Agricultural Science

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Agriculture

Page: N.A

View: 1074

Includes section "Recent literature."
Posted in Agriculture

The Country Gentleman

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Agriculture

Page: N.A

View: 1431

Posted in Agriculture

The Future Role of Pesticides in US Agriculture

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Committee on the Future Role of Pesticides in US Agriculture

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309172943

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 332

View: 5500

Although chemical pesticides safeguard crops and improve farm productivity, they are increasingly feared for their potentially dangerous residues and their effects on ecosystems. The Future Role of Pesticides explores the role of chemical pesticides in the decade ahead and identifies the most promising opportunities for increasing the benefits and reducing the risks of pesticide use. The committee recommends R&D, program, and policy initiatives for federal agriculture authorities and other stakeholders in the public and private sectors. This book presents clear overviews of key factors in chemical pesticide use, including: Advances in genetic engineering not only of pest-resistant crops but also of pests themselves. Problems in pesticide use--concerns about the health of agricultural workers, the ability of pests to develop resistance, issues of public perception, and more. Impending shifts in agriculture--globalization of the economy, biological "invasions" of organisms, rising sensitivity toward cross-border environmental issues, and other trends. With a model and working examples, this book offers guidance on how to assess various pest control strategies available to today's agriculturist.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Laboratory Quality Management System

Handbook

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789241548274

Category: Medical

Page: 247

View: 3998

Achieving, maintaining and improving accuracy, timeliness and reliability are major challenges for health laboratories. Countries worldwide committed themselves to build national capacities for the detection of, and response to, public health events of international concern when they decided to engage in the International Health Regulations implementation process. Only sound management of quality in health laboratories will enable countries to produce test results that the international community will trust in cases of international emergency. This handbook was developed through collaboration between the WHO Lyon Office for National Epidemic Preparedness and Response, the United States of America Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Division of Laboratory Systems, and the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). It is based on training sessions and modules provided by the CDC and WHO in more than 25 countries, and on guidelines for implementation of ISO 15189 in diagnostic laboratories, developed by CLSI. This handbook is intended to provide a comprehensive reference on Laboratory Quality Management System for all stakeholders in health laboratory processes, from management, to administration, to bench-work laboratorians. This handbook covers topics that are essential for quality management of a public health or clinical laboratory. They are based on both ISO 15189 and CLSI GP26-A3 documents. Each topic is discussed in a separate chapter. The chapters follow the framework developed by CLSI and are organized as the "12 Quality System Essentials".
Posted in Medical

El desarrollo sostenible, una guía sobre nuestro futuro común

El informe de la Comisión Mundial sobre el Medio Ambiente y el Desarrollo

Author: World Commission on Environment and Development

Publisher: IICA Biblioteca Venezuela

ISBN: 9780192820808

Category: Nature

Page: 383

View: 7562

Discusses population growth, food production, energy, industry, and urban development, and suggests ways to promote economic growth while protecting the environment.
Posted in Nature

Laboratory Biosafety Manual

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9789241546508

Category: Medical

Page: 178

View: 2718

This is the third edition of this manual which contains updated practical guidance on biosafety techniques in laboratories at all levels. It is organised into nine sections and issues covered include: microbiological risk assessment; lab design and facilities; biosecurity concepts; safety equipment; contingency planning; disinfection and sterilisation; the transport of infectious substances; biosafety and the safe use of recombinant DNA technology; chemical, fire and electrical safety aspects; safety organisation and training programmes; and the safety checklist.
Posted in Medical

Poplars and Willows

Trees for Society and the Environment

Author: Jud G. Isebrands,Jim Richardson

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780641087

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 656

View: 3875

Poplars and willows form an important component of forestry and agricultural systems, providing a wide range of wood and non-wood products. This book synthesizes research on poplars and willows, providing a practical worldwide overview and guide to their basic characteristics, cultivation and use, issues, problems and trends. Prominence is given to environmental benefits and the importance of poplar and willow cultivation in meeting the needs of people and communities, sustainable livelihoods, land use and development.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Monitoring Bathing Waters

A Practical Guide to the Design and Implementation of Assessments and Monitoring Programmes

Author: Jamie Bartram,Gareth Rees

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203478266

Category: Architecture

Page: 352

View: 3835

This book, which has been prepared by an international group of experts, provides comprehensive guidance for the design, planning and implementation of assessments and monitoring programmes for water bodies used for recreation. It addresses the wide range of hazards which may be encountered and emphasizes the importance of linking monitoring programmes to effective and feasible management actions to protect human health. It also provides details of sampling and analytical methods. This book will be an invaluable source of information for anyone concerned with monitoring and assessing recreational waters, including field staff. It will also be useful for national and regional government departments concerned with tourism and recreation, and for students and special interest groups.
Posted in Architecture

Prevention Of Cardiovascular Disease Americas

Pocket Guidelines for Assessment and Management of Cardiovascular Risk

Author: STYLUS PUB LLC,World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9789241547284

Category: Medical

Page: 31

View: 495

Posted in Medical

Edible Insects

Future Prospects for Food and Feed Security

Author: Arnold van Huis,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org

ISBN: 9789251075951

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 187

View: 9710

Edible insects have always been a part of human diets, but in some societies there remains a degree of disdain and disgust for their consumption. Insects offer a significant opportunity to merge traditional knowledge and modern science to improve human food security worldwide. This publication describes the contribution of insects to food security and examines future prospects for raising insects at a commercial scale to improve food and feed production, diversify diets, and support livelihoods in both developing and developed countries. Edible insects are a promising alternative to the conventional production of meat, either for direct human consumption or for indirect use as feedstock. This publication will boost awareness of the many valuable roles that insects play in sustaining nature and human life, and it will stimulate debate on the expansion of the use of insects as food and feed.
Posted in Business & Economics

Shaping the Future of Water for Agriculture

A Sourcebook for Investment in Agricultural Water Management

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821361610

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 334

View: 1186

After decades of successfully expanding irrigation and improving productivity, farmers and managers face an emerging crisis in the form of poorly performing irrigation schemes, slow modernisation, declining investment, constrained water availability, and environmental degradation. Investment in effective agricultural water management schemes is of key importance in ensuring food security, poverty reduction and environmental protection, and in recognition of this fact, this publication contains a selection of good practice in the design and management of agricultural water schemes.
Posted in Business & Economics

WHO Resource Book on Mental Health, Human Rights and Legislation

Author: Melvyn Freeman,Soumitra Pathare,World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9789241562829

Category: Law

Page: 181

View: 6104

This publication highlights key issues and principles to be considered in the drafting, adoption and implementation of mental health legislation and best practice in mental health services. It contains examples of diverse experiences and practices, as well as extracts of laws and other legal documents from a range of different countries, and a checklist of key policy components. Three main elements of effective mental health legislation are identified, relating to context, content and process.
Posted in Law

Water Quality

Guidelines, Standards, and Health : Assessment of Risk and Risk Management for Water-related Infectious Disease

Author: Fewtrel L.,Bartram J.

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 924154533X

Category: Medical

Page: 424

View: 4859

The quality of water, whether it is used for drinking, irrigation or recreational purposes, is significant for health in both developing and developed countries worldwide. This book is based on a programme of work undertaken by an international group of experts during 1999-2001. The aim was to develop a harmonised framework of effective and affordable guidelines and standards to improve the risk assessment and management of water-related microbial hazards. This book will be useful to all those concerned with issues relating to microbial water quality and health, including environmental and public health scientists, water scientists, policy makers and those responsible for developing standards and regulations.
Posted in Medical

Manual on the Measurement of Volunteer Work

Author: International Labour Organization

Publisher: International Labour Organisation

ISBN: 9789221250708

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 108

View: 6636

Intended as a guide for countries in generating systematic and comparable data on volunteer work by means of regular supplements to labour force or other household surveys. The objective is to make available comparative cross-national data on a significant form of work which is growing in importance but is often ignored or rarely captured in traditional economic statistics in order to establish the economic value of volunteering.
Posted in Business & Economics

Social and Economic Costs of Violence

Workshop Summary

Author: National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Global Violence Prevention

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309220270

Category: Medical

Page: 192

View: 9559

Measuring the social and economic costs of violence can be difficult, and most estimates only consider direct economic effects, such as productivity loss or the use of health care services. Communities and societies feel the effects of violence through loss of social cohesion, financial divestment, and the increased burden on the healthcare and justice systems. Initial estimates show that early violence prevention intervention has economic benefits. The IOM Forum on Global Violence Prevention held a workshop to examine the successes and challenges of calculating direct and indirect costs of violence, as well as the potential cost-effectiveness of intervention.
Posted in Medical

The Custodians of Biodiversity

Sharing Access to and Benefits of Genetic Resources

Author: Manuel Ruiz,Ronnie Vernooy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136582177

Category: Nature

Page: 224

View: 3302

Globally, local and indigenous approaches to conserving biodiversity, crop improvement, and managing precious natural resources are under threat. Many communities have to deal with 'biopiracy,' for example. As well, existing laws are usually unsuitable for protecting indigenous and traditional knowledge and for recognizing collective rights, such as in cases of participatory plant breeding, where farmers, researchers and others join forces to improve existing crop varieties or develop new ones, based on shared knowledge and resources. This book addresses these issues. It outlines the national and international policy processes that are currently underway to protect local genetic resources and related traditional knowledge and the challenges these initiatives have faced. In particular these themes are addressed within the context of the Convention of Biological Diversity and the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. The authors broaden the policy and legal debates beyond the sphere of policy experts to include the knowledge-holders themselves. These are the 'custodians of biodiversity': farmers, herders and fishers in local communities. Their experience in sharing access and benefits to genetic resources is shown to be crucial for the development of effective national and international agreements. The book presents and analyzes this experience, including case studies from China, Cuba, Honduras, Jordan, Nepal, Peru and Syria. Copublished with the International Development Research Centre (IDRC).
Posted in Nature

Safe Management of Wastes from Health-Care Activities

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241548568

Category: Medical

Page: 308

View: 5437

This is the second edition of the World Health Organization (WHO) handbook on the safe, sustainable and affordable management of health-care waste - commonly known as "the Blue Book". The original Blue Book was a comprehensive publication used widely in health-care centres and government agencies to assist in the adoption of national guidance. It also provided support to committed medical directors and managers to make improvements and presented practical information on waste-management techniques for medical staff and waste workers. In many countries, knowledge about the potential for harm from health-care wastes has now become more prominent to governments, medical practitioners and civil society. Increasingly, managers and medical staff are expected to take more responsibility for the wastes they produce from their medical care and related activities. The indiscriminate and erratic handling and disposal of waste within health-care facilities is now widely recognized as a source of avoidable infection, and is synonymous with public perception of poor standards of health care.
Posted in Medical

Exposure Science in the 21st Century:

A Vision and a Strategy

Author: Committee on Human and Environmental Exposure Science in the 21st Century,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309264685

Category: Medical

Page: 196

View: 7737

From the use of personal products to our consumption of food, water, and air, people are exposed to a wide array of agents each day--many with the potential to affect health. Exposure Science in the 21st Century: A Vision and A Strategy investigates the contact of humans or other organisms with those agents (that is, chemical, physical, and biologic stressors) and their fate in living systems. The concept of exposure science has been instrumental in helping us understand how stressors affect human and ecosystem health, and in efforts to prevent or reduce contact with harmful stressors. In this way exposure science has played an integral role in many areas of environmental health, and can help meet growing needs in environmental regulation, urban and ecosystem planning, and disaster management. Exposure Science in the 21st Century: A Vision and A Strategy explains that there are increasing demands for exposure science information, for example to meet needs for data on the thousands of chemicals introduced into the market each year, and to better understand the health effects of prolonged low-level exposure to stressors. Recent advances in tools and technologies--including sensor systems, analytic methods, molecular technologies, computational tools, and bioinformatics--have provided the potential for more accurate and comprehensive exposure science data than ever before. This report also provides a roadmap to take advantage of the technologic innovations and strategic collaborations to move exposure science into the future.
Posted in Medical