Applied Combinatorics, Second Edition

Author: Fred Roberts,Barry Tesman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420099836

Category: Computers

Page: 848

View: 9515

Now with solutions to selected problems, Applied Combinatorics, Second Edition presents the tools of combinatorics from an applied point of view. This bestselling textbook offers numerous references to the literature of combinatorics and its applications that enable readers to delve more deeply into the topics. After introducing fundamental counting rules and the tools of graph theory and relations, the authors focus on three basic problems of combinatorics: counting, existence, and optimization problems. They discuss advanced tools for dealing with the counting problem, including generating functions, recurrences, inclusion/exclusion, and Pólya theory. The text then covers combinatorial design, coding theory, and special problems in graph theory. It also illustrates the basic ideas of combinatorial optimization through a study of graphs and networks.
Posted in Computers

How to Count

An Introduction to Combinatorics, Second Edition

Author: R.B.J.T. Allenby,Alan Slomson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420082612

Category: Mathematics

Page: 444

View: 8203

Emphasizes a Problem Solving Approach A first course in combinatorics Completely revised, How to Count: An Introduction to Combinatorics, Second Edition shows how to solve numerous classic and other interesting combinatorial problems. The authors take an easily accessible approach that introduces problems before leading into the theory involved. Although the authors present most of the topics through concrete problems, they also emphasize the importance of proofs in mathematics. New to the Second Edition This second edition incorporates 50 percent more material. It includes seven new chapters that cover occupancy problems, Stirling and Catalan numbers, graph theory, trees, Dirichlet’s pigeonhole principle, Ramsey theory, and rook polynomials. This edition also contains more than 450 exercises. Ideal for both classroom teaching and self-study, this text requires only a modest amount of mathematical background. In an engaging way, it covers many combinatorial tools, such as the inclusion-exclusion principle, generating functions, recurrence relations, and Pólya’s counting theorem.
Posted in Mathematics

Handbook of Graph Theory, Second Edition

Author: Jonathan L. Gross,Jay Yellen,Ping Zhang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439880182

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1630

View: 5256

In the ten years since the publication of the best-selling first edition, more than 1,000 graph theory papers have been published each year. Reflecting these advances, Handbook of Graph Theory, Second Edition provides comprehensive coverage of the main topics in pure and applied graph theory. This second edition—over 400 pages longer than its predecessor—incorporates 14 new sections. Each chapter includes lists of essential definitions and facts, accompanied by examples, tables, remarks, and, in some cases, conjectures and open problems. A bibliography at the end of each chapter provides an extensive guide to the research literature and pointers to monographs. In addition, a glossary is included in each chapter as well as at the end of each section. This edition also contains notes regarding terminology and notation. With 34 new contributors, this handbook is the most comprehensive single-source guide to graph theory. It emphasizes quick accessibility to topics for non-experts and enables easy cross-referencing among chapters.
Posted in Mathematics

Introduction to Combinatorics

Author: Martin J. Erickson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118637585

Category: Mathematics

Page: 244

View: 4670

Praise for the First Edition “This excellent text should prove a useful accoutrement for any developing mathematics program . . . it’s short, it’s sweet, it’s beautifully written.” —The Mathematical Intelligencer “Erickson has prepared an exemplary work . . . strongly recommended for inclusion in undergraduate-level library collections.” —Choice Featuring a modern approach, Introduction to Combinatorics, Second Edition illustrates the applicability of combinatorial methods and discusses topics that are not typically addressed in literature, such as Alcuin’s sequence, Rook paths, and Leech’s lattice. The book also presents fundamental results, discusses interconnection and problem-solving techniques, and collects and disseminates open problems that raise questions and observations. Many important combinatorial methods are revisited and repeated several times throughout the book in exercises, examples, theorems, and proofs alike, allowing readers to build confidence and reinforce their understanding of complex material. In addition, the author successfully guides readers step-by-step through three major achievements of combinatorics: Van der Waerden’s theorem on arithmetic progressions, Pólya’s graph enumeration formula, and Leech’s 24-dimensional lattice. Along with updated tables and references that reflect recent advances in various areas, such as error-correcting codes and combinatorial designs, the Second Edition also features: Many new exercises to help readers understand and apply combinatorial techniques and ideas A deeper, investigative study of combinatorics through exercises requiring the use of computer programs Over fifty new examples, ranging in level from routine to advanced, that illustrate important combinatorial concepts Basic principles and theories in combinatorics as well as new and innovative results in the field Introduction to Combinatorics, Second Edition is an ideal textbook for a one- or two-semester sequence in combinatorics, graph theory, and discrete mathematics at the upper-undergraduate level. The book is also an excellent reference for anyone interested in the various applications of elementary combinatorics.
Posted in Mathematics

Combinatorics, Second Edition

Author: Nicholas Loehr

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 149878027X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 618

View: 676

Combinatorics, Second Edition is a well-rounded, general introduction to the subjects of enumerative, bijective, and algebraic combinatorics. The textbook emphasizes bijective proofs, which provide elegant solutions to counting problems by setting up one-to-one correspondences between two sets of combinatorial objects. The author has written the textbook to be accessible to readers without any prior background in abstract algebra or combinatorics. Part I of the second edition develops an array of mathematical tools to solve counting problems: basic counting rules, recursions, inclusion-exclusion techniques, generating functions, bijective proofs, and linear algebraic methods. These tools are used to analyze combinatorial structures such as words, permutations, subsets, functions, graphs, trees, lattice paths, and much more. Part II cover topics in algebraic combinatorics including group actions, permutation statistics, symmetric functions, and tableau combinatorics. This edition provides greater coverage of the use of ordinary and exponential generating functions as a problem-solving tool. Along with two new chapters, several new sections, and improved exposition throughout, the textbook is brimming with many examples and exercises of various levels of difficulty.
Posted in Mathematics

Algorithmen - Eine Einführung

Author: Thomas H. Cormen,Charles E. Leiserson,Ronald Rivest,Clifford Stein

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110522012

Category: Computers

Page: 1339

View: 2921

Der "Cormen" bietet eine umfassende und vielseitige Einführung in das moderne Studium von Algorithmen. Es stellt viele Algorithmen Schritt für Schritt vor, behandelt sie detailliert und macht deren Entwurf und deren Analyse allen Leserschichten zugänglich. Sorgfältige Erklärungen zur notwendigen Mathematik helfen, die Analyse der Algorithmen zu verstehen. Den Autoren ist es dabei geglückt, Erklärungen elementar zu halten, ohne auf Tiefe oder mathematische Exaktheit zu verzichten. Jedes der weitgehend eigenständig gestalteten Kapitel stellt einen Algorithmus, eine Entwurfstechnik, ein Anwendungsgebiet oder ein verwandtes Thema vor. Algorithmen werden beschrieben und in Pseudocode entworfen, der für jeden lesbar sein sollte, der schon selbst ein wenig programmiert hat. Zahlreiche Abbildungen verdeutlichen, wie die Algorithmen arbeiten. Ebenfalls angesprochen werden Belange der Implementierung und andere technische Fragen, wobei, da Effizienz als Entwurfskriterium betont wird, die Ausführungen eine sorgfältige Analyse der Laufzeiten der Programme mit ein schließen. Über 1000 Übungen und Problemstellungen und ein umfangreiches Quellen- und Literaturverzeichnis komplettieren das Lehrbuch, dass durch das ganze Studium, aber auch noch danach als mathematisches Nachschlagewerk oder als technisches Handbuch nützlich ist. Für die dritte Auflage wurde das gesamte Buch aktualisiert. Die Änderungen sind vielfältig und umfassen insbesondere neue Kapitel, überarbeiteten Pseudocode, didaktische Verbesserungen und einen lebhafteren Schreibstil. So wurden etwa - neue Kapitel zu van-Emde-Boas-Bäume und mehrfädigen (engl.: multithreaded) Algorithmen aufgenommen, - das Kapitel zu Rekursionsgleichungen überarbeitet, sodass es nunmehr die Teile-und-Beherrsche-Methode besser abdeckt, - die Betrachtungen zu dynamischer Programmierung und Greedy-Algorithmen überarbeitet; Memoisation und der Begriff des Teilproblem-Graphen als eine Möglichkeit, die Laufzeit eines auf dynamischer Programmierung beruhender Algorithmus zu verstehen, werden eingeführt. - 100 neue Übungsaufgaben und 28 neue Problemstellungen ergänzt. Umfangreiches Dozentenmaterial (auf englisch) ist über die Website des US-Verlags verfügbar.
Posted in Computers

Mathematik im mittelalterlichen Islam

Author: J. L. Berggren

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783540766889

Category: Mathematics

Page: 200

View: 2796

Die Mathematik im mittelalterlichen Islam hatte großen Einfluss auf die allgemeine Entwicklung des Faches. Der Autor beschreibt diese Periode der Geschichte der Mathematik und bezieht sich dabei auf die arabischsprachigen Quellen. Zu den behandelten Themen gehören Dezimalrechnen, Geometrie, ebene und sphärische Trigonometrie, Algebra sowie die Approximation von Wurzeln von Gleichungen. Das Buch wendet sich an Mathematikhistoriker und -studenten, aber auch an alle Interessierten mit Mathematikkenntnissen der weiterführenden Schule.
Posted in Mathematics

Monomial Algebras, Second Edition

Author: Rafael Villarreal

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 148223470X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 704

View: 9968

Monomial Algebras, Second Edition presents algebraic, combinatorial, and computational methods for studying monomial algebras and their ideals, including Stanley–Reisner rings, monomial subrings, Ehrhart rings, and blowup algebras. It emphasizes square-free monomials and the corresponding graphs, clutters, or hypergraphs. New to the Second Edition Four new chapters that focus on the algebraic properties of blowup algebras in combinatorial optimization problems of clutters and hypergraphs Two new chapters that explore the algebraic and combinatorial properties of the edge ideal of clutters and hypergraphs Full revisions of existing chapters to provide an up-to-date account of the subject Bringing together several areas of pure and applied mathematics, this book shows how monomial algebras are related to polyhedral geometry, combinatorial optimization, and combinatorics of hypergraphs. It directly links the algebraic properties of monomial algebras to combinatorial structures (such as simplicial complexes, posets, digraphs, graphs, and clutters) and linear optimization problems.
Posted in Mathematics

An introduction to optimization

Author: Edwin Kah Pin Chong,Stanislaw H. Żak

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 409

View: 8604

An up-to-date, accessible introduction to an increasingly important field This timely and authoritative book fills a growing need for an introductory text to optimization methods and theory at the senior undergraduate and beginning graduate levels. With consistently accessible and elementary treatment of all topics, An Introduction to Optimization helps students build a solid working knowledge of the field, including unconstrained optimization, linear programming, and constrained optimization. Supplemented with more than one hundred tables and illustrations, an extensive bibliography, and numerous worked-out examples to illustrate both theory and algorithms, this book also provides: A review of the required mathematical background material A mathematical discussion at a level accessible to MBA and business students A treatment of both linear and nonlinear programming An introduction to the most recent developments, including neural networks, genetic algorithms, and the nonsimplex method of Karmarkar A chapter on the use of descent algorithms for the training of feedforward neural networks Exercise problems after every chapter MATLAB exercises and examples An optional solutions manual with MATLAB source listings This book helps students prepare for the advanced topics and technological developments that lie ahead. It is also a useful book for researchers and professionals in mathematics, electrical engineering, economics, statistics, and business.
Posted in Mathematics

Optimization and Computational Logic

Author: Kenneth McAloon,Carol Tretkoff

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 536

View: 2491

This book/software package uniquely integrates logic and operations research. Its broad coverage provides concepts, templates, and the tools for the task of attacking difficult problems which are repeatedly encountered in decision making. The first part deals with linear programming and the second with search techniques for combinatorially hard problems. The applications discussed include product mix problems, pattern recognition, classical and probabilistic logic, financial planning, and expert systems.
Posted in Business & Economics

Cryptography, Information Theory, and Error-Correction

A Handbook for the 21st Century

Author: Aiden A. Bruen,Mario A. Forcinito

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 468

View: 3322

Discover the first unified treatment of today's most essentialinformation technologies— Compressing, Encrypting, andEncoding With identity theft, cybercrime, and digital file sharingproliferating in today's wired world, providing safe and accurateinformation transfers has become a paramount concern. The issuesand problems raised in this endeavor are encompassed within threedisciplines: cryptography, information theory, anderror-correction. As technology continues to develop, these fieldshave converged at a practical level, increasing the need for aunified treatment of these three cornerstones of the informationage. Stressing the interconnections of the disciplines, Cryptography,Information Theory, and Error-Correction offers a complete, yetaccessible account of the technologies shaping the 21st century.This book contains the most up-to-date, detailed, and balancedtreatment available on these subjects. The authors draw on theirexperience both in the classroom and in industry, giving the book'smaterial and presentation a unique real-world orientation. With its reader-friendly style and interdisciplinary emphasis,Cryptography, Information Theory, and Error-Correction serves asboth an admirable teaching text and a tool for self-learning. Thechapter structure allows for anyone with a high school mathematicseducation to gain a strong conceptual understanding, and provideshigher-level students with more mathematically advanced topics. Theauthors clearly map out paths through the book for readers of alllevels to maximize their learning. This book: Is suitable for courses in cryptography, information theory, orerror-correction as well as courses discussing all three areas Provides over 300 example problems with solutions Presents new and exciting algorithms adopted by industry Discusses potential applications in cell biology Details a new characterization of perfect secrecy Features in-depth coverage of linear feedback shift registers(LFSR), a staple of modern computing Follows a layered approach to facilitate discussion, withsummaries followed by more detailed explanations Provides a new perspective on the RSA algorithm Cryptography, Information Theory, and Error-Correction is anexcellent in-depth text for both graduate and undergraduatestudents of mathematics, computer science, and engineering. It isalso an authoritative overview for IT professionals, statisticians,mathematicians, computer scientists, electrical engineers,entrepreneurs, and the generally curious.
Posted in Computers

Applied and Algorithmic Graph Theory

Author: Gary Chartrand,Ortrud R. Oellermann

Publisher: McGraw-Hill College

ISBN: 9780075571018

Category: Mathematics

Page: 395

View: 4400

Designed as a bridge to cross the gap between mathematics and computer science, and planned as the mathematics base for computer science students, this maths text is designed to help the student develop an understanding of the concept of an efficient algorithm.
Posted in Mathematics

Combinatorics of Permutations, Second Edition

Author: Miklos Bona

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439850518

Category: Computers

Page: 478

View: 8404

A Unified Account of Permutations in Modern Combinatorics A 2006 CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title, the first edition of this bestseller was lauded for its detailed yet engaging treatment of permutations. Providing more than enough material for a one-semester course, Combinatorics of Permutations, Second Edition continues to clearly show the usefulness of this subject for both students and researchers and is recommended for undergraduate libraries by the MAA. Expanded Chapters Much of the book has been significantly revised and extended. This edition includes a new section on alternating permutations and new material on multivariate applications of the exponential formula. It also discusses several important results in pattern avoidance as well as the concept of asymptotically normal distributions. New Chapter An entirely new chapter focuses on three sorting algorithms from molecular biology. This emerging area of combinatorics is known for its easily stated and extremely difficult problems, which sometimes can be solved using deep techniques from seemingly remote branches of mathematics. Additional Exercises and Problems All chapters in the second edition have more exercises and problems. Exercises are marked according to level of difficulty and many of the problems encompass results from the last eight years.
Posted in Computers

Applied Combinatorics with Problem Solving

Author: Bradley W. Jackson,Dmitri Thoro

Publisher: Addison-Wesley

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 324

View: 6929

Posted in Mathematics

Perturbation Theory in Mathematical Programming and Its Applications

Author: Evgenij S. Levitin

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471939351

Category: Mathematics

Page: 402

View: 5249

Presents the author's research of local parametric optimization in the finite-dimensional case. This book provides a clear and complete formulation of the main perturbation theory problems for finite-dimensional optimization as well as new mathematical methods to analyze these problems. Using a unified approach, the author has developed a general perturbation theory for finite-dimensional extremum problems. Within the framework of this theory, methods for studying perturbed problems in zero-, first- and second-order approximations have been developed.
Posted in Mathematics

The Traveling Salesman Problem

Author: E.L. Lawler,D.B. Shmoys,A.H.G. Rinnooy Kan,J.K. Lenstra

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 473

View: 3458

Provides an in-depth treatment of the Traveling Salesman problem--the archetypical problem in combinatorial optimization. Each chapter deals with a different aspect of the problem, and has been written by an acknowledged expert in the field. Focusses on the essential ideas in a self-contained manner. Includes exercises and an extensive bibliography.
Posted in Computers

Applied Algebra

Codes, Ciphers and Discrete Algorithms, Second Edition

Author: Darel W. Hardy,Fred Richman,Carol L. Walker

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420071432

Category: Mathematics

Page: 410

View: 9428

Using mathematical tools from number theory and finite fields, Applied Algebra: Codes, Ciphers, and Discrete Algorithms, Second Edition presents practical methods for solving problems in data security and data integrity. It is designed for an applied algebra course for students who have had prior classes in abstract or linear algebra. While the content has been reworked and improved, this edition continues to cover many algorithms that arise in cryptography and error-control codes. New to the Second Edition A CD-ROM containing an interactive version of the book that is powered by Scientific Notebook®, a mathematical word processor and easy-to-use computer algebra system New appendix that reviews prerequisite topics in algebra and number theory Double the number of exercises Instead of a general study on finite groups, the book considers finite groups of permutations and develops just enough of the theory of finite fields to facilitate construction of the fields used for error-control codes and the Advanced Encryption Standard. It also deals with integers and polynomials. Explaining the mathematics as needed, this text thoroughly explores how mathematical techniques can be used to solve practical problems. About the Authors Darel W. Hardy is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Mathematics at Colorado State University. His research interests include applied algebra and semigroups. Fred Richman is a professor in the Department of Mathematical Sciences at Florida Atlantic University. His research interests include Abelian group theory and constructive mathematics. Carol L. Walker is Associate Dean Emeritus in the Department of Mathematical Sciences at New Mexico State University. Her research interests include Abelian group theory, applications of homological algebra and category theory, and the mathematics of fuzzy sets and fuzzy logic.
Posted in Mathematics