qur’an. The study traces in careful detail the historical development of the oral and written traditions, as well as the many targeted attempts at fabrication that took place, critiquing in methodical detail certain Hadith which have come to be widely accepted as “authentic.” The prominent collections we have today, were made possible by the development of the science of Hadith criticism, and Muslim scholars deserve deep appreciation for their painstaking work, as well as their invaluable contribution towards preserving the Hadith literature to the best of their ability. However, insists the author, the process is ongoing, and the closed door policy which currently surrounds Hadith authentication needs to be carefully reexamined.
Posted in Hadith

Authentic Happiness

Author: Martin Seligman

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1857884132

Category: Self-Help

Page: 338

View: 6281

In this important, entertaining book, one of the world's most celebrated psychologists, Martin Seligman, asserts that happiness can be learned and cultivated, and that everyone has the power to inject real joy into their lives. In Authentic Happiness, he describes the 24 strengths and virtues unique to the human psyche. Each of us, it seems, has at least five of these attributes, and can build on them to identify and develop to our maximum potential. By incorporating these strengths - which include kindness, originality, humour, optimism, curiosity, enthusiasm and generosity -- into our everyday lives, he tells us, we can reach new levels of optimism, happiness and productivity. Authentic Happiness provides a variety of tests and unique assessment tools to enable readers to discover and deploy those strengths at work, in love and in raising children. By accessing the very best in ourselves, we can improve the world around us and achieve new and lasting levels of authentic contentment and joy.
Posted in Self-Help

Assessing L2 Listening

Moving towards authenticity

Author: Gary J. Ockey,Elvis Wagner

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9027263639

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 278

View: 2987

This book is relevant for language testers, listening researchers, and oral proficiency teachers, in that it explores four broad themes related to the assessment of L2 listening ability: the use of authentic, real-world spoken texts; the effects of different speech varieties of listening inputs; the use of audio-visual texts; and assessing listening as part of an interactive speaking/listening construct. Each theme is introduced with a review of the relevant literature, and then is examined through either two or three empirical studies. The notion of authenticity underlies each of these four themes. By creating more authentic test tasks that are similar to real world language tasks, test developers can create listening assessments that not only more effectively assess test takers’ communicative competence, but can also have a positive washback effect on educational systems.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines