At the Edges of Citizenship

Security and the Constitution of Non-citizen Subjects

Author: Dr Kate Hepworth

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472430387

Category: Social Science

Page: 148

View: 8468

Proposing a new, dynamic conception of citizenship, this book argues against understandings of citizenship as a collection of rights that can be either possessed or endowed, and demonstrates it is an emergent condition that has temporal and spatial dimensions. Furthermore, citizenship is shown to be continually and contingently reconstituted through the struggles between those considered insiders and outsiders. Significantly, these struggles do not result in a clear division between citizens and non-citizens, but in a multiplicity of states that are at once included within and excluded from the political community. These liminal states of citizenship are elaborated in relation to three specific forms of non-citizenship: the ‘respectable illegal, the ‘intimate foreigner’ and the ‘abject citizen’. Each of these modalities of citizenship corresponds to either the figure of the clandestino/a or the nomad as invoked in the 2008 Italian Security Package and a second set of laws, commonly referred to as the ‘Nomad Emergency Decree’. Exploring how this legislation affected and was negotiated by individuals and groups who were constituted as ‘objects of security’, author Kate Hepworth focuses on the first-hand experience of individuals deemed threats to the nation. Situated within the field of human geography, the book draws on literature from citizenship studies, critical security studies and migration studies to show how processes of securitisation and irregularisation work to delimit between citizens and non-citizens, as well as between legitimate and illegitimate outsiders.
Posted in Social Science

Citizenship and Security

The Constitution of Political Being

Author: Xavier Guillaume,Jef Huysmans

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135045860

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 7036

This book engages the intense relationship between citizenship and security in modern politics. It focuses on questions of citizenship in security analysis in order to critically evaluate how political being is and can be constituted in relation to securitising practices. In light of contemporary issues and events such as human rights regimes, terrorism, identity control, commercialisation of security, diaspora, and border policies, this book addresses a citizenship deficit in security studies. The chapters introduce several key political themes that characterise the interplays between citizenship and security: changes in citizenship regimes, the renewed insecurity of citizenship-state relations, the emerging ways by which the political and national communities are crafted, and the ways democratic societies and regimes react in times of insecurity. Approaching citizenship as both a governmental practice and a resource of political contestation, the book aims to highlight what political challenges and contestations are created in situations where security intensely meets citizenship today. This book will be of interest to scholars of security studies and security politics, citizenship studies, and international relations.
Posted in Political Science

Zero Tolerance

Quality of Life and the New Police Brutality in New York City

Author: Andrea Mcardle,Tanya Erzen

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814764142

Category: Social Science

Page: 316

View: 3477

Amadou Diallo, Abner Louima, Anthony Baez, Patrick Dorismond. New York City has been rocked in recent years by the fate of these four men at the hands of the police. But police brutality in New York City is a multi-dimensional phenomenon that refers not only to the hyperviolent response of white male police officers as in these cases, but to an entire set of practices that target homeless people, vendors, and sexual minorities. The complexity of the problem requires a commensurate response, which Zero Tolerance fulfills with a range of scholarship and activism. Offering perspectives from law and society, women's studies, urban and cultural studies, labor history, and the visual arts, the essays assembled here complement, and provide a counterpoint, to the work of police scholars on this subject. Framed as both a response and a challenge to official claims that intensified law enforcement has produced New York City's declining crime rates, Zero Tolerance instead posits a definition of police brutality more encompassing than the use of excessive physical force. Further, it develops the connections between the most visible and familiar forms of police brutality that have sparked a new era of grassroots community activism, and the day-to-day violence that accompanies the city's campaign to police the "quality of life." Contributors include: Heather Barr, Paul G. Chevigny, Derrick Bell, Tanya Erzen, Dayo F. Gore, Amy S. Green, Paul Hoffman, Andrew Hsiao, Tamara Jones, Joo-Hyun Kang, Andrea McArdle, Bradley McCallum, Andrew Ross, Eric Tang, Jacqueline Tarry, Sasha Torres, and Jennifer R. Wynn.
Posted in Social Science

Crown Powers, Subjects and Citizens

Author: Christopher Vincenzi

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781855675391

Category: Political Science

Page: 343

View: 7834

Crucial decisions are often made under the royal prerogative in relation to defence, foreign policy, immigration, the secret services and the management of the Civil Service without prior Parliamentary approval, adequate political accountability or effective judicial review. On this basis, ministers withhold passports, override statutes and legislate in the Council of Ministers of the European Community. This text examines the historical development and the legal and political scope of prerogative powers and Crown immunities as they affect the exercise of rights by citizens and non-citizens. It traces the changing relationship between individual and state, from subjecthood and allegiance to the Crown in a secretive state, to participating in legal and political citizenship in an open society and a widening British and European context. It addresses issues of key importance in the current constitutional debate about political and legal accountability, citizenship and human rights.
Posted in Political Science

Nationality, Migration Rights, and Citizenship of the Union

Author: Stephen Hall

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9780792334002

Category: Political Science

Page: 214

View: 2330

One of the most striking changes contained in the Maastricht Treaty was the establishment of a "de jure" citizenship of the Union'. For the first time since the Roman Empire, peoples of Eastern, Western, Northern and Southern Europe share a common legal citizenship status. The significance of this development is potentially profound, yet it is one of the least discussed aspects of the Maastricht Treaty. In this book Stephen Hall examines the legal implications of establishing a European citizenship. He shows that Community law has never given unqualified effect to the Member States' dispositions of their nationalities, and that the Member States have had their sovereign power to confer and withdraw their nationalities qualified by the Maastricht Treaty. The book goes on to discuss the implications of Union citizenship on Community migration rights, demonstrating that the new non-economic migration rights for Union citizens are directly effective but that they are subject to a range of important limitations and conditions. Among these conditions is a residual constitutional power, contingently retained by the Member States to derogate from Community rights on the grounds of national or public security.
Posted in Political Science

Russian Approaches to International Law

Author: Lauri Mälksoo

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019103469X

Category: Law

Page: 290

View: 9750

This book addresses a simple question: how do Russians understand international law? Is it the same understanding as in the West or is it in some ways different and if so, why? It answers these questions by drawing on from three different yet closely interconnected perspectives: history, theory, and recent state practice. The work uses comparative international law as starting point and argues that in order to understand post-Soviet Russia's state and scholarly approaches to international law, one should take into account the history of ideas in Russia. To an extent, Russian understandings of international law differ from what is considered the mainstream in the West. One specific feature of this book is that it goes inside the language of international law as it is spoken and discussed in post-Soviet Russia, especially the scholarly literature in the Russian language, and relates this literature to the history of international law as discipline in Russia. Recent state practice such as the annexation of Crimea in 2014, Russia's record in the UN Security Council, the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights, prominent cases in investor-state arbitration, and the creation of the Eurasian Economic Union are laid out and discussed in the context of increasingly popular 'civilizational' ideas, the claim that Russia is a unique civilization and therefore not part of the West. The implications of this claim for the future of international law, its universality, and regionalism are discussed.
Posted in Law

Register of Debates in Congress

Author: United States. Congress

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 5173

Posted in Law

Constitutional History of the American Revolution

The Authority of Rights

Author: John Phillip Reid

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press

ISBN: 9780299108748

Category: History

Page: 374

View: 366

This work addresses the central constitutional issues that divided the American colonists from their English legislators: the authority to tax, the authority to legislate, the security of rights, the nature of law, and the foundation of constitutional government in custom and contractarian theory.
Posted in History

Imperial Subjects

Citizenship in an Age of Crisis and Empire

Author: Colin Mooers

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 1441164936

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 4732

This highly original work posits that the changes in the nature of citizenship caused by neoliberal globalization must be understood as the result of an ongoing imperial project. Although they may seem admirable, policies such as humanitarian and citizenship rights are really an imperial venture led by global institutions and corporations in order to export capitalist market forces worldwide. This entails a form of neoliberal citizenship in which social security is replaced by market insecurity and rising inequality. In this light, the citizen becomes an "imperial subject" whose needs and desires have been colonized by the global market. However, emerging social forces in Latin America and elsewhere have begun to challenge this imperialist logic, fostering a resistance that may bring forth a new global vision of citizenship. This unique analysis draws together neoliberal citizenship, new imperialism, and the creation of 'financial subjects' into an innovative theoretical exploration. By expanding the debate on global citizenship, Imperial Subjects will engage readers in political and social sciences interested in contemporary political thought, citizenship, and globalization.
Posted in Political Science

Citizenship of the Union and Freedom of Movement of Persons

Author: Massimo Condinanzi,Allessandra Lang,Bruno Nascimbene

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 900416300X

Category: Political Science

Page: 265

View: 7352

Citizenship of the Union and Freedom of Movement of Persons, sets out to analyse in detail the various provisions of Community law which confer upon individuals the right to move about, reside and work in the Member States. It also examines the procedural safeguards which set those fundamental rights apart from any deriving from other international bodies or organisations and point up the originality of the Community system. Citizenship of the Union entails freedom of movement under the current Treaties and also under the Treaty of Lisbon, in which the unified treatment of the rules, by contrast with the existing pillars of Community and European Union law, might be expected to confer new impetus on the realisation of the area of freedom, security and justice. If there is truly to be such an area, there must be unified, not merely coordinated action. Judicial cooperation must be tightened in favour of the Union and, more importantly, individuals, be they Community citizens or indeed nationals of third countries, given the increasing trend towards a kind of integration which focuses less on formal data such as nationality and more on factors such as residence, employment and social integration. The book pays particular attention to this last aspect and its political and legal implications. The "communitarisation" of immigration policy (the new Title IV of the EC Treaty mentioned above) and the perspectives opened up by the enlargement to 27 Member States (and more) and by the Treaty of Lisbon, provide the framework for the treatment given in the present work.
Posted in Political Science

Debates and Other Proceedings of the Convention of Virginia

Convened at Richmond, on Monday the 2d Day of June, 1788, for the Purpose of Deliberating on the Constitution Recommended by the Grand Federal Convention. To which is Prefixed, the Federal Constitution

Author: Virginia. Convention

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Constitutional law

Page: 194

View: 8563

Posted in Constitutional law

The Congressional Globe

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: United States

Page: N.A

View: 3726

Posted in United States

All the Year Round

Author: Charles Dickens

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 6671

Posted in

The Congressional Globe

Author: United States. Congress

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 3738

Posted in Law

Cobbett's Parliamentary History of England

From the Norman Conquest, in 1066 to the Year 1803. Comprising the period from the accession of Charles the first, in March 1625, to the battle of Edge-Hill, in October 1642

Author: William Cobbett

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Great Britain

Page: 28

View: 7355

Posted in Great Britain

A History of Western Thought

From Ancient Greece to the Twentieth Century

Author: Nils Gilje,Gunnar Skirbekk

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135226059

Category: Philosophy

Page: 432

View: 4923

This is a comprehensive introduction to the history of Western Philosophy from the Pre-Socratics to Twentieth Century thought. In addition to all the key figures, the book covers figures whose contributions have so far been overlooked, such as Vico, Montesquieu, Durkheim and Weber. Along with in-depth discussion of the philosophical movements, Skirbekk and Gilje also discuss the natural sciences, the establishment of the Humanities, Socialism and Fascism, Psychoanalysis, and the rise of the social sciences. History of Western Thought is an ideal introduction to philosophy and the sociological and scientific structures that have shaped modern day philosophy.
Posted in Philosophy