Asylum Seekers, Sovereignty, and the Senses of the International

A Politico-corporeal Struggle

Author: Eeva Puumala

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317369459

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 9421

The confrontation between asylum seeking and sovereignty has mainly focused on ways in which the movement and possibilities of refugees and migrants are limited. In this volume, instead of departing from the practices of governance and surveillance, Puumala begins with the moving body, its engagements and relations and examines different ways of seeing and sensing the struggle between asylum seekers and sovereign practices. Puumala asserts that our political imagination is being challenged in its ways of ordering, practicing and thinking about the international and those relations we call international. The issues relating to asylum seekers are one example of the deficiencies in the spatiotemporal logic upon which these relations were originally built; words such as ‘nation’, ‘people’, ‘sovereignty’ and ‘community’ are challenged. Conventional methods of governing, regulating and administering increased forms of mobility are in trouble, which gives rise to the invention of new technologies at borders and introduces regulations and spaces of exception. Based on extensive fieldwork that sheds light on a range of Europe-wide practices in the field of asylum and migration policies, this book will be of interest to scholars of IR theory, biopolitics and migration, as well as critical security more broadly.
Posted in Political Science

The Reception of Asylum Seekers under International Law

Between Sovereignty and Equality

Author: Lieneke Slingenberg

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1782253246

Category: Law

Page: 398

View: 6834

Increasingly, European states are using policy on the reception of asylum seekers as an instrument of immigration control, eg by deterring the lodging of asylum applications, preventing integration into their societies and exercising a large degree of control over asylum seekers in order to facilitate expulsion. The European Union is currently engaged in a process of developing minimum conditions for the reception of asylum seekers, as part of a Common European Asylum System. This book critically examines the outcomes of the negotiation process on these minimum standards ? Directive 2003/9/EC and Directive 2013/33/EU ? in relation to international refugee law, international social security law and international human rights law. It presents a comprehensive analysis of state obligations that stem from these different fields of law with regard to asylum seekers' access to the labour market and social security benefits and compares them to the minimum standards developed in the European Union. To this end, it offers an in-depth study into the notion of non-discrimination on the basis of nationality in the field of social security and a detailed analysis of recent developments in the case law of the European Court on Human Rights on positive obligations in the socioeconomic sphere. It takes into account both the special characteristics of international legal obligations for states in the socioeconomic sphere and the legal consequences of the tentative legal status of asylum seekers. In addition, this book particularly examines how the instrumental use of social policy relates to international law.
Posted in Law

The Oxford Handbook of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies

Author: Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh,Gil Loescher,Katy Long,Nando Sigona

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191645885

Category: Political Science

Page: 800

View: 9039

Refugee and Forced Migration Studies has grown from being a concern of a relatively small number of scholars and policy researchers in the 1980s to a global field of interest with thousands of students worldwide studying displacement either from traditional disciplinary perspectives or as a core component of newer programmes across the Humanities and Social and Political Sciences. Today the field encompasses both rigorous academic research which may or may not ultimately inform policy and practice, as well as action-research focused on advocating in favour of refugees' needs and rights. This authoritative Handbook critically evaluates the birth and development of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies, and analyses the key contemporary and future challenges faced by academics and practitioners working with and for forcibly displaced populations around the world. The 52 state-of-the-art chapters, written by leading academics, practitioners, and policymakers working in universities, research centres, think tanks, NGOs and international organizations, provide a comprehensive and cutting-edge overview of the key intellectual, political, social and institutional challenges arising from mass displacement in the world today. The chapters vividly illustrate the vibrant and engaging debates that characterise this rapidly expanding field of research and practice.
Posted in Political Science

An Introduction to International Refugee Law

Author: M. Rafiqul Islam,Md. Jahid Hossain Bhuiyan

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004226168

Category: Law

Page: 448

View: 9779

This book provides an overview of the development and substance of existing international refugee law with a view to reveal its gaps, caveats, and inadequacies that militate against the establishment of an effective legal regime to address mounting global refugee crises. The book pursues a reformist agenda towards affording legal coverage to all refugees generated by any genuinely involuntary grounds.
Posted in Law

Legal Issues of the Amsterdam Treaty

Author: David O'Keeffe,Patrick M. Twomey

Publisher: Hart Publishing

ISBN: 1841130028

Category: Law

Page: 425

View: 9648

Originating in the June 1998 joint conference of the United Kingdom Association for European Law (UKAEL) and the University Association for Contemporary Studies (UACES) and edited by David O'Keefe and Patrick Twomey, this book brings together a collection of essays that offer critical insights into the institutional and substantive changes to the European Community and Union resulting from the Treaty of Amsterdam. With a preface by Lord Slynn of Hadley, the collection includes essays based on the conference presentations of Joseph Weiler, Anthony Arnull, Alan Dashwood, Franklin Dehousse, Hans Ulrich Jessurun d'Oliveira and Laurens Jan Brinkhorst and some twenty other essays offering the reflections and criticisms of leading academics in the field as well as the unique insights of contributors working within the Community institutions.
Posted in Law

Warfare Welfare

The Not-So-Hidden Costs of America's Permanent War Economy

Author: N.A

Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.

ISBN: 1597975702

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 8010

This edited volume reveals how a permanent war economy has made the United States unable to spread democracy abroad and has worsened domestic problems. The editors draw from classical readings in political theory, from primary documents (including key court decisions), and from social science research to analyze such issues as the effect of militarization and combativeness on the everyday lives of Americans. The editors also address the dire connection among banking losses, the housing recession, the welfare/national security state, and the challenge of rebuilding AmericaÆs infrastructure.
Posted in Business & Economics

Sovereignty and the Ingress of Aliens

With Special Focus on Family Unity and Refugee Law

Author: Gerassimos Fourlanos

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Aliens

Page: 186

View: 1936

Posted in Aliens

Rethinking Security in the Age of Migration

Trust and Emancipation in Europe

Author: Ali Bilgic

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136765352

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 1447

Migration and especially irregular migration are politically sensitive and highly debated issues in the developed world, particularly in Europe. This book analyses irregular protection-seeking migration in Europe, with close attention to sub-Saharan migration into the EU, from the perspective of emancipatory security theory. Some individuals leave their countries because political, social, and economic structures largely fail to provide protection. This book examines how communities respond to migrants who seek protection and security, where migration is perceived as a source of insecurity by many in that community. The central aim of this critical analysis is to explore ideas and practices which can contribute to replacing the political structures of insecurity with emancipatory structures, where individuals (both irregular migrants and members of the receiving communities) enjoy security together, not opposed to each other. Drawing on the security dilemma, critical approaches to security, forced migration and trust, the book demonstrates how common life between two groups of individuals can be politically constructed, in tandem with limitations, risks, and possible handicaps of initiating such a construction in world politics. Rethinking Security in the Age of Migration will be of interest to students and scholars of migration studies, security studies, international relations, European politics and sociology.
Posted in Political Science

Disciplining the Transnational Mobility of People

Author: M. Geiger,A. Pécoud

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137263075

Category: Political Science

Page: 259

View: 6169

This volume scrutinizes new developments in contemporary mobility and migration politics and shows that they are based on a mix of traditional coercive interventions and less repressive and indirect practices.
Posted in Political Science

The Securitization of Humanitarian Migration

Digging Moats and Sinking Boats

Author: Scott D. Watson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134004664

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 5599

This book examines how western liberal states are progressively restricting access to refugees and asylum seekers, even though these states have signed international agreements obliging them to offer protection to those fleeing persecution and to advocate the spread of human rights and humanitarian principles. Watson examines how refugees and asylum seekers have come to be treated so poorly by these states through the use of policies such as visa requirements, mandatory detention and prevention/return policies. Providing extensive documentary analysis of debates on ‘restrictive’ refugee policies in Canada and Australia, the author addresses the relationship between security and migration, an issue of increased importance in the aftermath of 9/11 and the war on terror. He then examines hotly-contested policies such as detention and the forceful return of asylum seekers to demonstrate how attempts to securitise these issues have been resisted in the media and by political opposition. Given the importance of providing refuge for persecuted populations, not only to ensure the survival of targeted individuals, but also to maintain international peace and security, the erosion of protective measures is of great importance today. The book will be of interest to students and scholars of international security, international relations, migration and human rights
Posted in Political Science

Beyond Charity: International Cooperation and the Global Refugee Crisis

A Twentieth Century Fund Book

Author: Gil Loescher

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195356076

Category: Political Science

Page: 273

View: 8015

With more than 18 million refugees worldwide, the refugee problem has fostered an intense debate regarding what political changes are necessary in the international system to provide effective solutions in the 1990s and beyond. In the past, refugees have been perceived largely as a problem of international charity, but as the end of the Cold War triggers new refugee movements across the globe, governments are being forced to develop a more systematic approach to the refugee problem. Beyond Charity provides the first extensive overview of the world refugee crisis today, asserting that refugees raise not only humanitarian concerns but also issues of international peace and security. Gil Loescher argues persuasively that a central challenge in the post Cold-War era is to develop a comprehensive refugee policy that preserves the right of asylum while promoting greater political and diplomatic efforts to address the causes of flight. He presents the contemporary crisis in a historical framework and explores the changing role of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Loescher suggests short-term and long-term reforms that address both the current refugee crisis and its underlying causes. The book also details the ways governmental structures and international organizations could be strengthened to assume more effective assistance, protection, and political mediation functions. Beyond Charity helps frame the debate on the global refugee crisis and offers directions for more effective approaches to refugee problems at present and in the future.
Posted in Political Science

Choreographies of Resistance

Mobile Bodies and Relational Politics

Author: Eeva Puumala,Samu Pehkonen,Tarja Väyrynen,Anitta Kynsilehto,Tiina Vaittinen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781783486731

Category:

Page: 160

View: 6657

This book explores everyday, corporeal manifestations of agency and resistance amongst mobile groups who are not explicitly categorized as political actors
Posted in

The Politics of Protection

Sites of Insecurity and Political Agency

Author: Jef Huysmans,Andrew Dobson,Raia Prokhovnik

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134249586

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 4098

This new book shows how from the end of the Cold War, the security agenda has been transformed and redefined, academically and politically. It focuses on the theme of protection. It moves away from the dominant question of whom or what is threatening to the crucial questions of who is to be protected, and in the case of conflicting claims, who has the capacity to define whose needs prevail. It also poses the question of political agency in relation to some of the most significant questions raised in relation to the governance of insecurity and protection in the contemporary world. The authors identify and explore issues that challenge or raise a number of questions about the traditional notion that states are to protect their citizens through retaining a monopoly over the legitimate use of violence.
Posted in Political Science

On the Doorstep of Europe

Asylum and Citizenship in Greece

Author: Heath Cabot

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 081220980X

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 1210

Greece has shouldered a heavy burden in the global economic crisis, struggling with political and financial insecurity. Greece has also the most porous external border of the European Union, tasked with ensuring that the EU's boundaries are both "secure and humanitarian" and hosting enormous numbers of migrants and asylum seekers who arrive by land and sea. The recent leadership and fiscal crises have led to a breakdown of legal entitlements for both Greek citizens and those seeking refuge within the country's borders. On the Doorstep of Europe is an ethnographic study of the asylum system in Greece, tracing the ways asylum seekers, bureaucrats, and service providers attempt to navigate the dilemmas of governance, ethics, knowledge, and sociability that emerge through this legal process. Centering on the work of an asylum advocacy NGO in Athens, Heath Cabot explores how workers and clients grapple with predicaments endemic to Europeanization and rights-based protection. Drawing inspiration from classical Greek tragedy to highlight both the transformative potential and the violence of law, Cabot charts the structural violence effected through European governance, rights frameworks, and humanitarian intervention while also exploring how Athenian society is being remade from the inside out. She shows how, in contemporary Greece, relationships between insiders and outsiders are radically reconfigured through legal, political, and economic crises. In addition to providing a textured, on-the-ground account of the fraught context of asylum and immigration in Europe's borderlands, On the Doorstep of Europe highlights the unpredictable and transformative ways in which those in host nations navigate legal and political violence, even in contexts of inexorable duress and inequality.
Posted in Law

Australia

Nation, Belonging, and Globalization

Author: Anthony Moran

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415944977

Category: History

Page: 245

View: 5837

In this book Anthony Moran traces the development of contemporary Australian society in the global age, focusing on four major themes: settler/indigenous relations; economics and culture since the 1980s and their impact on national identity; the effects of increasing diversity fostered by globalization; and the transformation of Australian social space wrought by globalization.
Posted in History

The Contemporary Bauman

Author: Anthony Elliott

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134130449

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 3669

This text covers Bauman’s contribution to sociology and social theory. This ideal teaching text analyzes Bauman's shift from a sociology of postmodernity to liquid modernity, and provides a critical assessment of the contemporary Bauman, appraising his novel theory of liquid modernity in terms of its implications for self-identity, interpersonal relationships, culture, communications, and the broad-ranging institutional transformations associated with globalization. In addition to various extracts from Bauman's work, the book also contains a spirited reply from Zygmunt Bauman to both his sympathetic and unsympathetic critics. Bauman concludes by providing a new perspectives on his theory of liquid modernity, its differentiation from the modernity/postmodernity debate and its relation to current developments in contemporary social theory.
Posted in Social Science

A Companion to Border Studies

Author: Thomas M. Wilson,Hastings Donnan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118255259

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 1799

A Companion to Border Studies introduces an excitingand expanding field of interdisciplinary research, through thewriting of an international array of scholars, from diverseperspectives that include anthropology, development studies,geography, history, political science and sociology. Explores how nations and cultural identities are beingtransformed by their dynamic, shifting borders where mobility issometimes facilitated, other times impeded or prevented Offers an array of international views which together form anauthoritative guide for students, instructors and researchers Reflects recent significant growth in the importance ofunderstanding the distinctive characteristics of borders andfrontiers, including cross-border cooperation, security andcontrols, migration and population displacements, hybridity, andtransnationalism
Posted in Social Science

The Routledge International Handbook of Globalization Studies

Author: Bryan S Turner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135198748

Category: Political Science

Page: 728

View: 7440

The Routledge International Handbook of Globalization Studies offers students clear and informed chapters on the history of globalization and key theories that have considered the causes and consequences of the globalization process. There are substantive sections looking at demographic, economic, technological, social and cultural changes in globalization. The handbook examines many negative aspects – new wars, slavery, illegal migration, pollution and inequality – but concludes with an examination of responses to these problems through human rights organizations, international labour law and the growth of cosmopolitanism. There is a strong emphasis on interdisciplinary approaches with essays covering sociology, demography, economics, politics, anthropology and history. The Handbook written in a clear and direct style will appeal to a wide audience. The extensive references and sources will direct students to areas of further study.
Posted in Political Science

Chile and Australia

Contemporary Transpacific Connections from the South

Author: Irene Strodthoff

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137479655

Category: Social Science

Page: 213

View: 6480

Exploring bilateral narratives of identity at a socio-discursive level from 1990 onwards, this book provides a new approach to understanding how Chile and Australia imagine and discursively construct each other in light of the bilateral Free Trade Agreement signed in 2008.
Posted in Social Science

Contesting Citizenship

Irregular Migrants and New Frontiers of the Political

Author: Anne McNevin

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231522243

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 9985

Irregular migrants complicate the boundaries of citizenship and stretch the parameters of political belonging. Comprised of refugees, asylum seekers, "illegal" labor migrants, and stateless persons, this group of migrants occupies new sovereign spaces that generate new subjectivities. Investigating the role of irregular migrants in the transformation of citizenship, Anne McNevin argues that irregular status is an immanent (rather than aberrant) condition of global capitalism, formed by the fast-tracked processes of globalization. McNevin casts irregular migrants as more than mere victims of sovereign power, shuttled from one location to the next. Incorporating examples from the United States, Australia, and France, she shows how migrants reject their position as "illegal" outsiders and make claims on the communities in which they live and work. For these migrants, outsider status operates as both a mode of subjectification and as a site of active resistance, forcing observers to rethink the enactment of citizenship. McNevin connects irregular migrant activism to the complex rescaling of the neoliberal state. States increasingly prioritize transnational market relations that disrupt the spatial context for citizenship. At the same time, states police their borders in ways that reinvigorate territorial identities. Mapping the broad dynamics of political belonging in a neoliberal era, McNevin provides invaluable insight into the social and spatial transformation of citizenship, sovereignty, and power.
Posted in Political Science